Ministers’ Deputies
CM Documents

CM(2007)95 18 May 20071
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999bis Meeting, 20 June 2007
10 Legal questions


10.6 European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters (ETS No. 30)

Request by South Africa to be invited to accede

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1. By letter dated 10 May 2007, the Mission of the Republic of South Africa to the European Communities has informed the Secretary General of the Council of Europe of the wish of the Republic of South Africa to be invited to accede to the European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters (see Appendix 1 containing the letter).

2. The relevant provisions of the Convention can be summarised as follows.

a. Summary of the Convention

3. The European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters was opened for signature by the member States of the Council of Europe, in Strasbourg, on 20 April 1959. It entered into force on 12 June 1962. The chart of signatures and ratifications is appended (Appendix 2).

4. Under the Convention, Parties agree to afford each other the widest measure of mutual assistance with a view to gathering evidence, hearing witnesses, experts and prosecuted persons, etc. The Convention sets out rules for the enforcement of letters rogatory by the authorities of a Party ("requested Party") which aim to procure evidence (audition of witnesses, experts and prosecuted persons, service of writs and records of judicial verdicts) or to communicate the evidence (records or documents) in criminal proceedings undertaken by the judicial authorities of another Party ("requesting Party"). The Convention also specifies the requirements that requests for mutual assistance and letters rogatory have to meet (transmitting authorities, languages, refusal of mutual assistance).

b. Procedure for accession by non member States of the Council of Europe

5. Article 28, paragraph 1, of the European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters stipulates as follows:

“The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe may invite any State not a member of the Council to accede to this Convention, provided that the resolution containing such invitation obtains the unanimous agreement of the members of the Council who have ratified the Convention."

6. Israel is the only non member State to be a Party to the Convention. The Committee of Ministers has invited Chile, on 8 November 2006, to accede to the Convention.

In light of the presentation by the Republic of South Africa of a formal request to be invited to accede to European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters (ETS No. 30), the Rapporteur Group on Legal Co-operation (GR-J) is invited to examine this formal request with a view to transmitting it to the Deputies for adoption of the relevant decisions at their 999 bis meeting (20 June 2007).

Appendix I

Appendix II

European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters
CETS No.: 030

Treaty open for signature by the member States and for accession by non-member States

Opening for signature
Entry into force

Place: Strasbourg
Date : 20/4/1959

Conditions: 3 Ratifications.
Date : 12/6/1962

Status as of: 16/5/2007

Member States of the Council of Europe

States 
Signature 
Ratification 
Entry into force 
Notes 
R. 
D. 
A. 
T. 
C. 
O. 

Albania  

19/5/1998  
4/4/2000  
3/7/2000  
   
X  
X  
   
   
   
   

Andorra  

15/6/2004  
26/4/2005  
25/7/2005  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Armenia  

11/5/2001  
25/1/2002  
25/4/2002  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Austria  

20/4/1959  
2/10/1968  
31/12/1968  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
X  

Azerbaijan  

7/11/2001  
4/7/2003  
2/10/2003  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Belgium  

20/4/1959  
13/8/1975  
11/11/1975  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Bosnia and Herzegovina  

30/4/2004  
25/4/2005  
24/7/2005  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Bulgaria  

30/9/1993  
17/6/1994  
15/9/1994  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Croatia  

7/5/1999  
7/5/1999  
5/8/1999  
   
   
X  
X  
   
   
   

Cyprus  

27/3/1996  
24/2/2000  
24/5/2000  
   
X  
X  
   
   
   
   

Czech Republic  

13/2/1992  
15/4/1992  
1/1/1993  
17  
   
X  
X  
   
   
   

Denmark  

20/4/1959  
13/9/1962  
12/12/1962  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Estonia  

4/11/1993  
28/4/1997  
27/7/1997  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Finland  

   
29/1/1981 a  
29/4/1981  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

France  

28/4/1961  
23/5/1967  
21/8/1967  
   
X  
X  
X  
X  
   
   

