Statutory Report 2006

      2. Political developments

      Relations with member states
      Compliance with member states' commitments
      Relations with non-member states
      Relations with international organisations
      Regional co-operation
      IGOs/NGOs
      Mediterranean
      North-South Centre

       

      General

      At their 971st meeting on 12 July (Item 2.1a), the Deputies took note of the synopsis of the meeting of GR-DEM held on 6 July 2006. They took note of the summary and conclusions of the second meeting of the Advisory Board of the Forum for the future of democracy, as well as of the overall theme and of the themes of the three workshops.

      At their 967th meeting on 14 June (Item 2.1a) the Deputies took note of the synopsis of the meeting of GR-DEM held on 8 June 2006 and took note of the report of the first meeting of the Advisory Board on the Forum for the future of democracy. They welcomed the proposals of Ukraine and Armenia to host a plenary session of the Forum in their respective countries, in 2009 and 2010;

      At their 965th meeting on 24 May (Item 2.3) the Deputies adopted the terms of reference of the Ad hoc Committee on e-democracy (CAHDE).

      At their 963rd meeting on 3 May (item 2.4), the Deputies adopted the reply to Parliamentary Assembly Recommendation 1736 (2006) on the need for international condemnation of the Franco regime. 

      Relations with member states

      Armenia
      Azerbaijan
      Bosnia and Herzegovina
      Cyprus
      Estonia
      Georgia
      Moldova

      Russian Federation
      Serbia-Montenegro
      Turkey
      Ukraine

      Armenia

      At their 975th meeting on 11 October (Item 2.1a) the Deputies took note of the synopsis of the meeting of GR-DEM held on 28 September 2006. Concerning Armenia they approved the action plan to support parliamentary elections in 2007 and authorised the Secretary General to use funds available in the “field mission reserve” to the tune of €50 000 to finance it. They called upon the Armenian authorities to take all appropriate measures to ensure that the parliamentary elections would be free and fair, and in particular that freedom of assembly, media pluralism and freedom of expression would be fully guaranteed. Finally, they instructed the Secretariat to report back to the GR-DEM on the implementation of this action plan in due time.

      At their 971st meeting on 12 July (Item 2.3), the Deputies took note of the 7th progress report of the GT-SUVI.AGO. With regard to Armenia, the Deputies made a number of observations (see decision) and reaffirmed the Council of Europe's willingness to assist the Armenian authorities in reforms and in implementing the new legal framework, so that it is applied effectively in accordance with Council of Europe principles and standards.

      At their 958th meeting on 15 March (item 2.1a) the Deputies took note of the synopsis of the meeting of their Rapporteur Group on Democracy (GR-DEM) held on 2 March 2006. Concerning Armenia, they approved the draft action plan for co-operation with the Council of Europe and instructed the Secretariat to report back to GR-DEM on the implementation of this action plan in due time.

      Azerbaijan

      At their 981st meeting on 29 November (item 2.1) the Deputies agreed to ask their Monitoring Group (GT-SUIVI.AGO) to continue to follow closely the evolution of the media situation in Azerbaijan in the context of its work concerning the fulfilment of the commitments undertaken by this country, and to report back on this matter at their 983rd meeting (13 December 2006).

      At their 971st meeting on 12 July (Item 2.3), the Deputies took note of the 7th progress report of the GT-SUVI.AGO. With regard to Azerbaijan, the Deputies made a number of observations (see decision), and

      reaffirmed the Council of Europe's willingness to assist the Azerbaijani authorities in reforms and in implementing the new legal framework, so that it is applied effectively in accordance with Council of Europe principles and standards;

      Concerning the commitments given by Armenia and Azerbaijan on Nagorno-Karabakh, the Deputies called on the two countries to abide by their joint undertaking at the time of their accession to achieve a peaceful solution to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, encouraged the two countries' authorities to actively pursue the negotiation process with a view to a rapid solution to the problem, in the interests of the peace and stability of Armenia and Azerbaijan, and more generally of the region as a whole, and reaffirmed the Council of Europe's readiness to offer its support, in order to create the conditions for a peaceful settlement of the conflict. Concerning the work of the GT-SUIVI.AGO, the Deputies instructed the group to continue to monitor compliance by Armenia and Azerbaijan with their obligations and submit a further progress report by summer 2007, and transmitted the report to the Parliamentary Assembly as part of the dialogue between the Committee of Ministers and the Parliamentary Assembly on monitoring compliance with obligations.

