SG/INF(98)22...Results of the 1997 intergovernmental programme of activities <p> </p> <table width="100%" border="0"> <tr> <td width="50%"> <font face="Arial">Strasbourg, 2 July 1998 </font> </td> <td width="50%"> <p align="right"> <u><font face="Arial">Restricted</font></u> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="50%"> </td> <td width="50%"> <p align="right"> <font face="Arial">SG/INF (98) 22 </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="50%">   </td> <td width="50%"> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial"><b>RESULTS </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial"><b>OF THE 1997 INTERGOVERNMENTAL </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial"><b>PROGRAMME OF ACTIVITIES </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial">  </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial">Document prepared by the </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial">Research and Planning Unit </font> </p> <p>   </p> <p>   </p> <p align="center"> <u><font face="Arial"><b>CONTENTS </b></font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial">Introduction </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial">Pluralist democracy </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial">Human rights </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial">Rule of law </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial"><b>SOCIAL COHESION AND QUALITY OF LIFE </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial">Social policies </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial">Health </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial">Environment and sustainable development of the greater European territory </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial"><b>CULTURAL COHESION </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial">Education, higher education, culture and heritage </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial">Sport </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial">Youth </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial"><b>RESULTS TABLE </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial"> </font> <p>   </p> <p>   </p> <p>   </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="3"><a name="INTRO"><b>RESULTS OF THE 1997 INTERGOVERNMENTAL PROGRAMME OF ACTIVITIES</b></a><b> </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> The document presents in a synoptic way the results obtained following the implementation of the 1997 intergovernmental programme of activities. It should be pointed out that this is the first time such a document has been produced at the Council of Europe; clearly, a number of improvements may be made in the coming years. At present, what is proposed is a review of the results from a quantitative and across-the-board perspective. The qualitative aspect will be addressed in the future. The document focuses on the concept of "synthesis" rather than "evaluation". </p> <p align="justify"> The idea of a systematic evaluation of the results of the activities in the intergovernmental programme dates back to 1995 when the Committee of Ministers decided that the programme should be structured around the three main focal objectives (democratic cohesion, social cohesion and quality of life, cultural cohesion and cultural pluralism). From 1997 onwards it was decided that individual activity sheets should focus on specific objectives (pursued in the medium-term), expected results (sub-projects) and resources invested (financial, human and time). </p> <p align="justify"> As a result of the restructuring of the programme sheets, it has been possible to: </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> a) make it easier to gather the data (evaluation grids) on the results obtained for each activity at the end of the given year in each of the directorates concerned, which has made it possible to produce the results table and the general statistical data appearing in the pages that follow; </p> <p align="justify"> b) obtain the requisite information so as to be able to examine certain activities with a view to deciding whether a given activity should be continued, revised, extended or, where appropriate, suppressed. This would also imply a more complex process of qualitative analysis, which would require the involvement of the Steering Committees in the future. </p> <p align="justify"> The synthesis of the results has shown: </p> <p align="justify"> a) the link, from the very outset of an activity, between the various phases of the cycle of programming, implementation, evaluation, identification of the main achievements or difficulties and, where appropriate, restructuring: </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">implementation </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">programming                                       evaluation </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">identification </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">restructuring </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="3">b) the pertinence of the results in decision-making (concerning the implementation and future of an activity). </font> </p> </dir> </dir> <p align="justify"> In addition, this exercise makes it possible not only to review the results, but also to measure any gaps between the results expected and those obtained in practice, and therefore to gain a better understanding of the difficulties encountered by the teams in implementing the activities assigned to them. </p> <p align="justify"> This exercise, in which all the various people responsible for carrying out the programmes have played a central role, has proved, for the Secretariat, to be a useful programme management and improvement instrument. </p> <p align="center"> <b>  </b> </p> <p align="center"> <b>Notes for the reader: </b> </p> <p align="justify"> The document is divided into three parts: </p> <ul> <li> the individual results sheets containing implementation details; </li> <li> the table summarising the results; </li> <li> the statistics sheet placing the results in their overall context. </li> </ul> <p align="justify"> <b>METHOD ADOPTED </b> </p> <p align="justify"> <b>1) The individual results sheets </b> </p> <p align="justify"> Each Directorate concerned with Vote II was asked to fill in evaluation grids as accurately as possible. These grids compared what had been planned in the programme with what had been achieved during the year. </p> <p align="justify"> This document is based on all the data obtained. It is composed along the same lines as the programme: by areas of activity, fields and individual sheets </p> <p align="justify"> <u>The individual results sheets of activities and sub-activities show </u> </p> : <ul> <li> objectives </li> <li> results (expected and obtained) </li> <li> means (anticipated and actual resources from the budget and voluntary contributions, staffing resources and the time envisaged) </li> <li> analysis of results. </li> </ul> <p align="justify"> <b>2) The results table </b> </p> <p align="justify"> The table shows for each area of activity: </p> <p align="justify"> - <u>activities or sub-activities</u> </p> <ul> <li> reference </li> <li> Directorate concerned and theme of the activity </li> <li> Number of anticipated sub-projects </li> </ul> <p align="justify"> - <u>results obtained</u> </p> <p align="justify"> - <u>results not obtained</u> </p> <ul> <li> problems within the Secretariat (budgetary, human resources or others) </li> <li> problems outside the Secretariat (various levels: Committee of Ministers, other committees, working parties/specialist groups; member states; European Union, others) </li> </ul> <p align="justify"> - <u>results partially obtained</u> </p> <ul> <li> problems within the Secretariat </li> <li> problems outside the Secretariat </li> </ul> <p align="justify"> - <u>comments</u> (more detailed explanation of the difficulties encountered in implementing the various sub-projects, primarily where the expected results were not obtained or were only partially obtained). </p> <p align="justify"> <b>3) The results statistics sheet </b> </p> <p align="justify"> The statistics sheet provides an overall picture of the results of the implementation of the 1997 Intergovernmental Programme of Activities. It also shows, by area of objectives, the number of activities concerned and how they are broken down proportionally. </p> <p>   </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><a name="C1"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION</b></a><b> </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Pluralist Democracy</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.1 - Equality and Democracy: Towards Genuine Democracy </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to promote greater equality of the sexes and foster equal participation by women and men in political, public, economic, social and cultural life </p> <p align="justify"> - to develop strategies and methodologies to "mainstream" the gender dimension into general and sectoral policies in member states and into the activities of the Council of Europe </p> <p align="justify"> - to expand and consolidate the work already accomplished by the CDEG on equality and democracy, with a view to preparing draft political decisions for the 4th European Ministerial Conference on Equality between Women and Men (Turkey, 1997) </p> <p align="justify"> - to explore and develop strategies on the role of men in achieving equality. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" height="368" width="50%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- the drawing up of methodologies for mainstreaming which will include the identification of working methods, instruments and strategies for the effective integration of the gender dimension into policies and activities in the member states and in the Council of Europe </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- completion of work of the Pilot Group on Equality and Democracy before the 4th European Ministerial Conference and preparation of draft political decisions for the latter </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- preparation of a handbook on equality between women and men, containing an explanation of discrimination as it affects women and examples of successful national strategies to promote equality </font> </p> </dir> <blockquote> <p> -     the holding of a Seminar on the Role of Men in Achieving Equality; the conclusions of this seminar might give rise to follow-up activities in 1998. </p> </blockquote> </td> <td valign="top" height="368" width="50%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- The Final Report of the Group of Specialists on Mainstreaming has been completed. It is entitled "Gender mainstreaming: conceptual framework, methodology and presentation of good practices". It will now be disseminated to target groups at the national, Council of Europe and other international authorities levels. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- At the 4<sup>th</sup> European Ministerial Conference on Equality between Women and Men (Istanbul, 13-14 November 1997) a "Declaration on equality between women and men as a fundamental criterion of democracy", prepared within the CDEG, was adopted. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Publication of the proceedings of the seminar "Promoting equality: a common issue for men and women" (Strasbourg, 17-18 June 1997). The seminar conclusions and reports were used in connection with the preparations for the 4<sup>th</sup> Ministerial Conference and will continue to be put to use by the CDEG in its other work, in particular that aimed at combating violence against women. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Finalisation of the draft handbook on equality, which will be examined by the CDEG in 1998. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- A consultant prepared the draft of part of the report on gender mainstreaming. </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2104: 242 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">244 782 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">150 000 FRF (Swedish voluntary contribution for the Seminar to finance the participation of experts and the translation of the proceedings into new member states languages) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">150 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <dir> <dir> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </dir> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 25%, 1 A3 at 15% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B5 at 20%, 1 B3 at 30% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 20% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 5%, 1 A4 at 25% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A3 at 15%, 1 B5 at 20% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B3 at 30%, 1B2 at 20% </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Report on "Gender mainstreaming: conceptual framework, methodology and presentation of good practices" </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Adoption at the 4<sup>th</sup> Ministerial Conference on equality of the political texts prepared within the CDEG </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Organisation of the seminar "Promoting equality: a common issue for men and women" (Strasbourg, 17-18 June 1997) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Finalisation of the draft handbook on equality </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">A consultant prepared the draft of part of the report on gender mainstreaming, providing the EG-S-MS with a useful basis for its work </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Two extra months were needed to finalise the report </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Some differences of opinion within the Committee </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Lack of funding for participation by male experts </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">This proved to be an over-ambitious project for one person, and the result may not be satisfactory </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">None</font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The group's terms of reference were extended to 31 March 1998, with an additional meeting </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Discussion and negotiation; drafting work was done within the Bureau. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contribution from Sweden </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">To be discussed by the CDEG in 1998 </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The meeting of the Pilot Group on Equality and Democracy did not take place </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The Bureau of the CDEG considered the meeting unnecessary </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The Bureau of the CDEG decided to draw up the Declaration on Equality between Women and Men as a Fundamental Criterion of Democracy itself in the pilot group's stead. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The appropriation (FRF 35 000) was reallocated to activity I.12 The Right to Equality, subhead 2112 </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Pluralist Democracy</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.2 - Democracy and Media </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to protect and promote the freedom of expression and information exercised through free, independent and pluralistic media as a key component of a functioning democracy </p> <p align="justify"> - to ensure that information law and policy can be adapted to meet new challenges, including the speed of technological, economic and regulatory change </p> <p align="justify"> - to this end, to promote pan-European initiatives in the form of legal instruments and policies which establish common goals and principles. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- all of the activities will give rise to draft political decisions for adoption at the 5th European Ministerial Conference on Mass Media Policy (Greece, 1997), on the theme "The Information Society: a Challenge for Europe" </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- the Committee of Experts on Media Concentrations and Pluralism (MM-CM) will have developed an exhaustive overview of the development of media concentrations in Europe and will have pinpointed particular problems at the level of the safeguard of pluralism </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- other activities should give rise to legal instruments in areas such as media reporting in the context of legal proceedings, access to official information and increased protection for rights holders. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The political texts prepared for the Thessaloniki ministerial conference were adopted. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2105: 773 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The financial resources allocated were not all used, largely as a result of the early conclusion of the activities of the MM-S-AC and the fact that, contrary to expectations, some countries did not take part in the meetings of certain committees, in particular the correspondents' meeting on concentration. </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 10%, 1 A3 at 25% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A3 at 20%, 1 A3 at 50% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B5 at 10%, 1 B3 at 25% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 15%, 1 B2 at 25% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 (half time) at 25% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 10%, 1 A3 at 25% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A3 at 20%, 1 A3 at 50% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B5 at 10%, 1 B3 at 25% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 25% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 (half time) at 25% </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The MM-S-HR has started to draw up a draft recommendation on the protection of journalists' sources of information. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The MM-S-PR has prepared a handbook on techniques for identifying works distributed by networks and has organised a seminar on these techniques. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Divergences have emerged between members of the MM-S-HR regarding the content of the draft recommendation. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">None </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Compromise solutions have been put forward to reconcile the different viewpoints. The draft recommendation should be completed in 1998. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">None. The handbook was finalised in early 1998. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Continuation of the work of the MM-S-AC on access to official information with the view to elaborate a restricting legal instrument. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Overview of the development of media concentrations in Europe. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Disagreement among member states about whether the CDMM was the appropriate forum for work on access to official information as well as on the nature and the scope of any legal instrument in this field. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The member states did not all appoint national correspondents on time and some of the national correspondents did not provide the information required on time. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Following a proposal of the CDMM, the access to official information file has been transferred to the Steering Committee for Human Rights (CDDH), which has established a new group of specialists reporting to it. The group includes an expert from the former group to ensure continuity. It is continuing the drafting of a legal instrument. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Fresh approaches have been made to member states to ensure that they all appoint national correspondents and that the latter supply the required information as soon as possible. It is planned to complete the overview in 1998. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Pluralist Democracy</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.3 - Communications Technologies: Human Rights and Democracy </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to analyse the impact of new communications technologies on human rights and democratic values in order to prepare, in particular, draft political decisions for the 5th European Ministerial Conference on Mass Media Policy (Greece, 1997) </p> </dir> </dir> <blockquote> <blockquote> <p align="justify"> - to implement the political decisions to be taken at the Ministerial Conference. </p> </blockquote> </blockquote> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The work will give rise to the adoption of political texts at the Ministerial Conference. As appropriate, draft instruments will also be prepared for adoption by the Committee of Ministers. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The political texts prepared for the Thessaloniki ministerial conference were adopted. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" height="372" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" height="16" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" height="16" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" height="16" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" height="32" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="32" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2106: 378 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="32" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The financial appropriation was nearly all used. </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" height="16" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="16" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="16" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" height="236" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" height="236" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 15%, 1 A3 at 20% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A3 at 40%, 1 A3 at 10% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B5 at 10%, 1 B3 at 20% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 15%, 1 B2 at 25% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 (half time) at 25% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" height="236" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 20%, 1 A3 at 40% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A3 at 5%, 1 B5 at 10% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B3 at 20%, 1 B2 at 15% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 (half time) at 40% </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The MM-S-NT completed on time the draft of Resolution no 1, which had to be submitted to the Thessaloniki ministerial conference in December 1997. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The CDMM drafting groups' work made it possible for the three draft political texts that had to be submitted to the Thessaloniki ministerial conference to be completed on time. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">When the draft resolution was being drawn up, differences emerged between member states regarding its precise content. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">When the three draft texts were being drawn up, differences emerged between member states regarding their precise content. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Compromise wordings were produced for the draft resolution to overcome the differences of opinion. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Compromise wordings were produced in the groups or the CDMM itself to overcome the differences of opinion. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Pluralist Democracy</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.4 - Media in a Pan-European Perspective </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to pinpoint themes which can help deepen the commitment of all member states to respect media freedom, and to develop appropriate legal policy and practical strategies for this purpose </p> <p align="justify"> - to ensure the parallel development of the European Convention on Transfrontier Television and the "Television without Frontiers" Directive. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- legal and policy instruments on topics such as media and elections, publications and practical training initiatives </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- elaboration of an additional Protocol to the European Convention on Transfrontier Television </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- opinions of the Committee on Transfrontier Television </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- development of the MEDIALEX database. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- preparation of a handbook on the media during election periods. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- organisation of a contact meeting between national regulatory authorities in the broadcasting sector. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- preparation of a draft recommendation on the media during election periods </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2107: 1 121 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The financial appropriation was nearly all used. Part of the funds made available by the termination of the MEDIALEX project was used for a meeting of the Standing Committee on Transfrontier Television not initially provided for in the budget. </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 25%, 1 A3 at 40% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A3 at 20%, 1 A3 at 10% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B5 at 65%, 1 B3 at 15% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 40%, 1 B2 at 25% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 (half-time) at 15% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 25%, 1 A3 at 40% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A3 at 30%, 1 A3 at 5% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B5 at 20%, 1 B3 at 15% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 40%, 1 B2 at 20% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 (half-time) at 30% </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Preparation of a handbook on the media during election periods. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Organisation of a contact meeting between national regulatory authorities in the broadcasting sector. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Preparation of a draft recommendation on the media during election periods </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- None </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- None </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Divergences emerged between member states regarding the content of the draft recommendation. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Does not apply. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Does not apply. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Compromise wordings have been produced to overcome the differences of opinion. The draft Recommendation will be completed in 1998. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The Standing Committee on Transfrontier Television was supposed to draw up a protocol to the European Convention on Transfrontier Television </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The MEDIALEX data base was to be developed in 1997 </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">A seminar on the media and combating corruption was to be organised jointly by the CDMM and the GMC </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">A seminar on good and bad practices concerning women's image in the media should have been organised jointly by the CDMM and CDEG. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The final version of the European Union "Television without Frontiers" directive, with which the Convention had to be aligned, was not adopted until June 1997, thus delaying the revision of the Convention. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The development of MEDIALEX ran into technical, financial and human obstacles. The project was abandoned in its existing form, mainly because no government-seconded person was available to direct the project. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The seminar could not be organised, because of the workload of the two committees and their secretariats. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The seminar, which had been included <i>pm</i>, could not be held in 1997 for lack of resources. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">It was not possible to find a solution to the problem posed by the late adoption of the revised directive. Work on revising the Convention was completed in April 1998. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">It was decided to examine an alternative approach, involving access to a data base run by an outside body. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">None. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The seminar will be held in September 1998. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Pluralist Democracy</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.5 - Crime prevention and Control </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity I.5a </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - The Operation of European Conventions in the Penal Field (PC-OC) </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to examine the operation of Conventions ETS Nos. 24, 30, 51, 52, 70, 71, 73, 82, 86, 88, 90, 97, 98, 99, 101, 112, 116, 119 and 156 with a view to facilitating their practical implementation </p> <p align="justify"> - to follow developments in other international frameworks (eg United Nations, European Union) in the fields covered by these conventions and, where appropriate, propose measures likely to ensure their conformity with such developments </p> <p align="justify"> - to examine the criminal aspects of the European Convention on Human Rights with regard to the application of these conventions </p> </dir> </dir> <blockquote> <blockquote> <p> - to prepare a European comprehensive convention on international co-operation in criminal matters </p> </blockquote> </blockquote> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- draft Additional Protocol to the Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- draft Second Additional Protocol to the European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- draft recommendation on the practical application of the European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters. </font> </p> </dir> </dir> </td> <td valign="middle" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2108: 574 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 15%; 1 A4 at 50%; </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B3 at 50% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Additional Protocol to the Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Delays in the work being done within the European Union </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Continued contacts with the European Union </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Pluralist Democracy</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.5 - Crime prevention and Control </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity I.5b - </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The Role of the Public Prosecution in the Criminal Justice System (PC-PR) </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">taking into account the European Convention on Human Rights, bearing in mind the need to safeguard the rights of those who seek justice, to study the status of the public prosecution and its role in the criminal justice system, with a view to drafting recommendations. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Preliminary work for a draft recommendation. The foreseen date of completion is December 1998.</font> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The work is in progress. The CDPC has agreed to extend the PC-PR's terms of reference until 1999.</font> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" colspan="2" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2108: 294 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" colspan="2" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" colspan="2" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" colspan="2" width="33%"> <dir> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 10%; 1 A4 at 20% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B3 at 30% </font> </p> </dir> </dir> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Pluralist Democracy</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.5 - Crime prevention and Control </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity I.5c - </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The Role of Early Psychosocial Intervention in the Prevention of Criminality (PC-IN) </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Taking into account the need to safeguard individual rights and freedoms, to analyse the possibilities for preventing (young) people from engaging in criminal behaviour and provide suggestions to policy-makers on the best practices in the field of early intervention programmes. The study should be carried out with a view to drafting a report or, if appropriate, draft recommendation(s). </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Preliminary work for a draft report, and, if appropriate, draft recommendation(s). </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Foreseen date of completion: 31 December 1998. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The CDPC has been asked to extend the PC-IN's terms of reference until December 1999. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2108: 192 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 10% ;1 A4 at 15%; </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 20% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Pluralist Democracy</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.5 - Crime prevention and Control </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity I.5d - </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2">Mediation in Penal Matters (PC-MP) </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">reparation of a report and a recommendation which would address such issues as </font> </p> <dir> <dir> <dir> <dir> <p> - the potential of mediation to arrive at conflict solutions which are more accepted by those involved </p> <p> - the role, training, professional status and degree of professionalisation of mediators </p> <p> - the areas of conflict which lend themselves to mediation as well as their underlying problem structure </p> <p> - the form and degree of integration into the criminal justice system </p> </dir> </dir> </dir> </dir> <blockquote> <blockquote> <blockquote> <blockquote> <p> - the relevance and practical implementation of due process requirements in mediation. </p> </blockquote> </blockquote> </blockquote> </blockquote> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">Preliminary draft reports and recommendations. </font> </p> </dir> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Discussions and provisional decisions concerning the substance of the recommendation.</font> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2108: 236 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 10%; 1 A2/3 at 20%; </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2/3 at 20% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The Committee discussed and took provisional decisions on the substance of the recommendation. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">None </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Pluralist Democracy</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.5 - Crime prevention and Control </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity I.5e - </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2">Trends in Crime and Criminal Justice: Statistics and other Quantitative data (PC-S-ST) </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Preparation of a compendium of data in the area of crime and criminal justice concerning member states of the Council of Europe on the basis of the "Draft Model of the European Sourcebook of Crime and Criminal Justice Statistics", already prepared by the group. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- devising an appropriate computer database </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- start of the data collection process and analysis. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Preparation and dissemination of a statistical data collection tool with a view to producing the European compendium of data on crime and criminal justice </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Processing of data supplied by the network of national correspondents began </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Definition of the structure of the database to be fed with the statistical data </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2108: 178 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 10%; 1 A4 at 15%; </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2/3 at 20% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Preparation and dissemination of a statistical data collection tool with a view to producing the European compendium of data on crime and criminal justice; start of processing of data supplied by the network of national correspondents; definition of the structure of the database to be fed with the statistical data </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">A number of national correspondents lagged behind in local collection of data; the new member states, in particular, encountered difficulties with regard to the quality of the existing statistics collection systems (reliability of available data; breaks in chronological series; access problems, etc.) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">To solve these problems and guarantee statistical data of an acceptable quality, the validation processes must be reinforced, necessitating an extension of the PC-S-ST's terms of reference until 1999. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Pluralist Democracy</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.5 - Crime prevention and Control </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity I.5f - </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> Prison Overcrowding (PC-SP) </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">Preparation of a report and recommendations taking into account such issues as: </font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p> - the extent of prison overcrowding in member states, its effects on life in prison </p> <p> - prison culture and regimes </p> </dir> </dir> <blockquote> <blockquote> <p> -      the way in which remand in custody is being used by the competent judicial authorities etc. </p> </blockquote> </blockquote> <p>   </p> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">Interim report. </font> </p> </dir> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The Committee (PC-SP) was replaced by the Committee of Experts on the Implementation of the European Rules on Community Sanctions and Measures (PC-ER). The activity on Prison Overcrowding has been entrusted to the Council for penological co-operation (PC-CP) [see under I-5I] The objective for 1997 was to prepare a detailed questionnaire on implementation of Recommendation No. R (92) 16 relating to the European Rules on Community Sanctions and Measures and to launch the survey. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2108: 234 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 10%; 1 A4 at 20%; </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2/3 at 20% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Pluralist Democracy</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.5 - Crime prevention and Control </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity I.5g - </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2">Crime in Cyberspace(PC-CY) </font> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Preparation of a draft convention, taking into account the achievement of the Council of Europe in this field, ie Recommendation No. R (89) 9 on Computer-Related Crime and Recommendation No. R (95) 13 on Problems of Criminal Procedural Law connected with Information Technology. The draft convention should deal with questions such as criminal offences committed by use of or against computers, powers of investigation, jurisdiction, international co-operation. This activity was given top priority by the CDPC at its 45th plenary session (June 1996). </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">Interim report. </font> </p> </dir> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Preliminary draft convention on crime in cyberspace </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2108: 164 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 5%; 1 A3 at 30% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">2 B2 at 15% each </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Preliminary draft convention on crime in cyberspace </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Lack of time to discuss the text </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Increase in the number of meetings of the drafting group. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Pluralist Democracy</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.5 - Crime prevention and Control </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity I.5h- </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2">Criminal Law and Criminological Aspects of Organised Crime (PC-CO) </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Preparation of a report and, if appropriate, recommendation(s) which should focus on issues such as: analysis and classification of different types of organised crime, their qualification under criminal law and the reaction by the different components of the criminal justice system to organised crime. The committee will have to take into account the achievements of the Council of Europe as well as its ongoing activities in the field of money laundering, corruption, witness protection and the research carried out within the framework of the Octopus project. This activity received high priority from the CDPC at its 45th plenary session in June 1996. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Interim report. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Preparation of an annual report (decision taken by the Committee and approved by the CDPC) on the sstate of organised crime in the Council of Europe member states </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">First annual report on organised crime</font> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2108: 164 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 5%; 1 A3 at 30% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">2 B2 at 15% each </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A3 at 50%; 1 B2 at 50%; </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 30% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">Human resources out CoE: 2 experts for 2 working months </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">First annual report on organised crime </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Lack of resources for analysis of the data collected and too few meetings </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The experts within the Committee and the Secretariat made every effort to have the report ready for the CDPC (June 1998). </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Second phase: follow-up to the annual report with a document on good practice </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Third phase: preparation of a draft recommendation </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- The follow-up action had to be postponed for lack of funds. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- The Committee has not yet begun drafting for lack of time. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Allocation of additional resources (~ FRF 50,000) for the second phase (half of 1998) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Two additional meetings of the working group in 1998 </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Pluralist Democracy</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.5 - Crime prevention and Control </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity I.5i - </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2">Council for Penological Co-operation (PC-CP) </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The Council for Penological Co-operation is an advisory body which provides guidance for the CDPC as it undertakes various penological activities. It is responsible for organising the periodic Conferences of Directors of Prison Administration (CDAP), for establishing the Annual Statistics on Prison Population in the member states of the Council of Europe and for preparing the Penological Information Bulletin. It also carries out ad hoc terms of reference relating to penological issues. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- draft recommendation concerning the medical ethics and the organisation of health care in prison (in co-operation with the CDSP) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- interim report on the feasibility of a project on prison overcrowding </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- organisation of the 12th Conference of Directors of Prison Administration (CDAP) which will examine the following themes with a view to submitting practical recommendations to prison administrations in member states: </font> </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> * prison overcrowding: (new) measures taken or envisaged by member states (1995-1997) </p> <p align="justify"> * long sentences and violent offenders </p> <p align="justify"> * keeping prisoners active in an increasingly difficult economic environment (loss of opportunities for prison work; budgetary cuts to leisure-time programmes, etc) </p> <p align="justify"> * the preparation of prisoners for release. </p> </dir> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Finalisation of the draft recommendation on medical ethics and the organisation of health care in prison (submitted to the CDPC in June 1997) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Presentation of a feasibility report on prison overcrowding (including a work schedule) to the CDPC in June 1997. During this meeting, the PC-CP has been entrusted with the implementation of the activity on prison overcrowding (see I-5f) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Organisation of the 12<sup>th</sup> Conference of Directors of Prison Administration (CDAP) in November 1997 </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Launching of a comparative survey of prison systems in Europe at the request of the steering group for reform of the Russian prison system. </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2108: 629 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 10% + 10% for the CDAP; 1 A4 at 20% + 5% CDAP; 1 B2/3 at 20% + 10% CDAP; 1 B2/3 at 10% CDAP</font> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.5j - </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2">Criminological Scientific Council (PC-CSC) </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The Criminological Scientific Council acts as an advisory body which is entrusted with giving advice, collecting information and making suggestions with a view to the preparation and implementation of the CDPC's work programme in the area of criminology and crime policy. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Preparation of technical opinions on mediation in penal matters and early psychosocial intervention in crime prevention.