Ministers’ Deputies
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CM(2007)94 Addendum 2 18 May 20071
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999bis Meeting, 20 June 2007
10 Legal questions


10.5 Ad hoc meeting of Chairs of relevant committees of the Council of Europe on terrorism

(Strasbourg, 25 April 2007)

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The Ad hoc meeting of the Chairs of relevant committees of the Council of Europe on terrorism took place in Strasbourg on 25 April 2007 and it brought together the Chairs and Vice-Chairs of some 15 steering and ad hoc committees and of two monitoring bodies (the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture (CPT) and the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI)), all directly subordinated to the Committee of Ministers. Mr Bruno Gain, as Chair of the Rapporteur Group on Legal Cooperation (GR-J), Mr Dick Marty, as representative of the Parliamentary Assembly, and Mr Manuel Lezertua, as representative of the Office of the Human Rights Commissioner, also attended the event. The agenda of the meeting is set out in Appendix 1.

Mr Boillat, Director General ad interim of Legal Affairs delivered the speech on behalf of the Secretary General as set out in Appendix 2. In particular, he stressed to the participants that the meeting was a "first" and a test which could be exported to other sectors. He further underlined that this meeting should also allow building synergies and avoiding duplication of efforts, in order to maintain our high degree of priority in the fight against terrorism.

Participants unanimously welcomed it as an innovative exercise which enabled them to establish contacts, raise awareness about their various activities and identify possible areas for co-operation in relation to the prevention and suppression of terrorism.

The committees expressed their willingness to work together since this is both essential in view of the limited resources and key to allowing an integrated approach, which is fundamental in this area and one of the main comparative advantages the Council of Europe has to offer.

Participants felt that there should be more interaction between the different committees, including beyond the larger sectors (legal, human rights, culture, education, social), and also with other international organisations.

The meeting provided the opportunity for gap-analysis and the identification of capabilities in the light of the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy, and for the establishment of a “router” on Council of Europe involvement, as set out in Appendix 3. It also prompted all the committees to take ownership of the Organisation's activities in this field.

In conclusion, two concrete proposals were agreed upon: that the leaflet on the Council of Europe's activities in the fight against terrorism should be updated to cover the activities of other committees, and that the possibility of extending the CODEXTER Country Profiles on Counter-Terrorism Capacity to cover other fields should be considered.

With regard to the future, participants agreed that this exercise should be followed up both at a general level, i.e. the same type of meeting at regular intervals (every 12 or 18 months); and at a more specific level, i.e. by bringing together certain committees e.g. the legal and human rights committees, for specific topics or by addressing specific sub-topics e.g. the link between suppression and prevention of terrorism.

Appendix I

Agenda

1. Opening of the meeting by Mr Terry Davis, Secretary General

2. Presentation of participants

3. Statement by Ambassador Bruno Gain, Chair of the Committee of Ministers’ Rapporteur Group on Legal Co-operation (GR-J)

4. Presentation by Mr Rafael A. Benitez, Council of Europe’s Anti-Terrorism Coordinator, on the Council of Europe’s work against terrorism – the state of play

5. United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy and discussion on the Council of Europe's work on terrorism and contribution to the implementation of the strategy

- Committee of Experts on Terrorism (CODEXTER)
- European Committee on Legal Co-operation (CDCJ)
- European Committee on Crime Problems (CDPC)
- Committee of Legal Advisers on Public International Law (CAHDI)
- Consultative Council of European Judges (CCJE)
- Consultative Council of European Prosecutors (CCPE)
- Steering Committee on Human Rights (CDDH)
- European Committee for Social Cohesion (CDCS)
- Steering Committee for Education (CDED)
- Steering Committee for Culture (CDCULT)
- European Steering Committee for Youth (CDEJ)
- Steering Committee for Higher Education and Research (CDESR)
- Steering Committee on the Media and New Communication Services (CDMC)
- European Committee on Migration (CDMG)
- European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT)
- European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI)

6. International Conference on Conditions conducive to the spread of terrorism (Strasbourg, 25-26 April 2007)

7. Summing up and conclusions

Appendix II

Opening remarks by the Secretary General

• Terrorism is a complex phenomenon, and consequently, the fight against terrorism requires a comprehensive approach. Condemnation and suppression are crucial but insufficient alone as a long-term solution.