      At their 958th meeting on 15 March (item 2.1a) the Deputies took note of the synopsis of the meeting of their Rapporteur Group on Democracy (GR-DEM) held on 2 March 2006. Concerning Azerbaijan, the Deputies approved the draft action plan for co-operation with the Council of Europe, and approved the draft action plan for the re-run of the parliamentary elections on 13 May 2006, authorising the Secretary General to use funds available in the “field mission reserve” to the tune of €35 000 to finance it.

      The Deputies called upon the Azerbaijani authorities to take all appropriate measures to ensure that the re-run of the parliamentary elections will be free and fair, and in particular that freedom of assembly, media pluralism and freedom of expression will be fully guaranteed, and instructed the Secretariat to report back to GR-DEM on the implementation of these action plans in due time.

      Bosnia and Herzegovina

      At their 971st meeting on 12 July (Item 2.1a), the Deputies took note of the synopsis of the meeting of GR-DEM held on 6 July 2006. They took note of the recent positive developments in Bosnia and Herzegovina concerning, in particular, the adoption of a substantial defence reform and a unified Ombudsman structure and the discussion on an important constitutional reform package, and recalled the requirement to fulfil all commitments entered into upon accession to the Council of Europe, preconditions for the further European integration of Bosnia and Herzegovin. They urged the authorities – at all levels and in consultation with national and international institutional partners – to implement the recommendations detailed in the 12th Monitoring Report, as they appear in document SG/Inf(2006)12 (Chapter VIII), and in particular to:

      i. resume work on the constitutional reform immediately after the October elections, according to the recommendations contained in the Venice Commission’s Opinion “on the constitutional situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the powers of the High Representative” (see document CDL-AD(2005)004 of 11 March 2005);

      ii. continue to improve co-operation with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and facilitate the handover of all indictees;

      iii. complete the reform of the judiciary by ensuring full harmonisation of judicial systems, better coherence in the jurisprudence and the setting-up of a Supreme Court at state level;

      iv. put an end to discriminatory practices in the education system throughout the country, notably in the system of “two schools under one roof”, and adopt the Law on Higher Education with no further delay;

      At their 956th meeting on 15 February (item 13.1) the Deputies considered that the three candidatures of international members of the Commission for the revision of naturalisation decisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina as proposed below were admissible and decided to transmit them to the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

      The candidatures were:

      - Ms Magdalena Kouneva (Bulgaria);

      - Mr Pedro Tomas Lopez Martin (Spain);

      - Lieutenant Colonel Dean Vlahopoulos (USA). 

      Cyprus

      Estonia

      Georgia

      At their 978th meeting on 25 October (Item 2.1) the Deputies instructed their Rapporteur Group on Democracy (GR-DEM) to examine the issues raised by the current state of relations between Georgia and the Russian Federation at one of its forthcoming meetings.

      At their 971st meeting on 12 July (Item 2.1a), the Deputies took note of the synopsis of the meeting of GR-DEM held on 6 July 2006. They took note of the report on the visit by a delegation of GR-DEM to assess the progress achieved by Georgia in fulfilling its commitments with the Council of Europe, and welcomed the substantial progress the Georgian authorities have made in stabilising the situation in the country in a difficult regional context, particularly in combating corruption and organised crime. The Deputies took note with satisfaction of the elaboration of the draft law on the repatriation of the Meskhetian population and the draft law on the restitution of properties and expressed the wish that these draft laws should be adopted by parliament as soon as possible after Council of Europe expert advice had been given, noting that important efforts remained to be made by Georgia in fully meeting all its commitments, particularly on the functioning of the judiciary, the prisons and law enforcement. They noted the importance of the forthcoming local elections and invited the authorities to update the electoral rolls as soon as possible and to review the Electoral Code in the light of the Venice Commission’s comments, particularly with regard to the composition of the Central Electoral Commission. Finally, they urged the Georgian authorities to undertake to revise the constitution, in co-operation with the Venice Commission, in such a manner as to ensure a balance of power, involving in this work all the political forces and the various sectors of civil society.

