Council of Europe. Resolution (98) 26 on the Regulations for the European Diploma of Protected Areas

COUNCIL OF EUROPE

COMMITTEE OF MINISTERS

________

RESOLUTION (98) 29

ON THE REGULATIONS FOR THE EUROPEAN DIPLOMA OF PROTECTED AREAS

(Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 18 September 1998

at the 641st meeting of the Ministers' Deputies)

 

The Committee of Ministers,

Having regard to Resolution (65) 6 of 6 March 1965, instituting the European Diploma for certain landscapes, reserves and protected natural features;

Having regard to Resolution (73) 4 of 19 January 1973 on the Regulations for the European Diploma;

Having regard to Resolutions (88) 39 of 5 December 1988 and (89) 12 of 19 June 1989 amending Resolution (73) 4 on the Regulations for the European Diploma;

Having regard to Resolution (91) 16 of 17 June 1991 on the Regulations for the European Diploma;

Having consulted the Committee for the Activities of the Council of Europe in the field of Biological and Landscape Diversity (CO-DBP);

Taking account of the experience gained since the 1991 regulations were introduced.

Adopts the revised regulations for the European Diploma of Protected Areas, as set out below and the appendices thereto.

 

REGULATIONS

 

Article 1 - Purpose

1. The European Diploma of Protected Areas (the "Diploma") may be awarded for adequately protected natural or semi-natural areas of exceptional European interest from the point of view of conservation of biological, geological or landscape diversity. It is awarded to them by virtue of their scientific, cultural or aesthetic interest if they have an appropriate protection system, perhaps also in conjunction with programmes of action for sustainable development. The Diploma represents an important contribution to the Pan-European Ecological Network.

2. The Diploma may be awarded to natural areas situated in European states which are not members of the Council of Europe, under the same conditions as those applying to member States.

3. In the case of transfrontier areas, a sole Diploma shall not be granted without the consent of all the States concerned.

4. The effect of the Diploma shall be to place the area under the sponsorship of the Council of Europe. The Diploma shall be awarded for a period of five years, and shall be renewable for successive five-year periods.

5. The Diploma shall take the form of a document certifying the said sponsorship. It shall be signed by the Secretary General of the Council of Europe, and shall bear the seal of the Council. It shall be presented to the authorities directly responsible for the management of the national area concerned.

 

Article 2 - Award of the Diploma

The Diploma shall be awarded by the Committee of Ministers on the proposal of the committee responsible for the activities of the Council of Europe in the field of biological and landscape diversity, hereafter called the "Committee", in accordance with the procedure set out in the following Articles.

 

Article 3 - Application

1. The government of any European State wishing to apply for the award of the Diploma to an area within its territory shall submit to the Secretariat, in one of the two official languages of the Council of Europe, documents on the area in question, at least three months before the date of the meeting of the competent Council of Europe Group of Specialists ("Group of Specialists") set up under the terms of Article 4.1 of these regulations.

2. In the case of a transfrontier area for which a sole Diploma is requested, such an application can only be submitted after approval by all the States concerned.

3. Any government simultaneously submitting several applications shall indicate an order of priority.

4. Any government submitting an application must prove that the area in question is of exceptional European interest. Accordingly, the documents should contain the necessary information to enable the Group of Specialists to ascertain whether the area complies with the relevant criteria established in Appendix 2 to these regulations.

5.a. All applications must meticulously follow the model of the questionnaire reproduced in Appendix 1 to these regulations and must include, in particular, cartographic documents as well as documents describing: the area concerned and its state of conservation; the various human or natural factors liable to have a negative effect on such state of conservation; measures taken to eliminate or minimise the effects of such factors; the system of legal protection applied to the area in question; and any administrative measures implemented.

b.

Copies of the national laws and regulations and, where appropriate, regional and local acts governing the area concerned, and information on supervisory measures actually implemented on the spot must be included with the application. If these documents are drafted in a language other than one of the two official languages of the Council of Europe, a translation in one of the official languages of the essential passages of the laws and regulations governing the area must be provided.

c.

The possibility of changing conditions must be taken into consideration when the adequacy of protection is assessed: whether the existing precautions are sufficient for protection against foreseeable dangers, at least throughout the period of the Diploma's validity (at least five years), notably the impact which the reward might have on certain areas, in particular the influx of visitors that it might cause.