• Our Organisation has a strategic comparative advantage over other organisations dealing with terrorism, which is our multidisciplinary approach to combating terrorism whilst respecting human rights, fundamental freedoms and the rule of law.

• The Council of Europe has worked in the field of the fight against terrorism since the 1970s but its efforts were stepped up after 11 September 2001 for obvious reasons.

• Since then, the Council of Europe's work against terrorism builds on three cornerstones:

    • strengthening legal action against terrorism,
    • safeguarding fundamental values, and
    • addressing the causes of terrorism.

• The Council of Europe has achieved outstanding results in a relatively small timeframe with regard to its legal action against terrorism and to the protection of human rights in this area.

• The standards which our Organisation has elaborated are tailored to the specifics of the region where they are to be applied but have also served as precursors to efforts in other regions of the world and at universal level, e.g.

    • the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism adopted in May 2005 was followed by the adoption of UN SC Resolution 1624 in September 2005 and has been highlighted in the CTC report to the SC on Resolution 1624 (cf. S/2006/737).
    • our Guidelines on Human Rights and the Fight against Terrorism (2002) have received universal recognition as a state of the art standard in this area.

• These standards have been elaborated on solid legal foundations: the European Convention on Human Rights and the case-law of the European Court of Human Rights, which is also reflected in our standards.

• Reflection on the root causes of terrorism and the promotion of inter-cultural and inter-religious dialogue have been mainstreamed into all of the Council of Europe’s activities. However, more can and should be done. This is particularly so in view of our comparative advantage and experience in relation to other organisations and of developments at international level, namely the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy which pays particular attention to the need to address the conditions conducive to the spread of terrorism.

• The international conference which I will open this afternoon is one step further in this direction and I hope you will be able to contribute substantially. Under the title "Why Terrorism?", this conference addresses the conditions conducive to the spread of terrorism, which the UN also deals with in Chapter 1 of the Plan of Action attached to its Strategy. Each and every one of your committees and institutions has a role to play in this area.

• This meeting is a first and the reason I have decided to convene and chair it personally is because there is also a need to build synergies between the various committees and institutions and to avoid competition (resources are scarce and what defines a successful strategy is its integrated character). This will set the example for work in other areas.

• The fight against terrorism was on the agenda of this year's Annual High-Level meeting between the Council of Europe, OSCE, UN and partner organisations in the “Tripartite” Format (February 2007), where all the organisations agreed on the need to co-operate and build synergies. I have since felt that a similar reflection should be conducted internally in the CoE and that all the relevant committees and institutions should take ownership of the CoE's contribution to the efforts of the international community against terrorism. We must go beyond inviting each other at each other’s meeting !

• I am pleased that you have accepted my invitation and I am pleased to welcome Ambassador Gain who is the Chair of the Committee of Minister’s Group of rapporteurs which oversees our work on terrorism. I am also pleased to welcome the representatives of the Parliamentary Assembly, Senator Dick Marty, and of the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities, Councillor Micaellef.

• On the basis of the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy and of the CoE's work on terrorism I look forward to an open and frank discussion on what has been done and what needs to be done; what has worked and what has not; and how to move forward.

• We must maintain our strategic comparative advantage over other organisations in this area. This meeting should allow us to do this by building synergies and avoiding duplication of efforts, in order to maintain our high degree of priority.