      At their 967th meeting on 14 June (Item 2.1a) the Deputies took note of the synopsis of the meeting of GR-DEM held on 8 June 2006. They took note of the regular report on the compliance with commitments and obligations by Georgia and agreed to resume consideration of this report and of the follow-up to be given in the light of the conclusions of the visit of a delegation of GR-DEM to Tbilisi on 11 and 12 June 2006.

      Moldova

      At their 973rd meeting on 13 September (Item 2.1c) the Deputies took note of the following statement by the Chair:

      “The Committee of Ministers endorses the Secretary General’s statement of 6 September 2006 on the planned referendum in the Transnistrian region of Moldova. The Committee of Ministers calls for the resumption of the negotiation process in order to find a sustainable political solution to the Transnistrian problem.”

      At their 964th meeting on 10 May (Item 2.3) the Deputies adopted the reply to Parliamentary Assembly Recommendation 1721 (2005) on the functioning of democratic institutions in Moldova.

      At their 959th meeting on 22 March (item 2.1b) the Deputies took note of the statement of the Permanent Representative of Moldova and agreed to identify the appropriate framework for further consideration at the next meeting of their Rapporteur Group on Democracy (GR-DEM).

      At their 952nd meeting on 11 January (item 2.1a) the Deputies took note, in the light of the report taking stock of co-operation between the Council of Europe and Moldova, took note of the state of implementation of the Council of Europe/European Commission Joint Programme 2004-2006 and invited the Secretariat and the Moldovan authorities to take all necessary measures to secure the proper and full implementation of the programme in time. They requested GR-DEM to continue taking stock of co-operation with Moldova on a regular basis, in particular as concerns the implementation of the Joint Programme and the follow-up given to the Council of Europe legal appraisals, in the light of information to be provided by the Moldovan authorities and the Secretariat. The Deputies went on to instruct the Secretariat to prepare an action plan for co-operation with Moldova on the basis of the conclusions of the above-mentioned stock-taking report as well as the co-operation strategy examined by GR-EDS on 22 April 2005.

      The Deputies also invited the GR-DEM to examine whether future follow-up reports concerning the implementation of co-operation programmes presented by the Secretariat should also reflect the activities of the chairmanship of the Committee of Ministers, as well as the question of the composition of the delegations visiting the countries concerned in order to prepare these reports by the Secretariat.

      Russian Federation

      At their 978th meeting on 25 October (Item 2.1) the Deputies instructed their Rapporteur Group on Democracy (GR-DEM) to examine the issues raised by the current state of relations between Georgia and the Russian Federation at one of its forthcoming meetings.

      At their 964th meeting on 10 May (Item 2.4) the Deputies adopted the reply to Parliamentary Assembly Recommendation 1733 (2006) on human rights violations in the Chechen Republic: the Committee of Ministers’ responsibility vis-à-vis the Assembly’s concerns.

      Serbia and Montenegro

      At their 983rd meeting on 29 November (item 2.1a) the Deputies took note of the oral report presented by the Chair of GR-DEM concerning the meeting of GR-DEM held on 11 December 2006. Concerning Serbia, in the light of the first report on the Republic of Serbia concerning compliance with obligations and commitments and the implementation of the post-accession co-operation programme, the Deputies welcomed the smooth handling of the transfer of responsibilities from the State Union to the Republic of Serbia and the progress made in the establishment of relevant state institutions, including the adoption of a new Constitution of Serbia, as well as the swift establishment of positive mutual relations between Serbia and Montenegro. They called upon the Serbian authorities to take full advantage of their future chairmanship of the Committee of Ministers to secure the full implementation of their outstanding commitments, namely to co-operate fully with the ICTY, notably by handing over the most wanted fugitives; to opt for a clear and unequivocal position by the leadership in favour of full co-operation with the ICTY; to take initiatives to raise public awareness on facing the past; to ratify the European Charter of Local Self-Government; and to progress in the ratification process of the revised European Social Charter.

