CM(2013)47 rev 26 April 20131
1169 Meeting, 30 April 2013
1 General Questions
1.6 Priorities for 2014-2015 and their budgetary implications
Secretary General’s proposals
I. THE PARAMETERS OF THE PROGRAMME AND BUDGET FOR THE BIENNIUM 2014-2015
1. The Secretary General will build on the Council of Europe’s unique set of assets: its pan-European platform for co-operation and dialogue and the integrated character of its operational dimension – standard setting, monitoring and assistance, in the elaboration of the Programme and Budget for the next biennium.
2. The Programme and Budget will be structured around the three existing operational pillars Human Rights, Rule of Law and Democracy, and the support pillar covering Governing Bodies, General Services and Other. The longer term emphasis will be on further strengthening the operational pillars.
3. The starting point will be the contribution of the three operational pillars to achieving the fundamental aim embodied in the Statute of the Council of Europe, and as such they will be approached on an equal footing.
4. The question of the impact, effectiveness and added value of the Council of Europe’s programmes will be addressed across all three pillars.
5. In addition to on-going priorities, notably the pivotal role of the European Convention of Human Rights system, the Secretary General proposes four focal areas – linked to current European challenges – for the priorities for the next biennium:
· fight against corruption and other misuse of power through effective and independent judiciary, freedom of expression and media and effective democratic institutions;
· fight against intolerance and hate speech, combating all forms of extremism and violence, and building a culture of tolerance;
· protection of minorities and vulnerable groups, at the heart of which will be the work on Roma;
· consolidation of the Council of Europe legal space, with a special focus on accession of the EU to the European Convention on Human Rights, and in addition, zones of frozen or protracted conflicts and the neighbouring regions.
6. The coordinated and integrated nature of Council of Europe action will be enhanced, in particular through the use of action plans for cooperation activities. Better use of the results of monitoring and evaluation mechanisms will enhance the impact. Targeted standard-setting to address new challenges will be pursued only when deemed necessary.
7. Working methods will continue to be improved including through an enhanced evaluation culture. Decentralisation to the field of the implementation of co-operation programmes will be pursued, including through joint programmes with the European Union. A transversal approach will be pursued where relevant.
8. The successful move to a biennial cycle has created a new dynamic for the Organisation. However, lessons will need to be learnt from the first biennial Programme and Budget. The review of the intergovernmental committee structure is one of the areas which will warrant particular attention, as the involvement of specialised ministries is a key asset of the Organisation which must be preserved and developed.
9. Finally, efforts will be actively pursued in further consolidating partnerships with other international organisations – notably the European Union, the UN and the OSCE – and civil society.
10. On this basis, the Secretary General’s operational priorities for the biennium are presented below.
11. The Secretary General intends to achieve these by making savings in areas where a reduction will not harm the core functioning of the Organisation. Savings will be achieved by identifying synergies and by targeting activities with lesser impact as well as to avoid duplication. Particular attention will be paid to administrative expenditure with a view to reducing bureaucracy and simplifying administrative routines. The Organisation will be making significant efforts as it faces major budgetary constraints for the next biennium, not only in terms of identifying savings to reinforce priority areas but also by having to absorb inflation on expenditure.
12. At the same time, the Secretary General is committed to containing staff costs and maintaining the downward trend in the staff/non-staff ratio.
a. Human Rights
13. The protection and promotion of Human Rights and fundamental freedoms, including social rights will remain the priority under this pillar. These objectives will be pursued through programme lines, grouped under three sectors: Protection of Human Rights, Promoting Human Rights, and Ensuring Social Rights.
Protection of Human Rights
14. The European Court of Human Rights will continue to play a pivotal role. Focus will continue on enhancing the effectiveness of the ECHR system. In this framework, priority will continue to be given to the supervision of the execution of judgments, to the follow-up to the Brighton Declaration and implementation of human rights standards at the national and European level, including through targeted capacity building activities (targeted cooperation, European Programme for Human Rights Education for Legal Professionals (HELP programme), cooperation with human rights bodies), as well as the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture (CPT).
15. In the biennium, the programme line Enhancing the effectiveness of the ECHR system at national and European level will continue to include a transversal dimension targeting the protection of human rights in the face of current societal challenges (culturally diverse societies, corporate social responsibility, impact of the economic crisis, and issues related to situations of extreme poverty). Cooperation with European Union and other partners will continue to play an essential role in this respect.
