Ministers’ Deputies
Notes on the Agenda

CM/Notes/1111/4.2       17 March 20111

1111 Meeting, 6 April 2011
4 Human rights

4.2 Abolition of the death penalty in all member states of the Council of Europe

Reference documents
CM/Del/Dec(2001)769/4.4, CM/Del/Dec(2010)1097/4.3


Action

In accordance with the decision taken at their 769th meeting (17 October 2001, item 4.4), to hold their regular exchange of views on the abolition of the death penalty in member states of the Council of Europe. In this context the Deputies might also consider the situation with regard to signatures and ratifications of Protocols Nos. 6 and 13. They are also invited to consider the appended draft decisions with a view to their adoption.


1. It is recalled that the Deputies, in accordance with their decisions on the follow-up to the European Ministerial Conference on Human Rights (Rome, 3-4 November 2000), held an exchange of views on 17 October 2001 on the abolition of the death penalty in all member states and decided to resume consideration of this item thereafter at regular intervals until Europe had become a de jure death penalty-free zone.

2. The last such exchange of views took place at the 1097th meeting (10 November 2010), during which the Deputies reiterated their strong and urgent call on the Russian Federation, as the only member state which has not yet abolished the death penalty, to take without delay all the necessary steps to transform the existing moratorium on executions into de jure abolition of the death penalty and to ratify Protocol No. 6.

3. The Deputies took note of the information provided by the Russian Federation on measures taken to this effect and agreed to resume consideration of this issue at one of their forthcoming meetings, but no later than April 2011, in the light of additional information to be provided on Protocol No. 6 by the Russian Federation by mid-March 2011.

4. With respect to Protocol No. 13, the Deputies took note of the information provided by Poland on measures taken regarding the ratification of Protocol No. 13 and regretted that the other countries concerned had not yet responded to their invitation to provide information to this effect. They encouraged those states which have not yet signed or ratified Protocol No. 13 to do so rapidly and agreed to resume consideration of this issue at one of their forthcoming meetings, but no later than April 2011, in the light of additional information to be provided on Protocol No. 13 by those countries which have not yet signed or ratified it by mid-March 2011.

5. To date, Protocol No. 13, which entered into force on 1 July 2003, has been ratified by 42 member states and signed by a further 3 states (Armenia, Latvia and Poland). Two member states have not yet signed the protocol (Azerbaijan and the Russian Federation, see the appended chart of signatures and ratifications).

6. At its 65th plenary session, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a new Resolution on the moratorium on the use of the death penalty, sponsored notably by 46 Council of Europe member states, with an increased number of votes in favour – including all 47 Council of Europe member states – compared to similar resolutions adopted in the past. It is also recalled that 11 July 2011 will mark the 20th anniversary of the entry into force of the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty on a worldwide basis. To date, four Council of Europe member states (Armenia, Latvia, Poland and the Russian Federation) have not yet ratified or acceded to this protocol.

Financing assured: YES

DRAFT DECISIONS

1111th meeting – 6 April 2011

Item 4.2

Abolition of the death penalty in all member states of the Council of Europe
(CM/Del/Dec(2001)769/4.4, CM/Del/Dec(2010)1097/4.3)

Decisions

The Deputies

1. reiterated their strong and urgent call on the Russian Federation, as the only member state which has not yet abolished the death penalty, to take without delay all the necessary steps to transform the existing moratorium on executions into de jure abolition of the death penalty and to ratify Protocol No. 6;

[2. took note of the information provided by the Russian Federation on measures taken to this effect;]
or
[2. regretted that the Russian Federation had not yet responded to their invitation to provide further information on measures taken to this effect;]

[3. took note of the information provided by […] on measures taken regarding the signature and/or ratification of Protocol No. 13 and regretted that the other countries concerned had not yet responded to their invitation to provide further information on measures taken to this effect;]
or
[3. took note of the information provided by the countries concerned on measures taken regarding the signature and/or ratification of Protocol No. 13;]
or
[3. regretted that the countries concerned had not yet responded to their invitation to provide further information on measures taken regarding the signature and/or ratification of Protocol No. 13;]

4. encouraged those states which have not yet signed or ratified Protocol No. 13 to do so rapidly;

5. welcomed the adoption of a new United Nations’ General Assembly resolution on a moratorium on the use of the death penalty, and encouraged those Council of Europe member states which have not yet ratified or acceded to the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty, to do so rapidly;

6. agreed to resume consideration of this issue at one of their forthcoming meetings, but no later than October 2011, in the light of additional information to be provided on Protocol No. 6 by the Russian Federation and on Protocol No. 13 by those countries which have not yet signed or ratified this Protocol by mid-September 2011.