      The Deputies invited the Serbian authorities to pay particular attention to the recommendations contained in the forthcoming Council of Europe Venice Commission opinion on the constitution and related laws (in particular with regard to the primacy of international law over domestic law), and to make an overall assessment, drawing on the Council of Europe’s expertise, of the criminal justice system to ensure its compatibility with the ECHR and other relevant European standards. They also asked that the authorities ensure that the new laws on the High Judicial Council and the model law on judges are in line with European standards in order to guarantee the independence of judiciary, and agreed to continue monitoring compliance with outstanding commitments, in particular full co operation with the ICTY, and to resume consideration of progress on the basis of a new visit and report by the Secretariat to take place after the parliamentary elections. Finally, the Deputies invited the authorities of Serbia to continue the good practice of keeping the Secretariat informed on a regular basis.

      At their 967th meeting on 14 June (Item 2.3a) the Deputies noted the contents of the letters of 5 June 2006 in which Mr Boris Tadic, President of the Republic of Serbia, informed respectively Mr Sergey Lavrov, Chairman-in-office of the Committee of Ministers, and Mr Terry Davis, Secretary General of the Council of Europe, that on the basis of Article 60 of the Constitutional Charter of Serbia and Montenegro, activated by the Declaration of Independence adopted by the National Assembly of Montenegro on 3 June 2006, the Republic of Serbia will continue the membership of the Council of Europe hitherto exercised by the Union of States of Serbia and Montenegro, and the obligations and commitments arising from it, and therefore noted that the Republic of Serbia was continuing the membership of Serbia and Montenegro in the Council of Europe with effect from 3 June 2006;

      The Deputies adopted a statement on the continuation by the Republic of Serbia of membership of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro in the Council of Europe.

      At the same meeting (Item 2.3b) the Deputies noted the letters of 6 and 12 June 2006 in which Mr Miodrag Vlahovic, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Montenegro, informed Mr Terry Davis, Secretary General of the Council of Europe, that the Republic of Montenegro wished to become a member of the Council of Europe, to succeed to the Council of Europe conventions that had been signed and ratified by Serbia and Montenegro and to become a member of the Partial Agreements of which Serbia and Montenegro was a member.

      They adopted a statement on the request by the Republic of Montenegro for accession to the Council of Europe.

      At their 961stmeeting on 5 April (item 2.1a), the Deputies took note of the synopsis of the meeting of their Rapporteur Group on Democracy (GR-DEM) held on 23 March 2006 (GR DEM(2006)CB4). Concerning Kosovo (Serbia and Montenegro), the Deputies authorised the Secretary General to use funds available in the “field mission reserve”, to the amount of €25 000, to finance the monitoring of the pilot phase of the population and housing census in Kosovo, which had been agreed at their 935th meeting (13 July 2005).

      At their 965th meeting on 24 May (Item 2.1b) the Deputies adopted a statement on the referendum organised in Montenegro on 21 May

      At their 956th meeting on 15 February (item 2.1a) the Deputies took note of the synopsis of the meeting of GR-DEM held on 9 February 2006. Concerning Serbia and Montenegro, in the light of the tenth monitoring report on compliance with obligations and commitments and implementations of the post-accession co-operation programme, they welcomed ongoing progress in a number of areas, in particular regarding the signature and ratification of Council of Europe conventions and the adoption of specifically requested legislation, where compliance is almost completely achieved.

      The Deputies called upon the authorities to intensify work on outstanding commitments of a broader and longer term nature, giving in particular an appropriate follow-up to the general conclusions and recommendations contained in paragraphs 107 to 111 of the report. They should give priority attention to completing as soon as possible the constitutional reform, which remains the key to fundamental progress in areas such as the independence of the judiciary, decentralisation, balanced democratic institutions, as well as to the actual implementation of the adopted legislation;

      The Deputies went on to firmly reiterated that full co-operation with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) must be achieved without any further delay in order to bring to justice all indictees still on the run, especially Mladic and Karadzic. It is essential, in that respect, that efforts made by the authorities of Serbia and Montenegro to isolate Ratko Mladic, to arrest and transfer him to The Hague should be brought to a conclusion in the near future. They agreed to continue monitoring co-operation with the ICTY on an ongoing basis and to follow developments concerning a possible referendum in Montenegro and the future status of Kosovo on the same ongoing basis, and to continue monitoring and to resume consideration of progress on the other outstanding commitments in September/October 2006 on the basis of a new visit and report by the Secretariat;

      Finally, the Deputies invited the authorities of Serbia and Montenegro to continue their good practice of informing the Secretariat on a regular basis;

      Concerning Kosovo, the Deputies authorised the Secretary General to use funds available in the field mission reserve (to the tune of €51 650) to support the work of the “Reconstruction Implementing Commission”.

