Ministers' Deputies / Rapporteur Groups
GR-J
Rapporteur Group on Legal Co-operation

GR-J(2009)4 revised 26 March 20091
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Council of Europe’s Convention on Cybercrime (ETS No. 185) -
Request by Chile to be invited to accede

————————————————

1. By letter dated 21 October 2008, transmitted on 9 January 2009 by the Embassy of Chile in France, Mr Alejandro FOXLEY RIOSECO, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Chile, informed the Secretary General about the wish of his Government to be invited to accede to the Convention on Cybercrime (see Appendix 1).

2. In conformity with the request from the authorities of Chile, the Secretariat proceeded to an informal consultation of the member States, asking them to communicate to the Secretariat whether their authorities would object to the accession of Chile to the Convention on Cybercrime if the request to be invited to accede was formally submitted to the Committee of Ministers. The deadline for replying was 6 March 2009. No objection was communicated to the Secretariat.

3. The relevant provisions of the Convention on Cybercrime can be summarised as follows.

a. Summary of the Convention

4. The Convention on Cybercrime (ETS No. 185) was opened for signature by the member States of the Council of Europe and by non-member States having participated in its elaboration, in Budapest, on 23 November 2001. It entered into force on 1 July 2004. The chart of signatures and ratifications is appended (see Appendix 2).

5. The Convention is the first international treaty on crimes committed via the Internet and other computer networks, dealing particularly with infringements of copyright, computer-related fraud, child pornography and violations of network security. It also provides a series of procedural powers, such as the search for computer networks and the interception of data. Its main objective, set out in the preamble, is “to pursue a common criminal policy aimed at the protection of society against cybercrime, inter alia by adopting appropriate legislation and fostering international co-operation”.

6. The Convention has been complemented by an Additional Protocol concerning the criminalisation of acts of a racist and xenophobic nature committed through computer systems (ETS No. 189), which was opened for signature on 28 January 2003 and entered into force on 1 March 2006.

b. Procedure for accession

7. Article 37, paragraph 1 of the Convention on Cybercrime stipulates as follows:

    "After the entry into force of this Convention, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe, after consulting with and obtaining the unanimous consent of the Contracting States to the Convention, may invite any State which is not a member of the Council and which has not participated in its elaboration to accede to this Convention. The decision shall be taken by the majority provided for in Article 20.d. of the Statute of the Council of Europe and by the unanimous vote of the representatives of the Contracting States entitled to sit on the Committee of Ministers.”

8. Given the above, the Deputies may wish to take note of the request of Chile to be invited to accede to the Convention on Cybercrime and assess whether there is an agreement in principle towards granting such request, in accordance with the applicable provisions of the Convention.

9. If the Deputies agree in principle to invite Chile to accede to the Convention on Cybercrime, they could agree to instruct the Secretariat to consult the non-member state which is a Contracting state thereto, i.e. the United States of America, and set 12 June 2009 as the deadline for a reply.

10. In respect of such consultation, the Deputies may decide that, if there is no objection from the United States of America before the expiration of the term of 12 June 2009, the decision to invite Chile to accede to the Convention on Cybercrime would be regarded as adopted on 17 June 2009 (1061st meeting of the Deputies).

11. The Deputies may decide to resume consideration of this item if the United States of America raised an objection concerning the accession of Chile to the Convention.

***

DRAFT DECISIONS

1056th meeting – 6 May 2009

Item 10.1

Council of Europe’s Convention on Cybercrime (ETS No. 185) –
Request by Chile to be invited to accede

Decisions

The Deputies

1. took note of the request of Chile to be invited to accede to the Convention on Cybercrime (ETS No. 185) and noted that the Committee of Ministers agreed in principle to granting this request;

2. instructed the Secretariat to consult the non-member state which is a Contracting state to the Convention, i.e. the United States of America, and set 12 June 2009 as the deadline for a reply;

3. agreed that, if there was no objection from the United States of America, the decision to invite Chile to accede to the Convention on Cybercrime (ETS No. 185) would be regarded as adopted on 17 June 2009 (1061st meeting of the Deputies);

4. agreed to resume consideration of this item if the United States of America raised an objection concerning the accession of Chile to the Convention.

Appendix 1

Appendix 2

Convention on Cybercrime
CETS No.: 185

Treaty open for signature by the member states and the non-member states which have participated in its elaboration and for accession by other non-member states

Opening for signature
Entry into force

Place: Budapest
Date : 23/11/2001

Conditions: 5 Ratifications including at least 3 member states of the Council of Europe
Date : 1/7/2004

Status as of: 11/3/2009

Member states of the Council of Europe

States 
Signature 
Ratification 
Entry into force 
Notes 
R. 
D. 
A. 
T. 
C. 
O. 