 

Article 4 - Consideration of the application documents

1.a. Applications shall be examined by the Group of Specialists. If need be, the latter shall hold two meetings a year. It shall examine applications in the order in which full supporting documentation is deposited at the Secretariat. The Secretariat shall ensure that the documentation is complete before submitting it to the Group of Specialists and may, where appropriate, defer its submission pending receipt of additional information.

b.

Any government submitting one or more applications shall be invited to send a representative, at its own expense, to the appropriate meetings of the Group of Specialists so that he or she may give members all information required.

2. After examining the documentation and hearing the representative of the State concerned, the Group of Specialists shall first of all state whether it considers that the area in question is of exceptional European interest justifying the award of the Diploma. If the European interest has been sufficiently well established, the Group shall declare the application admissible and undertake an on-the-spot expert appraisal (subject to the approval of the government concerned) to enable it to confirm the European interest, assess the efficacy of existing conservation measures as well as the aim of the objectives sought and obtain any additional information it may need to decide whether to award the Diploma.

3. The appraisal shall be assigned to an independent expert directly appointed by the Secretary General. He or she must not be a national of the country in which the assignment is carried out. In order to help the Secretary General choose the expert the national delegations of the Committee shall, if they so wish, send the Secretariat the names of experts qualified to carry out such appraisals, stating their specific qualifications and foreign language knowledge.

4. During his or her visit the expert shall be accompanied by a member of the Secretariat, who shall guarantee, inter alia, continuity in the assessment of the criteria for obtaining the Diploma.

5. Throughout the independent expert's visit, one or more person(s) responsible for the area shall be placed at his or her disposal in order to facilitate the task. The expert will also meet officials from associations and local councillors interested in the area, and, as appropriate, media representatives.

6. Broadly speaking, the expert appraisal shall cover the aspects listed in Appendix 3 to these regulations and any other specific item mentioned by the Group of Experts during consideration of application. The Group of Specialists shall draw up specific terms of reference for each case, with which the expert will be required to comply.

7. Expenses incurred by the expert during his or her visit (travel, subsistence, etc.) shall be met by the Council of Europe so as to ensure that the appraisal is completely objective.

8. Generally, the on-the-spot appraisal shall take two days; if necessary, it may be extended.

9. The expert shall submit his or her written report to the Group of Specialists, drafted in one of the two official languages of the Council of Europe, and shall subsequently present it orally at one of the Group's meetings.

 

Article 5 - Proposals of the Group of Specialists and conclusions of the Committee or its Bureau

1. The Group of Specialists shall hear the expert, take note of any observations from the representative of the state concerned, and then submit its conclusions, accompanied by the expert's report, to the Committee or its Bureau. It may propose one of the following decisions:

a. that the Diploma be awarded immediately by the Committee of Ministers with or without conditions or recommendations;

b.

that, subject to the approval of the Committee or its Bureau, the award of the Diploma be made conditional upon the adoption of additional measures;

c.

that the application be deferred pending receipt of further information;

d.

that the application be rejected, with reasons given.

2. No second chance can be given to the application between the meeting of the Group of Specialists and the meeting of the Committee or its Bureau. However, the Group of Specialists may make a favourable recommendation in specific cases, provided the government concerned can provide, before the meeting of the Committee, a favourable written response to a request from the Secretariat on a specific point raised by the Group.

3. In each case, the Committee or its Bureau shall inform the Committee of Ministers and the government concerned of the reasons for its conclusions, having regard to the observations made by the Group of Specialists. If it proposes awarding the Diploma it shall briefly set out the reasons for its decisions, referring notably to the European interest of the area in question and the efficacy of the conservation measures adopted.

4. If the proposal to award the Diploma is conditional on fulfilment of specific criteria or is accompanied by specific recommendations, it can only be granted if the State concerned undertakes during the meeting of the Committee or by any other means in the event of being prevented from attending (written procedure), to comply with such criteria and recommendations.

 

Article 6 - Decision of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe, and award of the Diploma

1. Decisions concerning the award of the European Diploma shall be taken by the Committee of Ministers by a two-thirds majority of the votes cast and a majority of the representatives entitled to sit on the Committee.

2. The decision of the Committee of Ministers and the reasons for the award of the Diploma shall be set out in a resolution and recorded in the certificate attesting the award of the Diploma.

3.a. The Diploma shall be presented to the authorities directly responsible for managing the area to which it has been awarded at a ceremony organised either at the Council of Europe or on the site, as soon as possible after the data of the award.