Promoting Human Rights
16. Promoting Human Rights will address the fight against intolerance and the protection of minorities and vulnerable groups, including Roma, as well as combating violence against women.
17. The Human Rights Commissioner will continue to play a key role in promoting awareness of and respect for human rights in member States.
18. The programme Equality and diversity will be reinforced through redeployment once the Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence enters into force (expected in 2014) in order to ensure its follow-up notably with the setting-up of a group of independent experts (GREVIO) and of a Committee of Parties. The Convention will be promoted through training, co-operation and awareness raising activities. A gender equality strategy will be prepared and implemented with internal and external partners and mainstreaming the gender perspective in the Organisation’s work will continue. As the Disability Action Plan 2006-2015 reaches its final year, emphasis will be on its evaluation and lessons to be learnt for the elaboration of the Disability Strategy 2020.
19. The programme lines relating to Racism and intolerance (ECRI) and Minorities – National minorities, Regional or Minority Languages will continue to be a priority in 2014-2015.
20. The programme line Promoting social inclusion and respect for the human rights will focus on Roma. Activities relating to migrants will be mainstreamed in activities under the operational pillars where relevant; resources currently allocated under this programme will be partly redeployed to Roma activities. Programme activities will concentrate on the continued implementation of the Strasbourg Declaration, the overall focus being on reducing the implementation gap between relevant Council of Europe standards and policy instruments, and the realities on the ground. This will be done notably through capacity-building, including training and exchanges of good practice and experience, involving national, regional and local authorities in the member states, as well as the European Alliance of Cities and Regions for Roma Inclusion. These actions will be combined with activities to empower Roma communities, families and individuals to tackle social marginalisation and exclusion, and gain access to their rights. Efforts will be invested in long-term solutions, in particular in the areas of education and combating anti-gypsyism.
21. The work on the implementation of the Council of Europe strategy on the Rights of the Child (2012-2015) will continue under the programme line Children’s rights, in cooperation with internal and external partners. The next biennium corresponds to the second part of the strategy. It will focus on support to the implementation of existing standards to address violence against children (in particular sexual violence through the Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual abuse (Lanzarote Convention)) and on child friendly services and child participation. The Strategy on Children’s rights for 2016 and beyond will be prepared.
Ensuring Social Rights
22. This sector will maintain three programme lines: the European Social Charter and European Code of Social Security, Bioethics-Pompidou Group and the European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines (EDQM, Pharmacopeia). However, as part of the Organisation’s efforts to refocus its operational activities, work in the Ordinary Budget in the health field will be discontinued.
b. Rule of Law
23. This pillar will continue to be organised around three sectors: Justice, Common standards and policies, and Threats to the rule of law. It will address as a priority the fight against corruption and other threats to the rule of law through effective and independent judiciary, freedom of expression and media, as well as internet governance. It should be recalled that this is a pillar that attracts a large share of extra-budgetary resources for capacity building through cooperation activities. Efforts will be made in particular on ensuring effective implementation of existing standards and mechanisms and capacity building, as well as developing common standards and policies where there is a need.
24. A trustworthy, effective and independent judiciary system is one of the conditions for fighting corruption. This sector will continue with two programme lines. The first, Independence and efficiency of Justice will build on the contribution of the European Commission for the Efficiency of Justice (CEPEJ), as well as on the Consultative Councils of European Judges (CCJE) and Prosecutors (CCPE). The evaluation of the functioning of the judicial systems, the strengthening of the relevant legislative framework and capacity building, the promotion of the European norms and the concrete implementation of the tools developed within the CEPEJ will be pursued. As for the second programme line, Prisons and Police, legal instruments on prisons will continue to be developed and implemented, in particular for prison staff and probation services.
Common standards and policies
25. This sector will continue with three programme lines: the European Commission for Democracy through law (Venice Commission), development and implementation of common standards and policies, and Information Society and Internet Governance. The efforts undertaken will focus in particular on the functioning of democratic institutions and electoral law as well as on consolidating the common legal space at the paneuropean level, particularly in the field of legal cooperation, criminal matters, freedom of expression and media.
26. As concerns the programme line Information Society and Internet Governance, priority will be given to implementation of the Council of Europe Internet Governance Strategy, including the compendium of users’ rights, and upholding freedom of expression and safety of journalists, as well as data protection. The standard-setting work of the Council of Europe in this field will continue to focus on freedom of expression, freedom of medias and data protection. The implementation of these standards will be promoted through co-operation activities, which have a strong multi-stakeholder dimension and are funded predominantly by extra-budgetary resources.