Albania  

23/11/2001  
20/6/2002  
1/7/2004  
   
   
   
X  
   
   
   

Andorra  

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Armenia  

23/11/2001  
12/10/2006  
1/2/2007  
   
   
   
X  
   
   
   

Austria  

23/11/2001  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Azerbaijan  

30/6/2008  
   
   
   
X  
X  
X  
X  
   
   

Belgium  

23/11/2001  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Bosnia and Herzegovina  

9/2/2005  
19/5/2006  
1/9/2006  
   
   
   
X  
   
   
   

Bulgaria  

23/11/2001  
7/4/2005  
1/8/2005  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Croatia  

23/11/2001  
17/10/2002  
1/7/2004  
   
   
   
X  
   
   
   

Cyprus  

23/11/2001  
19/1/2005  
1/5/2005  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Czech Republic  

9/2/2005  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Denmark  

22/4/2003  
21/6/2005  
1/10/2005  
   
X  
   
X  
X  
   
   

Estonia  

23/11/2001  
12/5/2003  
1/7/2004  
   
   
   
X  
   
   
   

Finland  

23/11/2001  
24/5/2007  
1/9/2007  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

France  

23/11/2001  
10/1/2006  
1/5/2006  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Georgia  

1/4/2008  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Germany  

23/11/2001  
9/3/2009  
1/7/2009  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Greece  

23/11/2001  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Hungary  

23/11/2001  
4/12/2003  
1/7/2004  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Iceland  

30/11/2001  
29/1/2007  
1/5/2007  
   
X  
   
X  
   
   
   

Ireland  

28/2/2002  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Italy  

23/11/2001  
5/6/2008  
1/10/2008  
   
   
   
X  
   
   
   

Latvia  

5/5/2004  
14/2/2007  
1/6/2007  
   
X  
   
X  
   
   
   

Liechtenstein  

17/11/2008  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Lithuania  

23/6/2003  
18/3/2004  
1/7/2004  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Luxembourg  

28/1/2003  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Malta  

17/1/2002  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Moldova  

23/11/2001  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Monaco  

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Montenegro  

7/4/2005  
   
   
55  
   
   
   
   
   
   

Netherlands  

23/11/2001  
16/11/2006  
1/3/2007  
   
   
   
X  
X  
   
   

Norway  

23/11/2001  
30/6/2006  
1/10/2006  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Poland  

23/11/2001  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Portugal  

23/11/2001  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Romania  

23/11/2001  
12/5/2004  
1/9/2004  
   
   
   
X  
   
   
   

Russia  

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

San Marino  

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Serbia  

7/4/2005  
   
   
55  
   
   
   
   
   
   

Slovakia  

4/2/2005  
8/1/2008  
1/5/2008  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Slovenia  

24/7/2002  
8/9/2004  
1/1/2005  
   
   
   
X  
   
   
   

Spain  

23/11/2001 r  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sweden  

23/11/2001  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Switzerland  

23/11/2001  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia  

23/11/2001  
15/9/2004  
1/1/2005  
   
   
   
X  
   
   
   

Turkey  

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Ukraine  

23/11/2001  
10/3/2006  
1/7/2006  
   
X  
   
X  
   
   
   

United Kingdom  

23/11/2001  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Non-member states of the Council of Europe

States 
Signature 
Ratification 
Entry into force 
Notes 
R. 
D. 
A. 
T. 
C. 
O. 

Canada  

23/11/2001  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Costa Rica  

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Dominican Republic  

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Japan  

23/11/2001  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Mexico  

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Philippines  

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

South Africa  

23/11/2001  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

United States  

23/11/2001  
29/9/2006  
1/1/2007  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Total number of signatures not followed by ratifications: 

22 

Total number of ratifications/accessions: 

24 

Notes:(55) Date of signature by the state union of Serbia and Montenegro.
a: Accession - s: Signature without reservation as to ratification - su: Succession - r: Signature "ad referendum".
R.: Reservations - D.: Declarations - A.: Authorities - T.: Territorial Application - C.: Communication - O.: Objection.

Source : Treaty Office on http://conventions.coe.int

Note 1 This document has been classified restricted at the date of issue. Unless the Committee of Ministers decides otherwise, it will be declassified according to the rules set out in Resolution Res(2001)6 on access to Council of Europe documents.


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