The following persons shall attend:

- the Chair of the Committee of Ministers (or his or her representative);

- the Secretary General (or his or her representative) or the Chair of the Committee (or his or her representative), who shall present the Diploma;

- the representative of the recipient (governmental or private) body;

- the members of the Committee or its Bureau who are nationals of the State concerned (or their representatives) and for States, which are not members of the Council of Europe, the members of the Council for the Strategy or its Bureau.

b.

The costs of the ceremony shall be borne by the host State, except those incurred by the representative of the Council of Europe or the Chairman of the Committee (or his or her representative), which shall be met by the Council of Europe.

c.

A press release shall be issued at the time of the ceremony. The Council of Europe will publish appropriate materials to mark the occasion.

4. The authorities responsible for managing the areas awarded the Diploma use the logo, as it appears in Appendix 4 to these regulations. The logo is used on panels at the entrances to the areas, in information leaflets on them and in the visitor reception buildings. Regulations on the logo can be found in an illustrated leaflet available from the Secretariat of the Council of Europe. The reasons for the award of the Diploma as recorded in the Diploma itself must also appear on the said panels.

 

Article 7 - Annual reports

1. The authorities directly responsible for managing the area awarded the Diploma shall submit an annual report to the Committee or its Bureau. The report must be based on the model reproduced in Appendix 5 to these regulations. The report must be forwarded to the Secretariat in full by the central authorities of the state concerned, with any comments they may wish to make. It must, inter alia, state what measures have been taken to comply with the conditions and/or recommendations mentioned when the Diploma was awarded or renewed. The first annual report must be submitted in one of the two official languages of the Council of Europe by 30 November of the year following that in which the Committee of Ministers awarded the Diploma. Every annual report reflects the previous period from 1 September to 31 August.

2. The Group of Specialists shall examine the annual reports and may submit an opinion or recommendations to the Committee or its Bureau, which shall be forwarded, through the Committee of Ministers and the central authorities of the state concerned, to the authorities responsible for managing the area awarded the Diploma.

3. In the event of failure to comply with the foregoing provisions, the Secretary General may, via the governement concerned, invite the persons responsible for managing the Diploma-holding area to provide an adequate explanation.

 

Article 8 - Appraisal in the event of a serious threat or serious damage

1.a. Should there be a serious threat or serious damage to the area, the Secretary General may appoint an independent expert to assess, in the company of a member of the Secretariat, whether there is in fact any real danger and to carry out a further appraisal in accordance with the conditions laid down in Article 5 of these regulations. The expert shall be accompanied by a member of the Secretariat.

b.

The expert's conclusions shall be examined by the Group of Specialists, which shall submit an opinion to the Committee or its Bureau. The government concerned shall be invited to send a representative to the Group at its own expense.

c.

Should the danger prove real, the Committee or its Bureau may recommend that the Committee of Ministers request the responsible authorities to take appropriate protective measures within a reasonable time. Where such measures cannot be taken within a reasonable time, or where the damage is irremediable, the Committee or its Bureau shall decide whether or not to recommend to the Committee of Ministers that the Diploma be withdrawn before the end of the five-year period.

2. The decision as to whether to withdraw the Diploma shall be taken by the Committee of Ministers by a two-thirds majority of the votes cast and a majority of the representatives entitled to sit on the Committee. It shall be notified by means of a resolution, and the reasons for such a decision shall be transmitted to the government concerned and the authorities responsible for managing the area.

 

Article 9 - Extension of the period of validity of the Diploma

1. During the fifth year, unless the State concerned decides otherwise, the Committee or its Bureau shall consider extending the validity of the Diploma for a further five-year period, in the light, in particular, of the annual reports.

2. To this end, the Secretary General of the Council of Europe shall appoint an independent expert to carry out a fresh appraisal, particular attention being paid to information provided every year in the annual reports. The new appraisal is aimed at taking stock of the state and development of the area, having regard to the conditions and/or recommendations formulated previously, and proposing, as appropriate, new measures for the coming period. The working conditions for this expert shall be the same as those laid down for the expert who carried out the appraisal for the award of the Diploma. The expert will be accompanied by a member of the Secretariat if renewal raises any particular problems; otherwise the visit shall be made by the expert alone.

3. The independent expert's terms of reference shall be drawn up by the Group of Specialists. They shall take account, in particular, of the progress of action taken to comply with the conditions and/or recommendations in the resolution awarding the Diploma or the resolution renewing it on the previous occasion, and of the comments by the Group of Specialists and those set out in the annual reports.

4. The government concerned shall be invited to send a representative, at its own expense, to the meeting of the Group of Specialists, when the discussion on the renewal of the Diploma takes place.