</font> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Preparation of the 12<sup>th</sup> Criminological Colloquium (terms of reference, rapporteur, programme) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Launching of work to produce a CoE publication on crime policy in Europe (selection of authors, preparation of a detailed timetable) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Preparation of draft terms of reference ("Partnership in Crime Prevention" and "Police Ethics and Problems of Policing") </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Provision of a number of technical opinions for Committees of Experts </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2108: 88 000 FF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <dir> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 5%; 1 B2/3 at 15% </font> </p> </dir> </dir> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 5%; 1 A4 at 10% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2/3 at 15% </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Pluralist Democracy</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.6 - Combating Corruption </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to elaborate and implement a Programme of Action against corruption </p> <p align="justify"> - to elaborate several international instruments, ie conventions and recommendations, addressing different aspects of corruption (civil, administrative, criminal, constitutional), including follow-up mechanism </p> <p align="justify"> - to provide a framework for international co-operation against corruption, including regular (annual) conferences for specialised services </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- draft Framework Convention against Corruption </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- feasibility study on the drawing up of a convention on civil remedies for compensation of damage resulting from acts of corruption </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- draft convention on corruption (criminal law aspects). </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Adoption of guiding principles for the fight against corruption. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Preparation of a draft partial and enlarged agreement establishing the "Group of States against Corruption" (GRECO). </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2109: 1 640 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 10%; 1 A4 at 60%; </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A3 at 30%; 1 A2 at 20%; </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B3 at 20%; 3 B2 at 20% each; </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 30%. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <ol> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <li> Adoption of guiding principles for the fight against corruption at the 101<sup>st</sup> Session of the Committee of Ministers. </li> <p align="justify">   </p> <p align="justify">   </p> <p align="justify">   </p> <p align="justify">   </p> <p align="justify">   </p> <p align="justify">   </p> <p align="justify">   </p> <p align="justify">   </p> <p align="justify">   </p> <p align="justify">   </p> <p align="justify"> 2) Approval of the feasibility study at the 584<sup>th</sup> meeting of the Ministers' Deputies (February 1998). </p> <p align="justify"> 3) Draft criminal-law convention submitted to the plenary GMC in November 1997 by the working group on criminal law. </p> <p align="justify">   </p> </ol> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1) The idea of a Framework Convention gave rise to a legal controversy as some States were against an instrument which would both lay down principles and establish a monitoring mechanism. A politically sensitive subject. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <blockquote> <p align="justify"> 2) None </p> </blockquote> <p align="justify">   </p> <p align="justify">   </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> 3) An ambitious instrument, extremely wide-ranging in scope. Little time for meetings of the working group because of the plenary meetings. Competition from the OECD. </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1) The substantive part of the Framework Convention was separated from the monitoring procedure part. The former became the guiding principles, and the latter was the subject of the draft agreement on the "Group of States against Corruption" (GRECO), examination of which began in November 1997. The 21<sup>st</sup> Conference of Ministers for Justice (June 1997) and the Summit of Heads of State and Government (October) made it possible to set new priorities and overcome the obstacles. Extra meetings of the Bureau (July 1997) and the plenary GMC (November) were necessary to integrate the conclusions of the 21<sup>st</sup> conference and the summit. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">2) None </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">3) Additional meeting of the working group on criminal law; co-ordination with the OECD. </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Adoption of the Framework Convention against Corruption </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">See the explanation under 1) above. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Change in strategy. Switch to a different type of instrument. See under 1) above. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Pluralist Democracy</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.7 - Strengthening Local Democracy </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The decentralisation of power and the participation of citizens in the everyday life of their local and regional authorities are the basis of an effective democracy. The activity aims therefore at improving the legal, institutional and financial framework of local democracy. To this end, the following themes will be studied in the years to come: </font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - the structure and operation of local and regional democratic systems in member states with local governments </p> <p align="justify"> - limitations of local taxation and financial equalisation </p> <p align="justify"> - methods for calculating the financial grants paid to local authorities </p> <p align="justify"> - legal control and auditing of local authorities' action </p> <p align="justify"> - electoral systems and voting procedures at local level </p> <p align="justify"> - management of municipal property </p> <p align="justify"> - the role of local and regional authorities in the provision of local social services </p> <p align="justify"> - the liability of local elected representatives for their acts or omissions in the course of their duties </p> <p align="justify"> - the participation of young people in the functioning of local democracy </p> <p align="justify"> - the development and funding of urban public transport </p> <p align="justify"> - problems relating to regionalisation. </p> <p align="justify">   </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- updating and publication of the majority of files concerning the structure and operation of local and regional democracy in the member states </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- adoption of the reports on: "Limitations of local taxation and financial equalisation"; "Methods for calculating the financial grants paid to local authorities"; "Legal control and auditing of local authorities' action"; "Electoral systems and voting procedures at local level" </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- drafting of guidelines or draft recommendations in the areas covered by the above-mentioned reports. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- elaboration of the Convention texts on mountain regions and rural areas </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <blockquote> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   At 31 December 1997, 11 reports on the structure and operation of local democracy in the member states had been adopted (and 5 published) </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   The CLDR adopted three reports: "Regionalisation and its effects on local self-government", "Limitations of local taxation, financial equalisation and methods for calculating general grants" and "Supervision and auditing of local authorities’ action", containing conclusions in which the CDLR sets outs guidelines for action in the relevant areas. A preliminary draft report on electoral systems and voting procedures at local level was also submitted to the CDLR in November 1997. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   In accordance with three sets of ad hoc terms of reference adopted by the Committee of Ministers, the CDLR followed the work of the Working Party on Mountain Regions and Rural Areas (GT-RMER), issued an opinion on the proposals made by the CLRAE in Recommendation 20 (1996) (on monitoring the implementation of the European Charter of Local Self-Government) and issued an opinion on the feasibility of a European Charter of Regional Self-Government. </font> </p> </blockquote> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2110: 558 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A7 at 5%, 1 B6 at 5% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B4 at 10%, 1 B2 at 5% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A6 at 35%, 1 B3 at 35% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 100%, 1 A2 at 80% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B3 at 100%,1 B2 at 100% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The convention texts on mountain regions and rural areas were drafted. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The addition of this activity caused some delays in the implementation of the other activities </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Reports on the structure and operation of local democracy in the member states </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">More reports could have been adopted if there had not been a change in the small team that makes up the CDLR Secretariat </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Pluralist Democracy</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.8 - Transfrontier and Inter-territorial Co-operation </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">In these sectors, two objectives are sought: </font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to promote the ratification of the Outline Convention on Transfrontier Co-operation and ensure its furtherance by removing obstacles, particularly legal obstacles, to transfrontier and inter-territorial co-operation </p> <p align="justify"> - to develop transfrontier co-operation in Central and Eastern Europe not only in order to achieve more effective local democracy at the borders but also to foster peace and understanding among populations in Europe's most sensitive regions. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected (between 1997 and 1999) </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained in 1997: </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- preparation of a Protocol on inter-territorial co-operation or a draft recommendation on the subject </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- drafting of a model agreement for instituting a transfrontier co-operation body, whether or not as a legal entity </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- formulation of a recommendation on transfrontier contracting </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- formulation of a recommendation on transfrontier consultation between elected representatives of territorial communities </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- formulation of a recommendation on promotion of transfrontier media at local and regional level (in conjunction with the CDMM) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- preparation of domestic laws in Slovakia and Romania prescribing the conditions to be fulfilled by local and regional authorities for the conclusion of transfrontier co-operation agreements </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- promotion of transfrontier co-operation agreements in Central and Eastern Europe (countries concerned: Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Poland, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Russian Federation, Belarus, Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia, Slovenia, "the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia", Albania, Italy, Austria, Germany, Finland). </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- The Protocol on Inter-Territorial Co-operation and the explanatory report thereon were adopted; </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- The publication of the report on transfrontier co-operation in maritime coastal zones was approved (1995-96 activity); </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Lithuania ratified the Outline Convention on 13.6.97; </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- With regard to practical results in promoting co-operation in central and east European countries, Romania changed its legislation on local government so as to facilitate transfrontier co-operation between local authorities; </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Transfrontier contacts between local authorities were established (in the case of Bulgaria-Romania) and strengthened (in the case of Estonia-Latvia-Russia). Elsewhere, the awareness of central and regional governments was raised through seminars on the promotion of transfrontier co-operation (Armenia-Azerbaijan-Georgia-Turkey-Russian Federation-Ukraine). </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">These contacts should make it easier for states which have not yet signed the Outline Convention to do so. </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2111: 1 354 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 349 277 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A7 at 10%, 1 B6 at 10% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B4 at 10%, 1 B2 at 10% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A6 at 10%, 1 B3 at 10% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2/3 at 15%, 1 A2/3 at 85% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B3 at 50% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A7 at 10%, 1 B6 at 5% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B4 at 10%, 1 B2 at 10% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A6 at 20%, 1 B3 at 10% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2/3 at 100%,1 B3 at 85% </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The Protocol on Inter-Territorial Co-operation and the explanatory report thereon were adopted, and several states agreed to sign and ratify the Outline Convention </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">There is a need to have the possibility of providing a little financial support for starting up the work of the transfrontier committees that are set up at the meetings which we organise in border regions. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%">   </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Pluralist Democracy</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.9 - Participation of Young People in the Development of Democratic Cohesion </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The promotion of activities in favour of youth participation in society is backed by concurrent action ensuring that the principles of the youth policy are integrated into national youth policies, particularly as regards: </font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - requisite co-ordination of moves on behalf of young people under sectoral policies </p> <p align="justify"> - scrutiny of youth structures and legislation </p> <p align="justify"> - incorporation into the national policies of the Organisation's values concerning respect for the individual and his distinctiveness, taking into account the attainments of the Campaign against racism, xenophobia, anti-Semitism and intolerance, in particular through the mandate given to the CDEJ by the Committee of Ministers. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" height="900" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" height="16" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" height="16" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" height="848" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- <u>organisation of a joint CLRAE/CDEJ Conference at the Budapest EYC</u> on progress in implementing the Langollen Charter on youth participation in municipal and regional life so as to generate/regenerate enthusiasm for the Charter, introduce or reintroduce it; identify the different types of participation generated or renewed by the Charter. At the same time gather information on evaluating the implementation of a recommendation on youth participation and the future of civil society; draw the necessary conclusions for complementing the work of the CDEJ and the CLRAE in the field of youth participation </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- publication and dissemination of works on youth participation for all those who work with and for young people : <u>"Compendium of Recommendations of the CDEJ" and "Guide to Participation"</u> </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- <u>publication and dissemination of the "Rainbow Book"</u>: group together the standard-setting and other attainments of the Council of Europe in the youth field and prepare an evaluation of the situation and the expectations of young people in Europe; provide a reference work for the development of democratic and pluralistic youth structures and for the better identification of young people with society </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- <u>review of national youth policies</u>: assess the conclusions and action necessary for the implementation of global and integrated youth policies in Europe. The first national review was organised in 1996 in Finland and will be completed in 1997 by an international survey; it will be continued by national and international reviews in Spain, the Netherlands, Sweden, Romania and Estonia </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- <u>follow-up to the European Youth Campaign against Racism, Xenophobia, Anti-Semitism and Intolerance</u>: reinforce co-operation between the CDEJ and the Governing Board of the EYC/EYF by supervising the development and follow-up of the projects selected during the Campaign. (...) </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" height="848" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Evaluation of the implementation of the Recommendation on youth participation: adopted by the Committee of Ministers only in April 1997, this activity was replaced by the updating of the Guide to Participation; </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- The comparative study of the Rainbow Book: postponed because the book has not yet been adopted by the CDEJ; the budget for this activity was transferred to Activity III.27in order to organise a meeting of the Joint Co-ordination Committee set up as a result of the signing of an ERYICA/Council of Europe partnership agreement on 2 April 1997. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Organisation of the joint CLRAE/European Steering Committee for Intergovernmental Co-operation in the Youth Field Conference </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Compendium of Recommendations of the European Steering Committee for Intergovernmental Co-operation in the Youth Field and Guide to participation were published. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Evaluation of national youth policies </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Follow-up to the Campaign against Racism, Xenophobia, Anti-semitism and Intolerance: under the auspices of the Governing Board, it was possible to organise two training courses and the revision, publication, and translation into non-official languages of the teaching kit. </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2112: 228 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A7 at 10%, 1 A3 at 20 % </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 20% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Organisation of the joint CLRAE/CDEJ conference </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Compendium of Recommendations of the CDEJ and Guide to Participation </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Those inherent in the organisation of such events, but there was also difficulty in mobilising the Directorate’s partner youth organisations due to the restructuring at the time of the ECB, the CENYC and the Youth Forum to form a single body, the European Youth Forum. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Difficulty in respecting the deadlines for the publication of the Guide to Participation. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The Secretariat of the Directorate took charge of all the contacts with the YNGOs: sending out of questionnaires, invitations, etc. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">In the end it was possible to publish this work in time for the Ministerial Conference in Bucharest, which was the main objective. </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Evaluation of national youth policies </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">This activity proceeded smoothly, but the CDEJ considered that the evaluation by the international team was not incisive or critical enough. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The CDEJ decided to define common standards so as to be able to proceed to evaluations permitting deeper analysis </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Follow-up to the Campaign Against Racism, Xenophobia, Anti-Semitism and Intolerance: under the auspices of the Governing Board, it was possible to organise two training courses and the revision, publication, and translation into non-official languages of the teaching kit. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No particular problems other than those inherent in the organisation of any kind of course </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Publication and dissemination of the "Rainbow Book" </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">This text was not approved by the CDEJ, which found it too indigestible for the general public </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Transform this text into a "Rainbow Series" of several simplified brochures on the different themes dealt with </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p>   </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><a name="C2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION</b></a><b> </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Human Rights</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.10 - Legal and Political Aspects of the Protection of National Minorities </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to improve the protection of persons belonging to national minorities as an integral part of the international protection of human rights and democratic security in Europe </p> <p align="justify"> - to implement the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities </p> <p align="justify"> - to facilitate further signatures and ratifications of the Convention </p> <p align="justify"> - to increase knowledge and awareness of the Framework Convention in member states </p> <p align="justify"> - to promote the pooling of experience and practices through intergovernmental exchanges of views on topical policy issues in the field of the protection of persons belonging to national minorities </p> <p align="justify"> - to continue reflection on the feasibility of standard-setting in the cultural field and in the field of protection of national minorities, taking into account the Declaration adopted at the Vienna Summit </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- entry into force of the Framework Convention </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- finalisation of the monitoring mechanism of the Framework Convention </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- establishment of the advisory committee under the Framework Convention and preparations for receiving the first country reports </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- establishment, under the authority of the CDDH, of a Committee of Experts on the Protection of National Minorities to exchange views on topical policy issues </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- information meetings, conferences, seminars at national and local levels on the Framework Convention for government officials, parliamentarians, local authorities and NGOs </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- legislative and policy counselling on request. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">July 1997: successful completion of the work of CAHMEC in drafting the rules and arrangements of the monitoring mechanism under the Framework Convention. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">September 1997: Adoption of Resolution (97)10 on the monitoring mechanism of the Framework Convention. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">December 1997: Approval of terms of reference of new intergovernmental committee of experts. Several information meetings were carried out in the course of the year. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2113: 1 247 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">890 293 FRF </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The difference is due to the fact that the appropriations for meetings of the DH-MIN were frozen pending approval of the terms of reference by the CM. Furthermore, the AC was unable to meet due to the non-entry into force of the FCNM. The CM agreed to carry over to 1998 the 300 000 FRF set aside for meetings of the AC and to transfer this amount to Vote VI of the 1998 Budget. </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 45%, 1 B3 at 25 % </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 100%, 1 A 2/3 at 90% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results achieved </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Resolution (97) 10 </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- 3 Information meetings have been held </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- No particular problems were encountered in the CAHMEC once the CM had decided on the broad lines of the monitoring mechanism. The process was delayed because of divergent views within the CM regarding the composition of the AC and the qualifications of its members. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- None </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Compromise solutions worked out within the CM enabled the CAHMEC to implement its task of drafting to the rules and arrangements for the monitoring mechanism </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">a) establishment and operation of intergovernmental committee on policy issues </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">b) entry into force of the Framework Convention in 1997; first meetings Advisory Committee </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">c) Legislative and policy counselling missions </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">d) workshop on standard-setting in the cultural field / protection of national minorities </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">a) late approval of terms of reference by CM (December 1997) due to link with CM discussions on minorities paragraph in Action Plan of the Second Summit and certain divergencies regarding the content of the passage on national minorities </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">b) number of ratifications required for entry into force attained only towards the end of 1997; ratification procedures were slowed down on account of uncertainty on nature of monitoring mechanism prior to adoption of Resolution (97) 10 </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">c) no requests received from member states </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">d) no finances available (pm entry) </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">a) none in 1997; problem solved in December 1997 on the basis of the Summit text </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">b) entry into force took place on 1 February 1998; funds available for Advisory Committee meetings were carried over to 1998 budget (Vote VI, Framework Convention) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">d) none for 1997 </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Human Rights</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.11 - The Extension of the Rights Protected by the European Convention on Human Rights </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">To consider the possibility of extending the list of rights contained in the ECHR by means of additional protocols to the ECHR or by means of other legal instruments, in particular: a) possible legal instrument on the right of women and men to equality; b) possible draft protocol to the ECHR strengthening the non-discrimination clause of Article 14 ECHR or other legal instrument against racism and intolerance. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">a) subject to decisions to be taken, possible legal instrument on the right of women and men to equality. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Final Activity Report of CDDH (October 1997) containing variants for an additional protocol to the ECHR on non-discrimination. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2114: 1 036 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 009 149 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 35%, 1 B5 at 35 % </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 35% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Equality/non-discrimination </font></u> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2">: detailed Final Activity Report with concrete proposals for an additional protocol to the ECHR.</font> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">None, although certain divergencies subsisted regarding the actual wording of a Protocol. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Variants for a text were included in the final activity report to the CM and preferences were recorded. The final activity report will serve as a basis for the further work. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Rights of persons deprived of their liberty </font></u> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2">: draft legal instrument </font> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">A draft Protocol No.12 to the ECHR received a critical opinion from the Court and the Commission of Human Rights, which considered it too restrictive. The question of the added value of the draft protocol was problematic for many CDDH delegations. Work on this draft Protocol was suspended in June 1997. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">In June 1997, the CDDH decided to take one step back and organise, in 1998, a broad exchange of views on the recognition of new rights in this field, with the participation of other competent Council of Europe bodies and NGOs. This exchange of views may lead to a fresh attempt at drafting new rights in the field. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p>   </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Human Rights</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.12 - The Right to Equality: A Human Right </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">In the general perspective of the protection and promotion of human rights: </font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - promote the human rights aspect of equality between women and men in particular the right to free choice in matters of reproduction and lifestyles </p> <p align="justify"> - combat interferences with women's liberty and dignity in particular in the areas of violence against women, traffic in women and forced prostitution. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- the Group of Specialists on the Right to Free Choice in Matters of Reproduction and Lifestyles (EG-S-RP) will draw up a draft recommendation for member states </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- the Information Forum on national policies in the field of equality between women and men, which is an ongoing activity of the CDEG, will be devoted in 1997 to reproductive rights and women's human rights in matters relating to sexuality </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- subject to the terms of reference to be adopted on the subject, further work on traffic in women and forced prostitution may take the form of a multidisciplinary project on the issue, leading to the preparation of legal instruments on the legislative and judicial aspects and/or practical measures to assist and rehabilitate the women concerned and of prevention and educational programmes. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- The Group of Specialists on the Right to Free Choice in Matters of Reproduction and Lifestyles (EG-S-RP) finalised its draft recommendation to member States. The draft must now be examined by the CDEG and the other committees concerned. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- The Information Forum on reproductive rights and rights in matters related to sexuality (Tallinn, 27-29 November 1997) allowed very fruitful pooling of experience and information. Its conclusions were extremely useful to the EG-S-RP in its work and will be disseminated; a full set of proceedings is being published. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- The Multisectorial Group on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings for the purpose of Sexual Exploitation (EG-S-TS) held its first meeting. Its terms of reference expire on 30 June 1998. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- A study describing different international organisations' work relating to trafficking in human beings and a preliminary draft recommendation for the group, prepared by a consultant. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- A summary of the Action Plan on combating violence against women was prepared by a consultant. This will serve as a reference document for the EG-S-FV, which will begin its work in 1998. </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2115: 346 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">428 374 FRF </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The participation of EG-S-RP members as well as other experts to the Tallin Forum explains this difference. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The additionnal taking over of this expenditure was authorised by the Committee of Ministers and financed through a reallocation of appropriations </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 15%, 1 A3 at 45% </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B5 at 15%, 1 B3 at 20% </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 40% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 10%, 1 A4 at 15%  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A3 at 45%, 1 B5 at 15%  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B3 at 20%, 1 B2 at 40% </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get around them </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Draft recommendation on the right to free choice in matters of reproduction and sexuality</font> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Some differences of opinion within the EG-S-RP </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Negotiation and discussion </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Information Forum on reproductive rights and rights in matters related to sexuality </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Lack of funds for participation by members of the EG-S-RP and other experts </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Reallocation of available resources </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Study describing different international organisations' work relating to trafficking in human beings and a preliminary draft recommendation for the group, prepared by a consultant </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">None </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Summary of the Action Plan on combating violence against women prepared by a consultant</font> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">None </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Human Rights</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.13 - Scientific Revolution and the Legal Protection of the Human Being </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity I.13a </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Bioethics </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to examine the ethical and legal problems raised by the progress of biomedical science </p> <p align="justify"> - to prepare appropriate legal instruments, particularly additional protocols to the Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine </p> <p align="justify"> - to co-operate with other interested bodies, namely representatives of the medical profession and National Ethics Committees. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- finalisation of the Preliminary Draft Protocol on Organ Transplantation </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- preparation of the Preliminary Draft Protocol on Medical Research </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- preparation of part of the Preliminary Draft Protocol on the Protection of the Human Embryo </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- preparation of part of the Preliminary Draft Protocol on Problems relating to Human Genetics. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Preliminary Draft Protocol on Organ Transplantation should be approved by the CDBI in June 1998; </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Discussion of xenotransplantation led to the adoption by the Working Party of a recommendation on xenotransplantation in March 1998 </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Preliminary Draft Protocol on Medical Research </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Determination of the subjects that could be included in the scope of the Protocol; Draft Protocol prohibiting human cloning </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Proposal of names for membership of the Working Party, draft programme of activities and list of the subjects that could be included in the Draft Protocol. </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2116: 1 131 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 75%, 1 A2 at 50 % </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 65% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1) Preliminary Draft Protocol on Organ Transplantation should be approved by the CDBI in June 1998; </font> </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> - Discussion of xenotrans-plantation led to the adoption by the Working Party of a recommendation on xenotransplantation in March 1998 </p> </dir> <p align="justify"> 2) Preliminary Draft Protocol on Medical Research </p> <p align="justify">   </p> <p align="justify">   </p> <p align="justify"> 3) The CDBI opted for a slightly different solution, deciding that the question of cloning should be dealt with separately </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> - The Working Party finalised the Draft Protocol prohibiting human cloning </p> <p align="justify"> - It also decided which points should be included in the scope of the Protocol on the Protection of the Human Embryo and Foetus </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1) The constant developments in this area mean that account has to be taken of new issues such as xenotransplantation </font> </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> - It is difficult to agree on certain definitions both in legal and in scientific terms </p> <p align="justify">   </p> </dir> <p align="justify"> 2) Some issues to be covered by the Protocol, such as data protection, need to be looked at in greater depth </p> <p align="justify">   </p> <p align="justify">   </p> <p align="justify"> 3) Despite the heavy workload, the Working Party exceeded its objectives </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1) It was decided to exclude from the scope of the protocol certain issues such as xenotrans-plantation (may be covered in a separate protocol) </font> </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> - The need to hold a hearing of patients’ associations before the final adoption of the protocol (scheduled for late 98 or early 99) was recognised </p> </dir> <p align="justify"> 2) Hearing of experts on the issues that posed difficulties; the Working Party realised that it would be useful to hold other consultations before the final adoption of the draft text </p> <p align="justify">   </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Part of the Preliminary Draft Protocol on Problems relating to Human Genetics </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">A staff shortage in the Secretariat hampered the work of the Working Party, which was only able to hold one exploratory meeting </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">It is planned to provide one person who would be responsible for this Working Party </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Human Rights</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.13 - Scientific Revolution and the Legal Protection of the Human Being </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity I.13b </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Bioethics Symposia and Conferences </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to obtain information on topical ethical problems and the way they are dealt with at national and international levels </p> <p align="justify"> - to establish direct contact between the governmental experts of the Steering Committee on Bioethics (CDBI) and non-governmental experts and the public at large (medical professions, researchers, university teachers, parliamentarians, NGOs and the health industry) </p> <p align="justify"> - to organise an open debate resulting in agreements which are as far reaching as possible on ethically and socially sensitive matters </p> <p align="justify"> - to further consider certain themes before preparing regulations on them. </p> <p>   </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The Fourth Conference of the National Ethics Bodies will be held in a country to be determined by the Bureau of the Conference and will deal with several topical issues. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Organisation of the European Standing Conference of National Ethics Committees in Paris on 12 and 13 January 1998 </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2116: 156 000 FRF </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">the Conference of National Ethics Bodies meets at its own expense, with secretarial help from the Council of Europe. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The European Union has given financial support to symposia (60,000 ECUs for the 2nd Symposium in 1993 and 60,000 ECUs for the 3rd Symposium in 1996). It finances the preparatory work of the Conference on Biotechnology. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 15%, 1 A2 at 25 % </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 30% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The Ethics Conference scheduled for 1997 was postponed to 1998 </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Organisation of the Conference at the time of the opening for signature of the Protocol prohibiting human cloning (January 1998) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Human Rights</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.13 - Scientific Revolution and the Legal Protection of the Human Being </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity I.13c </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Psychiatry and Human Rights </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to make proposals - including proposals of a procedural nature - for the review of Committee of Ministers Recommendation No. R(83) 2 </p> <p align="justify"> - where necessary, elaborate a study dealing with the legislation and practice of psychiatry, concerning all member states of the Council of Europe. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- report on the legislation and practice of psychiatry </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- preparation of a preliminary draft recommendation on psychiatry and human rights. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Some guidelines that could be included in a future preliminary draft recommendation were drawn up </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2116: 68 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 5%, 1 A2 at 10 % </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 10% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 5%, 1 B5 at 25 % </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 10% </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Some guidelines that could be included in a future preliminary draft recommendation were drawn up </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Human Rights</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.13 - Scientific Revolution and the Legal Protection of the Human Being </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity I.13d </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Harmonisation of Autopsy Rules </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to consider the harmonisation of autopsy rules in cases of suspicious death from the legal, ethical and medical point of view </p> <p align="justify"> - to make a list of the aspects which may form the subject of such harmonisation </p> <p> - to consider means of drawing up basic rules at international level for performing an autopsy in cases other than autopsies carried out for medical purposes. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- possible proposal for the drafting of legal instruments (eg recommendation) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- preparation of draft rules at European level. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">In addition to the results expected, which were achieved, the committee prepared a questionnaire on medico-legal autopsy procedures in the member states of the Council of Europe </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2116: 68 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 5%, 1 B4 at 20 % </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 10% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Decision to draft a legal instrument; </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Preliminary draft recommendation on the harmonisation of autopsy rules </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Questionnaire on medico-legal autopsy procedures in the member states of the Council of Europe </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Significant legal and technical differences between medico-legal autopsy procedures in European countries </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Drafting of a recommendation aimed at the gradual harmonisation of medico-legal autopsy procedures in Europe </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Human Rights</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.14 - New Information Society and the Protection of Personal Data </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to elaborate recommendations containing guidelines for national legislation on data protection </p> <p> - to follow the implementation of the principles of Convention ETS No. 108 in member states and notably on the territory of contracting parties </p> <p align="justify"> - to provide a framework for European co-operation on data protection, including co-operation with the European Union, in particular since the adoption of Directive 95/46/EC. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- recommendation on the protection of medical data </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- recommendation on the protection of personal data collected and processed for statistical purposes. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- opinion of the CJ-PD on the draft recommendation of the CDSP on medical examinations preceding employment or private insurance </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- opinion of the CJ-PD on the draft recommendation of the Standing Committee of the 1985 European Convention on spectator violence and misbehaviour at sports events (T-RV) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Recommendation R(97)5 of the Committee of Ministers on the protection of medical data </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Recommendation R(97)18 of the Committee of Ministers concerning the protection of personal data collected and processed for statistical purposes </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2117: 998 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 75%, 1B4 at 60% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 75% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 temporary B4 at 100% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 15%; 1 B4 at 60% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 75% </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- opinion of the CJ-PD on the draft recommendation of the CDSP on medical examinations preceding employment or private insurance </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- opinion of the CJ-PD on the draft recommendation of the Standing Committee of the 1985 European Convention on spectator violence and misbehaviour at sports events (T-RV) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Recommendation R(97)5 of the Committee of Ministers on the protection of medical data </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Recommendation R(97)18 of the Committee of Ministers concerning the protection of personal data collected and processed for statistical purposes </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Recommendations on personal data processed for insurance and marketing purposes </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Lack of time to complete the project because of the new priorities generated by the Second Summit of the Council of Europe. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Possibilities currently under discussion in the CJ-PD (and in the CDCJ) </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Human Rights</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.15 - Democracy, Human Rights, Minorities: Educational and Cultural Aspects </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to develop civics, intercultural education, and cultural democracy through practical field activities </p> <p align="justify"> - to examine the educational and cultural aspects of the positive management of diversity in a democratic society </p> <p align="justify"> - to produce, at the end of the project, guidelines for the attention of governments on educational and cultural rights. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- final publications of the activities (pilot projects, case studies, etc) developed in the project </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- a working document for the final conference developed in three parts: operational, conceptual and methodological </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- the general report of the final Conference (including recommendations on education for democratic citizenship, for human rights and for the educational and cultural management of diversity) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- publication of the final report of the project </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- initial dissemination of the results of the project. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <blockquote> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   all documents relating to the activities of the operational phase of the project were finalised for publication (methodological guide to pilot projects, anthology of texts on human rights). </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   a working file for the Final Conference was devised and prepared in three parts: minorities and cultural diversity in their theoretical and political evolution; practising cultural diversity in education, culture and the media; and methodology and results of the project. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   over 120 people participated in the Final Conference in Strasbourg from 21 to 23 May 1997 and adopted a Final Declaration. The general report of the conference was finalised. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   dissemination of the results of the project began at the final conference and at a seminar organised by the European Union’s Committee of the Regions and held in Thessaloniki from 29 to 30 September 1997. Dissemination of the results will continue in 1998. </font> </p> </blockquote> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 950 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 10%, 1A2 at 20% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B3 at 30%, 1 B2 at 20% </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 Programme Adviser at 60% (on secondment) </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B5 + 1 B1 for the first 6 months (paid by the Cultural Fund) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">+ 1 A5 at 20% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">+ 1 A4 Programme Adviser during 6 months </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">+ 1 A3 at 20% </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Completion of analyses of Bulgaria and Lithuania and start of analysis of Croatia </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Choice of pilot sectors for sectoral analysis and analysis of theme (privatisation and denationalisation) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- National debates (Russia, Slovenia and Estonia) and preparation of debate on Bulgaria </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Debate within the Culture Committee and adoption of methodology for sectoral and transversal analyses </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Linguistic difficulties in preparing national reports </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Specific help from members of the Group of Experts and the Secretariat </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural policy review of Latvia </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Change of government </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Postponement until 1998 </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Human Rights</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.16 - Improvement of Procedures for the protection of Human Rights </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - propose the changes necessary for the efficient implementation of the European Convention on Human Rights and its supervision system </p> <p align="justify"> - facilitate the transition towards the restructured system instituted under Protocol No. 11 to the Convention </p> <p align="justify"> - examine the restructured system and related issues </p> <p align="justify"> - conduct studies on specific issues and give legal opinions to the Committee of Ministers. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- consideration of matters relating to the implementation of the new supervision system </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- possible recommendations to governments on specific issues. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">A set of documents with comments and proposals on the implementation of Protocol No. 11 was forwarded to the judges of the new Court, the Committee of Ministers and the Parliamentary Assembly </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2118: 564 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">607 865 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <dir> <dir> <p> 1 A4 at 5%, 1 B3 at 15% </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <u>Temporary </u> </p> <dir> <dir> <p> 1 A2/3 at 20%, 1 B3 at 10% </p> </dir> </dir> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The Committee considered matters relating to the implementation of Protocol No. 11 and drew up comments and proposals (in particular concerning the Model Rules of the Court) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">None</font> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Human Rights</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.17 - Human Rights Developments </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity I.17a </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Exchanges of Views on Human Rights Principles in International Relations and on Human Rights developments in the World </font> <p> <b>Objectives: </b> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to consider the application and further development of the European Convention on Human Rights and other human rights instruments of the Council of Europe against the backdrop of world instruments for the protection of human rights and the debate they give rise to, and of the development of national institutions for the protection of human rights </p> <p align="justify"> - to exchange views at intergovernmental level, between states sharing the same fundamental concept of universal and indivisible human rights, on human rights issues of common concern for groups of states other than those of the Council of Europe </p> <p align="justify"> - to provide governments with an appropriate framework both for clarifying certain basic principles and for helping them to determine their positions on the standard-setting and other activities of other intergovernmental organisations in the field of human rights. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Exchanges of views on the follow-up to the programme of action of the World Conference on Human Rights. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">All activities were carried out (except for pm entries) (Ad Hoc Committee of Experts on OSCE Human Dimension Issues (CAHDH) and liaison with other organisations (United Nations, UNESCO, OSCE, European Union) </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2119: 249 000FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 30%, 1 B5 at 30% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 30% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Meeting of ad hoc committee to exchange views on World Conference follow up, resulting in proposals for Council of Europe Colloquy to be held in 1998; these were endorsed by CM in December 1997 </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">None </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Identification of problems </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solution </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Meeting of ad hoc Committee on OSCE Human Dimension issues. Liaison with UN, OSCE and EU </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No finances available (pm entry) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">None in 1997 due to lack of funds. However, the objective may be considered to have been achieved since, on the initiative of the Norwegian authorities, an exchange of views took place in spring 1997 between the Ministers' Deputies and heads of OSCE delegations in Vienna. The meeting focused on the respective monitoring procedures. Further exchanges are foreseen at this level which obviate the need at this stage for an exchange at technical level. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Human Rights</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.17 - Human Rights Developments </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity I.17b </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Human Rights Legal Colloquies and Grants </font> <p> <b>Objectives: </b> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to further scientific knowledge of human rights, through top-level scientific meetings taking the form of European colloquies, round tables and seminars </p> <p align="justify"> - to identify, on the basis of the conclusions of such meetings, future areas of concern for intergovernmental work in the human rights field </p> <p align="justify"> - to increase awareness, essentially among lawyers and judges, of the human rights instruments of the Council of Europe through information meetings organised in co-operation with relevant institutions in member states </p> <p align="justify"> - to support the activities of a number of independent institutions active in the field of human rights through the award of grants. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- organisation of ten information meetings </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- award of three grants to the following institutions: International Institute of Human Rights, Dutch Institute of Human Rights (SIM), Association "Juris Ludi" (René Cassin Competition) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- organisation of a seminar on a topical human rights issue: organisation of a colloquy on the European Social Charter which will make it possible to take stock of the process of relaunching the Charter by facilitating a dialogue between the independent experts, the representatives of member states, social partners and NGOs involved in the functioning of the control mechanism. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   11 meetings have been organised in order to raise awareness among lawyers and judges on different aspects of the ECHR particularly on a practical level </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   increase in awareness of the Charter </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   implementation of the collective complaints procedure </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   preparation of the Summit of Heads of State and Government </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   launch of the Parliamentary Assembly’s campaign for ratification </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2119: 842 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 30%, 1 B5 at 30% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 30% </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Social Charter Colloquy </font></u> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2">: </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A3 at 30%, 1 B2 at 30% </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Information meetings: </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2 at 20% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained</b></font> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Colloquy on the European Social Charter: </font> </p> <ul> <li> <font face="Arial" size="2">increase in awareness of the Charter </font> </li> </ul> <ul> <li> <font face="Arial" size="2">implementation of the collective complaints procedure </font> </li> </ul> <ul> <li> <font face="Arial" size="2">preparation of the Summit of Heads of State and Government </font> </li> </ul> <ul> <li> <font face="Arial" size="2">launch of the Parliamentary Assembly’s campaign for ratification </font> </li> </ul> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Organisation of 11 information meetings; award of three grants to institutions active in the human rights field </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Lack of staff </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">None </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Involvement of the Directorate over and above the Social Charter Section </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p>   </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><a name="C3"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION</b></a><b> </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Rule of law</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.18 - Aliens and Citizens in a State Founded on the Rule of Law </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity I.18a </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Territorial Asylum, Refugees, Stateless Persons and Movement of Persons </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to promote the development of a common standpoint of the member states for the solution of legal and practical problems with which they are confronted in the fields of asylum, refugees and stateless persons, particularly taking into account developments within the European Union </p> <p align="justify"> - where appropriate, to prepare legal instruments (conventions, recommendations or other texts) </p> <p align="justify"> - encourage exchanges of information on developments within the committee's field of competence and, with the assistance of the Secretariat, regularly inform participants of the evolution of asylum and refugee law, including the relevant case law of the organs of the European Human Rights Convention. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- conclusions, in the form of a recommendation or other text, of the activities of the Working Party on the Safe Third Country Concept </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- completion and circulation of a manual on asylum procedures </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- continuation of the exchange of views, (in the framework of the Bureau and the CAHAR), on the return of rejected asylum-seekers, particularly in the light of national legislation, public international law, bilateral re-admission agreements and related case law of the organs of the European Human Rights Convention. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Recommendation No. (97) 22 containing guidelines on the application of the safe third country concept </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Decision N° CM/695/251197 request for proposals on the training of officials receiving asylum-seekers at border points </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2120: 714 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A3 at 66%, 1 B3 at 25% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 10%, 1 A3 at 66% </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Recommendation No. (97) 22 containing guidelines on the application of the safe third country concept </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Decision N° CM/695/251197 request for proposals on the training of officials receiving asylum-seekers at border points </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Handbook on asylum procedures</font> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Summary description of asylum procedures was prepared early 1998 (it covers 10 member states)</font> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Extend the geographical scope of analysis</font> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Rule of law</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.18 - Aliens and Citizens in a State Founded on the Rule of Law </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity I.18b </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Adapting Nationality Laws in the New European Context </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to consider the necessity of any additional measures to deal with problems of nationality, to prevent statelessness and to prevent the improper acquisition of nationality </p> <p align="justify"> - to review the operation of conventions and recommendations in the field of nationality and to prepare appropriate legal instruments. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- consideration of nationality certificates, the application of the rule that reasons in writing should be given for decisions relating to nationality, statelessness and state succession and other additional measures to deal with problems of nationality </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- proposals for the drafting of additional legal instruments (Convention, Protocols, Recommendations). </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Examination of questions related to statelessness (including state succession) and abuse of laws on citizenship </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Draft Recommendation on means of avoiding statelessness </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Publications, including the European Bulletin on Nationality </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2121: 496 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 10%, 1 A2 at 25% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1B4 at 20%, 1 B2 at 50% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 10%, 1 A2 at 25% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B3 at 25% </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Examination of questions related to statelessness (including state succession) and abuse of laws on citizenship </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Draft Recommendation on means of avoiding statelessness </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Publications, including the European Bulletin on Nationality </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Citizenship issues, including statelessness and abuse of citizenship laws, can seriously affect stability in Europe </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Additional legislative measures were proposed </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Co-operation between the states was stepped up (including co-operation on abuse of citizenship laws) </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Rule of law</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.19 - Developing the Role of Public International Law </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The CAHDI contributes actively to the development of public international law as it enables regular exchanges of views to be held between the Legal Advisers of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs on the approach of the European states to the most important questions of public international law. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Exchanges of views in order to promote public international law. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Recommendation (97) 10 on debts of diplomatic missions, permanent missions, and diplomatic missions with "double accreditation" as well as those of their members </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Recommendation (97) 11 on the amended model plan for the classification of documents concerning state practice in the field of public international law </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2122: 442 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 5%, 1 A2 at 15% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 25% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 5%, 1 A5 at 15% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2 at 40%, 1 B2 at 25% </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Recommendation (97) 10 on debts of diplomatic missions, permanent missions, and diplomatic missions with "double accreditation" as well as those of their members </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Recommendation (97) 11 on the amended model plan for the classification of documents concerning state practice in the field of public international law </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Following the proposals made by the delegation of the Russian Federation to the Committee of Ministers concerning the future role of the CAHDI, discussions took place in the Committee of Ministers </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The question was referred back to the CAHDI and is being debated in 1998 </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Rule of law</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.20 - Administrative Law </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - adoption of an instrument by the Project Group on Administrative Law (CJ-DA), a subordinate committee of the CDCJ, on the principles which govern the recruitment, professional training, ethics and status of public agents in Europe </p> <p> - if appropriate, propose measures designed to improve the efficiency of public service and to better meet the expectations of citizens. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Detailed inventory of the questions to be dealt with and choice of the nature of the instrument to be prepared. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2123: 329 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A3 at 50%, 1 B2 at 25% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A3 at 40%, 1 A5 at 15% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 25% </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%">   </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The CJ-DA had not met since 1995. In September 1997 it held its 10<sup>th</sup> meeting and decided on follow-up to its activities </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The CJ-DA has set up a working party to help it prepare a report on the status of public servants in Europe. The Secretariat is to analyse and take stock of the different matters that need to be settled, in time for the 11<sup>th</sup> meeting of the CJ-DA (3-5 June 1998) </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Rule of law</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.21 - Family Law </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity I.21a </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Adoption of Standards and Procedures in Family Law </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Committee of Experts on Family Law (CJ-FA): </font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to improve international co-operation in cases of transfrontier access and to ensure the return of a child in cases of improper removal to another country </p> <p align="justify"> - to consider solutions to problems relating to the establishment and legal consequences of parentage </p> <p align="justify"> - to consider how to resolve family disputes through the use of mediation </p> <p align="justify"> - to consider means of improving the machinery for international co-operation in the field of family law and to consider other questions such as transsexuals. </p> </dir> </dir> <p align="justify"> European Conferences on Family Law </p> <blockquote> <blockquote> <p align="justify"> - to identify main future trends in the field of family law. </p> </blockquote> </blockquote> <p>   </p> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- report on transfrontier access </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- proposals for the solution of problems concerning the improper removal of a child to another country and, if appropriate, proposals for the preparation or revision of international instruments </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- report on mediation or other processes to resolve family disputes and, if appropriate, proposals for the preparation of an international instrument </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- proposals to improve the machinery for international co-operation in the field of family law </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- report on questions concerning transsexuals. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- A report with a draft convention is being prepared to solve the problems of transfrontier access to children </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- The report on family mediation is now a Recommendation (R(98)1), with an explanatory memorandum </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- The report on transsexuals is in preparation </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2124: 327 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 10% (+ 5% for Conference in 1998 or 1999) </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2 at 30% (+ 15% for Conference in 1998 or 1999) </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B3 at 20% (+ 15% for Conference in 1998 or 1999) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 10% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2 at 30% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 20% </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1. Completion by the CJ-FA of the draft Recommendation on family mediation (Recommendation (98)1) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">2. Preparation of a preliminary draft Convention on contact concerning children </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1. Sources of information (mediation was not used until very recently in family disputes) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">2. Need to develop Convention STE No 105 </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1. The Recommendation was produced </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">2. A preliminary draft Convention is in preparation </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Rule of law</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.21 - Family Law </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity I.21b </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Improving the Legal Protection of Incapable and Other Vulnerable Adults </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to consider solutions to problems relating to abuse and actions adversely affecting the rights of incapable and other vulnerable adults, especially adults confined to institutions </p> <p align="justify"> - to promote the adoption of new legislation in European states aimed at protecting and assisting this group of persons. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- report containing principles on the protection of incapable adults </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- proposals relating to the nature and content of a possible future international instrument in this field. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Draft Recommendation on the principles governing legal protection for incapable adults, drawn up by the CJ-S-MI </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2124: 131 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 5%, 1 A2 at 25% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B3 at 15% </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 5%, 1 A2 at 25% </font> </p> </dir> <p> 1 B2 at 15% </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Draft Recommendation on the principles governing legal protection for incapable adults, drawn up by the CJ-S-MI </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- There is a legal vacuum in many European countries in the field of legal protection for incapable adults </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Study by an expert </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Replies to the questionnaire </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Joint meetings and exchanges of views with the CJ-FA and the CDBI </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Rule of law</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.22 - Improving Efficiency of Justice </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">To increase the efficiency of justice and thereby contribute in particular to the reduction of the large number of cases brought under the European Convention on Human Rights concerning undue delay. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- report on the principal reasons for undue delay </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- survey of measures in states to increase the efficiency of justice. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">In addition to the expected results, which were achieved, the CJ-EJ has begun to examine the draft Recommendation on freedom to exercise the profession of lawyer. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2125: 192 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 10%, 1 A2 at 20% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B4 at 20%, 1 B2 à 50% </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 10%, 1 A2 at 20% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B3 at 25% </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Report on the main causes of unreasonable delays </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Survey of existing measures for making the justice system more efficient </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Draft Recommendation on freedom to exercise the profession of lawyer </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Excessive cost to states of often very lengthy proceedings </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Proposal of cost-effective means of making the justice system more efficient </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Rule of law</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.23 - Legal Data Processing </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity I.23a </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Use of Information Technology in the Legal Sector in particular in the Administration of Justice </font> <p> <b>Objectives: </b> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to follow research, development, and teaching in legal data processing in Europe, and to this end hold extensive exchanges of views and act as a clearing house for information in this sector </p> <p align="justify"> - to follow the developments of information technology with the aim of assessing and promoting its utilisation in the legal field, so as to improve the efficiency of the administration of justice, both in the old and the new member states </p> <p align="justify"> - preparation of recommendations, guidelines and other texts concerning legal data processing </p> <p align="justify"> - preparation of the colloquies on legal data processing in Europe. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Recommendation (or guidelines) on information technology applications in correctional administration. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="justify"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Handbook </font></u> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> on information technologies applied to prison administration</font> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2126: 282 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 35%, 1 B1 at 15% </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 15%, 1 A4 at 35% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B1 at 15% </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Handbook on information technologies applied to prison administration </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">difficult discussions in the Steering Committee (CDCJ), which is not specialised in prison administration (the CDPC would have been more suitable) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">publication of the text in the form of a "handbook" rather than guidelines </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Rule of law</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.23 - Legal Data Processing </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity I.23b </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Colloquies on Legal Data Processing in Europe </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The colloquies on legal data processing in Europe constitute a forum for discussing new problems and questions concerning the use of information technology in the legal sector arising in Europe, in a wide circle of civil servants, judges, university teachers and representatives of the legal professions, inter alia in order to define themes to be analysed in depth in other institutions of the Council of Europe. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Preparatory work for the Colloquy to be held in 1998 </font> </p> </dir> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Preparation of the Colloquy (15-17 April 1998 in Austria) </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2126: 29 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 15%, 1 B1 at 10% </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Preparation of the Colloquy: meeting of the organising committee, reports by rapporteurs </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">When preparations are made too early, changes may subsequently have to be made </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">the necessary changes were made following improvised meetings and talks </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>DEMOCRATIC COHESION </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Rule of law</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY I.24 - Colloquies on European Law </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to obtain information concerning the legal situation in all member states of the Council of Europe on a subject of great interest to member states </p> <p align="justify"> - where appropriate, to provide background information from all member states to assist committees, in particular committees composed of a limited number of member states, which will consider the subject in greater detail. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">XXVII<sup>th</sup> Colloquy on European Law (Malta) on legal problems relating to parentage. In the light of this work the Committee of Experts on Family Law (CJ-FA) will, in 1998, adopt a report and, if appropriate, proposals concerning the preparation or revision of international instruments. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">A Working Party on the legal status of children was set up to prepare a report on the establishment and the legal consequences of parentage </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2127: 371 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 5%, 1 A2 at 15% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B3 at 15% </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%">   </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Divergence between the different European legislations </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">A report is currently in preparation </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p>   </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><a name="C4"><b>SOCIAL COHESION AND QUALITY OF LIFE</b></a><b> </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Social Policies</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY II.1 Social Policies </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity II.1a </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Follow-up to the Childhood Policies Project - A European Strategy for Children </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to determine a framework for implementing a European Strategy for Children. This could imply the establishment of a multidisciplinary committee whose tasks might include the following: </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> * recommend and propose annual priorities/ target areas for the report on children and for activities concerning childhood policies </p> <p align="justify"> * advise the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe and the relevant ministries in member states on new developments and policies concerning children </p> <p align="justify"> * act as a reference point for European sources of information on childhood policies and children's rights, including experts, research centres, other information sources and databases </p> <p align="justify"> * draw on the existing information resources, databases and networks above with a view to the annual thematic report to be submitted to the Parliamentary Assembly </p> <p align="justify"> * design, feed and utilise European on-line documentation and information systems on childhood for wide and interactive dissemination of information and exchange of experiences </p> <p align="justify"> * organise joint seminars and conferences on priority issues </p> </dir> <p> - to follow-up some of the proposals from the Leipzig Conference, in particular those concerning activities which were already started in the Childhood Policies Project concerning children living in residential care, and concerning children's participation in social and family life. </p> <p>   </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- set up a framework for the implemention of a European Strategy for Children </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- finalise the draft recommendation on participation of children in social and family life. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Implementation of a European Strategy for Children </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Meeting to draw up the terms of reference for a committee to implement the European Strategy for Children </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Finalisation of a draft recommendation on the participation of children. </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2203: 235 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">162 694 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 20%, 1 A2 at 30% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B4 at 20%, 1 B2 at 30% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Decision concerning the setting up of a committee responsible for the implementation of a European Strategy for Children.</font> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Hiatus due to the reorganisation of the social sector by the Committee of Ministers. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Wait for the reorganisation. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>SOCIAL COHESION AND QUALITY OF LIFE </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Social Policies</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY II.1 - Social Policies </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity II.1b </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Human Dignity and Social Exclusion </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - assist governments to develop more effective policies, programmes and structures for preventing and combating poverty and social exclusion </p> <p align="justify"> - encourage non-governmental organisations and other bodies concerned with poverty and social exclusion to take initiatives to help the poor and the socially excluded to recover their dignity as individuals </p> <p align="justify"> - to strengthen the Council of Europe's role in combating poverty and social exclusion and contribute important information and ideas about how countering poverty and social exclusion can be incorporated in the future work of the Council of Europe. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- presentation to the CDPS by the Research Director of the report of the co-ordinated research programme 1995/1996 on "the social and family consequences and costs of the unemployment of young people" </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- publication of national reports and the thematic reports </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- publication of the final report. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <blockquote> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Finalisation of Ms Duffy’s research report </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Finalisation of the national and thematic reports </font> </p> </blockquote> <dir> <p> - Preparations for the Helsinki conference in May 1998 </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2204: 375 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">391 510 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">???? </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 10%, 1 A2 at 40% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 official on secondment at 100%  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 100%, paid by the special account </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problem Identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>SOCIAL COHESION AND QUALITY OF LIFE </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Social Policies</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY II.1 - Social Policies </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity II.1c </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Social and Family Policies </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">To determine the implications of changes in the social context within which families, children and elderly people live, with a view to understanding and comparing current developments and facilitating decision-making. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Research fields in progress or new: </font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> I. <u>The crisis of the welfare state: how to respect and guarantee the social rights of individuals whilst controlling costs</u> </p> </dir> </dir> <p align="justify"> This co-ordinated research programme (1996//1997) seeks to identify those participation-orientated systems, structures, programmes and elements of programmes which have been shown to reduce costs while still achieving the anticipated objectives and results. </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> II. <u>Social Policies and the City</u> </p> </dir> </dir> <p align="justify"> This activity, begun in 1996, will explore innovative social approaches applied in cities (observable signs that the emergence of new economic and urban issues corresponds to sharper differentiation of social policy between different cities, even in the same country; the nature of these innovations; their content; which fields they concern), with a view to understanding the implications for national policies. </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> III. <u>The initial and further training of social workers</u> </p> </dir> </dir> <p align="justify"> Following the co-ordinated research programme (1994/1995) on this subject, the CDPS is to examine the need for further work in the field, including in particular the need for a new recommendation concerning the training of social workers. </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> IV. <u>Parenting, support for parents</u> </p> </dir> </dir> <p align="justify"> The main aims of the co-ordinated research programme 1997/1998 on "Parenting, Support for Parents", are to identify and assess the neeeds of parents for support in their tasks, and to investigate ways in which parents can be better supported, with particular attention to specific groups such as parents of disabled children, parents from ethnic minority communities and parents of poor families. </p> <p align="justify"> To present the work of the Council of Europe in the field of family affairs to a wide audience. </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> V. <u>Conference of the International Union of Family Organisations on the Council of Europe and Family Affairs</u> </p> </dir> </dir> <p align="justify"> The Council of Europe has always dealt with questions concerning families, both within the social field as well as in the field of family law, and the IUFO Conference will provide a broad platform for presenting this work. </p> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">I. completion of the research in the crisis of the welfare state </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">II. proposals for a three-year programme of work on social policies and the city, to be completed by the CDPS on the basis of a study and a CDPS working party in 1996 </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">V. broad dissemination of Council of Europe work in the field of family affairs. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">I. Completion of the research into the crisis of the welfare state </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">II Preparation of a programme on innovative aspects of social policies and the city, sending out of a questionnaire </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">V Organisation by the IUFO of a seminar on the family and parenting </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2205: 468 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">419 284 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 25% ; 1 A2 at 30% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B3 at 15% ; 1 B2 at 30% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">I. Completion of the research into the crisis of the welfare state </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">II Preparation of a programme on innovative aspects of social policies and the city, sending out of a questionnaire </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">V Organisation by the IUFO of a seminar on the family and parenting </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Slowness in the procedures for consulting member states, due in part to the fact that there were not enough steering committee meetings. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>SOCIAL COHESION AND QUALITY OF LIFE </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Social Policies</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY II.2 - Social Protection </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity II.2a </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Guarantees ensured by the European Social Protection Standards </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">With the help of the established legal instruments and the expertise acquired in the field, the objective is to ensure: </font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p> - the maintenance and guarantee of the existing level of social protection in Europe in accordance with the standards laid down by the standard-setting instruments (European Code of Social Security, its Protocol and the (revised) Code) and by the coordinating instruments (Interim Agreements, European Convention on Social Security) </p> <p> - assistance in defining a social security framework for the new member states,and to promote a better co-ordination of national social security legislations. In pursuing these objectives the activities related to information and training will be stepped up in the coming years with a view to: </p> </dir> </dir> <dir> <dir> <p> - promoting ratification of the co-ordinating instruments of the Council of Europe in the social security field (Interim Agreements, European Convention on Social Security) by the member states and by non-member states of the Council of Europe </p> <p> - assisting member states and non-member states of the Council of Europe in the interpretation and application of model provisions for a bilateral social security agreement and explanatory report. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> In addition, the SS-AC will study the possibility of the inclusion of mutual assistance agreements on fraud in bilateral social security and study the scope of, and problems linked to, medical treatment abroad. </p> <p> <b>Results </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">a. Standard-setting instruments </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- safeguarding the standard of social security set by these instruments </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- clarification of various points concerning the comprehension and the implementation of the provisions of the (revised) Code through the adoption of the Explanatory Report and thus facilitate its ratification by the member states </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">b. Training and information </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- holding of a Training Course: about 30 participants a year </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- "Research and Study" in matters of social protection, the feasibility of the setting up of a monitoring post (observatory) on the developments of Social Security should be evaluated and the approaches should be defined </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">c. Colloquy on promoting the ratification of the European Code of Social Security (revised) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- ratification of the Code </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">d. Ad hoc terms of reference allocated to the Committee of experts SS-AC: </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- reports and/or draft recommendations on the inclusion of mutual assistance agreements on fraud in bilateral social security agreements and the scope of, and problems linked to, medical treatment abroad. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <blockquote> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-    Draft recommendation on the improvement on co-operation among member states in the social security field </font> </p> </blockquote> <dir> <p align="justify"> - Holding of the Training Course (CDSS) </p> <p align="justify"> - Report on the scope of, and problems linked to, medical treatment abroad </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2206: 1 111 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 103 615 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 45%, 1 A2/A3 at 35% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2/A3 at 30%, 1 B4 at 80% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 75%, 1 B2 at 25% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">-  Draft recommendation </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-    Report </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   Holding of the Training Course </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">None </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>SOCIAL COHESION AND QUALITY OF LIFE </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Social Policies</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity II.2 – Social protection </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity II.2b </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> – Social protection and dependence </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">On the basis of the assessment of existing or draft national legislation and practices concerning dependence (dependent persons and their carers) established in 1996, and of the conclusions of the 6th Conference of European Ministers responsible for Social Security: </font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p> - to draft a <b>recommendation</b> which defines the framework for improvement of the quality of life of dependent persons as well as their carers. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Formulation of a draft recommendation.</font> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Draft recommendation on dependence</font> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2207: 201 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 10%, 1 A2/A3 at 25% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 25% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 15%, 1 B2 à 15 % </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The A2/3 post was vacant until April 97 and then has been given different tasks to accomplish </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Draft recommendation approved by the CDSS in May 1998. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Problems inherent in the multidisciplinary composition of the Group which did not share the opinions of the CDSS, in the fact that the Chair resigned after the first meeting (1996) and in the difference of opinion between the senior quarters of the Secretariat (opposed to a recommendation, preferring a handbook) and the Group. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">New Chair in 1997 (following a CDSS decision), compromise between the CDSS and the Group concerning the scope of the recommendation, mediation between the Group secretariat and senior management with the result that the drafting of a handbook appeared in the proposed future activities of the DASE in the field of dependence. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Identification of problems </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Which possible solution? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>SOCIAL COHESION AND QUALITY OF LIFE </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Social Policies</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity II.2 – Social protection </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity II.2c </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> – Social Security Systems and their Operation in a difficult Economic Context </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - following a thorough analysis of existing national legislation and practices: </p> <p align="justify"> * draw conclusions from the steps taken </p> <p align="justify"> * make suggestions aimed at achieving the optimum use of the resources available for the social security systems while guaranteeing the forms of cover prescribed by the legal instruments of the Council of Europe </p> <p align="justify"> * specify the means for achieving closer relations between the institutions concerned and the social partners and for making those institutions more accessible to the public </p> <p> - make proposals aimed at dealing with the situation, both at national and international level. </p> <font size="2"> </font> </dir> </dir> </dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">Preparation of a publication. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Following a questionnaire sent out to all member states, preparation of a report giving a detailed analysis of current legislation and practices which, following a compilation of national examples of good practices in this sector, will result in the publication of a book of resources. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2208: 216 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">287 517 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 10%, 1 A2/A3 at 20% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 25% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2/3 at 5%, 1 B2 at 20% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 consultant expert </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Identification of problems </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Which possible solution? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Preparation of the "Book of resources". </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Considerable difficulty in getting the Committee members to participate, few contributions received, which were generally of poor quality (ie replies to the questionnaire and examples of good practices), impossibly of commitment on the part of the Chair. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Task an expert with the preparation of the "Book of resources" (contract under way in 1998), convince the CDSS of the importance of the work of the SS-CEDD (this was done in recent meetings). </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Increase human resources in the Secretariat. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>SOCIAL COHESION AND QUALITY OF LIFE </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Social Policies</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY II.3 - Employment policies </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity II.3a </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - The Social and Economic Consequences of the Restructuring of the Economies of Europe </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - prepare an analysis of the processes of economic restructuring and their social and economic consequences </p> <p align="justify"> - consider the role of employment policies in alleviating the negative consequences of these processes and in furthering their positive aspects </p> </dir> </dir> <blockquote> <blockquote> <p> -      make proposals for future action at national and international level. </p> </blockquote> </blockquote> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- completion of the final report: "The Social and Economic Consequences of the Processes of Restructuring of the Economies of Europe" </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- submission of the report to the 6th Conference of European Ministers of Labour. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- completion and publication of the report "Europe and the challenge of globalisation" </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2209: 86 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">61 728 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A3 at 35%, 1 B2 at 50% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 30% </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary </font></u> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 (on secondment) at 70% </font></u> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A3 at 35% ; 1 B2 at 80% </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary </font></u> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 (on secondment) at 90% </font></u> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Analysis of the restructuring process/examination of the role of employment policies </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Lack of structures to take the study further </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Lack of resources to take the research to an appropriate level and to have the report translated </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Continuation of the research with the available resources </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Publication of the report exclusively in French </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Make proposals for future action (objective partially achieved) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Lack of structures to continue giving the matter consideration – suspension of CDEM/ministerial conference </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Continue the work as part of the strategy for social cohesion, European Committee on Social Cohesion </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>SOCIAL COHESION AND QUALITY OF LIFE </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Social Policies</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY II.3 - Employment policies </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY II.3b </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Co-ordinated Research in the Employment Field </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - research into the new job creating initiatives outside the mainstream labour market in the member states </p> <p align="justify"> - prepare a comparative report </p> </dir> </dir> <blockquote> <blockquote> <p> -      make proposals for the attention of the member states. </p> </blockquote> </blockquote> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Completion of the report "New Job Creating Initiatives Outside the Mainstream Labour Market".</font> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Delay: activity still in progress</font> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2210: 75 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">35 858 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent </font></u> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">1 A3 at 10%, 1 B2 at 10% </font></u> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 5% </font></u> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary </font></u> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 (on secondment) at 30% </font></u> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A3 at 10%, 1 B2 at 15%</font> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results : </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Completion of report late 1997 </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The director of studies was unable to hand his draft text in on time. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">After the director contacted the national authorities concerned, the Secretariat was given the text which it is in the process of editing with a view to its being translated and published. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>SOCIAL COHESION AND QUALITY OF LIFE </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Social Policies</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY II.4 - The European Population: its Structure, Development and Challenges </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">To determine the demographic characteristics with a view to understanding and comparing current developments and facilitating decision making. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Research fields in progress or new: </font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> I. <u>The demographic situation of national minorities in Europe</u> </p> <p align="justify"> - to continue the work carried out in 1996 with a view to determining the demographic characteristics of certain national minorities </p> <p align="justify"> - measuring the differences, in this area, between minority groups and the rest of the population and drawing up projections for future developments </p> <p align="justify"> - establishing an inventory of information sources in Europe on the demographic situation of Roma/Gypsies. </p> <p align="justify"> II. <u>Internal migration and regional population dynamics</u> </p> <p align="justify"> - to continue the work carried out in 1996 with a view to determining the characteristics of internal migration in member states during the last 10-15 years: rural depopulation, urbanisation, sub-urbanisation, counterurbanisation </p> <p align="justify"> - establishing maps on internal population movements </p> <p align="justify"> - improving knowledge on new patterns of internal migration movements. </p> <p align="justify"> III. <u>Fertility and new types of households and family formation in Europe</u> </p> <p align="justify"> - to assess the changes which have occurred in the patterns of family formation in Europe during the last decades </p> <p align="justify"> - to determine the effects of such changes on the demographic characteristics of populations, in particular fertility </p> <p align="justify"> - to carry out comparisons at European level. </p> <p align="justify"> IV. <u>Demographic trends and the labour market</u> </p> <p align="justify"> - to assess the foreseeable interactions between demographic developments and the European labour markets in the short and medium term. </p> <p align="justify"> V. <u>Publications</u> </p> <p align="justify"> - to prepare and publish the annual report "Recent Demographic Developments in Europe-1997" containing basic demographic data on 48 European states (Demographic Report) </p> <p> - prepare and publish the Proceedings of the Mediterranean Conference on Population, Migration and Development (15-17 October 1996). </p> <p>   </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">I. adoption of preliminary reports on the demographic situation of national minorities in Estonia and Finland and of the different communities in Bulgaria; establishment of the inventory of information sources on Roma/Gypsies </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">II. adoption of a report on the characteristics of internal population movements, embodying maps for each member state; setting up of a database which will be made available to the Statistical Offices of the member states </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">III. adoption of a study on the different types of households, families and lifestyles in Europe and their impact on fertility </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">IV. determination of effects of the demographic changes foreseen on the size and composition of working age population in different European countries </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">V. publication of the documents mentioned under the heading "Objectives". </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The results expected have been obtained for all these activities </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2211: 1 218 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 159 569 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">To the activity "Internal Migration" of a total of 192 000 FF is added a contribution from the European Union of about 30 000 Ecus. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 25%, 1 A4 at 100% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 50%, 1 B5 at 100% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B3 at 80% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The contribution of the A5 post ended on 31 July 1997 </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results : </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activities I, III, IV and V </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Activity II </font></u> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2">: adopted of a summary report on internal migration in Europe and ten country reports; the University of Leeds is in the process of setting up a database</font> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>SOCIAL COHESION AND QUALITY OF LIFE </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Social Policies</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY II.5 - The Fight against Social Exclusion and the Integration of Marginalised Young People </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - apprehend all the facets of exclusion, concentrating particularly on social unrest among young people, stimulate new forms of solidarity and prepare proposals to combat the social exclusion of young people </p> <p align="justify"> - encourage initiatives, in particular in the voluntary sector, adapted to the needs of excluded or marginalised young people, in order to increase youth participation in civil society and promote equal opportunities, through the implementation of pilot projects on mediation, the training of young mediators and the setting up of a European network of young mediators. </p> </dir> </dir> <p align="justify"> These projects will be developed in co-operation with the DECS project "Culture and Neighbourhoods", the DASE multidisciplinary project "Human Dignity and Social Exclusion" and the CLRAE (see Activity I.9). </p> <p align="justify"> Successful pilot projects for combating the exclusion of young people, in the form of short films, should be presented to the Final Conference of the multidisciplinary project "Human Dignity and Social Exclusion", as a contribution of the CDEJ. </p> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- preparing concrete proposals for combating the social exclusion of young people at European level </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- selection of successful pilot projects for combating the exclusion of young people, as a contribution to the multidisciplinary project "Human Dignity and Social Exclusion" </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- implementation of mediation projects and training of young mediators. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Preparation of concrete proposals for combating the exclusion of young people at European level </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Selection of clips presenting successful pilot projects for combating the exclusion of young people as a contribution to the final conference of the multidisciplinary project "Human Dignity and Social Exclusion" </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Implementation of a mediation training project </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="642" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2212: 56 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A7 at 10%, 1 A3 at 20% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 20% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" colspan="2" width="219">   </td> <td valign="top" colspan="2" width="219">   </td> <td>   </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="212"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Results obtainedPreparation of concrete proposals for combating the exclusion of young people at European level </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Selection of clips presenting successful pilot projects for combating the exclusion of young people as a contribution to the final conference of the multidisciplinary project "Human Dignity and Social Exclusion" </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Implementation of a mediation training project </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" colspan="2" width="219"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">This point was discussed many times by the CDEJ working party in particular with respect to aspects outside its own field of competence (unemployment, shelter, etc.) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The clips sent by a number of member states were too long and could not be shown as they stood at the conference </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The team preparing the project, made up of members of the initiator of the project, the European association of young mediators, and members of other bodies concerned with mediation could not agree on a joint project. The European Youth Forum, our usual partner, called upon to send participants to this course, did not respond to the appeal</font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" colspan="2" width="227"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The group considered it could initiate pilot activities proposed to ministries responsible for youth as the co-ordinators of global and integrated youth policies and launch these actions during the ministerial conference </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">It was decided to make a montage of these clips, with the aid of the audio-visual services, to make a loop to be shown at the conference and a shorter montage for Finnish Television, which is to cover this event </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">During the course the representatives of other mediation bodies were invited to present their methods; in addition, the CDEJ also decided to set up a management committee to explore the different possibilities for mediation, and subsequently to draw up standards of good practice for mediation at European level. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The European Youth Forum, newly constituted, explained that the failure of its members to participate in this course was due to start-up difficulties and undertook to send participants to future courses. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>The objectives have not been achieved: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>- </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>- </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>- </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>SOCIAL COHESION AND QUALITY OF LIFE </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Social Policies</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY II.6 – Migrations and Community Relations </b></font> </p> <p align="left"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity II.6a – Tensions and Tolerance: Building Better Integrated Communities across Europe </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Launched publicly at the Sixth Conference of European Ministers responsible for Migration Affairs following a review of community relations policies in selected member states, this new project, within the general area of integration policy, will include the following elements: </font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - expert meetings leading to the publication of good practice guidelines </p> <p align="justify"> - promotion and development of integration and community relations activities within the member states </p> <p align="justify"> - encouragement of networking among persons and organisations involved in the practical implementation of integration and community relations activities </p> </dir> </dir> <blockquote> <blockquote> <p> -      reflection on new issues arising in the area of integration and community relations. </p> </blockquote> </blockquote> <p align="justify"> The Ministers also proposed that the CDMG should work during the coming years towards the preparation of a new major report on integration and community relations reflecting recent developments and the increasing membership of the Council of Europe. </p> <p> Through its work on integration and community relations, the CDMG will seek to contribute in appropriate ways to the work of the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI). </p> <p> <b>  </b> </p> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <blockquote> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   publication of good practice guidelines and studies on new issues for integration policy </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   practical assistance for countries seeking to develop or review their integration policies </font> </p> </blockquote> <dir> <p> - promotion of networking and exchange of experience between practitioners in the various fields of integration policy. </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- publication of guidelines "measurements and indicators of integration" and "Combating racist and xenophobic violence in Europe: case studies" </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Practical assistance to countries seeking to develop or review their integration policies: round table in Greece </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- promotion of networking and exchange of experience: seminar on the social participation of immigrants through consultation mechanisms. </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2213: 710 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">564 528 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 15%, 1 A3 at 40% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B5 at 50%, 1 B2 at 25% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Publications (see before) </font> </p> </dir> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">practical assistance </font> </p> </dir> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The scheduled 2<sup>nd</sup> Round Table was cancelled towards the end of the year by the country in question. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">In 1998, candidate countries must make a firm commitment to the CDMG. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>SOCIAL COHESION AND QUALITY OF LIFE </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Social Policies</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY II.6 – Migration and Community Relations </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity II.6b </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> – Legal Status of Migrant </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - review of the legal status of legally settled migrants, with special emphasis on long-term residents and women </p> <p align="justify"> - guidance for countries legislating in this area, especially new immigration countries of Southern Europe and countries of Central and Eastern Europe </p> <p align="justify"> - promotional activities with a view to increasing the number of Contracting Parties to the European Convention on the Legal Status of Migrant Workers. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <p>   </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Publication of comparative information on and analysis of selected aspects of the legal status of migrants in member states, possibly to be updated annually later on. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Very detailed report completed by the consultant </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2213: 79 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">83 456 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 5%, 1 A4 at 5% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A3 at 30%; 1 B5 at 5% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 25% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Report by the consultant</font> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">None </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>SOCIAL COHESION AND QUALITY OF LIFE </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Social Policies</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY II.6 – Migration and Community Relations </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity II.6c </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> – Managing Migration in the Wider Europe </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <table border="0" cellspacing="0" width="652" cellpadding="8"> <tr> <td valign="top"> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- adopting a comprehensive approach bringing together the need for efficient management of immigration, with long-term concerns such as integration and the root causes of migration </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- providing a forum for continuing discussions at pan-European level (thus continuing the work of the former Vienna Group) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- assisting governments in defining principles for orderly migration movements into and within Europe. </font> </p> </dir> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Studies on specific aspects of pan-European migration movements. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Report of "Groupe de réflexion" on managing migration in the Wider Europe </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Report on international migrations in Europe </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%">   </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2213: 241 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">175 691 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 5%; 1 A4 at 10% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A3 at 20%; 1 B5 at 30% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 25% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>SOCIAL COHESION AND QUALITY OF LIFE </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Social Policies</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY II.7 – Situation of Roma/Gypsies in European Countries </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - advise the Committee of Ministers on Roma/Gypsy issues, through the CDMG </p> <p align="justify"> - review the situation as a whole of the Roma/Gypsies in Europe </p> <p align="justify"> - commission studies or undertake missions when needed </p> <p align="justify"> - encourage other Council of Europe bodies or other international organisations to undertake or pursue activities in this field </p> </dir> </dir> <blockquote> <blockquote> <p> -      assist the Co-ordinator in carrying out the following tasks: </p> </blockquote> </blockquote> <dir> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> * to pursue and strengthen co-operation with other international organisations involved in Roma/Gypsy issues (in particular the OSCE and the European Union) </p> <p align="justify"> * to promote dialogue on problems and policies concerning Roma/Gypsies. </p> <p>   </p> </dir> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- ensure better co-ordination and visibility of the Council of Europe activities in this field </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- by launching specific studies and/or missions ensure recommendations are followed up, the MG-S-ROM keeping the Committee of Ministers informed and enabling it to decide on activities as necessary </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- act as a catalyst for other Council of Europe bodies </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- the co-operation with other international bodies (the OSCE/ODIHR (Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights) and the European Union participate as observers in the group) should ensure better cohesion at European level of the activities in favour of Roma/Gypsies and a reduction of any risk of duplication of activities </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- intensive co-operation with Roma/Gypsy organisations </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- The MG-S-ROM has proved to be an effective co-ordinating body and one able to act as a catalyst. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Memorandum sent to the Committee of Ministers on the human rights of Roma/Gypsies; </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Study visit to look at the problem of housing in a city </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Good collaboration with OSCE/ODIHR </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Good level of participation by Romanian organisations </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2214: 254 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">268 251 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Contribution under consideration by a member state </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 5%, 1 A4 at 10% </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B4 at 60% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Co-ordinating body </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Memorandum and study visit </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Collaboration with OSCE </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <blockquote> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   Collaboration with the European Commission </font> </p> </blockquote> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> - Roma organisations </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <blockquote> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-    Difficulty in establishing ongoing relations with the Commission departments </font> </p> </blockquote> <dir> <p align="justify"> - Lack of co-ordinating structure between national Roma associations </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Approaches to Brussels are planned </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Discreet encouragement of any initiatives in this direction. </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>SOCIAL COHESION AND QUALITY OF LIFE </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Social Policies</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY II.8 - Equality, Tolerance and Peace </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to explore the specific problems concerning equality between women and men in situations of cultural diversity and/or migration as well as the issue of intolerance and sexism </p> </dir> </dir> <blockquote> <blockquote> <p> -      to assess existing equality policies and the lack of <i>de facto</i> equality with a view to defining priorities, strategies and working methods for future work in the field of equality between women and men. </p> </blockquote> </blockquote> <p> <b>  </b> </p> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- finalisation of the work of the Group of Specialists CDEG/ECRI on Intolerance, Racism and Equality between Women and Men, which will draw up guidelines to be transmitted to the CDEG and the ECRI </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- initiation of the work of the new Group of Specialists on Future Priorities, Strategies and Working Methods in the Field of Equality between Women and Men (EG-S-FP), aimed at proposing concrete actions and projects to be implemented by the CDEG and other steering committees of the Council of Europe and in member states </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- organisation of a seminar on good and bad practice in the portrayal of women in the media (in co-operation with the CDMM). </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Finalisation of the report by the CDEG/ECRI Group of Specialists on Intolerance, Racism and Equality between Women and Men, containing recommendations and guidelines, which was transmitted to the CDEG and the ECRI, as planned, so they could take it into account in their activities. These committees decided to declassify the report to allow its widespread dissemination. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- The EG-S-FP group defined its priorities and outlined the structure of its final activity report, which it will be drawing up in 1998. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- A consultant prepared a study on working methods in the field of equality, to serve as food for thought in the group's work. </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2215: 116 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">121 785 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 15%, 1 A3 at 10% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B5 at 40%, 1 B3 at 20% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 20% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Report by the CDEG/ECRI Group of Specialists on Intolerance, Racism and Equality between Women and Men </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Finalisation of a consultant's study to serve as food for thought in the work of the EG-S-FP </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Some differences of opinion within the group </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- None </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Negotiation and discussion </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Seminar on good and bad practice in the portrayal of women in the media ("p m" in the programme) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The seminar did not take place due to a lack of resources </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The seminar will be held in 1998 </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><a name="C5"><b>SOCIAL COHESION AND QUALITY OF LIFE</b></a><b> </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Health</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY II.9 – Health, Ethics and Human Rights</b> </font> </p> <p align="left"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity II.9a </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> – Equity in access to health care, taking into account the health needs and availability of resources </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - promote health policies which ensure for the more vulnerable groups an equitable access to good quality care, and diminish discrimination on the grounds of the state of health of the individual </p> <p align="justify"> - promote organisational and managerial systems which ensure an efficient and effective use of resources and meet the needs of patients and citizens </p> <p align="justify"> - define priorities and essential services, with a focus on criteria for preventive health policies </p> <p align="justify"> - advise on effective procedures for assessing the benefit and appropriateness of new technologies and the monitoring of possible adverse effects. </p> <p>   </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- finalise recommendations on the organisation of health care for the chronically ill </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- study criteria for preventive medicine as an aspect of essential services, with an emphasis on the possible social and legal effects </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- develop criteria for the management of waiting lists and the guidelines to be applied in dealing with unavoidable waiting times, based on the principle of non-discrimination. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Finalisation of the recommendation on the organisation of health care for the chronically ill </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Study of the criteria for preventive medicine </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Study of the management of waiting lists </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Organisation of a course on the development and sound use of appropriate technologies (activity not initially provided for in the Programme) </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2216: 281 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">473 307 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 15%, 1 A3 at 75% </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B3 at 80%; 1 B2 (half- time) at 40% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Finalisation of the recommendation on the organisation of health care for the chronically ill </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Study of the criteria for preventive medicine </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Study of the management of waiting lists </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Organisation of a course on the development and sound use of appropriate technologies (activity not initially provided for in the Programme) </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">None</font> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>SOCIAL COHESION AND QUALITY OF LIFE </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Health</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY II.9 – Health, Ethics and Human Rights </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity II.9b </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> – Quality and Safety: the Therapeutic Use of Substances of Human Origin </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - ensuring the availability and fair distribution of blood and organs of good quality and safety through proper organisation </p> <p align="justify"> - establishing the technical requirements for quality and safety </p> <p align="justify"> - promoting the non-commercialisation of substances of human origin (blood, organs, tissues) </p> <p align="justify"> - promoting self-sufficiency to ensure quality and safety </p> <p align="justify"> - provide practical assistance through a computerised network for the exchange of information between organ transplant centres and through the European Bank of rare groups of frozen blood </p> <p align="justify"> - provide practical assistance to Central and East European countries in the restructuring of their blood transfusion services. </p> <p align="justify">   </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- annual updating of Rec R (95) 15 on the preparation, use and quality assurance of blood components </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- transforming Rec R (95) 15 into a technical protocol to Agreement No. 26 on the exchange of therapeutic substances of human origin </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- expert visits by a Task Force to Slovakia, Estonia and Lithuania, to assist them in restructuring their blood transfusion services </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- concluding arrangements with WHO and the European Union for collaboration in the field of blood transfusion </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- functioning of the computerised network for the exchange of information between organ transplantation centres </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- adoption of a European consensus document on the ethical and organisational aspects of the transplantation process as a basis for discussions with the European Union and WHO for future collaboration. (...) </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Updating for 1997 of Rec R (95) 15 on the preparation, use and quality assurance of blood components </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Experts’ visit to Estonia and Lithuania (carried out in December 1996) and reports submitted to the respective authorities with regard to the reorganisation of their blood transfusion services </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Recommendations adopted on: </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">*  xenotransplantation </font> </p> </dir> <blockquote> <p align="justify"> *  liver transplantation from living related donors </p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p align="justify"> *  the provision of haematopoietic progenitor cells </p> </blockquote> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2217: 682 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">645 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Yes (~ 867 050 FRF) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">??? </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 15%; 1 A2 at 90%;1 B3 at 90% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Updating for 1997 of Rec R (95) 15 on the preparation, use and quality assurance of blood components </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Experts’ visit to Estonia and Lithuania (carried out in December 1996) and reports submitted to the respective authorities with regard to the reorganisation of their blood transfusion services </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Recommendations adopted on: </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">* xenotransplantation </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">* liver transplantation from living related donors </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">* the provision of haematopoietic progenitor cells </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">None </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Transforming Rec (95) 15 into a technical protocol to Agreement No. 26. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Concluding arrangements with WHO and the European Union for improved collaboration in the field of blood transfusion. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Functioning of the computerised network for the exchange of livers in cases of extreme urgency </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Preparation of a legal text on the safety and quality of organs and tissues </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Refusal by the European Union – a contracting party to Agreement No. 26 </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Difficult relationship with the EU’s DGV </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Functioning suspended: there is currently no usefulness for liver exchange </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No specific problem but the preparation of the text requires more time than had been anticipated. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Negotiations to obtain a favourable response with regard to the Agreement. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Improve the relationship with DGV </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Possible use of the network for other organs </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Setting up of a Group of Specialists to prepare the text for the year 2000. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>SOCIAL COHESION AND QUALITY OF LIFE </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Health</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY II.9 – Health, Ethics and Human Rights </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity II.9c </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> – Position and Role of the Individual: Patient's Choice and Citizen's Voice </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <table border="0" cellspacing="0" width="652" cellpadding="8"> <tr> <td valign="top"> <dir> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- promoting health education at a young age for the development of healthy lifestyles and responsibility for one's own health </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- ensuring, through the appropriate training of health staff and legislative and regulatory measures, respect for the autonomy of the individual, and for his/her right to dignity, privacy and confidentiality </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- encourage the development of institutional structures which ensure the democratic participation of citizens and patients in decisions affecting health care. </font> </p> </dir> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Continue the project for health promotion in schools, together with the European Union and WHO, in order to enlarge the network of schools throughout Europe in which education for health is an integral part of the educational system </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Develop models of institutional structures for the democratic participation of patients and citizens in decision-making on health care matters </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Modify and update, together with CDBI, the Rec R (83) 2 on the legal protection of persons suffering from mental disorders and placed as involuntary patients. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Continuation of the project for health promotion in schools: </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">* expansion in 1997 to European countries </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">* 1<sup>st</sup> European conference on the project in Thessaloniki in May 1997 </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">* transition from the pilot phase to the dissemination phase </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">* launching of the first assessment of the 15 EU countries </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Carrying out of the work scheduled in 1997 for the study on models of institutional structures for the democratic participation of patients and citizens </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2218: 479 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">418 450 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 20%, 1 B4 at 60% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B3 at 20% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="704" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="212"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" colspan="2" width="233"> <strong>Problems encountered</strong> </td> <td width="261"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them?</b></font> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="212"> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Continuation of the project for health promotion in schools: </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">* expansion in 1997 to European countries </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">* 1<sup>st</sup> European conference on the project in Thessaloniki in May 1997 </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">* transition from the pilot phase to the dissemination phase </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">* launching of the first assessment of the 15 EU countries </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font size="2">-</font><font face="Arial" size="2"> Carrying out of the work scheduled in 1997 for the study on models of institutional structures for the democratic participation of patients and citizens</font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="247">   </td> <td valign="top" colspan="2" width="191">   </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><a name="C6"><b>SOCIAL COHESION AND QUALITY OF LIFE</b></a><b> </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>    Environment and Sustainable Development of the greater Europe Territory </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY II.10 - Promoting a Comprehensive View of Nature Conservation </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The primary objective is to promote a comprehensive view of nature conservation, not only through protective measures for endangered species or the creation of protected areas, but also through measures which set out to protect wildlife in inhabited areas, particularly by making nature conservation a part of sectoral policies. Specific objectives are indicated in the Pan-European Biological and Landscape Diversity Strategy, adopted in Sofia in October 1995: </font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - promoting national biological and landscape diversity conservation strategies </p> <p align="justify"> - establishing the Pan-European Ecological Network </p> <p align="justify"> - making nature conservation a part of sectoral policies (transport, tourism, industry, agriculture, etc.) </p> <p align="justify"> - raising the awareness of policy-makers and the public </p> <p align="justify"> - conservation of landscapes </p> <p align="justify"> - protection of coastal and marine ecosystems </p> <p align="justify"> - protection of aquatic ecosystems </p> <p align="justify"> - protection of grassland ecosystems </p> <p align="justify"> - protection of mountain ecosystems </p> <p> - protection of endangered species. </p> <p>   </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The next Pan-European Ministerial Conference is to be held in Denmark in 1998. It should be possible to do the following by then: </font> </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> - make an accurate inventory of all nature conservation activities carried out (by governments, international organisations and NGOs) in the 55 member states of the UN Economic Commission for Europe </p> <p align="justify"> - promote co-ordination of the activities referred to above while avoiding duplication and encouraging concerted programmes </p> <p> - develop new activities to complement those being carried out at present by states, international organisations and NGOs. </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">-  European<b> </b>Diploma</font></u><font face="Arial" size="2">: management of the network of areas awarded the diploma</font> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">-  Tourism </font></u> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2">: making nature conservation a part of policies for developing tourism</font> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2219: 3 950 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">+ 600 000 FRF </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">(Contracting Parties) </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A7 at 20%, 1 A5 at 100% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">2 A4 at 100%, 2 A2/3 at 100% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B6 at 20%, 1 B5 at 100% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">2 B4 at 100%, 1 B4 at 25% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">3 B3 at 100%, 3 B2 at 100% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 20% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <u><font face="Arial" size="1"><b>Pan-European Biological and Landscape Diversity Strategy </b></font></u> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Positive result: preparation of documents for the Ministerial Conference in Aarhus </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <u><font face="Arial" size="1"><b>Bern Convention </b></font></u> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="1"><b>- </b></font></u> </p> <font face="Arial" size="1">  highly satisfactory results obtained, e.g.:<u><b> </b></u> </font> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">. 4 groups of experts, </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">. 2 seminars, </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">. 1 meeting of the Bureau, </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">. 1 on-the-spot visit, </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">. co-ordination of Action Theme 11 of the Pan-European Strategy (European Action Programme for Threatened Species), </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">. 1 meeting of the Standing Committee, in which 9 recommendations were adopted and three appendices to the Bern Convention were amended, </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">. establishment of the network of areas of special conservation interest in Europe (Emerald Network). </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <u><font face="Arial" size="1"><b>European Diploma </b></font></u> </p> <p> </p> <font face="Arial" size="1">-  monitoring of areas awarded the Diploma </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="1">-  renewal and award of the European Diploma </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="1">-  organisation of a seminar for administrators of areas awarded the Diploma </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Activity II.10: tourism </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="1">-  launch of three pilot projects for the sustainable development of tourism in Ukraine, Romania and Latvia (feasibility studies); </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="1">-  development of training programmes on "Tourism and the Environment" </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Naturopa Centre </font> </p> <blockquote> <p> -   highly successful seminar organised at the end of annual meeting of agencies: more involvement, development of relations with external networks, fruitful exchange of experiences </p> </blockquote> <dir> <p align="justify"> - Naturopa magazine: promotion of environmental considerations in sectoral policies, promotion of legal and fiscal instruments for nature conservation; widening of the target audience; opening up towards new social and occupational sectors (tourism, leisure, transport, legal experts, religious groups); co-operation with institutions organising events on subjects covered by Naturopa; </p> </dir> <blockquote> <p> <i>-  Questions and Answers </i> </p> series: excellent reception, good educational tool, effect as a multiplier, promotion of CE’s achievements and publications </blockquote> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-  no particular problems apart from the fact that the section has only two administrators (ie more work pressure) and a modest budget (800 000 FF) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-  none </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-  none </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> - how can agencies become involved in the organisation and running of the seminar (40 agents from 40 countries)? </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-  voluntary contributions from the Contracting Parties (600 000 FF) </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>SOCIAL COHESION AND QUALITY OF LIFE </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>    Environment and Sustainable Development of the greater Europe Territory </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY II.11 - Sustainable Development of the Greater European Territory </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The Council of Europe's action is directed at identification of regional/spatial planning strategies for Greater Europe which are more in line with present and future social needs and take due account of the following: </font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - the needs of both present and future generations, so that all forms of sustainable development are promoted </p> <p align="justify"> - the need to facilitate the gradual integration of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe with those of Western Europe </p> <p align="justify"> - distributing economic development as evenly as possible between geographical areas at European level </p> <p align="justify"> - the need to protect the cultural, landscape, architectural and archaeological heritage </p> <p align="justify"> - the stagnation and ageing of the European population and demographic pressure at borders </p> <p align="justify"> - a broader conception of the quality of life. </p> </dir> </dir> <p align="justify"> Moreover, activities in this field are linked to the corresponding activities under "Assistance to the development and consolidation of democratic security" programmes. </p> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- organisation in Finland of an international colloquy on sustainable regional/spatial planning for Northern Europe, at the invitation of the Finnish Government, placed on the 1994/97 CEMAT programme </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- organisation of the 11th CEMAT session, at the invitation of the Cypriot Government, adoption of technical resolutions on sustainable regional/spatial planning by the 11th CEMAT, and adoption of the 1997/2000 CEMAT work programme </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- publication of a technical report on sustainable water management </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- publication of information documents on sustainable regional/spatial planning and the regional/spatial planning systems of member countries </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- submission of a draft European Charter of mountain regions to the Committee of Ministers </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- submission of a draft European Charter on rural areas to the Committee of Ministers. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <blockquote> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-  organisation of the colloquy in Finland and publication of the proceedings </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-  organisation of the 11<sup>th</sup> CEMAT session and adoption of 2 resolutions </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-  publication of a technical report on sustainable water management </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-  adoption of the 1997/2000 CEMAT work programme </font> </p> </blockquote> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2220: 397 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A7 at 5%, 1 A6 at 35% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2/3 at 80%, 1 A2/3 at 15% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B6 at 5%, 1 B4 at 5% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B3 at 50%, 1 B3 at 35% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 5% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">-  organisation of the colloquy in Finland and publication of proceedings </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-  organisation of the 11<sup>th</sup> CEMAT session and adoption of 2 resolutions </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-  publication of a technical report on sustainable water management </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-  adoption of the 1997/2000 CEMAT work programme </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">None</font> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">-  draft European Charter of mountain regions </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-  draft European Charter on rural areas </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">These tasks were initially under the responsibility of the Committee of Senior Officials to the CEMAT, but responsibility was then handed over to the CDLR </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> </tr> </table> <p>   </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><a name="C7"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM</b></a><b> </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.1 - Modern Languages </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity III.1a </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Language Learning for European Citizenship </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - To help member states take effective measures to enable all their nationals to learn to use languages with a view to improved mutual understanding and tolerance, mobility and access to information in a multilingual and multicultural Europe </p> <p align="justify"> - in particular, to assist in the implementation, on the basis of common principles, of reforms in progress and to promote innovation in language teaching and teacher training. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- pursuit of the consolidation of the Project and publication of its results including: </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">* proposal for a Common European Reference Framework facilitating comparison of language learning objectives and certification systems across countries and institutions </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">* a feasibility study on the content and form of a European Language Portfolio (passport) as an instrument for the reporting of learners' achievements in a number of languages and at several levels </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- compendia/handbooks presenting methodological orientations and examples of good teaching/learning practice. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- language learning objectives and assessment procedures in relation to citizenship and other linguistic legislation in multi-ethnic societies </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- the final report of the Project Group with recommendations for the dissemination of results and future medium term action </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- holding of national seminars to disseminate the Project's results </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- preparation of a draft recommendation by the Committee of Ministers. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Common European Framework: revised publication of the Framework and 10 specialised User Guides, after consultation with the language teaching professionals. Submission to and approval by the Final Conference of the Project (April 1997) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- European Language Portfolio : completion of a set of proposals for a Portfolio - an instrument for reporting achievements in a range of languages in an internationally transparent manner. Approval by the Final Conference as a basis for a pilot project </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Publication of 5 compendia and 3 studies presenting methodological guidelines and examples of good practice </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Threshold levels : completion and publication of specifications of objectives for Russian (2 volumes), Welsh, Maltese, Latvian, Estonian and Lithuanian as well as a specification of a new higher level for English ('Vantage Level') </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Language learning objectives and assessment procedures in relation to citizenship legislation: 5 seminars for specialists from Estonia and Latvia concerning testing of language proficiency (and knowledge of history) required by the State for obtaining citizenship; contribution to intersectorial activities concerning linguistic legislation and language policy development in specific member States </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Final Report of the Project Group: publication of the Report and submission to delegates at the Final Conference which approved the Project's results and provided orientation for future medium-term action </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Draft recommendation concerning modern languages submitted to the Education Committee and subsequently revised and submitted to the CDCC in January 1998; adoption of the Recommendation by the Committee of Ministers in March 1998). </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 755 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent at 100%</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4, 1 A3, 1 A2, 1 B3, 1 B2 </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B5 at 100% (paid by the Cultural Fund) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Common European Framework: revised publication of the Framework and 10 specialised User Guides, after consultation with the language-teaching professionals. Submission to and approval by the Final Conference of the Project (April 1997) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- European Language Portfolio: completion of a set of proposals for a Portfolio - an instrument for reporting achievements in a range of languages in an internationally transparent manner. Approval by the Final Conference as a basis for a pilot project </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- publication of 5 compendia and 3 studies presenting methodological guidelines and examples of good practice </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- threshold levels: completion and publication of specifications of objectives for Russian (2 volumes), Welsh, Maltese, Latvian, Estonian and Lithuanian as well as a specification of a new higher level for English ('Vantage Level') </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- language learning objectives and assessment procedures in relation to citizenship legislation: 5 seminars for specialists from Estonia and Latvia concerning testing of language proficiency (and knowledge of history) required by the State for obtaining citizenship; contribution to intersectorial activities concerning linguistic legislation and language policy development in specific member states </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Final Report of the Project Group: publication of the Report and submission to delegates at the Final Conference which approved the Project's results and provided orientation for future medium-term action </font> </p> </dir> <blockquote> <p> -    Draft recommendation concerning modern languages submitted to the Education Committee and subsequently revised; (submitted to the CDCC in January 1998 and then to the Committee of Ministers; approved March 1998). </p> </blockquote> <dir> <p align="justify"> - National seminars </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> - The seminars could only be organised during the second semester as the Final Conference of the Project took place in April 1997. </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> - dissemination of results carried out in the 2<sup>nd</sup> semester of 1997 (see III.1b). </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.1 - Modern Languages </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity III.1b </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Modern Languages and Linguistic Policies </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - To assist member states with the development of multilingualism </p> <p align="justify"> - to promote improved information and coordination of policy among member states through the introduction of a common reference instrument to describe language learning, teaching and assessment </p> <p align="justify"> - to facilitate more effective training and mobility of language teachers </p> <p align="justify"> - to intensify support for language policy development in member states. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- preliminary introduction of the Common European Reference Framework </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- further development of a European Language Portfolio </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- elaboration and publication of threshold level descriptions for planning learning objectives (Irish, Greek) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- dissemination of results of the previous project. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Common European Framework: establishment of a network of institutions to provide feedback on the piloting of the Framework, in cooperation with the European Commission (DG XXII); the Framework has been made available on Internet </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- European Language Portfolio: finalisation of arrangements for the launching of a pilot scheme for a Portfolio in various educational sectors in a limited number of member States </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- final consultation meetings held for the Greek and Irish threshold level specifications; </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- dissemination of Project results: 9 seminars held for policy deciders and key multipliers (Cyprus, Czech Republic, Greece [regional seminar for language-teachers], Hungary, Italy, Ireland, Sweden, Russian Federation, United Kingdom) </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 555 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent at 100%</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4, 1 A3, 1 A2, 1 B3, 1 B2 </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B5 at 100% (paid by the Cultural Fund) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Common European Framework: establishment of a network of institutions to provide feedback on the piloting of the Framework, in cooperation with the European Commission (DG XXII); the Framework has been made available on Internet </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- European Language Portfolio: finalisation of arrangements for the launching of a pilot scheme for a Portfolio in various educational sectors in a limited number of member States </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- final consultation meetings held for the Greek and Irish threshold level specifications; </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- dissemination of Project results: 9 seminars held for policy deciders and key multipliers (Cyprus, Czech Republic, Greece [regional seminar for language-teachers], Hungary, Italy, Ireland, Sweden, Russian Federation, United Kingdom) </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> - planning undertaken for next stage but no further development work completed due to lack of funds. </p> <p align="justify">   </p> <p align="justify">   </p> <p align="justify">   </p> <p align="justify">   </p> <p align="justify">   </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> - offers to host development seminars sought and received from participating member states. </p> <p align="justify">   </p> <p align="justify">   </p> <p align="justify"> - publication foreseen in 1998 </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.2 - Democratic Security, Social Cohesion and Educational Policies </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to allow the Education Committee to help resolve various current problems in a rapid, flexible manner, and more precisely: </p> <p align="justify"> - to identify the major problems and challenges which educational systems must address in the context of the new Europe </p> <p align="justify"> - to identify the trends, orientations and alternatives of educational policies that are currently implemented in member states </p> <p align="justify"> - to promote, on a pan-European level, a dialogue between all the partners involved (decisions-makers, educational staff, parents, NGOs, etc) in the exchange of information and the dissemination of new ideas and examples of good practice in this field. </p> <p>   </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- organisation of 10 national seminars for the dissemination of the results of the project "A Secondary Education for Europe" </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- publication of the final report of the project </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- adoption of a Committee of Ministers recommendation on secondary education </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- organisation of a joint conference with the European Union. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <blockquote> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   Dissemination seminars or missions of experts were organised in the Russian Federation, Latvia, Slovakia and Poland. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   The report of the Final Conference and two consolidated reports were published. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   Guides to secondary education in Europe covering Luxembourg, Finland, Greece, Malta and Cyprus were published, along with 7 monographs on pilot projects. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-  The draft recommendation will be presented to the Education Committee in March 1998. </font> </p> </blockquote> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 895 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 50%, 1 B2 at 100% </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B5 at 100%, 1 B4 at 100% for the first six months (both paid by the Cultural Fund) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The results reached were reached without difficulties </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Joint Conference with the European Union </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Recommendation on secondary education </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Continual postponements by the European Union have rendered this initiative without interest for the Council of Europe </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The Education Committee wants the results of the diffusion phase to the project (up to the end of 1998) "A secondary Education for Europe" to be taken into account </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cancellation of the Conference (A joint initiative in the field of education policies is under study) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The Committee will adopt the draft in 1998. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.3 - Education for Democratic Citizenship </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - To explore and develop definitions of citizenship which must take into account the diverse situations in Europe, and to identify the core skills necessary for practising such citizenship </p> <p align="justify"> - to understand the kinds of educational experience which children, young people and adults require, in order to learn these skills </p> <p align="justify"> - to assist those who teach or help others to develop the skills (teachers, trainers, parents, employers, citizens), and enable the objectives to be achieved in this field </p> <p> - to develop a set of guidelines, which describe the core skills required for effective citizenship. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- identification of key issues and examples of good practice </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- support of exemplary activities and the initiation of case studies. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   Organisation of a seminar on "Education for Democratic Citizenship: basic concepts and core competences" (December 1997) </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   Setting up of "citizenship sites": support for and development of initiatives for neighbourhoods and young people, in the field of education for the rights and responsibilities of democratic citizenship, in Portugal, France, Ireland, the United Kingdom and Belgium. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   Case studies and reports on initiatives submitted to the Education for Democratic Citizenship project as examples of good practice. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   Implementation and development of networks of initiatives for democratic citizenship, and initial steps with a view to the setting up of a database containing significant European research and material on the right to citizenship. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   Organisation of a workshop on "Political education for multipliers in schools and adult education" as the first stage of a three-year project started in Germany. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-  Organisation of a teacher training course on "Learning and teaching democratic citizenship: critical approaches to the media in civic education" in collaboration with the Hungarian Ministry of Education and the CoE’s In-Service Training Programme for Teachers. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   Initial contact with the EU, UNESCO, the OSCE, the OECD, the European Cultural Foundation, the King Baudouin Foundation, the Liaison Committee of NGOs and other NGOs active in this field, with the aim of developing closer co-operation. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   Launch of a newsletter. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 755 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 20%, 1 A2 at 80% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 80% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">During the year of its launching the project succeeded in initiating an important number of activities. It received a new political impetus through the second Summit </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <dir> <dir> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </dir> </dir> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <dir> <dir> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </dir> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.4 - Learning and Teaching about the History of Europe in the 20<sup>th</sup> Century </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - interest young people in secondary schools in the recent history of our continent and help them to understand the forces, movements and events which have shaped Europe in the 20th Century </p> <p align="justify"> - provide curriculum developers, textbook authors and history teachers with practical advice and examples of innovatory approaches and good practice. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- preparation of a study, to be commissioned from the George Eckert Institute for International Textbook Research on the ways in which the history of Europe in the 20th Century is presented in textbooks for secondary schools in member states </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- preparation of policy recommendations </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- the European Secondary School Students' Simulation of the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 (Cambridge, February 1997). </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   The study on "The ways in which the history of Europe in the 20<sup>th</sup> century is presented in textbooks for secondary schools", carried out by the Georg Eckert Institute for International Textbook Research, was published. </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   The European Secondary School Students’ Simulation of the 1919 Paris Peace Conference was held in Cambridge from 16 to 19 February 1997. The study has been published. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   A meeting of experts on experimental units/resource packs was held on 15 September 1997. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-  The seminar on "Teaching the history of Europe in the 20<sup>th</sup> century: approaches and problems" was held in Budapest from 11 to 13 December 1997. The seminar discussed the study on "The ways in which the history of Europe in the 20<sup>th</sup> century is presented in textbooks for secondary schools". It also produced proposals for the presentation and content of the guidelines to be given to curriculum developers and textbook authors, and suggested some innovative strategies and projects under way in member states which could be the subjects of case studies by the Council of Europe. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 760 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent </font></u> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2/3 at 100%, 1 B2 at 100% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The results have been reached without difficulties</font> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <dir> <dir> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </dir> </dir> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <dir> <dir> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </dir> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.5 - The European Dimension of School Education </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity III.5a </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - In-Service Training Programme for Teachers </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - To raise teachers' awareness of the Council of Europe's major projects and concerns in education, and train them accordingly </p> <p align="justify"> - to promote the European dimension in teacher training and to develop a spirit of international co-operation </p> <p align="justify"> - to provide for direct and practical input by teachers in CDCC projects. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- up to 900 bursaries </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- training courses on the history of new member states and on joint European history projects (a teacher training course organised by the European Centre for Civic Education in Warsaw will become a new permanent feature of the programme). </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">908 participants from all members states took part in 110 courses offered by 24 member states </font> </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> - the programme covered: the teaching of history and the cultural heritage (9), education for democratic citizenship and human rights (7), school links and exchanges and intercultural education (6), modern languages (4) and continuing education (3). Some of the training courses offered by Austria, Germany and Switzerland dealt with didactics, educational practice and the specific needs of technical and vocational education. </p> <p align="justify"> - emphasis was placed on disseminating the results and publishing detailed reports </p> <p align="justify"> - the programme may now be consulted on the Internet </p> <p align="justify"> - the teacher training course organised in collaboration with the European Centre for Civic Education in Warsaw was held as part of the Council of Europe's programme for training teachers in human rights and democratic citizenship in Bosnia </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 3 560 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A3 at 20%, 1 B5 at 100%, </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 100 % </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 100% (paid by the Cultural Fund) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A3 at 20%, 1 B5 at 100%, </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 15% </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 100% (paid by the Cultural Fund) </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The expected number of participants was exceeded by 9%. The majority of training courses was held on topics which are closely linked to the work of the Education Committee. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <dir> <dir> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">None </font> </p> </dir> </dir> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <dir> <dir> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </dir> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.5 - The European Dimension of School Education </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity III.5b </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Network for School Links and Exchanges </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - To encourage the exchange of information and experience between those who are responsible for school links at national level </p> <p align="justify"> - to promote international partnership and co-operation projects between schools in Europe, allowing students to acquire the skills and attitudes necessary for a successful life in a multicultural society </p> <p align="justify"> - to train teacher trainers, school inspectors and head teachers for school links and exchanges </p> <p align="justify"> - to develop and publish working material and training modules. </p> <p>   </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- a series of bilateral or multilateral teacher training courses </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- a pilot project with Bosnia and Herzegovina. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>The expected results have been reached (except one): </b></font> </p> <p> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-  a teacher training programme covering school links and exchanges was implemented at national level in Cyprus and Romania </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-  Lithuania hosted a training course for participants from eight member states (the host country and Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Germany, Italy and Latvia) </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-  the first part of a long-term training programme for teacher trainers concerning intercultural education was held in Russia in November 1997 </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-  a revised version of "Vade mecum – Guide to school links and exchanges" was published and is also available on the Internet </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-  the pilot project with Bosnia and Herzegovina<b> </b>was postponed until 1998 for organisational reasons </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 500 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2/3 at 50%, 1 B2 at 80 % </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Series of teacher training courses on School Links and Exchanges in Cyprus, Lithuania and Romania. First part of a long-term training courses an Intercultural Communication and School Links for teacher trainers from Bulgaria, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Russian Federation, Spain, Sweden and stated with a residential phase in November 1997 in Moscow. The participants develop international teacher training activities before meeting again in May 1998. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <dir> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </dir> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <dir> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </dir> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Pilot Project with Bosnia Herzegovina </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The restructuring of the education system in Bosnia Herzegovina led to a delayed implementation of the activity </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.5 - The European Dimension of School Education </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity III.5c </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - "Europe at School" Competition </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to increase European awareness among young Europeans and to interest them in issues related to European co-operation and unification </p> <p align="justify"> - to train, in prize winners' gatherings, young multipliers in European questions. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- 700,000 - 1,000,000 participants in 32 countries (many of them are involved in projects which reach an even wider public) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- presentation of their work at the 19th Standing Conference of European Ministers of Education in Lillehammer, Norway. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>The expected results have been reached: </b></font> </p> <ul> </ul> <ul> <li> <font face="Arial" size="2">32 "Europe at School" national committees. several pilot schools from St Petersburg and Moscow took part in the 1997 competition </font> </li> <li> <font face="Arial" size="2">an exhibition of samples of prize-winning entries from all participating countries was held during the 19<sup>th</sup> Standing Conference of European Ministers of Education, in Kristiansand, Norway, in June 1997. </font> </li> </ul> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 350 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A3 at 5%, 1 B2 at 5 % </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">About 1.000.000 young people from 32 countries participated in the activity </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <dir> <dir> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </dir> </dir> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <dir> <dir> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </dir> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.6 - Building the University of Tomorrow: Policy and Practice for European Higher Education </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity III.6a </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Redefining the Research Mission of the University in a Democratic Society </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">To prepare a text redefining the research mission of the university to match the needs of contemporary European society. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <blockquote> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-     publication of thematic reports </font> </p> </blockquote> <dir> <p align="justify"> -    publication of analytical studies. </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <blockquote> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-    policy paper by the Chairman of the Working Part, which summarises the main research policy issues </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-    Secretariat discussion paper, serving as a basis for the technical report and the recommendations to be finalised in 1998 </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-    Reports on problems of fundamental research in Europe and research at Central and Eastern European universities : </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-  a study on research funding in Europe (December 1997) </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-  studies on research training in Hungary and Poland (a study on Germany is in preparation). </font> </p> </blockquote> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 250 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">135 922 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 40%, 1 B4 at 50 % </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 30% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   policy paper by the Chairman of the Working Party, which summarises the main research policy issues </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   Secretariat discussion paper, serving as a basis for the technical report and the recommendations to be finalised in 1998 </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   Reports on problems of fundamental research in Europe and research at Central and Eastern European universities : </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   a study on research funding in Europe (December 1997) </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   studies on research training in Hungary and Poland (a study on Germany is in preparation). </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">None </font> </p> </dir> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <dir> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </dir> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.6 - Building the University of Tomorrow: Policy and Practice for European Higher Education </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity III.6b </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Tools and Policies for Academic and Mobility </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - Improved policies and information on mobility and recognition of qualifications </p> <p align="justify"> - preparation and implementation of conventions and recommendations </p> <p align="justify"> - selective follow-up to the recommendations of the project on "Access to Higher Education in Europe". </p> <p>   </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- (<u>mobility</u>) adoption of joint Council of Europe/UNESCO Convention on the Recognition of Qualifications Concerning Higher Education in the European Region </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- (<u>access</u>) preparation of a draft recommendation to governments and a draft resolution for the Standing Conference of European Ministers of Education </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- (<u>access</u>) dissemination of information and concepts of good practice at national level through professional networks </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- (<u>access</u>) preparation of a report on good practice in monitoring by institutions. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <blockquote> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   (<u>mobility</u>) the Council of Europe/UNESCO Convention on the Recognition of Qualifications concerning Higher Education in the European Region was adopted on 11 April 1997 at a diplomatic conference in Lisbon. By 31 December 1997, it had been signed by 33 States. It will enter into force with the fifth ratification </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-  (<u>access</u>) the draft recommendation to governments was considered by the CC-HER. It was submitted to the CDCC in January 1998 and adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 17 March 1998. Recommendations on the basis of the project «Access to Higher Education in Europe» were included in Resolution No 1 adopted by the Standing Conference of European Ministers of Education </font> </p> </blockquote> <dir> <p align="justify"> - (<u>access</u>) information and concepts of good practice at national level are being disseminated through the European Access Network and the European Youth Forum </p> <p align="justify"> - (<u>access</u>) the report on good practice in monitoring by institutions is being drafted by the European Access Network on the basis of contributions from member States. </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 600 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">361 521 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The activity on recognition and mobility is co-financed by the Council of Europe and UNESCO, who each in turn finance the annual ENIC Network meeting. As it is a joint meeting with the NARIC Network, the European Commission is also contributing to it.