Threats to the rule of law
27. Under this sector, a new programme line will integrate corruption and other threats to the Rule of Law. Corruption undermines citizens’ trust in the rule of law and therefore represents an important threat to democracy. In the framework of the work undertaken in this sector, the Organisation will pursue a multidisciplinary approach in tackling organised crime, corruption and money laundering, terrorism, trafficking in human beings as well as cybercrime and counterfeiting of medical products. The focus will be on ensuring effective implementation of existing standards and developing co-operation. During the biennium, work in the area of corruption will mainly aim at building national capacity to minimise the risk of corruption in the judiciary, in public administration and law enforcement in line with the various standards of the Organisation and the findings of GRECO. Co-operation and targeted assistance will focus on conflict of interest, ethics, financing of political parties and special investigations techniques in the field of the fight against terrorism. The Organisation will pursue its active partnerships with other international organisations including UN, UNODC, OECD, FATF, EU, OSCE and OAS.
28. The programme line Sport and ethics will be integrated in this sector since issues as match fixing, violence and doping represent a threat to the Rule of Law. The aim is to promote fair sport without doping and violence, building on the relevant Council of Europe Conventions. Activities will be implemented in partnership with other international organisations like the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), UNESCO and EU, as well as sport federations, including UEFA. A critical study is currently being carried out to ascertain whether the European Convention on Spectator Violence needs to be reviewed and modernised to take account of the latest developments and good practices. Work will also continue under the aegis of EPAS and in cooperation with the relevant internal and external partners on a possible Council of Europe Convention against the manipulation of sports results and notably match-fixing.
29. This pillar will undergo significant programmatic refining to express more clearly the Council of Europe’s mission in the area of democracy and sharpen the focus of its activities. Particular emphasis will be put on promoting good governance (including public administration reform and electoral assistance) and developing democratic competences in education, youth and civil society as well as strengthening the competences to manage cultural diversity, attaining socially cohesive societies with strong democratic standards and practices. There will also be focus on the Schools of Political Studies and the Strasbourg World Forum for Democracy, as well as people to people contacts through confidence-building measures in zones of frozen or protracted conflicts.
30. This pillar will be structured in three sectors: Democratic Governance and Innovation, Diversity and Participation. All three sectors have a strong transversal nature and will contribute to building effective democratic institutions and promoting respect for diversity at all levels, whilst combating the threats to the common values defended by the Council of Europe.
Democratic Governance and Innovation
31. This sector regroups two institutions – the Parliamentary Assembly and the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities – and three programme lines: Building a secure democratic future, Good governance and Promoting democratic competences.
32. Under the programme line Building a secure democratic future, the focus will be on strengthening democratic standards and practices, and on addressing new and innovative forms of democratic expression and participation, in partnership with all relevant actors and Council of Europe bodies. The programme line includes the Strasbourg World Forum for Democracy, Civil society, the Intercultural Cities network and the Schools of Political Studies as well as confidence building measures. The latter aim at promoting Council of Europe as well as international standards in zones of frozen or protracted conflicts by fostering exchanges among local professionals and providing technical support and advice to local decision makers.
33. A Council of Europe Charter for Democracy, as an authoritative reference document on the principles and requirements of democracy, will be prepared. The Council of Europe is uniquely placed to draw up this Charter; democracy is at the heart of its mission and no other organisation has comparable expertise and experience. The Charter would draw on these acquis and would serve as a reference document for future work of the Organisation.
34. Under the programme line Good governance, the focus will be on assisting member States to enhance multi-level governance based on transparency, accountability and inclusiveness. It will promote standards and good practices for good governance and public administration reform, and fair electoral processes (electoral assistance), in close cooperation with the Assembly, the Congress, the Venice Commission and civil society.
35. The programme line Promoting democratic competences will concentrate on the promotion of democratic skills, attitudes and knowledge in education, youth and civil society, with the aim of strengthening democratic culture as the essential prerequisite of sustainable democracy. In the biennium, the focus will be on fostering competences for democratic citizenship including through the implementation of the Council of Europe Charter on Education for Democratic Citizenship and Human Rights Education and history teaching.
36. In view of the growing intolerance against migrants and minorities in some parts of the continent, the focus in this sector will be on promoting respect for diversity and fostering a culture of tolerance and better understanding, building inter alia on the findings of the monitoring mechanisms. Two programme lines will be implemented – Building capacities for dialogue and Valuing the cultural and natural heritage.