5.a. After examining the expert's report and the findings of the Group of Specialists, the Committee or its Bureau, will propose that the Committee of Ministers take one of the following options:

- extending the period of validity of the Diploma;

- not renewing the Diploma before certain conditions are met;

- not extending the period of validity, which shall be tantamount to withdrawing the Diploma, in which case the Committee of Ministers shall inform the authorities directly responsible for the area concerned of the reasons for its decision, through the government.

b.

If the Diploma is not renewed or its period of validity extended, the authorities responsible shall be requested to keep the Committee or its Bureau regularly informed of developments in the situation.

6. The decision concerning the renewal of the Diploma shall be taken by the Committee of Ministers by a two-thirds majority of the votes cast and a majority of the representatives entitled to sit on the Committee. It shall be the subject of a resolution.

 

Appendix 1

Information form for new application

for the European Diploma of Protected Areas

Logo

European Diploma

Council of Europe

European Diploma

Information form

for Candidate Sites

This form is also available on diskette

Site Code (to be given by the Council of Europe)

 

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

1.1. SITE NAME

 

 

 

1.2. COUNTRY

1.3. DATE CANDIDATURE

1.4. SITE INFORMATION COMPILATION DATE

               
 

Y

Y

Y

Y

M

M

D

D

1.5. ADDRESSES: Administrative Authorities

National Authority

Regional Authority

Local Authority

Name:

Address:

 

 

Tel.

Fax.

E-mail

Name:

Address:

 

 

Tel.

Fax.

E-mail

Name:

Address:

 

 

Tel.

Fax.

E-mail

 

1.6. ADDRESSES: Site Authorities

Site Manager

Site Information Centre

Council of Europe Contact

Name:

Address:

 

 

Tel.

Fax.

E-mail

Name:

Address:

 

 

Tel.

Fax.

E-mail

Name:

Address:

 

 

Tel.

Fax.

E-mail

1.7 SUMMARY DESCRIPTION

 

 

 

 

 

 

please continue on separate page if necessary

1.8. EUROPEAN INTEREST JUSTIFYING THE CANDIDATURE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

please continue on separate page if necessary

1.9. SELECTION METHODOLOGY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

please continue on separate page if necessary

 

1.10. MAIN AIM OR MOTIVATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

please continue on separate page if necessary

1.11. DATES

(to be filled in by the Council of Europe)

DATE OF FIRST EXAMINATION DATE OF EXPERT VISIT

Y

Y

Y

Y

M

M

D

D

 

Y

Y

Y

Y

M

M

D

D

DATE OF SECOND EXAMINATION DATE OF AWARD

Y

Y

Y

Y

M

M

D

D

 

Y

Y

Y

Y

M

M

D

D

 

2. SITE LOCATION

2.1. SITE CENTRE LOCATION

LONGITUDE LATITUDE

° "

N

° "

W/E (Greenwich)

2.2. AREA (ha) 2.3. SITE LENGTH (km)

Total Area

,

,

Core

,

Buffer

,

Transition

,

 

2.4. ALTITUDE (m)

MINIMUM MAXIMUM MEAN

 

2.5. ADMINISTRATIVE REGION

REGION NAME % COVER

         
         
         
         
         
         
Marine area not covered by the terrestrial part        

 

3. NATURAL HERITAGE

3.1 GENERAL ABIOTIC DESCRIPTION (Geomorphology, geology and hydrogeology)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

please continue on separate page if necessary

 

3.2. HABITATS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

please continue on separate page if necessary

 

3.3. FLORA

 

 

 

 

 

 

please continue on separate page if necessary

 

3.4. FAUNA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

please continue on separate page if necessary

 

3.5. LANDSCAPE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

please continue on separate page if necessary

 

4. CULTURAL HERITAGE AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONTEXT

4.1 CULTURAL HERITAGE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

please continue on separate page if necessary

4.2 SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONTEXT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

please continue on separate page if necessary

 

5. EDUCATIONAL AND SCIENTIFIC INTEREST

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

please continue on separate page if necessary

 

6. SITE DESCRIPTION

6.1. VULNERABILITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

please continue on separate page if necessary

 

6.2. PROTECTION STATUS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

please continue on separate page if necessary

 

6.3. OWNERSHIP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

please continue on separate page if necessary

 

6.4. DOCUMENTATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

please continue on separate page if necessary

 

7. SITE MANAGEMENT

7.1. MANAGEMENT PLANS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

please continue on separate page if necessary

 

7.2. BUDGET AND PERSONEL

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

please continue on separate page if necessary

 

8. MAP OF THE SITE

• Physical map:

NATIONAL MAP NUMBER SCALE PROJECTION

         
         
         
         

REFERENCE TO AVAILABILITY OF BOUNDARIES IN DIGITISED FORM

 

 

 

 

 

 

• Map of designated sites described in 6.2.