• This meeting is about :
- INFORMATION AND CO-OPERATION
- TAKING OWNERSHIP AND GETTING INVOLVED
- GAP-ANALYSIS
- MAINSTREAMING ANTI-TERRORIST ACTIVITIES
- ENSURING COORDINATION AND SYNERGIES
- ACHIEVING SUISTAINABILITY

Appendix III

The United Nations Counter-Terrorism Strategy - Plan of Action
CoE router

Chapter/Paragraph

CoE Committee/institution

Observations2

I – Measures to address the conditions conducive to the spread of terrorism

1.  To continue to strengthen and make best possible use of the capacities of the United Nations in areas such as conflict prevention, negotiation, mediation, conciliation, judicial settlement, rule of law, peacekeeping and peacebuilding, in order to contribute to the successful prevention and peaceful resolution of prolonged unresolved conflicts. We recognize that the peaceful resolution of such conflicts would contribute to strengthening the global fight against terrorism;

SG3 / PACE / BCDH4 / CAHDI

 

2.  To continue to arrange under the auspices of the United Nations initiatives and programmes to promote dialogue, tolerance and understanding among civilizations, cultures, peoples and religions, and to promote mutual respect for and prevent the defamation of religions, religious values, beliefs and cultures. In this regard, we welcome the launching by the Secretary-General of the initiative on the Alliance of Civilizations. We also welcome similar initiatives that have been taken in other parts of the world;

CDCULT / CDED / ECRI/ CDESR / CDEJ / CDESR

Cf. White Paper on Inter-Cultural Dialogue and International Conference “Why Terrorism? Addressing the Conditions conducive to the Spread of Terrorism”

3.  To promote a culture of peace, justice and human development, ethnic, national and religious tolerance and respect for all religions, religious values, beliefs or cultures by establishing and encouraging, as appropriate, education and public awareness programmes involving all sectors of society. In this regard, we encourage the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization to play a key role, including through inter-faith and intra-faith dialogue and dialogue among civilizations;

ECRI / CDCULT / CDED / CDEJ / CDMC / CDESR / CAHDI

 

4.  To continue to work to adopt such measures as may be necessary and appropriate and in accordance with our respective obligations under international law to prohibit by law incitement to commit a terrorist act or acts and prevent such conduct;

CODEXTER / CM5

CETS 196

5.  To reiterate our determination to ensure the timely and full realization of the development goals and objectives agreed at the major United Nations conferences and summits, including the Millennium Development Goals. We reaffirm our commitment to eradicate poverty and promote sustained economic growth, sustainable development and global prosperity for all;

SG

 

6.  To pursue and reinforce development and social inclusion agendas at every level as goals in themselves, recognizing that success in this area, especially on youth unemployment, could reduce marginalization and the subsequent sense of victimization that propels extremism and the recruitment of terrorists;

CDCS / CDEJ / ECRI / CODEXTER/ CDMG

 

7.  To encourage the United Nations system as a whole to scale up the cooperation and assistance it is already conducting in the fields of rule of law, human rights and good governance to support sustained economic and social development;

TCP6 / CAHDI

 

8.  To consider putting in place, on a voluntary basis, national systems of assistance that would promote the needs of victims of terrorism and their families and facilitate the normalization of their lives. In this regard, we encourage States to request the relevant United Nations entities to help them to develop such national systems. We will also strive to promote international solidarity in support of victims and foster the involvement of civil society in a global campaign against terrorism and for its condemnation. This could include exploring at the General Assembly the possibility of developing practical mechanisms to provide assistance to victims.

CODEXTER / CDPC / CDCJ

Cf. CETS 116, CETS 196, Guidelines on Victims of Terrorism, CM Rec (2006)8, Country Profiles drawn up by CODEXTER

II – Measures to prevent and combat terrorism

1. To refrain from organizing, instigating, facilitating, participating in, financing, encouraging or tolerating terrorist activities and to take appropriate practical measures to ensure that our respective territories are not used for terrorist installations or training camps, or for the preparation or organization of terrorist acts intended to be committed against other States or their citizens;

CODEXTER / CAHDI

 

2. To cooperate fully in the fight against terrorism, in accordance with our obligations under international law, in order to find, deny safe haven and bring to justice, on the basis of the principle of extradite or prosecute, any person who supports, facilitates, participates or attempts to participate in the financing, planning, preparation or perpetration of terrorist acts or provides safe havens;