37. The programme line Building capacities for dialogue will focus on strengthening the ability of society to manage cultural diversity and to engage in dialogue and trust-building, striking a balance between diversity and cohesion. An Action Plan “Living together in diversity” will be devised to strengthen the Council of Europe’s impact by drawing together the various existing activities promoting cultural diversity, intercultural skills and the development of political standards and tools relating to diversity. The Action Plan will also include specific goals and indicators of achievement. There will be a strong youth dimension through the contribution of youth work and youth NGOs in peace-building, intercultural dialogue with neighbouring regions, training to further respect of diversity in schools, as well as follow-up activities of the youth campaign “no hate speech movement”. This programme line also covers the religious dimension of intercultural dialogue as well as activities on “Remembrance of the Holocaust” and regional cooperation activities in South East Europe in particular.
38. The programme line Valuing the cultural and natural heritage will aim to encourage respect for common heritage and to foster policies that promote access to culture and freedom of cultural expression. This will be done through the implementation of the relevant Council of Europe’s conventions, as well as the development of indicators of the impact of culture on democracy and exchanges of good practices. Specific attention will also be paid to the impact of digitisation on culture. The results of the 10th Council of Europe Conference of Ministers responsible for Culture (Moscow, 15-16 April 2013) will be taken into account in this respect. The Council of Europe will pursue its active partnerships with other international organisations in this area.
39. Finally the sector Participation aims at combating declining participation, which renders democratic systems more fragile and open to erosion of democratic practices; this reduces the political legitimacy of democratic institutions and creates a fertile ground for growing extremism. In this context, the feasibility of developing a new Council of Europe Non-Participation Index – which would provide a composite indicator measuring the level of citizen’s participation in a number of key areas (including elections, participation in decision making organs, civil society engagement) in member States – will be explored. The Index would allow the identification of obstacles to participation, and provide the data that could be used for remedial action at all levels.
40. Under this sector, the programme line Strengthening participation will aim at promoting and strengthening participation in democratic life. Access to quality education being a prerequisite to effective participation, this programme line will include policy and practice to further quality education at all levels in formal and non-formal settings, including the follow-up to the Recommendation CM/Rec(2012)13 on ensuring quality education. Action under this line will also have a strong youth and civil society dimension. The follow-up to be decided in respect of the 24th session of the Council of Europe Standing Conference of Ministers of Education (Helsinki, 26-27 April 2013) will be taken into account.
41. The programme line Strengthening social cohesion aims at reinforcing the capacity of European society to ensure the well-being of all its members and is complementary to the work under the sector Ensuring Social Rights. The Council of Europe’s action over the biennium will involve the support of young people’s autonomy, transition from education to working life/labour market; improving access of young people to social rights and combating social exclusion and the implementation of the Social Cohesion Action plan (assistance to member States, review of the Council of Europe Social Cohesion Strategy and Action Plan).
d. Transversal programmes
42. A series of programme lines have a particular significant transversal dimension notwithstanding the fact that they are assigned to a specific operational pillar. They concern Equality and Diversity, Roma, Children, Information Society and Internet Governance and Youth. The transversal approach in these fields will be pursued.
e. Neighbouring regions
43. The Organisation will continue to offer assistance to neighbouring regions on the basis of agreed priorities with the aim of promoting human rights, democracy and the rule of law. To this end the Council of Europe will build on its expertise and added-value, in areas such as promoting women’s rights, combating violence and trafficking of human beings, independence and efficiency of justice, combating threats to the rule of law, freedom of expression, democratic governance, training on human rights and democratic citizenship and promoting the participation of youth and civil society. Co-operation will include partial/enlarged agreements and build on existing partnerships with other organisations and be funded predominantly through extra-budgetary resources.
f. Intergovernmental structures
44. The review of existing intergovernmental committee structure is underway and its conclusions combined with proposals concerning the intergovernmental structure for the next biennium will be included in the draft Programme and Budget. Lessons will be drawn from the first biennium with the aim of ensuring the continued involvement of specialised ministries in the work of the Organisation which is one of its key comparative strengths. The Committee of Ministers’ recent decisions on the review of Council of Europe’s conventions will also be taken into account in this context.2
45. All the institutions – the Committee of Ministers, the Parliamentary Assembly, the Court (non-case processing), the Congress and the Commissioner for Human Rights, as well as the Private Office of the Secretary General and Deputy Secretary General – will be required to contribute to the budgetary challenges posed by the next biennium and pursue actively a policy of greater efficiency and synergies (cf. Appendix 4).