Provide this information on a map with the same characteristics as above.

• Aerial photograph(s) included:

 

Yes

 

No

NUMBER AREA SUBJECT COPYRIGHT DATE

                 
                 
                 
                 
                 

9. SLIDES

NUMBER PLACE SUBJECT COPYRIGHT DATE

                 
                 
                 
                 
                 
                 
                 
                 
                 
                 
                 
                 
                 

please continue on separate page if necessary

 

Explanatory Notes

Table of contents

1. Site identification

1.1. Site Name

1.2. Country

1.3. Date Candidature

1.4. Site Information Compilation Date

1.5. Addresses: Administrative Authorities

1.6. Addresses: Sites Authorities

1.7. Summary Description 60

1.8. European Interest justifying the Candidature

1.9. Selection Methodology

1.10. Main Aim or Motivation

1.11. Dates

2. Site location

2.1. Site-Centre Location

2.2. Area

2.3. Site Length

2.4. Altitude

2.5. Administrative Region

3. Natural Heritage

3.1. General abiotic description (geomorphology, geology and hydrogeology)

3.2. Habitats

3.3. Flora

3.4. Fauna

3.5. Landscape

4. Cultural Heritage and socio-economic context

4.1 Cultural Heritage

4.2 Socio-economic Context

5. Educational and scientific interest

6. Site description

6.1. Vulnerability

6.2. Protection Status

6.3. Ownership

6.4. Documentation

7. Site Management

7.1. Management Plans

7.2. Budget and Personnel

8. Map of the site

9. Slides

1. Site identification

1.1. Site Name

Sites names are entered in their local language. In this way, difficult translation is avoided and integration of existing data on the national or local level is straightforward. In the case of different characters (e.g. Greek), names are transliterated. In the case of the local name "speaking for itself" translation into the official language(s) of the document should be added.

1.2. Country

The name of the country is entered in original language.

1.3. Date candidature

The date that the candidature is officially transmitted to the Council of Europe must to be filled in according to the following format: year (four digits) followed by the month (two digits) and the day (two digits) in numeric form.

Example: 1997.05.14 : site officially proposed on the 14th of May 1997

1.4. Site information compilation date

Enter the date you wish to see as the "compilation date" for the information recorded. The data field takes the same format as shown in 1.3.

1.5. Addresses: administrative authorities

Enter the full reference including name, address and phone/fax/e-mail, if appropriate, of (1) the National, (2) the Regional and (3) the Local Administration under which authority the site is falling.

1.6. Addresses: site authorities

Enter the full reference including name, address and phone/fax/e-mail, if appropriate, of (1) the authority and/or individual responsible for the management of the site, (2) the information centre related to the site if it exists and (3) the authority and/or individual which guarantees contact with the Council of Europe.

1.7. Summary description

Enter a short paragraph summarizing the main characteristics of the area, described more in detail in the sections below.

1.8. European interest justifying the candidature

Enter the characteristics and elements which identify clearly the European Interest of the area.

1.9. Selection methodology

This section should explain the methodology and/or information which was used to declare the European Interest explained in the above section.

1.10. Main aim or motivation

In this section an indication should be given of the main aim or motivation for which the site has been given its designation and protection status. It should be noted that this may be different from the European Interest for which the Diploma is requested.

1.11. Dates

Once a candidature has been accepted, it will follow a certain procedure. The dates of those subsequent procedural steps are filled in by the Council of Europe: date of a first examination by the Expert Group, date of the on the spot appraisal, date of the second examination by the Expert Group and finally the date of the award.

 

2. Site location

2.1. Site-centre location

The geographical co-ordinates (longitude and latitude) of the site centre must be entered in degrees, minutes and seconds of arc. Degrees, minutes and seconds of longitude West of the meridian of Greenwich are conventionally given a "W", and degrees East a "E". This avoids co-ordinate problems if data are subsequently transferred to a Geographical Information System (GIS).

For sites composed of several distinct areas, the co-ordinates of the most important sub-area are entered.

2.2. Area

The sites surface area is entered in hectares. If the site has a zonation the relative area in each zone is also entered in hectares, with a 2 decimal places accuracy.