CDPC / PC-OC/ CCPE/ CCJE / CAHDI

 

3. To ensure the apprehension and prosecution or extradition of perpetrators of terrorist acts, in accordance with the relevant provisions of national and international law, in particular human rights law, refugee law and international humanitarian law. We will endeavour to conclude and implement to that effect mutual judicial assistance and extradition agreements and to strengthen cooperation between law enforcement agencies;

CDPC / PC-OC / CCPE / CCJE

 

4. To intensify cooperation, as appropriate, in exchanging timely and accurate information concerning the prevention and combating of terrorism;

CODEXTER

 

5. To strengthen coordination and cooperation among States in combating crimes that might be connected with terrorism, including drug trafficking in all its aspects, illicit arms trade, in particular of small arms and light weapons, including man-portable air defence systems, money-laundering and smuggling of nuclear, chemical, biological, radiological and other potentially deadly materials;

CDPC / MONEYVAL

 

6. To consider becoming parties without delay to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and to the three protocols supplementing it, and implementing them;

TCP

 

7. To take appropriate measures, before granting asylum, for the purpose of ensuring that the asylum-seeker has not engaged in terrorist activities and, after granting asylum, for the purpose of ensuring that the refugee status is not used in a manner contrary to the provisions set out in section II, paragraph 1, above;

CDCJ / CODEXTER / CDMG

Current consideration by CODEXTER of “False identity as a challenge to immigration authorities”;
CM Rec (2005) 7
Cf. CDMG’s Committee of experts on countries of emigration (MG-PE) and Committee of experts on the minimum rights of irregular migrants (MG-AD)

8. To encourage relevant regional and subregional organizations to create or strengthen counter-terrorism mechanisms or centres. Should they require cooperation and assistance to this end, we encourage the Counter-Terrorism Committee and its Executive Directorate and, where consistent with their existing mandates, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and the International Criminal Police Organization, to facilitate its provision;

SG / CM / CODEXTER

 

9. To acknowledge that the question of creating an international centre to fight terrorism could be considered, as part of international efforts to enhance the fight against terrorism;

-

 

10. To encourage States to implement the comprehensive international standards embodied in the Forty Recommendations on Money-Laundering and Nine Special Recommendations on Terrorist Financing of the Financial Action Task Force, recognizing that States may require assistance in implementing them;

MONEYVAL

CETS 198

11. To invite the United Nations system to develop, together with Member States, a single comprehensive database on biological incidents, ensuring that it is complementary to the biocrimes database contemplated by the International Criminal Police Organization. We also encourage the Secretary-General to update the roster of experts and laboratories, as well as the technical guidelines and procedures, available to him for the timely and efficient investigation of alleged use. In addition, we note the importance of the proposal of the Secretary-General to bring together, within the framework of the United Nations, the major biotechnology stakeholders, including industry, the scientific community, civil society and Governments, into a common programme aimed at ensuring that biotechnology advances are not used for terrorist or other criminal purposes but for the public good, with due respect for the basic international norms on intellectual property rights;

SG / CODEXTER / PACE

CM Rec (2007) 1; PACE Res 1367 (2004)

12. To work with the United Nations with due regard to confidentiality, respecting human rights and in compliance with other obligations under international law, to explore ways and means to:
(a) Coordinate efforts at the international and regional levels to counterterrorism in all its forms and manifestations on the Internet;
(b) Use the Internet as a tool for countering the spread of terrorism, while recognizing that States may require assistance in this regard;

(a) CODEXTER / CDPC / T-CY / CDDH
(b) TCP

Current consideration by CODEXTER of the Use of Internet for terrorist purposes and Cyberterrorism

