Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats - Standing Committee

Recommendation No. 49 (1996), concerning protection of some wild plant species which are subject to exploitation and commerce (Adopted by the Standing Committee on 26 January 1996)

The Standing Committee of the Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats, acting under the terms of Article 14 of the Convention,

Having regard to the obligations laid down by the Convention, particularly in Articles 1, 2, 3 and 5;

Considering that some plant species are threatened by over collection of wild specimens or their parts for commercial purposes;

Concerned by the amount collected of certain species;

Conscious that this activity may represent a legitimate source of income for some people, provided that the level of exploitation does not threaten the species concerned;

Favouring the idea that such type of commerce should rely basically on specimens produced by artificial propagation;

Noting that the Convention provides for the protection of fauna species at two levels (strictly protected species listed in Appendix II and protected species listed in Appendix III), while for flora only strictly protected species are listed in Appendix I, without a corresponding appendix for species that are worth protecting but could be subject to exploitation;

Recognising the need to provide some protection, to wild species that are threatened by over collecting;

Taking into account the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES);

Taking into account the provisions of Articles 11 and 14 of the Directive on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora, as well as its Annex V;

Recommends that Contracting Parties:

1. Undertake surveillance of the conservation status of species referred to in the Appendix to this recommendation and whether they are threatened by exploitation or commerce;

2. In the light of the surveillance under paragraph 1 above, if they deem it necessary, take measures to ensure that the taking in the wild of specimens of species of wild flora listed in the Appendix to this recommendation as well as their exploitation is compatible with their being maintained at a favourable conservation status;

Where such measures are deemed necessary, this shall include continuation of the surveillance provided for in paragraph 1 above. Such measures may also include in particular:

– regulations regarding access to certain property,

– temporary or local prohibition of the taking of specimens in the wild and exploitation of certain populations,

– regulation of the periods and/or methods of taking specimens,

– application, when specimens are taken, of taking rules which take account of the conservation of such populations,

– establishment of a system of licences for taking specimens or of quotas,

– regulation of the purchase, sale, offering for sale, keeping for sale or transport for sale of specimens,

– artificial propagation of plant species, under strictly controlled conditions, with a view to reducing the taking of specimens of the wild,

– assessment of the effect of the measures adopted.

Appendix to the recommendation

FAMILY / TAXON CIT FFH

CORALLINACEAE

Lithothamnium coralloides 5

Phymatholithon calcareum 5

CLADONIACEAEA

Cladonia subgenus Cladina spp. 5

LEUCOBRYACEAE

Leucobryum spp 5

SPHAGNACEAE

Sphagnum spp. 5

ASPLENIACEAE

Asplenium petrarchae bivalens

Diplazium caudatum

Matteuccia struthipteris

Polystichum setiferum

DAVALLIACEAE

Davallia canariensis

LYCOPODIACEAE

Diphasium spp.

Huperzia spp.

Lycopodium spp. 5

OSMUNDACEAE

Osmunda regalis

POLYPODIACEAE

Polypodium cambricum

PSILOTACEAE

Psilotum nudum

AMARYLLIDACEAE

Galanthus nivalis 2 5

Leucojum aestivum

Leucojum vernum

Narcissus spp. (1)

Sternbergia colchiciflora 2

AQUIFOLIACEAE

Ilex aquifolium

ASCLEPIADACEAE

Ceropegia spp. 2

BERBERIDACEAE

Gymnospermium odessanum

CARYOPHYLLACEAE

Dianthus plumarius

Gypsophila paniculata

Silene tomentosa

COMPOSITAE

Achillea nobilis

Antennaria dioica

Arnica montana 5

Artemisia eriantha 5

Artemisia genipi 5

Artemisia glacialis

Artemisia umbelliformis

Carlina onopordifolia

Doronicum plantagineum tournefortii 5

Helichrysum arenarium

Hieracium texedense

Leontopodium alpinum

Leuzea rhaponticoides 5

Otanthus maritimus

CRASSULACEAE

Aeonium spp.