If a site has no zonation only the total area field is filled in.

2.3. Site length

This field is only necessary when area measurements are not relevant (e.g. caves, cliffs). Site length is entered in kilometres, with 3 decimal places accuracy = meters.

2.4. Altitude

Enter the altitude of the site above sea level in three sub-fields which record the minimum, maximum and mean altitude within the site boundaries. The mean value should be calculated as the weighted average of the altitude classes within the site.

2.5. Administrative Region

The name of the administrative region(s) in original language together with the percentage of the site within each region must be entered here.

Where sites include a marine component that is not covered by the terrestrial part, the % area of the site within this component should be noted as well.

 

3. Natural heritage

3.1. General abiotic description (geomorphology, geology and hydrogeology)

A short description of the geomorphology of the site has to be filled here. The geomorphology of a site represents amongst others the kind of substrate together with the present relief patterns. Also the history and the kind of land forming processes can be useful data.

3.2. Habitats

A detailed description of the vegetation type(s) of the site must be given stressing the most important characteristics. If possible, also the scientific name(s) of the phytosociological class(es) has to be given.

3.3. Flora

An overview of the most important elements of flora and its characteristics within the site must be given. Also, the total number of vascular plants, bryophytes, fungi and lichens together with the indication of rare, threatened, dominant or endemic species can be of interest.

3.4. Fauna

An overview of the most important elements of fauna and its characteristics within the site must be given. Also, the total number of mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and invertebrates together with the indication of rare, threatened, dominant or endemic species can be of interest.

3.5. Landscape

A description of the landscape aspects.

 

4. Cultural heritage and socio-economic context

4.1 Cultural heritage

This field contains an indication of the historical features, such as remnants or existing elements of human settlements or historical or human activities influencing the present status of the site. This may also include archaeological findings or ethnographical values present in the area.

4.2 Socio-economic context

An overview of the socio-economic context of the area.

 

5. Educational and scientific interest

A description of the most important educational aspects of the area must be given, such as the presence of a visitors centre and its work programme, exhibitions, etc. Also, the regular occurrence of guided tours or the inclusion of aspects of the area within local educational programs may be explained.

 

6. Site Description

6.1. Vulnerability

Indicate the nature and extent of pressures upon the site from human and other influences and the fragility of flora, fauna, habitats and abiotics ecosystems or landscapes elements described above.

6.2. Protection status

Enter as free text any aspect of the site protection status (title, date designation received and the % cover of the area. An area may have received several different designation types over time. This section should give a detailed description of the protection given by the different designations.

6.3. Ownership

Enter a general description of the site ownership (e.g. 'private'; 'state', ‘conservation NGO’...), together with the proportion of the site area in each ownership class.

6.4. Documentation

Reference must be made to relevant publications and/or scientific data concerning the site. Information entering should be made according to standard convention for scientific references. Unpublished works or communications, referring to the information given in the recording form, should be included wherever useful. This field may also include reference to ongoing research programs related to the site.

 

7. Site Management

7.1. Management plans

This section contains a concise overview of the management plans undertaken or under preparation, with an agenda of actions. These should take into account the threats to the site described by the human activities in association with the vulnerability field (6.1.). Please cite any plans established.

7.2. Budget and Personnel

A short description of the financial and technical means which are available for the site management as a whole.

 

8. Map of the site

The site boundaries must be drawn on map(s) of the same detail and quality as the officially published topographical maps and meeting all the standards of the competent topographical institute with a scale of 1:100 000 or even more detailed scale.

If site boundaries are also available from a geographical information system, with reference to map series used for digitisation, scale, projection and parameters, these digital data should be accessible and information related hereto included in the form.

The areas corresponding to the main categories of designation having the highest degree of conservation must be drawn on this map, including the zonation if appropriate.

In addition, an aerial photograph of the site is considered to be very useful to 'understand' the nature of the site.

 

9. Slides

List of slides and other photographic material, send in together with the form, with reference to subject, place and recording date. Although optional, it is very useful to have photographic material to 'understand' the general form of the site concerned, especially when problems or complaints arise for the site. In addition, these slides can be used by the Council of Europe for information or educational purposes concerning the European Diploma.

The number of the slide indicated in the form must be given on a copy of the slide. With regard to all slides and photographs the author and copyright should also be provided.

 

Appendix 2

Criteria for the award of the European Diploma

of Protected Areas

Criteria

The criteria are in keeping with the various conservation objectives to be met by any protected area eligible for the European Diploma of Protected Areas, together with the protective measures needed for their achievement.