</font> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 10%, 1 A3 at 60 % </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B5 at 50%, 1 B2 at 40% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- (mobility) the Council of Europe/UNESCO Convention on the Recognition of Qualifications concerning Higher Education in the European Region was adopted on 11 April 1997 at a diplomatic conference in Lisbon. By 31 December 1997, it had been signed by 33 States. It will enter into force with the fifth ratification </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- (access) the draft recommendation to governments was considered by the CC-HER. It was submitted to the CDCC in January 1998 and adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 17 March 1998. Recommendations on the basis of the project «Access to Higher Education in Europe» were included in Resolution No 1 adopted by the Standing Conference of European Ministers of Education </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- (access) information and concepts of good practice at national level are being disseminated through the European Access Network and the European Youth Forum </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- (access) the report on good practice in monitoring by institutions is being drafted by the European Access Network on the basis of contributions from member States. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- (mobility) UNESCO decided not to pay for the participation of «peripheral» countries outside of the Cultural Convention at the Diplomatic Conference </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   (access) certain CDCC delegations expressed reservations on some specific points in the draft recommendation on Access </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- (mobility) the Council of Europe decided not to pay for «peripheral» Cultural Convention countries, to avoid difference in policy for a joint conference. Decision resulted in significant underspending. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- (access) additional consultations with CC-HER delegations </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="659" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">2 meetings of Working Parties cancelled </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Secretariat work overload </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Holding the meetings in 1998 </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.6 - Building the University of Tomorrow: Policy and Practice for European Higher Education </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity III.6c </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Innovation in Regional Co-operation in Higher Education </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p> -     To enhance the role of regional transborder co-operation as a confidence-building measure </p> <p> -     to develop practical models for implementing programmes and networks </p> <p> -     to encourage the establishment of co-operation in new regions. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">One major conference (held jointly with the Nordic Council of Ministers). </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The conference on «Regional Co-operation in Higher Education» was held in Reykjavík on 10 – 12 September 1997, jointly with the Nordic Council of Ministers. The conference was attended by delegates from most Cultural Convention States as well as a strong Nordic contingent. The report and recommendations of the General Rapporteur, the background report and the case studies will be published jointly by the two Organisations in 1998. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 350 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">362 884 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The Nordic Council co-finances this activity.</font> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 10%, 1 A3 at 30 % </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B5 at 20%, 1 B2 at 30% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- The conference on «Regional Co-operation in Higher Education» was held in Reykjavík on 10 – 12 September 1997, jointly with the Nordic Council of Ministers. The conference was attended by delegates from most Cultural Convention States as well as a strong Nordic contingent. The report and recommendations of the General Rapporteur, the background report and the case studies will be published jointly by the two Organisations in 1998.</font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">None </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.7 - Counsel for the Renewal of Higher Education in the New Member Countries </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity III.7a </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Legislative Reform Programme (LRP) </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - To help Central and East European countries to reform their higher education and research systems through legislation </p> <p align="justify"> - to draw lessons from this experience about the role of legislation in the renewal of higher education in Europe as a whole. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- advisory missions (and reports) on draft laws and related issues </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- two workshop reports on shared policy problems </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- transfer of experience to groups of professionals from the new member countries by study visits </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- two major publications on state-university relations and on financing. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <blockquote> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   14 advisory missions were carried out on topics related to policy or law reform in the following countries : Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, «the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia», Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Czech Republic. Reports are finalised or in preparation for restricted circulation. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   One workshop was held in Dubrovnik (4-7 October) on the legislation and policy for professional higher education. The report of the General Rapporteur will be published in early 1998. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   Three study visits were held in 1997: Lisbon (8-15 March) on quality assurance in higher education; Bonn (14 – 18 November) on graduate research training; and Dublin (8 –14 December) on professional higher education. Reports are in preparation for general circulation. </font> </p> </blockquote> <dir> <p align="justify"> - Two publications: <i>Democracy and Governance in Higher Education</i>, and <i>Higher Education Financing in a Changing Environment </i>were published in 1997. </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 200 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Financing of this activity through a Special Account which received 1 700 000 FRF in 1996 (the same amount is expected for 1997)</font> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">2 450 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 20% </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary at 100% </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">2 B5, 1 B2 (paid by the Special Account - Legislative Reform Programme) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 50% </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary at 100% </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">2 B5, 1 B2 (paid by the Special Account - Legislative Reform Programme) </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   14 advisory missions were carried out on topics related to policy or law reform in the following countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, «the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia», Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Czech Republic. Reports are finalised or in preparation for restricted circulation. </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   One workshop was held in Dubrovnik (4-7 October) on the legislation and policy for professional higher education. The report of the General Rapporteur will be published in early 1998. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   Three study visits were held in 1997: Lisbon (8-15 March) on quality assurance in higher education; Bonn (14 – 18 November) on graduate research training; and Dublin (8 –14 December) on professional higher education. Reports are in preparation for general circulation. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   Two publications: <i>Democracy and Governance in Higher Education</i>, and <i>Higher Education Financing in a Changing Environment </i>were published in 1997. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Considerable reduction in the level of voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Reduction of temporary staff (1 A3, 1 B1) ; postponement of 1 workshop; postponement of parts of the publications programme; priority given to maintaining the missions programme </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.7 - Counsel for the Renewal of Higher Education in the New Member Countries </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity III.7b </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Special Support for Rebuilding Higher Education in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Croatia </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - To assist with the re-organisation of higher education in the war-affected areas </p> <p align="justify"> - to promote the reintegration of refugee staff and students into academic life </p> <p align="justify"> - to promote confidence between the various segments of society through an open and tolerant system of higher education </p> <p align="justify"> - to contribute to developing higher education standards to facilitate the recognition of qualifications and mobility within and outside these areas. Europe as a whole. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- advice on new legislation and policy (see LRP) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- information on offers of help and establishment of contacts </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- improved reintegration of refugee staff and students </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- improved academic mobility within and outside the area. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <blockquote> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-     one seminar for all Bosnian universities on the issue of higher education financing took place in June 1997 in Graz </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-     a first meeting of an expert group on the financing of higher education was held. The group includes experts from Bosnia and Herzegovina </font> </p> </blockquote> <dir> <p align="justify"> - advisory mission on higher education legislation to Una Sana Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina </p> <p align="justify"> - travel grants have been given through World University Service to increase mobility of academic staff and students. </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 51 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">59 997 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Special Account </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">same </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 20%, 1 A3 at 10% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 40% </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2/3 at 30% (paid by Vote I) </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B4 (paid by the Cultural Fund)) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <blockquote> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-    one seminar for all Bosnian universities on the issue of higher education financing took place in June 1997 in Graz </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-    a first meeting of an expert group on the financing of higher education was held. The group includes experts from Bosnia and Herzegovina </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-     advisory mission on higher education legislation to Una Sana Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina </font> </p> </blockquote> <dir> <p align="justify"> - travel grants have been given through World University Service to increase mobility of academic staff and students. </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Impractical to maintain this as a separate activity. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Integration of this activity in the Legislative Reform Programme (LRP) </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.8 - Contents and Methods of Higher Education: a Specific Contribution to the Democratic Mission of the Council of Europe </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity III.8a </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Helping the Social Sciences Meet the Challenge of Transition </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">To produce practical guidelines and models of good practice for the development, in higher education in Central and Eastern Europe, of modernised teaching programmes and research for the social sciences. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- analytical and case studies on the present state of the social sciences in Central and Eastern Europe. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <blockquote> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   national reports on the situation of the social sciences have been drafted by national experts in fourteen Central and Eastern European countries according to guidelines prepared by the Secretariat and finalised by the Working Party on Social Sciences and the Challenge of Transition </font> </p> </blockquote> <dir> <p align="justify"> - a general report summing up the information was submitted in January 1998. </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 250 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">169 734 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 30%, 1 B5 at 30% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 30% </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2/3 at 20% (paid by Vote IX) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <blockquote> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-    national reports on the situation of the social sciences have been drafted by experts in fourteen Central and Eastern European countries according to guidelines prepared by the Secretariat and finalised by the Working Party on Social Sciences and the Challenge of Transition </font> </p> </blockquote> <blockquote> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-    a general report summing up the information was submitted in January 1998. </font> </p> </blockquote> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">None </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.8 - Contents and Methods of Higher Education: a Specific Contribution to the Democratic Mission of the Council of Europe </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity III.8b </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Redefining European Studies </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Promoting balanced and high-quality programmes of European Studies in higher education, especially in the new member states </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Feasibility study. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <blockquote> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-    the activity has already progressed beyond the feasibility study. It now includes the aspect of «democratic leadership» </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   four case studies have been prepared: one providing a general outlook at the existing European Studies programmes in western Europe, a case study on the situation in a new member state, a report on teaching European Studies in the College of Europe (Bruges) and a study on open and distance learning systems in European Studies teaching. The case studies will be used for the preparation of a compendium of model courses and programmes </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   a Secretariat information document on European Studies programmes offered by non-European higher education institutions is being prepared. </font> </p> </blockquote> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 262 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">193 333 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 10%, 1 B2 at 30% </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2/3 at 25% (paid by Vote I) </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B4 at 40% (paid by the Cultural Fund) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   the activity has already progressed beyond the feasiblity study. It now includes the aspect of «democratic leadership» </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   four case studies have been prepared: one providing a general outlook at the existing European Studies programmes in western Europe, a case study on the situation in a new member state, a report on teaching European Studies in the College of Europe (Bruges) and a study on open and distance learning systems in European Studies teaching. The case studies will be used for the preparation of a compendium of model courses and programmes </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   a Secretariat information document on European Studies programmes offered by non-European higher education institutions is being prepared. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Drawing the borders between this activity and activity III.8c </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Merger of the two activities from 1998 </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.8 - Contents and Methods of Higher Education: a Specific Contribution to the Democratic Mission of the Council of Europe </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity III.8c </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Training for Democratic Leadership </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Developing concrete measures and models of good practice on the role of higher education institutions in preparation for democratic leadership. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- feasibility study. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <blockquote> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   the Secretariat has carried out a survey on relevant activities currently run at the Council of Europe </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   a small study group on democratic/European citizenship has been set up to work on some theoretical aspects of the activity. </font> </p> </blockquote> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 252 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">203 577 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 15%, 1 B2 at 30% </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2/3 at 25% (paid by Vote I) </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B4 at 40% (paid by the Cultural Fund) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   the Secretariat has carried out a survey on relevant activities currently run at the Council of Europe </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-    a small study group on democratic/European citizenship has been set up to work on some theoretical aspects of the activity. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Drawing the borders between this activity and activity III8.b </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Merger of the two activities from 1998 </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.9 - Collection and Dissemination of Selective Educational Research Data for Decision-makers (Thesaurus and EUDISED Database) </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">To obtain data for policy and practice by developing the educational research database EUDISED and the European Education Thesaurus. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- progressive extension of the database (about 2,000 project descriptions per year) to cover all the above-mentioned topics. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <blockquote> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-     1842 project descriptions were published in the European Educational Research Yearbook 1996/97 and added to the database </font> </p> </blockquote> <dir> <p align="justify"> - an updated Thesaurus version was made available in the 11 EU languages </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 200 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">173 315 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The majority of the activity is financed at national level; The Thesaurus is co-financed by the European Commission </font> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 20%, 1 B4 at 50% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 50% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   1842 project descriptions were published in the European Educational Research Yearbook 1996/97 and added to the database </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   an updated Thesaurus version was made available in the 11 EU languages </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">EUDISED was evaluated. It was found that it is not sufficiently used. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Efforts are being made to increase the use of EUDISED and to find partners. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.10 - Cohesion in Cultural Diversity </b></font> </p> <p align="left"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity III.10a </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Cultural Development Policies in Member States: Analysis by Country/Sector and Technical Assistance </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p> - to provide States, at their request, with the know-how and methodology necessary for the analysis of their own cultural development policy, and offer them an opportunity to conduct targeted comparative analyses in specific areas and according to common objectives </p> <p> - to provide a rapid and practical response to requests for technical assistance from local, regional or national authorities. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- completion of the analysis of the cultural development policies of Bulgaria, Latvia and Lithuania and start-up of the analysis of Croatia and Portugal </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- selection of pilot areas (for example, decentralised funding, participation and access, cultural policies for minorities) for sectoral and comparative analysis, start-up of studies and research </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- report on decisions or changes implemented in the follow-up to the assistance activities organised </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- assessment of the project and adoption of the methodology for the pilot studies. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Finalisation of the Bulgarian and Lithuanian review and launching of the Croatian review </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Choice of pilot sectors for sectorial reviews and choice of the theme (privatisation and "desetatisation") </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- National debates (Russia, Slovenia and Estonia) and preparation of the Bulgarian debate </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Debate at the Culture Committee and adoption of a methodology for the sectorial and transversal review </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 1 925 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A3 at 50%; 1 B5 at 50%,; </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 50% </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 100% for the first 6 months </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B5 at 80% (both paid by the Cultural Fund) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 20% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 (Programme Adviser for 6 months) </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A3 at 20% </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Finalisation of the Bulgarian and Lithuanian review and launching of the Croatian review</font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font size="2">- Choice of pilot sectors for sectorial reviews and choice of the theme (privatisation and "desetatisation") </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font size="2">- National debates (Russia, Slovenia and Estonia) and preparation of the Bulgarian debate </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font size="2">- Debate at the Culture Committee and adoption of a methodology for the sectorial and transversal review </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Linguistic difficulties in relation to the drafting of the national reports </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ad hoc assistance by members of the expert group and the Secretariat </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Review of the Latvian cultural policy </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The Government changed </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Postponed to 1998 </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.10 - Cohesion in Cultural Diversity </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity III.10b </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Resource Centre for Cultural Development Policy in Partnership with the Networks </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to ensure easy access to data and information resulting from the past and future work of the Culture Committee on cultural development policies at national and sectoral level, with a view to supporting policy-making </p> <p align="justify"> - to extend data collection through co-operation with outside networks, such as CIRCLE (Cultural Information Research Centres Liaison in Europe), EricArts, and other research and documentation centres. </p> <p align="justify"> - to establish simultaneously a consultative platform for networks of artists, non-governmental organisations, foundations and decision-making bodies in the field of culture, thus ensuring the Resource Centre's dynamism. </p> <font size="2"> </font> </dir> </dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">- information letter, database on experts, mailing list including all the Council of Europe's partners in the field of cultural development policies </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">- processing of data resulting from the "Culture and Neighbourhoods" project </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">- processing of results of the first comparative sectoral studies and elaboration of models of good practice </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">- establishment of a methodology with regard to the consultation of professionals in co-operation with the secretariats of the networks and with NGOs. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="justify"> <u><font face="Arial" size="1">Cultural Policies Research and Development Unit </font></u> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">(formerly Resource Centre) </font> </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> - Establishment of a network of researchers and of research institutions as «corresponding partners» </p> <p align="justify"> - Finalisation of policy notes on "VAT and book policy" and "Culture, creativity and the young" </p> <p align="justify"> - Collection of information on museum management </p> </dir> <p align="justify"> <u>Partnership with the networks </u> </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> - Setting up of a consultation process ; co-operation with the Circle network under the theme of privatisation in preparation for the sectorial transversal analysis (see III.10a) and contacts taken with a view to the elaboration of a compendium of basic facts and trends on cultural policy in Europe (case studies) </p> <p align="justify"> - Participation of 40 experts from Central and Eastern European specialised network meetings </p> <p align="justify"> - Annual meeting of the European cultural networks Forum(September 1997) </p> </dir> <p align="justify"> <u>Artistic Exchanges </u> </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> - Participation of artists from 15Central and Eastern European countries at the Biennial Contemporary Art meeting, Sélestat </p> <p align="justify"> - Publication of an artists and art institutions guide to contemporary Central and Eastern European art </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 920 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">In 1996, the Austrian Government paid a sum of 100 000 FRF for the buying of technical equipment</font> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 100%, 1 A2 at 50%, 1 B5 at 100%, 1 B2 at 25% </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2 at 15%, 1 B1 at 45% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">(both paid by the Cultural Fund) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Policies Research and Development Unit </font></u> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">(formerly Resource Centre) </font> </p> <blockquote> <p> - Establishment of a network of researchers and of research institutions as «corresponding partners» </p> <p> - Finalisation of policy notes on "VAT and book policy" and "Culture, creativity and the young" </p> <p> - Collection of information on museum management </p> </blockquote> <p align="justify"> <u>Partnership with the networks </u> </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> - Setting up of a consultation process ; co-operation with the Circle network under the theme of privatisation in preparation for the sectorial transversal analysis (see III.10a) and contacts taken with a view to the elaboration of a compendium of basic facts and trends on cultural policy in Europe (case studies </p> <p align="justify"> - Participation of 40 experts from Central and Eastern European specialised network meetings </p> </dir> <blockquote> <p> -   Annual meeting of the European cultural networks Forum (September 1997) </p> </blockquote> <p> <font size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Artistic Exchanges </font></u> </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> - Participation of artists from 15 Central and Eastern European countries at the Biennial Contemporary Art meeting, Sélestat </p> <p align="justify"> - Publication of an artists and art institutions guide to contemporary Central and Eastern European art </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.10 - Cohesion in Cultural Diversity </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity III.10c </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Culture and Neighbourhoods </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - highlighting of the needs, trends and socio-cultural possibilities in neighbourhoods (outskirts and inner cities) in order to enhance their multicultural creative potential and to counteract social exclusion </p> <p align="justify"> - identification of good practice with a view to formulating urban cultural policy proposals </p> <p align="justify"> - encouragement of national and international co-operation initiatives on the basis of results acquired through an extended liaison network. </p> <p>   </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Completion of the publication of the four- (possibly five-) volume "Culture and Neighbourhoods" series </font> </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> - analysis of data gathered during the research with a view to its possible use to formulate recommendations and good practice and to combat social exclusion </p> <p align="justify"> - transfer of data to the Resource Centre and follow-up </p> <p align="justify"> - dissemination of the results of the project. </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Publication of the English version of the third volume in the «Culture and Neighbourhoods» series and remittance of the manuscripts concerning volumes 4 and 5 </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Transcript and analysis of data concerning neighbourhood cultural practice, done by the University of Deusto (Bilbao, Spain) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Targeted distribution of half of the stock of volumes 1 to 3 </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 85 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2 at 50%, 1 B5 at 25% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 25% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Publication of the English version of the third volume in the «Culture and Neighbourhoods» series and remittance of the manuscripts concerning volumes 4 and 5 </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Transcript and analysis of data concerning neighbourhood cultural practice, done by the University of Deusto (Bilbao, Spain) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Targeted distribution of half of the stock of volumes 1 to 3 </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Completion of the publication of the series in 4, perhaps 5 volumes «Culture and neighbourhoods» </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Delay in the drafting </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">(external consultants) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">To postpone until 1998 the publications of volumes 4 and 5 due to delays in the printing process </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.11 - Access to the New World of Learning </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <dir> <dir> <dir> <p> <b>Activity III.11a </b> </p> - Books and Archives </dir> </dir> </dir> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Objectives: </b> </p> <dir> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> -<b> Books</b> </p> <p align="justify"> * for Central and East European countries: to democratise the information chain through the development of a dynamic book industry, by means of legislation that favours the growth of the book sector and by the creation of information tools for publishers </p> <p align="justify"> * for the whole of Europe: to retrain book professionals in the use of the new electronic publishing chain, thus improving the general public's access to the new world of learning </p> <p align="justify"> -<b> Archives</b> </p> <p align="justify"> * to facilitate access to archives by liberalising norms of access and improving their conditions of use </p> </dir> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>books </b></font> </p> </dir> <p align="justify"> * legislation: policy advice for new member countries </p> <p align="justify"> * translation: support to the creation of a translation centre in Slovakia; <u>bursaries</u> to other Central and East European countries </p> <p align="justify"> * books-in-print catalogues: Baltic States </p> <p align="justify"> * electronic publishing: analysis of training needs and preparation of training packages (Germany, Italy and Netherlands) </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> <b>archives </b> </p> </dir> <p align="justify"> * democratisation of access: analysis of practices </p> <p align="justify"> * computerisation of the Komintern archives: 1st phase: scanning of the inventories </p> <p align="justify"> * preservation and conservation of archives and libraries: choice of models. </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Books:</font> <dir> <p> - legislation: preparation of a draft recommendation on key legislative/policy issues for the book world; publication of the Conference Proceedings on "Legislation for the Book World" (Warsaw, 1996) and of a report on VAT (see under III.10 b); dissemination conferences held in Ukraine and Bulgaria; advice concerning book legislation provided in Ukraine; two information meetings held during Frankfurt Book Fair; advice on legal deposit to Portuguese Ministerial Commission; support given to "Salon du livre antifasciste" (France) </p> <p> - translation: fourteen bursaries provided to translators in Central and Eastern European countries </p> <p> - books-in-print catalogues: pilot version published in Bulgaria, electronic version under preparation; feasibility study and implementation programme established in Croatia; rekindling of the activity in Latvia and Lithuania </p> <p> - electronic publishing: training, awareness-raising activities and research on users' needs and professional profiles carried out in Germany, Italy, the Netherlands; preparatory report on new job profiles as response to Parliamentary Assembly Recommendation 1314 (1997) on New Technologies and Employment; projects for 1998 have been accepted in Austria, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands (2) and Sweden for a total of 10m Ecus </p> </dir> <p> <u>Archives </u> </p> : <dir> <p> - democratisation of access: following a Round Table Conference in Edinburgh a draft recommendation on Democratic Access to Archives was presented to the Culture Committee with a view to submission to Committee of Ministers; a Conference was held in Moscow for archivists and historians </p> <p> - Komintern Archives: agreement on the implementation of the Project signed by the International Council on Archives and the Archival Services of the Federation of Russia (October 1997); scanning of inventories began in 1997; brochure produced and press conference held in Moscow </p> <p> - preservation of archives and libraries: development of a Book Cultural Route; Swiss contribution for the scanning of the archives of the Slovenian secret police (1950-1970). </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 565 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B5 at 50%, 1 B3 at 100% </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 Programme Adviser (on secondment) at 100% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   Legislation: production of reports; awareness seminars; information meetings; support for the anti-fascist book fair </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   Translation : 14 grants offered </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   Books in print catalogues: pilot version published in Bulgaria; feasibility study and implementation in Croatia </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   Electronic publishing : training; drafting of recommendations; broadening of the activity </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   Komintern Archives: agreement signed; scanning begun; production of a brochure </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   Conservation : development of a book cultural route; contribution to Slovenian archives </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Books in print catalogues: activity to be revived in Lithuania </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Archives: draft Recommendation to be submitted to the Committee of Ministers in 1998 </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Lack of finance and human resources in Lithuania </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Consultation with other Committees longer than foreseen </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Work in co-operation with the Open Society </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Delay of the submission of the Recommendation to the Committee of Ministers </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.11 - Access to the New World of Learning</b> </font> </p> <dir> <dir> <dir> <dir> <dir> <p> <b>Activity III.11b </b> </p> - New Technologies: Cultural Co-operation and Communication </dir> </dir> </dir> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Objectives: </b> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to study the socio-cultural impact of the new information technologies on culture in Europe and research into new artistic and creative forms of expression </p> <p align="justify"> - reflection and awareness-raising activities on the educational aspects (training in the new technologies). </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Analysis of the benefits (creation and dissemination) and limits (uniformity and access to information) of the new technologies. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- study on "The Artist, the Citizen and the Entrepreneur confronted by the new technologies", carried out jointly by the International Centre for Video Creation (CICV) in Montbéliard and the Arts Technology Centre (ARTEC) in London and presentation of initiatives and innovative projects; organisation of a database and a discussion forum on the Internet </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- conference on a European New Media Culture, organised in Amsterdam with a presentation of model-projects, their conditions, possibilities and problems; the analysis of the guiding principles for a common policy in Europe are published in the Amsterdam Agenda </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- seminar of specialists of arts and industry aiming at facilitating the dialogue between artists and representatives of telecommunications industry, in relation with governments and international organisations during Telecom Interactive 97 in Geneva; presentation of the first version of the Art-Industry Charter containing the principles for the setting up of such new partnerships </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- publication, in collaboration with Odile Jacob Publishers (France), of a report on cyberculture by Pierre Lévy (philosopher and professor at the University of Paris VIII) </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- publication, in collaboration with the Czech authorities, of the Proceedings of the Prague 1996 Conference on "New Ideas in Science and Art". </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 445 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2/3 at 100%, 1 B5 </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B1 at 50% (paid by the Cultural Fund) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- 2 conferences on "The Artist, the Citizen and the Entrepreneur, confronted with new technologies" </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Conference in Amsterdam on policy in terms of media culture </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- The publication in collaboration with Odile Jacob publishing of a report on cyberculture </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Publication of the proceedings of the Conference in Prague </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Analysis of the advantages and limits of the new technologies</font> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The work carried out is an addition of actions, but did not result in the undertaking of a sufficient evaluation to produce the expected results</font> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The analysis has been put back until 1998.</font> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.12 - Globalisation and Creativity </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity III.12a </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Culture, Creativity and Young People </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">To analyse -with a view to elaborating a recommendation to member countries- national arts education provision on the basis of three postulates: </font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - the freedom of the individual : culture and the arts contribute to individual development; </p> <p align="justify"> - cultural diversity : in a multi-cultural society, culture and the arts foster mutual understanding and respect as well as the acknowledgement of the cultural identity of others; </p> <p align="justify"> - social cohesion : culture and the arts promote common values thus facilitating social cohesion. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- analysis of priority issues (thematic studies) concerning the role of culture, creativity and the arts in education </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- assessment of their contribution to the development of cultural pluralism </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- planning of pilot projects for 1998 and 1999. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- 4 thematic studies have been completed on the following issues: </font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p> a) the arts, commercial culture and young people </p> <p> b) intercultural understanding and cultural diversity: the roles of cultural provision for young people </p> <p> c) working with young people: training of artists and teachers </p> <p> d) reflecting on youth arts: towards a new framework to enable young people and the arts to come closer </p> </dir> </dir> <p> - 2 regional meetings (Bratislava, October 1997 and Helsinki, November 1997) were organised. 80 participants (from 28 countries) representing both the governmental and non-governmental sectors attended these meetings </p> <p> - preparation of a policy note on "Public policies and provision for arts education in Europe" (see under III.10.b). </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 585 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 50% </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2/3 at 50% (paid by the Cultural Fund) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="659" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- 4 thematic studies </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- 2 regional meetings permitted the analysis of priority questions and to program future pilot projects </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Preparation of a policy note on artistic education in Europe (see III.10b) </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="659" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.12 - Globalisation and Creativity </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity III.12b - European Cinema: a Cultural Heritage for Young People </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - protection of the cinematographic heritage by means of strict regulations </p> <p align="justify"> - young people and the cinema: promoting a demand for quality productions. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- finalisation of the European Convention on the protection of the audio-visual heritage </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- study on the role of education in increasing the demand for quality production. </font> </p> </dir> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- the text for a Draft Convention on the Protection of the Audiovisual Heritage has been finalised by the CDCC Expert Group; however, it should be completed by an additional Protocol on the protection of moving images other than cinematographic works: this text is to be prepared jointly by representatives from the CDCC and the CDMM in 1998, and the Culture Committee has decided to postpone the opening of the Draft Convention until the completion of the additional Protocol in order to submit both texts jointly to the Committee of Ministers </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- a questionnaire was sent to all member States to collect information on national initiatives taken to promote quality films for a young public with a view to identifying good practice in this field. </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 210 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A3 at 50% </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 50% (paid by the Cultural Fund) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Sending out of a questionnaire to collect information on national initiatives for the promotion of films for young people </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Deadlines for return of questionnaires was not respected by several states </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Prolongation of the activity </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">(endorsing the rapporteur's contract) </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Finalisation of the European Convention on the protection of the audio-visual heritage </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Too many differences between cinematographic and televisual archives </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Preparation of an additional protocol on the protection of moving image material other than cinematographic works </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.12 - Globalisation and Creativity </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity III.12c </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Prix Europa </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">To reward the best television programmes produced in Europe which encourage one to go beyond national, regional or local boundaries. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected between 1997 an 1999 </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained in 1997 </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">prizes are awarded for: </font> </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- fiction, non-fiction and documentary programmes </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- programmes developed specially for young viewers between the ages of 12 and 17 (fiction, non-fiction, magazines). The Special Prize for this category is offered by the CDCC. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The Culture Committee decided at its 14<sup>th</sup> meeting (spring 1997) to discontinue its contribution to the "Prix Europa"; this decision was approved by the CDCC Bureau in June 1997 </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: p.m </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">This activity is co-financed by the European Commission, the European Culture Foundation and the European Parliament</font> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.13 - Visions of Europe </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity III.13a </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Cultural Routes </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to enhance the strong points of the European cultural heritage and raise awareness of the common European cultural identity through intercultural dialogue </p> <p align="justify"> - to encourage cultural tourism as a means of improving quality of life and as a source of cultural, social and economic development. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- analysis of proposals for new "routes" and awarding of the Council of Europe label </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- setting up partnerships for the implementation of the projects </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- technical assistance to the countries of Central and Eastern Europe </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- transfer of documentation, information and communication functions to the Resource Centre being set up in Luxembourg. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- 3 new routes: Heritage Al Andalus, Northern Lights Route, Celebrations and popular rituals in Europe </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Drafting of a draft protocol agreement and administrative arrangement as well as a rule regarding the creation of a European Institute of Cultural Routes in Luxembourg </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Technical assistance to Central and Eastern European countries </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 795 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B5 at 50%, 1 B3 at 100% </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 Programme Adviser at 100% for the first six months (paid by the Cultural Fund) </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 Programme Adviser at 100% (on secondment) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- 3 new routes: Heritage Al Andalus, Northern Lights Route, Celebrations and popular rituals in Europe </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Drafting of a draft protocol agreement and administrative arrangement as well as a rule regarding the creation of a European Institute of Cultural Routes in Luxembourg </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Technical assistance to Central and Eastern European countries </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.13 - Visions of Europe </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Activity III.13b </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> - Art Exhibitions </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to stimulate knowledge and appreciation of European art </p> <p align="justify"> - to develop themes which are significant for European art as a whole </p> <p align="justify"> - to describe, through works of art, the cultural contribution of a period or style and the influence of outstanding artists or schools. </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="659" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- exhibition on "Rudolf II & Prague" ( Prague Castle) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- consideration of themes and plans for future exhibitions in this series. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="50%"> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- exhibition "Rudolf II and Prague" took place on 30 May 1997 - 7 September 1997 in Prague Castle </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- the Culture Committee approved the study drafted on a state indemnity scheme for objects on loan to European exhibitions of work of art and asked the CDCC to instruct the Secretariat to undertake a feasibility study on this scheme, at its plenary session in January 1998. </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 360 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Special Account: </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">"Art Exhibition" </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">500 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 100%, 1 B3 at 100% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Holding of the Exhibition Rudolf II & Prague </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Study of themes for and preparation of forthcoming exhibitions </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Nothing in particular</font> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.14 - Training of Cultural Administrators </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to define, in co-operation with European networks of training centres, the contents of teaching programmes which correspond to the above-mentioned requirements </p> <p align="justify"> - to publish handbooks drafted on the basis of a selection of studies and research carried out by the Culture Committee in the field of cultural co-operation </p> <p align="justify"> - to facilitate the access of young people who wish to become cultural administrators to the various training possibilities through a bursary scheme (managed by the Marcel Hicter Foundation) </p> <p align="justify"> - to make young administrators aware of the necessity to give a European dimension to their action, inter alia by the awarding a European diploma </p> <p>   </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- training of about one hundred young cultural administrators, particularly in new member countries </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- support to mobility in Europe of trainees / experts </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- publication of 2 handbooks on cultural policies and assessment methods based on Council of Europe work. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- the course on the European Diploma in Cultural Project Management was attended by 19 students </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- the Seminar "Internationalisation of cultural projects and cultural co-operation in Europe" (Budapest, Hungary) was attended by 20 cultural administrators from Croatia, Hungary, Slovakia, Slovenia and Romania </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- 140 mobility bursaries were granted to trainees and 18 to experts through the Travel Bursary System </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- 2 handbooks ("Cultural policies in Europe: a comparative approach" and "Cultural policies in Europe: the assessment methodology") have been finalised and are currently being published. </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 1 180 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2 at 35%, 1 B5 at 20%, 1 B1 at 30% (all paid by the Cultural Fund) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- 19 students at the European Certificate </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Seminar in Budapest for 20 cultural administrators from Croatia, Hungary, Slovakia, Slovenia and Romania </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- 140 mobility grants for trainees and 18 for experts in the sphere of the travel bursary system </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- preparation of 2 handbooks ("Cultural policies in Europe : a comparative approach" and "a method of evaluation") </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> - Concerning the handbooks, the manuscripts are ready but the publication has been out back until 1998 </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.15 - Heritage and Society </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> -<b> Heritage and Identity</b> </p> <p align="justify"> * to analyse the ways in which the cultural heritage can contribute to cultural cohesion in Europe and to establish a procedure for preserving heritage whatever its current political or frontier context </p> <p align="justify"> <b>- Heritage and Society </b> </p> <p align="justify"> * to promote the voluntary sector and partnerships as part of a cultural heritage protection and enhancement process </p> <p align="justify"> * to promote the exchange of information on heritage policies and awareness-raising schemes aimed at enhancing respect for local cultures and for cultural heritage values and at protecting the environment </p> <p align="justify"> <b>- Heritage and Sustainable Development </b> </p> <p align="justify"> * to establish a European methodology for heritage management in a sustainable development framework </p> <p align="justify"> * to define sustainable cultural tourism strategies related to the enhancement of the heritage </p> <p align="justify"> * to define fiscal and legal options to encourage job creation related to the use, upkeep and restoration of the built heritage. </p> </dir> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Heritage and Identity </b></font> </p> </dir> <p align="justify"> - search for a mechanism to protect the heritage whatever its current political or border context </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> <b>Heritage and Society </b> </p> </dir> <p align="justify"> - drawing up of a draft recommendation aimed at promoting the voluntary sector as well as partnerships </p> <p align="justify"> - adoption of a recommendation on heritage education </p> <p align="justify"> - drawing up of heritage education projects and programmes </p> <p align="justify"> - development of a European Heritage Watch Network </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> <b>Heritage and Sustainable Development </b> </p> </dir> <p align="justify"> - development of a methodology for heritage management in a sustainable development framework </p> <p align="justify"> - drawing up of a draft recommendation on heritage and sustainable cultural tourism </p> <p align="justify"> - drawing up of a series of proposals on "heritage and employment". </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Heritage, Identity and Diversity </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1) Survey of national agreements and procedures, particularly at the bilateral level. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Proposed principles for a cultural heritage policy that respects the diversity of groups living in countries or whose presence has had an impact on them. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Establishment by the CC-PAT of a joint group of government experts and specialists charged with producing proposals for such machinery. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">2) Setting up of a European partnership for the development of a European computerised network on cultural heritage policies. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Heritage Education Programme </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Finalisation of the draft Recommendation of the Committee of Ministers to member States on heritage education and its submission to the Cultural Heritage Committee (CC-PAT) and the Education Committee (CC-ED) for approval. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Strengthening collaboration with other parts of the Council of Europe, in view of the activity’s transversal nature. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Organisation, in particular, of training courses on European heritage classes for teachers and others active in the heritage field with the School and Out-of-School Education Section. </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 1 203 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">All the financial appropriations have been used excepted for the Heritage and Voluntary Sector Programme, which had not been implemented in 1997 as foreseen. </font> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The financial resources were used to: </font> </p> <blockquote> <p> -     permit CC-PAT representation on the Advisory Committee for Cultural Routes (2 experts invited to 2 meeting in 1997) </p> <p> -    cover the participation of several CC-PAT members in meetings organised under CDCC auspices and a co-ordination meeting with the European Union </p> </blockquote> <dir> <p align="justify"> -     meet the difference between expenditure on temporary staff (about 50 000 FRF) and the amount in the estimates. </p> </dir> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 10%, 1 A3 at 90%, 1 B5 at 25%, 1 B5 at 50%, 1 B3 at 50%, 1 B3 at 50% , 1 B2 at 30 % </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary paid by the Cultural Fund </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 Programme Adviser at 20% (on secondment) </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2 at 40%, 1 B4 at 80%, 1 B2 at 80% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 10%, 1 A4 at 10%, 1 A3 at 90%, 1 B5 at 50%, 1 B5 at 25%, 1 B3 at 45% </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary paid by the Cultural Fund </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 Programme Adviser at 80% (on secondment) </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2 at 40% and 1 B2 at 75% (both paid by the Cultural Fund) 1 B2 at 90% paid by Vote I </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="1"><b>Awareness raising on heritage</b></font> <dir> <p align="justify"> - Awareness raising on heritage and the Council of Europe’s message through European Heritage Days, which take place each year in September. </p> <p align="justify"> - In 1997, the number of participating countries increased from 41 to 43, with the inclusion of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Russian Federation. </p> </dir> <blockquote> <p> -     As planned, the campaign «The Bronze Age, the first Golden Age of Europe» ended with a conference in Berlin from 17 to 19 March 1997. More than 400 participants were addressed by about 20 speakers, covering the full range of subjects dealt with in the campaign. The conference proceedings have been published. </p> </blockquote> <p align="justify"> <b>Heritage and Sustainable Development </b> </p> <p align="justify"> A draft Recommendation on tourism and the enhancement of the cultural heritage, in a sustainable development context, will be submitted to the Comité du patrimoine culturel on 16-18 March 1998. </p> <p align="justify"> Preparation of a compendium of proposals on the theme of "Heritage and employment" </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">For political reasons, the official inauguration of the 1997 European Heritage Days scheduled for early September in Sarajevo could not take place. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1"><b>Heritage and Sustainable Development </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Certain delegations to the CC-PAT thought that the draft recommendation focused too much on cultural tourism, whereas this was only one aspect of the use of the cultural heritage in the context of sustainable development. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Absence of a working method </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">An international press conference given by the Secretary General in September 1997 provided the launch pad for the activity. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1"><b>Heritage and Sustainable Development </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">The CC-PAT decided that the group of specialists responsible for this activity should revise this text and develop a working method in conjunction with the Secretariat and with the support of a consultant. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Wide-ranging data compendium on the situation in numerous member states, start of critical analysis. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Heritage and Sustainable Development </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Development of a methodology on heritage management in sustainable development perspective </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Heritage and Voluntary Sector </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Preparation of a draft Recommendation designed to encourage the voluntary sector and partnerships. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Heritage and Sustainable Development </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Because of a lack of means, the CC-PAT Bureau recommended to concentrate on sustainable cultural tourism </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Heritage and Voluntary Sector </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Insufficient staff. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Heritage and Sustainable Development </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">More means should be put at disposal. </font> </p> <p> <font size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Heritage and Voluntary Sector </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The activity will be inaugurated in 1998. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.16 – Professional Co-operation </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <dir> <p> - drawing up of common strategies for cultural heritage conservation: </p> <p align="justify"> * to establish a political dialogue with a view to developing concerted measures against unlawful trafficking in movable heritage </p> <p align="justify"> * to define a methodology for the preservation and enhancement of the archaeological heritage in urban development policies </p> <p align="justify"> * to prevent the physical deterioration of the cultural heritage. </p> <p align="justify"> - training: </p> <p align="justify"> * to develop and promote professional training and re-training in heritage skills and crafts (see Activity III.18, "European Foundation for Cultural Heritage Skills (EFCHS)). </p> </dir> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <blockquote> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-   preliminary studies on strategies aimed at the enhancement of the archaeological heritage in urban development policies </font> </p> </blockquote> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <blockquote> <p> -    adoption of a draft recommendation on deterioration of cultural heritage due to air pollution- </p> </blockquote> <p align="justify">   </p> <blockquote> <p> -    organisation of training activities </p> </blockquote> <p align="justify">   </p> <p align="justify">   </p> <p align="justify">   </p> <blockquote> <p> -   sectorial studies on co-operation mechanisms to fight unlawful trafficking in the movable heritage and convocation of a European heritage forum </p> </blockquote> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="justify"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Archaeological heritage and town planning </font></u> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The steering group set up in 1994 has updated the report on the urban archaeology situation in Europe; it covers 22 countries and will be published in 1998 in the « Cultural Heritage » series. The group has completed its preliminary study of the methodology for preserving and enhancing the archaeological heritage in urban development and recommends the drawing up of a code of good practice for all those active in this field. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Adoption of the Recommendation (97) 2 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on sustained care of the cultural heritage against physical deterioration due to pollution and other similar factors. Stockholm seminar on the same topic. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Agreement with the Latvian authorities on a method for consulting training and education institutions, contractors and cultural heritage specialists on continuing vocational training requirements in ancient building skills. Several skills development training courses organised by the EFCHS involving 562 participants. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Co-ordination meeting with the governmental and non-governmental international organisations which are active in this field; meeting for creating a dialogue with the associations of professionals working for the art market; preparation of the intersectorial meeting with art dealers; development of connection with police organisations. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 1 047 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The appropriation for this activity has been entirely used, except for the one allocated to the "unlawful trafficking of cultural property" programme (100 000 FRF out of a budget of 300 000 FRF) used for the reasons explained below. The part that was spent was allocated to: </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- The final conference of the campaign «The Bronze Age, the first Golden Age of Europe» (III.15.-> 50 000 FRF) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- An extraordinary meeting of the HEREIN project (III.16. Training -> 50 000 FRF) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Moreover, the implementation of the "training and advanced course" programme has been entrusted to the EFCHS (see under III-18) </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent </font></u> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 90%; 1 A3 at 10% </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2 at 20%; 1 B3 at 30% </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2 at 10% (paid by the Cultural Fund) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 5%; 1 A4 at 90%; 1 B3 at 15%; 1 A3 at 10% </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 10% paid by Vote I </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 5% paid by the Cultural Fund </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Combat against the deterioration of the cultural heritage </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The Group finished the preliminary study on conservation methodology and on setting-off the archaeological heritage in town planning and recommends the elaboration of a code of good use to the intention of all the actors in this field. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Adoption of the Recommendation (97) 2 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on sustained care of the cultural heritage against physical deterioration due to pollution and other similar factors. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Stockholm seminar on the same topic. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Two professional consultancy visits to Latvia leading to an assessment of the potential for heritage skills training in the country and the development of a consultation method and a multiannual programme of assistance for training. An agreement has been reached with the EFCHS on a programme of skills development activities (see III.18). </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Difficulty of managing simultaneously the governmental and non-governmental character of the dialogue sought in a cross-sectoral and interdisciplinary context. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">None </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">No particular problems </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">None </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">By organising sectoral meetings (art market, police, customs, and church representatives), before bringing them together in a general forum, which will precede the policy meeting proper. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.17 – Technical Co-operation and Consultancy Programme </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font size="2">-</font><font face="Arial" size="2"> to co-operate with national, regional and local authorities on:</font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font size="2">* establishing new structures and machinery for cultural heritage preservation and promotion </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font size="2">* solving the complex problems of integrated conservation, management, enhancement and funding of the cultural heritage. </font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> </dir> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- launching of the College of Experts for Technical Co-operation and Consultancy relating to Integrated Conservation of the Cultural Heritage </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- carrying out 5 technical co-operation missions (Carcassone (F), Lisbon (P), Sabbionetta (I) Noto (I), Tarragon (E)) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- management of 2 follow-up programmes (FP) currently in progress (Tel_ (Cz), Banská Štiavnica (Slovakia)), and implementation of 3 new FP (Skofja Loka (Slo), La Vallette (Malta), Segovia (E)) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- management of 4 specific action plans (SAP) (Baltic States, Croatia, Slovenia, Russian Federation) currently in progress and implementation of 4 new SAP (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Belarus, Romania) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- carrying out 5 research and audit missions for the organisation of new SAP (Bulgaria, Ukraine) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- management of 3 pilot projects (PP) (Abava (Lv), Karst (Slo), Rostov (Russian Federation)) currently in progress and implementation of 1 new PP (Tallinn (EW)) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- preliminary studies for the implementation of a "Community Involvement Programme" (CIP)265 </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- publication of expert reports aimed at the general public. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">13 schemes have been initiated </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Specific action plans in Albania, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Georgia, Latvia, the Russian Federation and Slovenia ; </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Follow-up programmes in Telc (Czech Republic), Banska Stiavnica (Slovakia) ; </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Technical co-operation missions in Lisbon (Portugal), Carcassonne (France), Zeijtun (Malta) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Comprising 17 projects with a total of 55 activities and 94 expert appraisals. </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="196"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="197"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="205"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="196"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="197"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2303 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Cultural Fund: 1 540 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="205"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Nearly all (95 %) of the financial appropriations have been used. </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="196"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="197"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="205"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions placed in a special account on behalf of the cultural heritage in Bosnia and Herzegovina (200 000 FRF from Norway and 50 000 ECU from the European Union). </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="196"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="197"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 30 % </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2 at 40 % </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B3 at 100 % </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- 1 Programme Adviser at 80% (on secondment) </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- 1 A2 at 100% (paid by Vote IX) </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- 1 B4 at 20% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- 1 B2 at 20% </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">(both paid by the Cultural Fund) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="205"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 30 % </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2 at 40 % </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B3 at 100 % (from 1<sup>st</sup> May 1997) </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 100 % </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 Programme Adviser at 20 % (seconded) </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2 at 100 % (Vote IX) </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 20 % (paid by the Cultural Fund) </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- The programme has given rise to a general debate based on the 88 projects completed or under way since 1997. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- The follow-up Programme for Telc (Czech Republic) has equipped the town with a number of effective urban management tools. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Several specific action plans completed or under way have made it possible to achieve certain particular objectives: the pilot project for the Abava valley in Latvia has resulted in the establishment of land-use planning tools for the valley’s sustainable development ; in Russia, the pilot project for the city of Rostov Véliky has resulted in a dialogue with the Russian authorities on the subject of the conservation of historic centres ; in Bosnia and Herzegovina, a survey has provided the material for a report on the cultural heritage situation throughout the country ; in Georgia, draft heritage legislation has been drawn up and machinery has been established for the rehabilitation of the old city of Tbilissi. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The need to develop methods to cope with the overall approach proposed for this programme. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Problems of communication and dialogue with the authorities concerned in the various projects, since the methods proposed often call into question practices and sites in certain countries. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">A college of experts has been set up to identify the programme’s overall philosophy. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Interministerial committees and co-ordination machinery have been established as part of the programme. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Where necessary, the programme has been rescheduled to meet countries’ requirements. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <ol> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <li> The specific action plan for Albania was intended to develop and implement national cultural heritage policies. </li> <li> The follow-up programme for Banska Stiavnica was intended to develop a municipal policy for protecting and enhancing the historic town. </li> </ol> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <ol> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <li> The disorders in Albania made it impossible to implement the various projects. </li> <p align="justify">   </p> <li> It was not possible to start the proposed process either nationally or locally. </li> </ol> <p align="justify">   </p> <p align="justify">   </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <ol> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <li> Discussions are already under way with the new government with a view to relaunching the specific action plans. </li> </ol> <blockquote> <p> 2. The relevant authorities have been invited to reformulate their requests and the project may then be resumed in a new form. </p> </blockquote> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Education, Higher Education, Culture and Heritage</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.18 – European Foundation for Cultural Heritage Skills </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - To help in the handing down of skills and crafts by setting up multinational further training projects, by promoting the systematic exchange of information between professional bodies and by seeking to enhance the image of heritage skills and crafts </p> </dir> </dir> <blockquote> <blockquote> <p> -      to play a part in awareness-raising schemes. </p> </blockquote> </blockquote> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- 5 professional consultancy schemes on training in heritage skills and crafts for about 30 experts </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- drawing up and distribution of a newsletter on training in heritage skills and crafts </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- 7 schemes on professional re-training in heritage skills and crafts for about 170 experts. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Implementation of several continuing professional training activities in conjunction with the private and public sectors and based on technical and financial subsidies which led to some 1 509 282 ECU being spent on the activities programme in 1997</font> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2305 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subsidy for Foundation: </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">300 000 FRF+ pm </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The overall operating grant to the EFCHS appears in subhead 1305 of the Ordinary Budget. The financial appropriation was fully used</font> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The estimates amount to 4 560 000 FRF from other sources (mainly from European Union)</font> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent </font></u> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 100% </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 100% </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2 at 50% (paid by the Cultural Fund) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Permanent</font></u> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A4 at 100%; 1 B3 at 20%; 1 B2 at 80% </font> </p> <p> <u><font face="Arial" size="2">Temporary </font></u> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A2 at 60% (paid by the Cultural Fund) </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="1">- Five consultancy activities concerned with the design of training projects: CARAVELA Pilot Project on school and vocational guidance on heritage skills (for implementation in 1998); architectural heritage inventory and documentation techniques (for implementation in 1998) ARCH: procedures for the multimedia exploitation of information on architectural heritage methods, techniques and materials; SALAMBO: training in the skills associated with decorative arts in the countries of the Mediterranean basin (to be undertaken in 1998); heritage related tourism focusing on tourism development based on enhancing the heritage </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="1">- Publication and dissemination of issues no. 9 and 10 of "Crafts and Heritage" magazine (French, English, German and Italian). An electronic newsletter project was drawn up and a technical operator was identified in the United Kingdom (COTAC) (to be implemented in 1998) </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="1">- Eleven heritage skills professional training programmes: MASTRO: one three month session for ancient building team leaders; AGESA: 5 workshops on managing archaeological sites; 2 meetings of the transnational continuing training project for ancient building site supervisors; HERCULE: one workshop on archaeology and major public works; MINOTEC, enhancement of ancient entertainment sites and the use of new techniques: organisation of a colloquy and drafting of a charter of good practice on "The use of ancient entertainment sites" (presentation to the CC-PAT in March 1998); organisation of a colloquy as part of the European round tables on guidance in ancient building. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> <td valign="top" width="34%">   </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p>   </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><a name="C8"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM</b></a><b> </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Sport</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.19 – Compliance with Commitments </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">-     to examine the implementation of the: </font> </p> <dir> <dir> <dir> <p> <b>European Sports Charter (R(92)13) </b> </p> : <p> * conditions enabling a democratic sports movement to flourish </p> <p> * implementation of a genuine sport for all policy </p> <p> * legislative and other provisions </p> <p> <b>Spectator Violence Convention (ETS 120) </b> </p> : <p> * effectiveness of domestic cooperation </p> <p> * use of the Standing Committee's "Check-Lists" for high-risk matches </p> <p> * impact of tolerance and fair-play activities </p> <p> <b>Anti-Doping Convention (ETS 135) </b> </p> : <p> * functioning of national anti-doping committees </p> <p> * organisation and conduct of anti-doping controls and other measures </p> </dir> </dir> </dir> <p> -     to identify problems commonly encountered, and provide advice to overcome them </p> <p> -      to compare experiences from both new and old member countries. </p> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- hearing(s) in one country (experimental phase). </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- preparation by Spain of a National Report on fulfilment of the European Convention on Spectator Violence and Misbehaviour at Sport Events and in Particular at Football Matches (T-RV) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- visit to Spain by the Group examining the compliance with the commitments </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- agreement by Switzerland to be examined for the European Sports Charter, and Norway for the Anti-Doping Convention, both in 1998 </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- agreement by Portugal, the United Kingdom and Italy to be examined on the respective texts in the second phase. </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2304 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Sport Fund </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">157 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">83 800 FRF </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">An evaluation meeting was planned to take place after the visit to Spain. As the visit did not take place until the end of 1997 (16-18 December), the meeting was postponed until 22 January 1998 and was therefore imputed to the 1998 budget. Moreover only 4 experts took part in the visit to Spain, instead of 6 as foreseen </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 - 20%; 1 A2- 20%; 1 B5 - </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">15%; 1 B3 - 15% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 - 20%; 1 A2- 20%; 1 B5 - </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">15%; 1 B3 - 15% </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">New projects </font> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Satisfactory results and encouraging co-operation from countries concerned. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">Basic methodology found practicable </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Sport</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.20 – Democracy and Sport </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p> - to promote the development of sport as a democratic movement </p> <p> - to encourage the voluntary sports movement to fulfil its role in society </p> <p> - to promote more generalised sports participation and sports involvement amongst all groups and ages, for social and health benefits </p> </dir> </dir> <blockquote> <blockquote> <p> -      to make timely studies of problems in the field of sport and the law, also in connection with the work of the Anti-Doping Convention. </p> </blockquote> </blockquote> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- promotion of sport for all through policy measures and practical projects </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- preparation of studies of legal aspects requiring priority attention. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- holding of a CDDS Seminar in Portugal on Sport as a Democratic Movement and approval of its conclusions by the CDDS Bureau </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- commissioning an expert to prepare a study on laws affecting sport in CDDS member countries </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- holding of a CDDS Seminar in Italy on Sport and the Law and approval of its conclusions by the CDDS Bureau. </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2304 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Sport Fund </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">390 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The seminars: </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Sport and the Law 157 400 FRF </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Sport and Democracy 195 700 FRF </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">37 000 FRF remaining because in September 1997 in view of the Informal Meeting of Ministers of Sport (Cyprus, 14-15 May 1998) the Bureau of the CDDS agreed to re-allocate resources in order to allow for a contract to be given to a consultant expert (A. N. Chaker), asked to make an analysis of European national legislation (esitmated cost for 1997 budget: 42 000 FRF with the remaining sum to be charged to the 1998 budget). However, Mr Chaker could only start this analysis in November (some of the national reports were sent in late). The contract, therefore, could only be drawn up on the basis of the work that the expert could accomplish in 1997, that is a remuneration of 7 800 FRF. The contract has had to be imputed on the 1998 budget </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 - 15%; 1 A2 - 20% ; 1 B5 - </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">13%; 1 B3 - 16%; 1 B2 - 14% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 - 5%; 1 A2 - 20%; 1 B5 - </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">13%; 1 B3 - 16%;1 B2 - 14% </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Increased awareness of importance of sound sports legislation apparent from 2 SPRINT seminars </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">See general comments under SPRINT programme Activity III.24 </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Sport</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.21 – Tolerance through Sport </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to raise awareness amongst all involved (including sports organisations and the sporting public) of the need to take positive action to promote tolerance and fair play in and through sport; </p> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to combat racist behaviour amongst spectators at sports events; </p> <p align="justify"> - to promote the contribution of sport to tolerance in society in particular through: </p> <p align="justify"> * a Council of Europe Sport, Tolerance and Fair Play Day and, possibly, a Prize </p> <p align="justify"> * joint work with international and European sports organisations; </p> <p align="justify"> * monitoring initiatives on Sport, Tolerance and Fair Play including establishing an "ideas bank" of valuable initiatives. </p> <p>   </p> </dir> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- evaluation of responses to the Declaration adopted at the Amsterdam Round Table </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- encouragement of tolerance and fair-play campaigns and initiatives amongst organisers of sports events </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- creation of a Council of Europe Sport, Tolerance and Fair Play Day and, possibly, a Prize. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- publication in the Sports Information Bulletin of various articles and national reports on Sport, Tolerance and Fair Play </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- appointment, by 20 member countries, in 1997, of National Ambassadors for Sport, Tolerance and Fair Play, and holding a first information exchange meeting between them in Strasbourg in December 1997 </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- decision by the CDDS, in view of the number of existing Fair Play prizes not to set up a Council of Europe prize in this field. Decision, by the CDDS Bureau, that a Day could be held in conjunction with the 2<sup>nd</sup> Round Table on Sport, Tolerance and Fair Play planned in 1998. </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2304 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Sport Fund </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">168 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">2 meetings: 181 300 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="3">1 A5 - 5%; 1 A2 - 10%; 1 B5 - </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="3">5%; 1 B3 - 5%; 1 B2 - 10% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="3">1 A5 - 5%; 1 A2 - 10%; 1 B5 - </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="3">5%; 1 B3 - 5%; 1 B2 - 10% </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Satisfactory results, particularly with regard to the appointment of national ambassadors for sport tolerance and fair play. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Good cooperation established with DGX of the Commission of the European Union </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Need for more personnel </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Temporary post paid for by a Dutch foundation, March-June 1997, has provided a useful support </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">a) Possible Council of Europe Prize for Sport, Tolerance and Fair Play. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">b) Joint seminar in context of European Year against Racism not organised. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">a) Duplication with existing Fair Play prizes. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">b) Negotiations with DGV were not successful. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">a) Action at national level (Day?) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">b) None - the Council organised the meeting of national ambassadors for sport, tolerance and fair play instead </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Sport</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.22 – Spectator Behaviour and Safety </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to develop and set standards and promote good practice in the fields of competence of the Standing Committee (Article 9 of ETS 120); </p> <p align="justify"> - to set up a European intergovernmental forum for co-ordinating approaches and sharing experience concerning questions of spectator behaviour and safety; </p> <p align="justify"> - to participate in the preparation of security and safety measures for major international sports events and in particular football competitions; </p> </dir> </dir> <blockquote> <blockquote> <p align="justify"> - to encourage States which are not yet Parties to accede to the Convention. </p> <p align="justify"> - to monitor the implementation of the Standing Committee's Recommendations on: </p> </blockquote> </blockquote> <dir> <dir> <dir> <p> * safety in sports stadia </p> <p> * international police cooperation </p> <p> * alcohol sales </p> <p> * crowd control </p> <p> * preventative measures at high-risk matches, etc </p> <p>   </p> </dir> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- participation in the preparation of World Cup '98 (France) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- recommendations on technical matters: ticket sales, sale and consumption of alcohol in stadia; banning of individuals from stadia under civil law; perimeter fences </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- setting up a European training/certification scheme for stewards; </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- evaluation of the provisions of the Convention and the recommendations of the Standing Committee in the light of current practice </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- continued collaboration with CDDS in "Tolerance through Sport" programme. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="middle" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- evaluation by the Standing Committee of the work of the Ad hoc Working Party for the Euro’96 Championships </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- adoption of a statement concerning the removal of fences and barriers in stadiums. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- adoption of a recommendation on the use of standard forms for the exchange of police intelligence concerning high risk sports events </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- preparation of the rules for the 4<sup>th</sup> edition of the European Prize for Architecture of Sports Facilities with CONI (Italian National Olympic Committee) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- participation in the project of compliance with commitments concerning the ETS 120 (T-RV). </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- preparation and setting-up of an Ad hoc Working Party for the 1998 World Cup in co-operation with the CFO (French Organising Committee) and FIFA </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- preparation of a preliminary programme for a SPRINT seminar on hooliganism in Germany in 1998. </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2304 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Sport Fund: </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">36 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 meeting: 23 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 - 5%; 1 A2 - 25%; </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 - 20%; 1 B2 - 7% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 - 5%; 1 A2 - 25%; </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 - 20%; 1 B2 - 7% </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">In the main the objectives fixed for 1997 for the implementation of the Convention against violence were achieved. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No particular problems encountered except on the declaration concerning the removal of barriers in stadia. On this technical question the difference came mainly from the different practices in the countries, which are members of the Permanent Committee. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">A compromise was found between the members of the Permanent Committee using diplomatic means and profiting from the experience of Euro 96. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Sport</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.23 – Implementation of the Anti-Doping Convention (ETS 135) </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to promote harmonisation of measures in anti-doping work at all levels and between all bodies </p> <p align="justify"> - to set, and monitor the implementation of, standards for anti-doping policies and measures in the States Parties to the Convention </p> <p align="justify"> - to provide the forum in which governments: </p> <p align="justify"> * discuss questions of mutual co-operation and harmonisation </p> <p align="justify"> * examine common problems and actions with the international sports movement </p> <p align="justify"> - to study technical, legal, educational and scientific aspects of the doping problem </p> <p align="justify"> - to seek close co-operation with the International Olympic Committee and other sports bodies </p> </dir> </dir> <blockquote> <blockquote> <p> -  to adopt lists of banned substances and methods and in general carry out the terms of reference of the Monitoring Group laid down in Article 11 of the Convention. </p> </blockquote> </blockquote> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- ethical and procedural guidelines on the use of blood samples for anti-doping </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- recommendation on the responsibility of members of the athlete's entourage in cases involving minors </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- study of the role of private companies in doping controls; </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">- database on doping jurisprudence on Internet. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- holding of a SPRINT Doping Seminar in Spain on Topical problems of Doping Control Patterns and Analysis </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- adoption of a new Reference List of Prohibited Pharmacological Classes of Doping Agents and Doping Methods </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- adoption of a Recommendation on disciplinary measures to be taken with regard to members of the athlete’s entourage and protection of minors, in application of Article 7.2 of the Convention </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- preparation of a draft recommendation on standard blood sampling procedures for doping control </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- preparation of a draft recommendation on standard procedures at the laboratory and possible subsequent disciplinary phases of doping control </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- adoption and submission of a document to the Committee of Ministers requesting the setting up of a multidisciplinary group on Non sports use of banned substances </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- preparation of a preliminary programme for a SPRINT Seminar on Anti-Doping Policy in Bulgaria in 1998. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- holding a meeting and seminar on anti-doping education and information strategies </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="35%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2304 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Sport Fund: </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">240 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="35%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Various meetings - 35 700 FRF </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">Anti-Doping Seminar - 180 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="35%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 8%; 1 A2 at 35% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B3 at 7%; 1 B2 at 15% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="35%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 at 18%; 1 A2 at 35% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B3 at 7%; 1 B2 at 15% </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%">   </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The problems encountered are essentially linked to the nature of the activity. Projects often have juridical, scientific and technical ramifications which need a certain period for reflection and analysis. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Co-ordination between the different working groups. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Database on the INTERNET concerning the jurisprudence on questions of doping </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The respective working groups were not sufficiently active. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Lack of human and financial resources, also at national level. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Proposals for improving and adapting the structure of the groups of experts of the Anti-Doping Convention will be examined by the Follow-up Group during its meeting in May 1998. It is notably a question of reducing the number of projects in order to undertake more well defined concrete projects working to a set timetable. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">As for the lack of human and financial resources the solution to this problem obviously depends on the Council of Europe's budget and policy. </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Sport</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.24 – Mutual Assistance for New Member States </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p> - to integrate new member countries into common standards for appropriate national sports policies and legislation </p> <p> - to promote the influence of sport in general policy </p> <p> - to support, in co-operation with the relevant NGOs, the development of a democratic sports movement as described in Article 3 of the European Sports Charter </p> <p> - to promote increased participation in sport at all levels for social and for health reasons (development projects). </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- new legislative and other measures concerning sport </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- increased sports participation and health awareness campaigns </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- possibly, start of activities in the Caucasian region </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Action Plan in Bosnia and Herzegovina for the rehabilitation through sport of victims of war. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- new sports laws adopted in 1997 in Croatia, Poland (Safety at Sports Events), Russia and Slovakia </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Parliamentary Assembly/CDDS Bureau Hearings on Sport Legislation in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Lithuania </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- study visit in Armenia and Georgia </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- experts from Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia invited to CDDS meetings, seminars etc </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Action Plan for Bosnia and Herzegovina "Rehabilitation through Sport" , organisation of a training seminar for leaders of physical activities for children (Tuzla) and of a Youth Camp for 40 children (Lake Modrac) in August </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- sponsorship found for 12 of the 16 projects identified by the CDDS for help. </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2304 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Sport Fund: </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">643 461 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Action Plan for Bosnia and Herzegovina 293 000 FRF </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Mobile Seminars, (Russia, Romania, Moldavia) 101 000 FRF </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Seminar Sport and Health 120 000 FRF </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Divers 52 200 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">362 700 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">(SPRINT voluntary contributions) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Resources for this activity are not linked to the current year. There is, however, a balance of +25% (Budget: 362 700 FRF - Remainder: 116 700 FRF) Finland having made a voluntary contribution of 100 000 FRF near the end of the year (October). </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 - 17%; 1 A2 - 25%; 1 B3 - </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">40%;1 B3 - 15%; 1 B2 - 25% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A5 - 17%; 1 A2 - 25%; 1 B5 - </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">50%; 1 B3 - 15%; 1 B2 - 25% </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1. SPRINT Programme </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Results satisfactory. Seven countries have chosen to become self-financing, while remaining in the programme to release resources for newer member States - a possible testimony to the usefulness of the programme. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">A marked move towards the establishment of democratic sports systems underpinned by good legislation has been observed. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">2. Action Plan for Bosnia and Herzegovina. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">75% of the projects selected for financial help have found donors. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> </dir> <p align="justify"> Seminar on training trainers for disabled sport and Youth Camp well supported. </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1. SPRINT Programme </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">At the SPRINT Seminars the linguistic competence of some participants was not sufficiently high for them to profit fully from the activity. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">2. Action Plan </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">a) Arrangements are always problematic because of poor telecommunications and difficulties with bank transfers. Difficulties in consolidating contacts with Republika Srpska </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">b) Lack of financial resources. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1. SPRINT Programme </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">A renewed emphasis on language skills in future invitation letters. Recourse to help from other participants. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">2. Action Plan </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">a) The assistance from the Council of Europe office in Sarajevo, has been very helpful, particularly with regard to Republika Srpska. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">b) Agreement by several national governments/sports organisations, and by international sport organisations, to sponsor various projects. </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Sport</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.25 – Sharing Sport Information in Europe </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to disseminate widely the results of the work of the CDDS, T-RV and T-DO </p> <p align="justify"> - to provide an information base (including relevant scientific information) for the work of the CDDS </p> <p align="justify"> - to provide national governmental and non-governmental sports policy makers with information on recent developments and scientific findings in other member countries and to stimulate the use of information and experiences thus exchanged (mainly through SIONET and SRONET) </p> <p align="justify"> - to offer a high-quality, value for money sports information exchange </p> </dir> </dir> <blockquote> <blockquote> <p> -  to develop systems permitting on-line access to sports information. </p> </blockquote> </blockquote> <p>   </p> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- publication of a Handbook on Sports Structures in Europe * </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- publication of 3 editions of Sports Information Bulletin * </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- compilation of 3 topical European surveys for the CDDS, </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">T-RV or T-DO * </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- preparation of proposals for Sports Information on Internet </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- action to increase dissemination of Clearing House products </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- outlines of a methodology for collecting sports participation data (COMPASS project) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- position paper (state-of-the-art research review) on sport and the environment </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- trial of the Internet project. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- publication of the 4<sup>th</sup> edition of the Handbook on Sports Structures in Europe </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- publication of 3 issues of the Sports Information Bulletin (each c100 pages), including 3 surveys </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Council of Europe internet site contains a Home Page on sport </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- Compass Project methodology agreed in October, the project is now under the umbrella of the European Union </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- draft position paper on Sport and the Environment received by the Secretariat in late December as planned </font> </p> </dir> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="659" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2304 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Sport Fund: </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">630 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Grant to Clearing House: </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">600 000 FRF </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">Contracts for experts 19 300 FRF </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="3">1 A5 - 5%; 1 A2 - 15% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="3">1 B3 - 5% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <font face="Arial" size="3">1 A5 - 5%; 1 A2- 15% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="3">1 B3 - 5% </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%">   </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Difficulties for Clearing House in finding new partners </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The Clearing House is negotiating possible new agreements, especially with the European Union </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p>   </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><a name="C9"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM</b></a><b> </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Youth</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.26 - Mobility and Voluntary Service </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">In the framework of the implementation of Recommendation R (95)19 on Youth Mobility, the Council of Europe must set out to secure, or at least facilitate mobility and equal treatment of young people travelling in the States Parties to the European Cultural Convention. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The priority is therefore to: </font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - reduce, or break down administrative obstacles to youth mobility, above all for the purposes of training, education, exchanges and especially long-term voluntary service; a significant effort should be made to simplify procedures for issuing visas </p> <p align="justify"> - improve youth mobility from a qualitative and quantitative point of view, as well as youth training and exchange programmes </p> <p align="justify"> - promote long-term voluntary service abroad, which permits the development of various forms of solidarity, contributes to the social integration of young people while favouring intercultural learning, tolerance and the construction of a common European identity, by implementing Recommendation R(94)4 on the Promotion of Voluntary Service and by the preparation of an appropriate draft international legal instrument. </p> </dir> </dir> <p align="justify"> Mobility can also be facilitated by promoting the use of the various bodies and instruments available in the youth sector: the EYCs/YEF, the Partial Agreement on Youth Cards and the Inter-Rail Fund promoting the mobility of underprivileged young people. </p> <p>   </p> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- submission of a biennial report to the Committee of Ministers on the activities of the CDEJ for developing and promoting youth mobility, in accordance with the mandate given to the CDEJ by the Committee of Ministers </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- reduction or elimination of obstacles to youth mobility according to the CDEJ's priorities </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- submission to the Committee of Ministers of a draft convention on voluntary service </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- implementation of proposals for the promotion of voluntary service at national level, or in the framework of the draft convention on voluntary service. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Biennial report of the Committee of Ministers on CDEJ action to develop and promote youth mobility, in accordance with its mandate: postponed to 1998 because of the too short a period between the implementation of Recommendation R (95) 18 on youth mobility </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2306: 39 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A7 at 15%, 1 A3 at 20% </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 20% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Reduction or elimination of obstacles to mobility: The CDEJ identified several obstacles that should be tackled first: the language barrier; training courses for people in charge of mobility projects; administrative and legal obstacles, in particular visas and their cost </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Submission to the Committee of Ministers of a Draft Convention on voluntary service </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The language barrier: The group noted that there was often a lingua franca, English, but that it was important in terms of intercultural learning that young people should be able to learn the language of the country they wanted to go to </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Training courses: many of the governments consulted on this question stated that they did not organise this type of course </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">As for the visa question, this is a sovereign matter for each state </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The draft convention prepared by a consultant was revised in the light of the various comments and amendments submitted by the CDEJ and the Legal Affairs Directorate. However, certain changes made in the latest revision of the text were not approved by the Committee of Ministers </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The group recommended that efforts should be made to promote language courses for young people, in the form of evening classes or summer courses </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">It was proposed to develop cooperation between the countries which organise such courses and those which have not yet done so and to inform the CDEJ about the development of this cooperation </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The group proposed that in order to promote and encourage youth mobility governments could enter into exchange agreements to reduce or eliminate the cost of visas and if possible eliminate the visas themselves </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The draft convention was referred back to the CDEJ </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Presentation of a biennial report to the Committee of Ministers on CDEJ action to develop and promote youth mobility </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The submission of the first report was too early to be able to report any real results of the implementation of Recommendation R (95) 18 on youth mobility, which seemed to be still little known and not widely disseminated. </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">It also turned out to be extremely difficult to obtain statistics on youth mobility and few countries submitted information on their bilateral agreements on youth exchanges </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The CDEJ proposed postponing this first report for a year and making the Recommendation known and disseminating it to governments and the European Youth Forum and also putting it on the home page of the Youth Directorate’s Internet site </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Youth</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.27 - Youth Information and Counselling </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <font face="Arial" size="2"> </font> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - constantly improve the quality of information through the organisation of training courses directed at the staff concerned, in the EYCs or in a member state </p> <p align="justify"> - promoting and facilitating access of young people to information, including their participation in the preparation and management of projects, publicising examples of the method which should be adopted by bringing information closer to young people's meeting places (mobile facilities, radio and other media, and management of projects for and by young people) </p> <p align="justify"> - following the implementation of Recommendation R (90)7: propose methods enabling member states to exchange relevant data for young people by adopting compatible computerised communications systems </p> <p align="justify"> - in the framework of the fight against intolerance and violence: prepare a code of good practice in co-operation with youth radio stations, so as to guard against improprieties in certain radio broadcasts and direct or indirect glorification of acts of violence. </p> <p align="justify">   </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="49%"> <dir> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- <u>implementation of a partnership agreement with ERYICA and eventually the European Union, the Conference of Youth Cards and UNESCO</u>: organisation of training courses and sessions for persons having to set up information services, for professional or voluntary staff of information centres and others </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- study with a view to networking national information systems </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- <u>seminar on young people and media</u>: implementation of a pilot project "Youth Media Circle" and preparation of a code of good practice for and with the European youth radio stations to combat violence and intolerance and promote a European cultural identity. </font> </p> </dir> </td> <td valign="top" width="51%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Seminar on youth and the media: postponed through lack of funding - replaced by a symposium which will be held in 1999: the pilot project "Youth Media Circle" and the code of good practice for youth radio stations were also postponed because they were to be launched during the seminar </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Means: </b></font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2307: 70 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 A7 at 10%, 1 A3 at 20% </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">1 B2 at 20% </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Identical </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Partnership agreement signed with ERYICA on 2 April 1997 </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Training course for setting up information services </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Seminar on young people and media </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Feasibility study on the networking of national information systems </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The Commission of the European Communities did not wish to associate itself with this agreement </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Problems associated with multiple financing (Demosthenes, EYF, balance remaining on the CDEJ budget) </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The appropriation requested was not allocated to this activity </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Difficulty experienced by the expert in obtaining the required documentation from Member states</font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Negotiations are under way with a view to the joint organisation of information training courses </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">From now on this type of course, accepted by the Governing Board, is included in the EYCs’ programme of activities </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Transformed into a symposium, it has been included by the Governing Board in the 1999 programme of activities </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">This study, which was to have been completed at the end of 1997, was postponed to the beginning of 1998 because the expert had fallen behind due to outside causes, not through his own fault </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font size="2">  </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>  </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>CULTURAL COHESION AND CULTURAL PLURALISM </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <em><font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Youth</b></font></em> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITY III.28 - Funding of the European Youth Centres </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Objectives: </b></font> </p> <p align="justify"> <font face="Arial" size="2">The aims of the European Youth Centres, educational establishments of the Council of Europe, are: </font> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - to supplement the training of youth leaders in a European context </p> <p align="justify"> - to promote international understanding, in the respect of human rights and fundamental freedoms, and the participation of young people in solving the problems which concern them through exchanges of ideas and experiences. </p> </dir> </dir> <p align="justify"> This aim is realised through training and research activities and implemented by the statutory organs of the centres in the framework of their co-management. </p> <p align="justify">   </p> <p> <b>Results: </b> </p> <dir> <dir> <p align="justify"> - 45 study sessions </p> <p align="justify"> - 10 training courses (French, English, German, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese) for youth organisations' activity leaders and officials </p> <p align="justify"> - 3 training courses for youth movements' activity leaders </p> <p align="justify"> - 2 symposia </p> <p align="justify"> - the setting up of a computer network on youth research </p> <p align="justify"> - reinforcement of co-operation with the CLRAE, the Parliamentary Assembly, the North/South Centre of Lisbon, etc. </p> <p align="justify"> - reinforcement of the partnership policy with others sectors of the Council of Europe (CDCC, DASE) and the European Union. </p> <p>   </p> </dir> </dir> <p> <b>Means: </b> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Resources </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>anticipated </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>actual </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Ordinary Budget </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Subhead 2308: 20 140 000 FRF </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Voluntary contributions </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">No </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">Staff </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">  </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Analysis of results: </b></font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results obtained </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems encountered </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>What was done to get round them? </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p> <font face="Arial" size="2">The objectives have not been achieved: </font> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="1" width="652" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Results expected </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Problems identified </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Possible solutions </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" width="33%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" width="34%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">- </font> </p> </td> </tr> </table> <p>   </p> <p align="center"> <strong><a name="C10">RESULTS TABLE</a></strong> </p> <table border="1" cellspacing="2" bordercolor="#000000" width="1039" cellpadding="7"> <tr> <td valign="middle" bgcolor="#ffffff" height="15" colspan="5" rowspan="2" width="12%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>ACTIVITIES </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>& sub-activities </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" bgcolor="#ffffff" rowspan="3" height="15" width="6%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1"><b>RESULTS </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1"><b>OBTAINED </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" bgcolor="#ffffff" colspan="14" height="15" width="28%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1"><b>RESULTS NOT OBTAINED </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" bgcolor="#ffffff" colspan="13" height="15" width="28%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1"><b>RESULTS PARTIALLY OBTAINED </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" bgcolor="#ffffff" rowspan="3" height="15" width="25%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>COMMENTS </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top" bgcolor="#ffffff" colspan="5" height="16" width="14%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1"><b>problems within the Secretariat </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="top" bgcolor="#ffffff" colspan="9" height="16" width="14%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1"><b>problems outside the Secretariat </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" bgcolor="#ffffff" colspan="5" height="16" width="14%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1"><b>problems within the Secretariat </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" bgcolor="#ffffff" colspan="8" height="16" width="14%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1"><b>problems outside the Secretariat </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" bgcolor="#ffffff" colspan="2" height="75" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Reference </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" bgcolor="#ffffff" colspan="2" height="75" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Directorate and Theme </font> </p> </td> <td bgcolor="#ffffff" valign="middle" height="75" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Number of sub-projects </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" bgcolor="#ffffff" colspan="2" height="75" width="5%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Budgetary </font> </p> </td> <td bgcolor="#ffffff" valign="middle" height="75" width="5%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Human resources </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" bgcolor="#ffffff" colspan="3" height="75" width="5%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Other ( time, technical, lack of agreement) </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" bgcolor="#ffffff" colspan="2" height="75" width="3%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">CM, other cttees & work parties </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" bgcolor="#ffffff" colspan="2" height="75" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Member states </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" bgcolor="#ffffff" colspan="2" height="75" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">European Union </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" bgcolor="#ffffff" colspan="3" height="75" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Other </font> </p> </td> <td bgcolor="#ffffff" valign="middle" height="75" width="5%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Budgetary </font> </p> </td> <td bgcolor="#ffffff" valign="middle" height="75" width="5%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Human resources </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" bgcolor="#ffffff" colspan="3" height="75" width="5%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Other (time, technical, lack of agreement) </font> </p> </td> <td bgcolor="#ffffff" valign="middle" height="75" width="3%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">CM, other cttees & work parties </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" bgcolor="#ffffff" colspan="2" height="75" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Member states </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" bgcolor="#ffffff" colspan="2" height="75" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">European Union </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" bgcolor="#ffffff" colspan="2" height="75" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Other </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td bgcolor="#ffffff" valign="middle" height="27" colspan="34"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2"><b>Democratic cohesion </b></font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" height="27" width="4%"> <font face="Arial" size="1">I-1</font> </td> <td valign="middle" height="27" colspan="2" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1"><b>DDH </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">equality </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="27" colspan="2" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">4 </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="27" width="6%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">X </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="27" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="27" colspan="2" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="27" colspan="4" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="27" colspan="2" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="27" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="27" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="27" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="27" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="27" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="27" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="27" colspan="4" width="3%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">* </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="27" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="27" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="27" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="27" width="25%"> <font face="Arial" size="1">The meeting of the pilot group on equality and democracy did not take place as the CDEG Bureau considered it unnecessary => the Bureau itself drafted the declaration on equality (the appropriation was reallocated to I.9)</font> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> <font face="Arial" size="1">I-2</font> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Media </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">3 </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="6%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">X </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">X </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="25%"> <font face="Arial" size="1">- The political texts prepared for the Thessaloniki ministerial conference were adopted. </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="1">- The overview of developments in media concentrations in Europe was not finished on schedule as member states failed to send in their contributions on time. </font> </p> <p> <font face="Arial" size="1">- With regard to access to official information, there was a difference of opinion among member states on the relevance of continuing this work within the CDMM => The file has been transferred to the CDHH. </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> <font face="Arial" size="1">I-3</font> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">‘’ </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">1 </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="6%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">X </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="25%"> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> <font face="Arial" size="1">I-4</font> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">‘’ </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">4 </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="6%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">X </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">X </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">X </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">X </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="25%"> <font face="Arial" size="1">- The final version of the EU Directive on "Television without Frontiers" with which the CofE’s European Convention on Transfrontier Television had to be aligned, was not adopted until June 1997, thus delaying the revision of the Convention. </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="1">- The development of MEDIALEX ran into technical, financial and human obstacles. The project has been abandoned but an alternative solution has been explored involving access to a data base run by an outside body. </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> <font face="Arial" size="1">I-5a</font> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1"><b>DAJ </b></font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Crime </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">3 </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="6%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">X </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="25%"> <font face="Arial" size="1">The first sub-project (the Additional Protocol to the Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons) was not completed owing to a delay at EU level.</font> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> <font face="Arial" size="1">I-5b</font> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Crim. justice </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">1 </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="6%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">X </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="25%"> <font face="Arial" size="1">The work on a draft recommendation is in progress within the PC-PR; the estimated completion date is 1999.</font> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> <font face="Arial" size="1">I-5c</font> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="3" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Crime prevent. </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">1 </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="6%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">X </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="25%"> <font face="Arial" size="1">The work on a draft report is in progress within the PC-IN: the estimated completion date is 1999.</font> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> <font face="Arial" size="1">I-5d</font> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="3" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Mediation </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">1 </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="6%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">X </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="25%"> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> <font face="Arial" size="1">I-5e</font> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="3" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Crime & crim. justice </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">2 </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="6%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">X </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="25%"> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" height="75" width="4%"> <font face="Arial" size="1">I-5f</font> </td> <td valign="middle" height="75" colspan="3" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Prison over-crowding </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="75" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">1 </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="75" width="6%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">X </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="75" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="75" colspan="2" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="75" colspan="4" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="75" colspan="2" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="75" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="75" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="75" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="75" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="75" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="75" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="75" colspan="4" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="75" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="75" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="75" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="75" width="25%"> <font face="Arial" size="1">The Committee (PC-SP) was replaced by the Committee of Experts on the Implementation of the European Rules on Community Sanctions and Measures (PC-ER) The objectives and anticipated results were achieved in this new framework.</font> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> <font face="Arial" size="1">I-5g</font> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="3" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Cyber-space </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">1 </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="6%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">X </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="25%"> <font face="Arial" size="1">The main result of the year was the drawing up of a preliminary draft convention on crime in cyberspace.</font> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> <font face="Arial" size="1">I-5h</font> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="3" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Organised Crime </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">1 </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="6%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">X </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="25%"> <font face="Arial" size="1">This year was devoted to the preparation of an annual report on organised crime in member states.</font> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> <font face="Arial" size="1">I-5i</font> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="3" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Penolog-ical co-op </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">4 </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="6%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">X </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="25%"> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> <font face="Arial" size="1">  </font> <p> <font face="Arial" size="1">I-5j </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="3" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Crim. scient. Council </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">1 </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">tech. opinion </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="6%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">X </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="25%"> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> <font face="Arial" size="1">I-6</font> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="3" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">Corrup </font> </p> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">tion </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">3 </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="6%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">X </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">* </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="25%"> <font face="Arial" size="1">The idea of a framework convention gave rise to some legal debate as some states were against an instrument which would both lay down principles and establish a monitoring mechanism => this led to a change of strategy whereby the instrument was changed to become guiding principles and a draft partial agreement (GRECO)</font> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> <font face="Arial" size="1">I-7</font> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="3" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1"><b>DELA Local Democ </b></font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="1">3 + 1 </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="6%"> <p align="center"> <font face="Arial" size="2">X </font> </p> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="4" width="5%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="3%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="35" colspan="2" width="4%"> </td> <td valign="middle" height="