Greenovia spp.

CRUCIFERAE

Alyssum pintodasilvae 5

Crambe cordifolia

Crambe litwinowii

Malcomia lacera gracillima 5

Murbeckiella pinnatifida herminii 5

CYPERACEAE

Scirpoides holoschoenus

DROSERACEAE

All species/toutes les espèces

ERICACEAE

Ledum palustre

GENTIANACEAE

Gentiana acaulis

Gentiana lutea 5

Gentiana pneunomanthe

Gentiana punctata

Gentiana verna

GERANIACEAE

Erodium cazorlanum

Geranium cazorlense

GRAMINEAE

Stipa bromoides

Stipa crassiculmis

Stipa dasyphylla

Stipa eriocaulis

Stipa pennata

Stipa pulcherrima

Stipa sabulosa

Stipa stenophylla

GUTTIFERAE

Hypericum nummularium

IRIDACEAE

Crocus albiflorus

Crocus angustifolius

Crocus banaticus

Crocus heuffelianus

Crocus reticutatus

Crocus sativus

Crocus speciosus

Crocus tommasinianus

Gladiolus spp.

Iris aphyla

Iris boissieri

Iris gramniea

Iris humilis

Iris lusitanica 5

Iris pumila

Iris sibirica

Iris spuria

Iris variegata

LABIATAE

Teucrium salviastrum salviastrum 5

Thymus cimicinus

LEGUMINOSAE

Anthyllis lusitanica 5

Dorycnium pentaphyllum transmontana 5

Glycyrrhiza korshinskyanum

Hedysarum grandiflorum

Ulex densus 5

LENTIBULARIACEAE

Pinguicula vulgaris

LILIACEAE

Allium rouyi

Allium ursinum

Bulbocodium versicolor

Colchicum autumnale

Colchicum spp.

Eremurus spectabilis

Eremurus thiodanthus

Erythronium denscanis

Fritillaria spp.

Hyacinthoides non-scripta

Lilium spp. (2) (2)

Ornithogalum umbellatum

Ruscus aculeatus 5

Ruscus hypoglossum

Scilla autumnalis

Scilla hyacinthoides

Tulipa agenensis

Tulipa biebersteiniana

Tulipa cypria

Tulipa schrenkii

MENYANTHACEAE

Nymphoides peltata

NYMPHAEACEAE

Nuphar lutea

Nuphar pumila

Nymphaea alba

Nymphaea candida

ORCHIDACEAE

All species/toutes les espèces 2

PAEONIACEAE

Paeonia spp.

PAPAVERACEAE

Papaver lapeyrosianum

Papaver rupifragum

PLUMBAGINACEAE

Armeria sampaioi 5

Armeria vulgaris

Limonium malacitanum

PRIMULACEAE

Cyclamen spp. 2

Primula ceris

Primula vulgaris

RANUNCULACEAE

Aconitum flerovii

Aconitum jacquinii

Adonis vernalis

Hepatica nobilis

Pulsatilla spp.

Ranunculus lingua

ROSACEAE

Rubus genevieri herminii 5

SAXIFRAGACEAE

Saxifraga cotyledon 5

SCROPHULARIACEAE

Anarrhinum longipedicelatum 5

Euphrasia mendoncae 5

Scrophularia grandiflora grandiflora 5

Scrophularia herminii 5

Scrophularia sublyrata 5

TAXACEAE

Taxus baccata

THYMELACEAE

Daphne cneorum

TYPHACEAE

Typha angustifolia

UMBELLIFERAE

Eryngium maritimum

Meum athamanticum

VALERIANACEAE

Valeriana celtica

VISCACEAE

Viscum album

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(1) Narcissus bulbocodium / in Annex V FFH

Narcissus juncifolius / in Annex V FFH

(2) Lilium rubrum / in Annex V FFH



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