h. Partial agreements
46. Partial agreements continue to be a significant element of the Organisation’s operational capacity and visibility. During the biennium the budgets of partial agreements will be adjusted to reflect increases or decreases resulting from accessions or withdrawals which will not affect member States’ contributions overall (cf. Appendix 1).
i. Governing bodies, General services and others
47. The Secretary General intends to continue focusing on administrative modernisation. In particular he will strengthen the evaluation culture within the Council of Europe and improve expected results and performance indicators in the Programme and Budget. There will be increased efforts to reduce bureaucracy through simplifying procedures, modernise working methods through better use of IT (e-learning, videoconferences, online consultations), rationalise administrative expenditure and services as well as continued reform of human resources management based on a contractual policy aligned with organisational needs. There will also be a particular emphasis on resource mobilisation. Savings identified in the support pillar will be used to reinforce the operational pillars in priority areas, including joint programmes (cf. Appendix 4). However, further investment which would be necessary to preserve the value of the real estate of the Organisation and to modernise working methods will not be possible, and in some instances service levels may have to be reduced in view of the significant efforts required.
III. BUDGETARY INFORMATION
a. Obligatory adjustments
48. A number of obligatory adjustments resulting from increases in expenditure will have to be included in the budget for the biennium. These adjustments are summarised in the table below.
Statutory adjustments to staff expenditure (pensions not included)
Full year effect of the 2013 salary adjustment
1 140 000
Court: Removal and installation costs for staff on contracts of fixed duration, recruitment costs and home leave
Court: Costs in relation to removal expenses of judges
Allowance to the future former Secretary General
1 276 000
b. Staff Expenditure
49. There is a need to continue the downward trend in the staff/non-staff ratio. Since 2010, 100 posts/positions have been suppressed in the Ordinary Budget and a number of other measures to contain the growth have been adopted that has made it possible to limit the need for further cuts in the Organisation’s operational capacity. In all the Secretary General’s reforms have resulted in staff-related savings in the region of €15 million.
50. The obligatory adjustments in staff expenditure for 2014-2015 will be covered within the existing ceiling for staff-related expenditure. The Agora scheme for early termination of service of permanent staff will be pursued in 2013 with a view to containing staff costs in the next biennium. It should allow for the suppression of 10-12 posts. In addition, approximately 18-20 posts/positions will be suppressed within the Ordinary Budget (including subsidiary service budgets). This will result in the overall suppression of around 30 posts/positions over the biennium (20 in 2014 and 10 in 2015). Other post suppressions would require additional resources for this specific purpose.
51. Furthermore, 9 redeployments are proposed for the biennium (6 from Pillar 4 and 3 from the mainstreaming of migrant activities). These will allow for the reinforcement of the Secretary General’s focal points in the areas of Roma and Corruption and Threats to the Rule of Law, as well as of the Execution of Judgments of the European Court of Human Rights, the entry into force of the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence and the evaluation capacity of the Organisation. The secretariat of the Lanzarote Convention will be reinforced through redeployment within the same programme line (Children’s rights).
52. In view of the difficult economic circumstances in member States and his commitment to containing staff costs, the Secretary General is at present consulting with staff representatives with a view to addressing the challenge that staff expenditure poses for the biennium.
53. Finally, the level of appropriations for seconded officials will be maintained following the increase in 2013. This will contribute to the objective of making the Organisation more flexible and to increasing the mobility of staff between the Council of Europe, and other international organisations and national civil services.
54. The staff/non-staff ratio will be reduced from 65.45 % to 65.40 % over the biennium.3
c. Inflation Adjustment
55. Based on the method for determining the inflation adjustment, the rate for 2014 would be 2%.4 However, in light of the position expressed by many member States in the Committee of Ministers’ informal meetings on 11 March 2013 and 8 April 2013, the principle of zero nominal growth will be applied exceptionally to the total of member States’ contributions to the Ordinary Budget, bringing about a reduction in real terms as inflation would have to be absorbed within the current envelope. Nevertheless, the Secretary General underlines the need to reinforce the Organisation’s operational capacity to enhance its impact which is a key element of the reform. To this end, he proposes to explore other means, which would not increase the contributions of member States, to further reinforce the joint programme provision by €1.5 million. This would have a multiplier effect (of approximately 1:9) and allow for the implementation of significantly more cooperation activities in priority areas, thereby strengthening the balance between monitoring and targeted assistance activities. In particular such activities would focus on: independent and effective judiciary, the fight against corruption, protection from ill-treatment, freedom of expression, protection of minorities and management of diversity, and democratic governance, including on the local level; these are addressed by practically all Action Plans and other priority cooperation documents.