      The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

      At their 958th meeting on 15 March (item 2.1a) the Deputies took note of the synopsis of the meeting of their Rapporteur Group on Democracy (GR-DEM) held on 2 March 2006. Concerning “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” the Deputies approved the draft action plan for the parliamentary elections and authorised the Secretary General to use funds available in the “field mission reserve” to the tune of €60 000 to finance it, instructing the Secretariat to report back to GR-DEM on the implementation of this action plan in due time.

      Turkey

      Ukraine

      At their 952nd meeting on 11 January (item 2.1b) the Deputies adopted the reply to Parliamentary Assembly Recommendation 1722 (2005) on the honouring of obligations and commitments by Ukraine. 

      Compliance with member states' commitments

      At their 957th meeting on 1 March (item 2.3) the Deputies the following revised timetable for the thematic monitoring exercise of the Committee of Ministers for 2006:

      - 968th meeting (20 June 2006, in camera) – Cancelled

      - Beginning of September 2006 – issuing of the report of CEPEJ on the execution of national judicial decisions

      - 977th meeting (19 October 2006, in camera):

      - exchange of views on the report of CEPEJ on the execution of national judicial decisions;

      - decisions on arrangements for the further work on the thematic monitoring report.

      At their 956th meeting on 15 February (item 1.3) the Deputies took note of the work being carried out by the European Commission for the Efficiency of Justice (CEPEJ) in the field of execution of national judicial decisions and noted that this work would be an essential contribution for this year’s round of thematic monitoring of the Committee of Ministers. They instructed the Secretariat to prepare, in time for their 957th meeting (1 March 2006), a revised timetable for the implementation of the Committee of Ministers’ thematic monitoring exercise on the execution of national judicial decisions.

      Relations with non-member states

      Observer states
      Belarus
       

      Observer states

      Belarus 

      At their 973rd meeting on 13 September (Item 2.1b) the Deputies adopted the reply to Parliamentary Assembly Recommendation 1745 (2006) on Belarus in the aftermath of the Presidential election of 19 March 2006.

      At their 962nd meeting on 26 April (item 2.1a) the Deputies took note of the synopsis of the meeting of GR-DEM held on 20 April 2006. Concerning Belarus, they approved the draft plan of assistance activities for Belarus, and instructed the Secretariat to report back to the Rapporteur Group on Democracy (GR-DEM) on the implementation of this plan in due time, as well as on any proposals for co-operation from the Belarus authorities. At the same time (Item 2.1b) the Deputies adopted the reply to Parliamentary Assembly Recommendation 1734 (2006) on the situation in Belarus on the eve of the presidential election. 

       

      Relations with international organisations

      European Union
      OSCE
      United Nations
      OECD 

      European Union

      At their 979th meeting on 8 November (Item 2.3) the Deputies took note of the report by the Chair on the 23rd Quadripartite meeting Council of Europe/European Union (Brussels, 3 November 2006), in the light of the discussion held at the present meeting, and instructed their Follow-up Committee on the Third Summit (CM-SUIVI3), their Rapporteur Group on Democracy (GR-DEM) and their Rapporteur Group on External Relations (GR-EXT) to examine, within the scope of their respective competencies, the follow-up to be given to this meeting.

      At their 978th meeting on 25 October (Item 2.3) the Deputies took note of the information provided by the Finnish Presidency of the European Union about the 23rd Quadripartite meeting Council of Europe / European Union (Brussels, 3 November 2006), and agreed to examine the results of the meeting at their 979th meeting (8 November 2006), with a view to determining the follow-up to be given.

      At their 959th meeting on 22 March (item 2.3) the Deputies took note with satisfaction of the conclusions of the 22nd Quadripartite meeting Council of Europe/European Union (Strasbourg, 15 March 2006), in the light of their Chairman’s oral report and of the discussion. They instructed their Rapporteur Group on External Relations (GR-EXT) to examine the follow-up to be given to this meeting.