Appendix

Protocol No. 13 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, concerning the abolition of the death penalty in all circumstances
CETS No.: 187

Treaty open for signature by the member States signatories to Treaty ETS 5

Opening for signature
Entry into force

Place: Vilnius
Date : 3/5/2002

Conditions: 10 Ratifications.
Date : 1/7/2003

Status as of: 9/3/2011

Member States of the Council of Europe

States 
Signature 
Ratification 
Entry into force 
Notes 
R. 
D. 
A. 
T. 
C. 
O. 

Albania  

26/5/2003  
6/2/2007  
1/6/2007  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Andorra  

3/5/2002  
26/3/2003  
1/7/2003  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Armenia  

19/5/2006  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Austria  

3/5/2002  
12/1/2004  
1/5/2004  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Azerbaijan  

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Belgium  

3/5/2002  
23/6/2003  
1/10/2003  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Bosnia and Herzegovina  

3/5/2002  
29/7/2003  
1/11/2003  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Bulgaria  

21/11/2002 
13/2/2003  
1/7/2003  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Croatia  

3/7/2002  
3/2/2003  
1/7/2003  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Cyprus  

3/5/2002  
12/3/2003  
1/7/2003  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Czech Republic  

3/5/2002  
2/7/2004  
1/11/2004  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Denmark  

3/5/2002  
28/11/2002 
1/7/2003  
   
   
   
   
X  
   
   

Estonia  

3/5/2002  
25/2/2004  
1/6/2004  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Finland  

3/5/2002  
29/11/2004 
1/3/2005  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

France  

3/5/2002  
10/10/2007 
1/2/2008  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Georgia  

3/5/2002  
22/5/2003  
1/9/2003  
   
   
X  
   
   
   
   

Germany  

3/5/2002  
11/10/2004 
1/2/2005  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Greece  

3/5/2002  
1/2/2005  
1/6/2005  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Hungary  

3/5/2002  
16/7/2003  
1/11/2003  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Iceland  

3/5/2002  
10/11/2004 
1/3/2005  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Ireland  

3/5/2002  
3/5/2002  
1/7/2003  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Italy  

3/5/2002  
3/3/2009  
1/7/2009  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Latvia  

3/5/2002  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Liechtenstein  

3/5/2002  
5/12/2002  
1/7/2003  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Lithuania  

3/5/2002  
29/1/2004  
1/5/2004  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Luxembourg  

3/5/2002  
21/3/2006  
1/7/2006  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Malta  

3/5/2002  
3/5/2002  
1/7/2003  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Moldova  

3/5/2002  
18/10/2006 
1/2/2007  
   
   
X  
   
   
   
   

Monaco  

5/10/2004  
30/11/2005 
1/3/2006  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Montenegro  

3/4/2003  
3/3/2004  
6/6/2006  
56  
   
   
   
   
   
   

Netherlands  

3/5/2002  
10/2/2006  
1/6/2006  
   
   
   
   
X  
   
   

Norway  

3/5/2002  
16/8/2005  
1/12/2005  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Poland  

3/5/2002  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Portugal  

3/5/2002  
3/10/2003  
1/2/2004  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Romania  

3/5/2002  
7/4/2003  
1/8/2003  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Russia  

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

San Marino  

3/5/2002  
25/4/2003  
1/8/2003  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Serbia  

3/4/2003  
3/3/2004  
1/7/2004  
56  
   
   
   
   
   
   

Slovakia  

24/7/2002  
18/8/2005  
1/12/2005  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Slovenia  

3/5/2002  
4/12/2003  
1/4/2004  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Spain  

3/5/2002  
16/12/2009 
1/4/2010  
   
   
X  
   
   
   
   

Sweden  

3/5/2002  
22/4/2003  
1/8/2003  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Switzerland  

3/5/2002  
3/5/2002  
1/7/2003  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

“The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”

3/5/2002  
13/7/2004  
1/11/2004  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Turkey  

9/1/2004  
20/2/2006  
1/6/2006  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Ukraine  

3/5/2002  
11/3/2003  
1/7/2003  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

United Kingdom  

3/5/2002  
10/10/2003 
1/2/2004  
   
   
   
X  
   
   
   

Total number of signatures not followed by ratifications: 

Total number of ratifications/accessions: 

42 

Notes:
(56) Dates of signature and ratification by the state union of Serbia and Montenegro.
a: Accession - s: Signature without reservation as to ratification - su: Succession - r: Signature "ad referendum".
R.: Reservations - D.: Declarations - A.: Authorities - T.: Territorial Application - C.: Communication - O.: Objection.

Source : Treaty Office on http://conventions.coe.int

Note 1 This document has been classified restricted at the date of issue; it will be declassified in accordance with Resolution Res(2001)6 on access to Council of Europe documents.


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