d. Pensions Budget
56. Annual contributions from member States to the Pension Reserve Fund are determined on the basis of actuarial studies carried out in general every four years. In line with the Committee of Ministers’ decisions, a study has been carried out in March 2013; the results of the actuarial study are reflected in Appendix 1.
57. Member States’ total contributions to the various budgets are set out in Appendix 1. The programme and budget for the biennium as set out in Appendix 2 includes, together with the priority intergovernmental activities, the institutions, partial and enlarged agreements and independent mechanisms. It also includes their operational dimensions (standard setting, monitoring, and co-operation). Regarding resources, it includes the ordinary and other budgets, and the European Union contributions to Joint Programmes. At this stage the EU contributions cannot be fully estimated but, in the interest of the greatest possible transparency, they are included in Appendix 3 as the situation stands at the time this document was prepared5. Appendix 4 presents the variances in the Ordinary budget compared to 2013.
Contributions by member States* to the Council of Europe budgets in 2014 and 2015
in comparison with 2013 (in € and 2013 prices)
(*) Including non-member States of the Council of Europe which are members of partial agreements.
(1) The total contributions to the Pension Reserve Fund, as calculated on the basis of an actuarial study, amount to €44 828 300 in 2014 and €45 039 100 in 2015. The contributions to the Pension Reserve Fund represents the difference between the amount calculated on the basis of the actuarial study and the employers contributions included in the other budgets (Ordinary Budget, subsidiary and service budgets, Partial Agreements) or charged to extra-budgetary resources. The amount presented here will be adjusted during the preparation of the draft Programme and Budget for 2014-2015.
(2) Contributions for Partial Agreements have been adjusted to take into account any accession and/or withdrawal.
(3) Discussions currently underway in the governing bodies of the Council of Europe Development Bank could lead to a reduction in the total of member States’ contributions in this Agreement. This will be reflected once the appropriate decisions have been taken.
(4) Increase corresponds to the effect of the contribution of United States of America following its accession to the Agreement.
(5) Increase corresponds to the effect of the contribution of Armenia following its accession to the Agreement.
(6) Decrease corresponds to the net effect of the contribution of Denmark following its accession to the Agreement and the withdrawal of Spain with effect from 1 January 2014.
(7) This includes the net effect of the contribution of Andorra following its accession to the Agreement and the withdrawal of Iceland with effect 1 January 2014.
(8) Increase corresponds to the effect of the contribution of Israel following its accession to the Agreement.
(9) Increase corresponds to the effect of the contributions of Hungary, Monaco and Switzerland following their accession to the Agreement.
Programme and Budget 2014-2015
Council of Europe – European Union Joint Programmes (in € and at 2013 prices)
Appendix 4 - Ordinary Budget variance report comparing 2014 and 2015 with 2013 (in € at 2013 prices)
Following the restructuring of the Programme and particularly the programmatic refining of the Democracy Pillar, the transfer of the programme Sport and Ethics from Democracy to Rule of Law and the merging of the programme lines corruption and threats to the rule of Law, figures for 2013 have been restated as far as possible to reflect this approach.
· ↑↓Staff - Indicates increases or decreases in staff appropriations including either the number and grade of posts or the corresponding amount.
· ↑↓Staff® - Indicates increases or decreases in staff appropriations resulting from internal redeployments, including either the number and grade posts or the corresponding amount.
· ↑↓Oper - Indicates increases or decreases in operational appropriations including the corresponding amount.
1 This document has been classified restricted until examination by the Committee of Ministers.
2 CF. CM/Del/Dec(2013)1168/10.2
3 Before the adjustment proposed by the Secretary General to the joint programme provision in §55.
4 Seasonally-adjusted Eurostat inflation figure for France for the period ending in February of the year in which the Secretary General makes his proposals for the following year.
5 The percentages relating to the above-mentioned operational dimensions and the figures in the various appendices will be updated when the programme and budget are finalised and adopted.