Having regard to the differing protection status of protected areas in Europe, it is necessary to refer to general criteria and specific criteria.

General Criteria

The following general criteria should be taken into consideration for every applicant area.

A. European interest

The applicant area must comprise representative elements of the biological, geological and/or landscape heritage which are of European importance (protection of the biological and/or landscape heritage - scientific, cultural, aesthetic and/or recreational qualities).

These should be, according to the area:

1. areas of particular importance for the conservation of biological diversity in Europe. They may comprise:

- remarkable or threatened examples of plant or animal communities, as well as areas inhabited by a large number of species;

- highly representative samples of types of habitats and plant or animal communities constituting typical examples of the various kinds of ecosystem in Europe;

- habitats in a vulnerable state of conservation;

- habitats of endemic species or species in an unfavourable state of conservation, particularly endangered species;

- breeding grounds of animals protected under the Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats and resting and feeding areas for migratory species.

2. areas aimed at conserving remarkable natural phenomena or geological or physiographic formations characteristic of the earth's history. These may include:

- sites or complexes of major importance for the conservation of significant evidence of the earth's history;

- noteworthy palaeontological sites;

- outstanding examples of geological, geomorphological, volcanic, hydrographic, physiographic or bio-geographical phenomena;

- particularly grandiose or spectacular examples of protected natural features such as waterfalls, caves, rock formations, glacial cirques, glaciers.

3. areas of particular importance for the conservation of landscape diversity in Europe. They may comprise:

- sites or landscapes of outstanding aesthetic or cultural value or of a spectacular nature;

- complexes conserved as evidence of the history of the countryside or woodlands in Europe;

- country or wooded areas which are cultivated using extensive methods and constitute typical examples of European landscapes.

B. Protection measures

The applicant area must:

1. have a legal protection status, by means of an act or decree of the competent authorities certifying that the area is adequately protected;

2. be taken into account in regional planning in order to prevent projects which run counter to the objectives of the area from being approved;

3. be the subject, if possible, of a zoning, which must indicate the objectives of each sub-division described; the boundaries between the applicant area and the surrounding area must be clearly marked on a plan or a geographical map, particularly where there are nearby protected areas with different objectives (as is often the case in a biosphere reserve); failing that, the uses of the land which are authorised should be clearly indicated;

4. be the subject of a planning and a management plan (finalised or in preparation), or at least a draft. As management constitutes an important point in judging the application, the various aspects of management will need to be presented in detail and objectively assessed, principally with regard to those entailing more extensive subsequent development;

5. be assessed taking into account the impact that the surrounding area has or is likely to have on it;

6. have an organisation which provides guarantees concerning staff and financial resources. The latter must be sufficient to ensure a management that meets the objectives of the protection area. A staff organisation chart applicable at the time of lodging the application, and a presentation of the budget for the two previous years, will constitute useful information for evaluating the form of management of the applicant area.

Specific Criteria

The specific criteria serve to explain why the area concerned has been given protected status.

One of the two groups of specific criteria should be taken into consideration.

I. The essential goal of the protected area is to preserve biological and landscape diversity and ecosystems.

The applicant area which meets this goal must also meet the following specific criteria:

1. existence of strict regulations on any artificial change in the environment or any biological and geological depredation (hunting, fishing, picking, cutting or uprooting), with certain possible exceptions for justifiable scientific purposes aimed at controlling or maintaining certain species and/or environments;

2. absence of permanent human occupation and of economic activities such as agriculture, forestry, mining, industry and tourism (no development). Certain traditional activities may be authorised for the sole purpose of maintaining the environment. Certain obligations, previous to the award of the diploma, can be allowed to continue provided they are localised and controlled and do not interfere with maintaining the biological and landscape diversity of the area. An attempt should be made to minimise or even eliminate them;

3. guarantees that the existing human activities and installations in the surrounding area cannot damage the physical and biological integrity of the protected area;

4. supervision, arrangements for patrolling by wardens or any other means with the possibility of enforcement, such as the power to report offenders;

5. no access for the public unless specially authorised and in any case regulated and / or channelled in a manner appropriate to the habitats;

6. presentation, in keeping with the ecological interest of the area, of research and monitoring programmes.

II. The objective of the protected area is to preserve biological and landscape diversity, together with harmonious and sustainable development of socio-economic and educational functions.