Georgia  

27/4/1999  
13/10/1999  
11/1/2000  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Germany  

20/4/1959  
2/10/1976  
1/1/1977  
   
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   

Greece  

20/4/1959  
23/2/1962  
12/6/1962  
   
X  
   
   
   
   
   

Hungary  

19/11/1991  
13/7/1993  
11/10/1993  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Iceland  

27/9/1982  
20/6/1984  
18/9/1984  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Ireland  

15/10/1996  
28/11/1996  
26/2/1997  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
X  

Italy  

20/4/1959  
23/8/1961  
12/6/1962  
   
   
X  
X  
   
   
   

Latvia  

30/10/1996  
2/6/1997  
31/8/1997  
   
   
X  
X  
   
   
   

Liechtenstein  

   
28/10/1969 a  
26/1/1970  
   
X  
   
   
   
   
   

Lithuania  

9/11/1994  
17/4/1997  
16/7/1997  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Luxembourg  

20/4/1959  
18/11/1976  
16/2/1977  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Malta  

6/9/1993  
3/3/1994  
1/6/1994  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Moldova  

2/5/1996  
4/2/1998  
5/5/1998  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Monaco  

19/3/2007  
19/3/2007  
17/6/2007  
   
X  
X  
   
   
   
   

Montenegro  

   
30/9/2002 a  
6/6/2006  
54  
   
   
   
   
   
   

Netherlands  

21/1/1965  
14/2/1969  
15/5/1969  
   
X  
X  
X  
X  
   
   

Norway  

21/4/1961  
14/3/1962  
12/6/1962  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Poland  

9/5/1994  
19/3/1996  
17/6/1996  
   
   
X  
X  
   
   
   

Portugal  

10/5/1979  
27/9/1994  
26/12/1994  
   
   
X  
X  
   
X  
   

Romania  

30/6/1995  
17/3/1999  
15/6/1999  
   
   
X  
X  
   
   
   

Russia  

7/11/1996  
10/12/1999  
9/3/2000  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

San Marino  

29/9/2000  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Serbia  

   
30/9/2002 a  
29/12/2002  
54  
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Slovakia  

13/2/1992  
15/4/1992  
1/1/1993  
17  
   
X  
X  
   
   
   

Slovenia  

26/2/1999  
19/7/2001  
17/10/2001  
   
   
X  
X  
   
   
   

Spain  

24/7/1979  
18/8/1982  
16/11/1982  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Sweden  

20/4/1959  
1/2/1968  
1/5/1968  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Switzerland  

29/11/1965  
20/12/1966  
20/3/1967  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia  

28/7/1999  
28/7/1999  
26/10/1999  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Turkey  

23/10/1959  
24/6/1969  
22/9/1969  
   
   
X  
   
   
   
   

Ukraine  

29/5/1997  
11/3/1998  
9/6/1998  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

United Kingdom  

21/6/1991  
29/8/1991  
27/11/1991  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Non-member States of the Council of Europe

States 
Signature 
Ratification 
Entry into force 
Notes 
R. 
D. 
A. 
T. 
C. 
O. 

Chile  

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Israel  

   
27/9/1967 a  
26/12/1967  
   
X  
X  
X  
   
   
   

Total number of signatures not followed by ratifications: 

Total number of ratifications/accessions: 

47 

Notes:(17) Dates of signature and ratification by the former Czech and Slovak Federal Republic.
(54) Date of accession by the state union of Serbia and Montenegro.
a: Accession - s: Signature without reservation as to ratification - su: Succession - r: Signature "ad referendum".
R.: Reservations - D.: Declarations - A.: Authorities - T.: Territorial Application - C.: Communication - O.: Objection.

Source : Treaty Office on http://conventions.coe.int

Note 1 This document has been classified restricted at the date of issue. Unless the Committee of Ministers decides otherwise, it will be declassified according to the rules set out in Resolution Res(2001)6 on access to Council of Europe documents.


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