13. To step up national efforts and bilateral, subregional, regional and international cooperation, as appropriate, to improve border and customs controls in order to prevent and detect the movement of terrorists and prevent and detect the illicit traffic in, inter alia, small arms and light weapons, conventional ammunition and explosives, and nuclear, chemical, biological or radiological weapons and materials, while recognizing that States may require assistance to that effect;

CODEXTER / CDPC / PC-OC

Current consideration by CODEXTER of “False identity as a challenge to immigration authorities”
CM Rec (2005) 7

14. To encourage the Counter-Terrorism Committee and its Executive Directorate to continue to work with States, at their request, to facilitate the adoption of legislation and administrative measures to implement the terrorist travel-related obligations and to identify best practices in this area, drawing whenever possible on those developed by technical international organizations, such as the International Civil Aviation Organization, the World Customs Organization and the International Criminal Police Organization;

SG / TCP

At UN request, CoE participates in the CTC onsite visits to UN members which are also members of the CoE

15. To encourage the Committee established pursuant to Security Council resolution 1267 (1999) to continue to work to strengthen the effectiveness of the travel ban under the United Nations sanctions regime against Al-Qaida and the Taliban and associated individuals and entities, as well as to ensure, as a matter of priority, that fair and transparent procedures exist for placing individuals and entities on its lists, for removing them and for granting humanitarian exceptions. In this regard, we encourage States to share information, including by widely distributing the International Criminal Police Organization/United Nations special notices concerning people subject to this sanctions regime;

CAHDI / PACE / VC7

CoE contributed to with an expert report submitted to the UN. In addition, at UN request’s CAHDI’s restricted data base on implementation of UN sanctions and respect for human rights was released to UN Security Council members on a restricted basis

16. To step up efforts and cooperation at every level, as appropriate, to improve the security of manufacturing and issuing identity and travel documents and to prevent and detect their alteration or fraudulent use, while recognizing that States may require assistance in doing so. In this regard, we invite the International Criminal Police Organization to enhance its database on stolen and lost travel documents, and we will endeavour to make full use of this tool, as appropriate, in particular by sharing relevant information;

-

CM Rec (CM Rec (2007) 1

17. To invite the United Nations to improve coordination in planning a response to a terrorist attack using nuclear, chemical, biological or radiological weapons or materials, in particular by reviewing and improving the effectiveness of the existing inter-agency coordination mechanisms for assistance delivery, relief operations and victim support, so that all States can receive adequate assistance. In this regard, we invite the General Assembly and the Security Council to develop guidelines for the necessary cooperation and assistance in the event of a terrorist attack using weapons of mass destruction;

 

Developments followed by CODEXTER

18. To step up all efforts to improve the security and protection of particularly vulnerable targets, such as infrastructure and public places, as well as the response to terrorist attacks and other disasters, in particular in the area of civil protection, while recognizing that States may require assistance to this effect.

CODEXTER

Cf. Observation II.12.

III. - Measures to build State’s capacity to prevent and combat terrorism and to strengthen the role of the United Nations system in this regard

1. To encourage Member States to consider making voluntary contributions to United Nations counter-terrorism cooperation and technical assistance projects, and to explore additional sources of funding in this regard. We also encourage the United Nations to consider reaching out to the private sector for contributions to capacity-building programmes, in particular in the areas of port, maritime and civil aviation security;

SG

CoE / SG cooperates actively with UNODC in the provision of technical assistance and follows developments within the UN system; likewise it participates in the special meetings of the CTC with international organisations and in the CTC onsite visits to evaluate compliance with UN Sec Council Resolution 1373.The Country Profiles database set up by CODEXTER has proven useful in this respect.