The applicant area which meets this objective must also meet the following specific criteria:

1. the type of use of the land must be clearly indicated, especially where agriculture, forestry, tourism, leisure activities, buildings and infrastructures as well as the respective owners;

2. permanent human occupation and socio-economic activities must be conceived in such a way as to uphold the principles of sustainable development; they must not damage the integrity of the natural and cultural values of the protected area;

3. hunting and fishing may be tolerated providing that it is subject to a strict regulation to avoid weakening the animal population;

4. there must be adequate supervision, and even the possibility of enforcement, in order to prevent damage to areas that enjoy specific protection;

5. public access must be authorised and regulated; in certain cases it may be unrestricted. Provision must always be made for reception centres and educational facilities in order to channel the public and thereby avoid damage.

 

Appendix 3

Terms of reference of experts carrying out

on-the-spot appraisals

Experts mandated to carry out on-the-spot appraisals of applicant areas shall, in particular, examine the following matters:

A. European interest

(to be confirmed)

B. Merits and protection system

a.

The body responsible for administration and management of the area, particularly its attributions, powers, budget and human resources.

b.

The effectiveness of existing protective regulations vis-à-vis internal and external threats, particularly those originating in surrounding areas; effects of agriculture, industry, tourism, hunting, fishing, urban development, road building, air traffic, military manoeuvres, etc.; possible need for supplementary protective measures.

c. Zoning.

d.

Ownership title (effects of possible expropriation).

e.

Land-use plans, in so far as these affect the area in question.

f.

Development work launched, under way, or to be launched.

g.

The management plan for the area.

h

. The manner of public access and reception facilities and infrastructures, if any.

i.

Any scientific studies needed and activities of research bodies.

j.

Possible membership of other international networks.

k.

Relationship between the body responsible for the area, local elected representatives, officials in the socio-economic sphere and associations.

Appendix 4

Model logo

for the European Diploma of Protected Areas

 

Appendix 5

Model plan for annual reports

Annual report for ...

Annual reports should describe the changes that have taken place since the previous year in dynamic terms of management and function and not be limited to basic data. They should not, without justification, exceed six pages. The last report of the year preceding the one in which the validity of the European Diploma of Protected Areas is renewed should be more detailed. Any new text or map introducing a change in the situation of the area should be attached to the annual report.

 

State

Name of the area

Central authority concerned:

Name and address

Tel./Fax

E-mail

Authority responsible for its management:

Name and address

Tel./Fax

E-mail

I. General information

1. Natural heritage (general abiotic description: geomorphology, geology and hydrogeology, habitats, flora, fauna, landscape) - Conservation situation

1.1. Environment: changes or deterioration in the environment, of natural or anthropic origin, accidental or permanent, actual or anticipated

1.2. Flora and vegetation: changes in the plant population and in the vegetational cover: presumed causes

1.3. Fauna: changes in the sedentary or migratory populations; congregating and breeding places

2. Cultural heritage and socio-economic context

2.1. Cultural heritage

2.1.1 Changes concerning cultural heritage

2.2 Socio-economic context

2.2.1 Changes concerning the socio-economic context

3. Education and scientific interest

3.1. Visitors - Information policy

3.1.1 Arrangements for receiving and informing the public (building, booklets, maps, cards, etc.)

3.1.2 Frequentation by visitors and behaviour (number, distribution in time and space)

3.1.3 Special visits (distinguished persons, groups, etc.)

3.2. Scientific research

3.2.1 Current or completed research (observation, experimentation, identification or inventory of the species listed in the appendices to the Bern Convention...)

3.2.2 Scientific publications

4. Site description (vulnerability, protection status, ownership, documentation)

4.1. Changes in legislation or regulations

4.2. Changes in ownership title (conversion to public property, rentings, etc.)

4.3. Extension or transfer, new uses (for example, conversion into total reserve)

5. Site management (management plans, budget and personnel)

5.1. Improvements made

5.1.1 Ecological action affecting the flora and biotopes; controls of fauna

5.1.2 Protection against the elements (fire, water, regime)

5.1.3 Approaches and thoroughfares (paths, roads, car parks, signposting, fencing, etc.)

5.1.4 Field equipement (hides and study facilities)

5.2. Management

5.2.1 Administrative department: changes made

5.2.2 Wardens' department: changes made

5.2.3 Internal policing measures

5.2.4 Infringement of regulations and damage; legal action

II. Influence of the award of the European Diploma of Protected Areas

III. Conditions and/or recommendations for award or renewal

Progress with measures taken in order to meet the conditions and/or recommendations defined during the award or renewal of the European Diploma of Protected Areas.



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