      At their 958th meeting on 15 March (item 2.3) the Deputies adopted the reply to Parliamentary Assembly Recommendation 1724 (2005) on the Council of Europe and the European Neighbourhood Policy of the European Union

      OSCE

      At their 975th meeting on 11 October (Item 2.3) the Deputies took note of the report of the Chairs of the Ministers’ Deputies of the Council of Europe and the Permanent Council of the OSCE on the results of the 4th meeting of the Co-ordination Group for Co-operation between the Council of Europe and the OSCE (Strasbourg, 29 September 2006). They instructed their Rapporteur Group on External Relations (GR-EXT) to examine the follow-up to this meeting.

      At their 974th meeting on 27 September (Item 2.3a) the Deputies took note of the conclusions of the 16th High-level “3+3” meeting between the Council of Europe and the OSCE (New York, 21 September 2006), and invited their Rapporteur Group on External Relations (GR-EXT) to examine the follow-up to be given to that meeting.

      At the same meeting (Item 2.3b) the Deputies took note that the agenda of the 4th meeting of the Co-ordination Group for Co-operation between the Council of Europe and the OSCE (Strasbourg, 29 September 2006) would be as follows:

      1. Review of co-operation between the Council of Europe and the OSCE since the last meeting of the Co-ordination Group (6 March 2006) in the four priority areas:

      the fight against terrorism ;

      the protection of the rights of persons belonging to national minorities;

      the fight against trafficking in human beings;

      the promotion of tolerance and non-discrimination.

      2. Next meeting of the Co-ordination Group;

      They agreed to examine the results of the meeting at their 975th meeting (11 October 2006), with a view to determining the follow-up to be given.

      At their 973rd meeting on 13 September (Item 2.3) the Deputies took note that the agenda of the 16th high-level “3+3” meeting between the Council of Europe and the OSCE (New York, 21 September 2006) would be as follows:

      1. Co-operation between the Council of Europe and the OSCE:

      a. the fight against terrorism;

      b. the protection of the rights of persons belonging to national minorities;

      c. the fight against trafficking in human beings;

      d. the promotion of tolerance and non-discrimination.

      2. Election observation

      3. Any other business

      They agreed to examine the results of the meeting at their 974th meeting (27 September 2006), with a view to determining the follow-up to be given.

      At their 972nd meeting on 6 September (Item 2.3) the Deputies took note of the draft resolution of the General Assembly of the United Nations on co-operation between the United Nations and the Council of Europe, and invited the Chair of the Ministers’ Deputies to take necessary measures for its transmission, through its mission in New York, to the Secretary General of the United Nations. They requested their Chairman to keep them informed of the discussions which would take place on the draft resolution at the General Assembly of the United Nations, and decided to communicate the draft resolution to the Parliamentary Assembly for information.

      At their 958th meeting on 15 March (item 2.4) the Deputies took note of the outcome of the 3rd meeting of the Co-ordination Group between the Council of Europe and the OSCE, in the light of their Chairman’s oral report, of the OSCE Chairmanship’s summing-up and of the discussion. They instructed their Rapporteur Group on External Relations (GR-EXT) to examine the follow-up to be given to this meeting.

      At their 954th meeting on 1 February (item 2.3) the Deputies took note of the joint declaration made public at the close of the 15th high-level “3+3” meeting between the Council of Europe and the OSCE (Brussels, 30 January 2006). They invited their Rapporteur Group on external relations (GR-EXT) to examine the follow-up to be given to that meeting.

      United Nations

      At their 979th meeting on 8 November (Item 2.4) the Deputies thanked the Russian Chairmanship of the Committee of Ministers for its efforts to rally support among the member states of the United Nations in favour of the draft resolution on co-operation between the Council of Europe and the United Nations, which they had endorsed at their 972nd meeting (6 September 2006), and also thanked also those member and observer states which had so far decided to co-sponsor the draft resolution, calling on those member states which had not yet done so to co-sponsor the draft resolution.

      OECD

       

      Regional co-operation

      South-eastern Europe
      South Caucasus

       

      South-eastern Europe

       

      South Caucasus

       

      INGOs/NGOs

      (http://www.coe.int/t/e/NGO/Public/)

      Please see under Section 8 for INGO/NGO involvement in the Youth field.

       

      Mediterranean

       

      North-South Centre


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