2. To take advantage of the framework provided by relevant international, regional and subregional organizations to share best practices in counter-terrorism capacity-building, and to facilitate their contributions to the international community’s efforts in this area;

3. To consider establishing appropriate mechanisms to rationalize States’ reporting requirements in the field of counter-terrorism and eliminate duplication of reporting requests, taking into account and respecting the different mandates of the General Assembly, the Security Council and its subsidiary bodies that deal with counter-terrorism;

4. To encourage measures, including regular informal meetings, to enhance, as appropriate, more frequent exchanges of information on cooperation and technical assistance among Member States, United Nations bodies dealing with counter-terrorism, relevant specialized agencies, relevant international, regional and subregional organizations and the donor community, to develop States’ capacities to implement relevant United Nations resolutions;

5. To welcome the intention of the Secretary-General to institutionalize, within existing resources, the Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force within the Secretariat in order to ensure overall coordination and coherence in the counterterrorism efforts of the United Nations system;

6. To encourage the Counter-Terrorism Committee and its Executive Directorate to continue to improve the coherence and efficiency of technical assistance delivery in the field of counter-terrorism, in particular by strengthening its dialogue with States and relevant international, regional and subregional organizations and working closely, including by sharing information, with all bilateral and multilateral technical assistance providers;

   

7. To encourage the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, including its Terrorism Prevention Branch, to enhance, in close consultation with the Counter-Terrorism Committee and its Executive Directorate, its provision of technical assistance to States, upon request, to facilitate the implementation of the international conventions and protocols related to the prevention and suppression of terrorism and relevant United Nations resolutions;

8. To encourage the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and the International Criminal Police Organization to enhance cooperation with States to help them to comply fully with international norms and obligations to combat money-laundering and the financing of terrorism;

9. To encourage the International Atomic Energy Agency and the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons to continue their efforts, within their respective mandates, in helping States to build capacity to prevent terrorists from accessing nuclear, chemical or radiological materials, to ensure security at related facilities and to respond effectively in the event of an attack using such materials;

   

10. To encourage the World Health Organization to step up its technical assistance to help States to improve their public health systems to prevent and prepare for biological attacks by terrorists;

11. To continue to work within the United Nations system to support the reform and modernization of border management systems, facilities and institutions at the national, regional and international levels;

12. To encourage the International Maritime Organization, the World Customs Organization and the International Civil Aviation Organization to strengthen their cooperation, work with States to identify any national shortfalls in areas of transport security and provide assistance, upon request, to address them;

13. To encourage the United Nations to work with Member States and relevant international, regional and subregional organizations to identify and share best practices to prevent terrorist attacks on particularly vulnerable targets. We invite the International Criminal Police Organization to work with the Secretary-General so that he can submit proposals to this effect. We also recognize the importance of developing public-private partnerships in this area.

   

IV – Measure to ensure respect for human rights for all and the rule of law as the fundamental basis of the fight against terrorism

1. To reaffirm that General Assembly resolution 60/158 of 16 December 2005 provides the fundamental framework for the “Protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism”;

-

Cf. Guidelines on Human Rights and Terrorism, ECRI General Policy Rec.

2. To reaffirm that States must ensure that any measures taken to combat terrorism comply with their obligations under international law, in particular human rights law, refugee law and international humanitarian law;

CAHDI / CDDH / CPT / VC

Idem

3. To consider becoming parties without delay to the core international instruments on human rights law, refugee law and international humanitarian law, and implementing them, as well as to consider accepting the competence of international and relevant regional human rights monitoring bodies;

CAHDI

Operation of the European Observatory of Reservations to International Treaties

4. To make every effort to develop and maintain an effective and rule of law-based national criminal justice system that can ensure, in accordance with our obligations under international law, that any person who participates in the financing, planning, preparation or perpetration of terrorist acts or in support of terrorist acts is brought to justice, on the basis of the principle to extradite or prosecute, with due respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, and that such terrorist acts are established as serious criminal offences in domestic laws and regulations. We recognize that States may require assistance in developing and maintaining such effective and rule of law-based criminal justice systems, and we encourage them to resort to the technical assistance delivered, inter alia, by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime;

CDDH / CDPC / CCJE/CCPE/ CODEXTER / CPT / VC / TCP

Cf. General observation to III.1-13.

5. To reaffirm the important role of the United Nations system in strengthening the international legal architecture by promoting the rule of law, respect for human rights and effective criminal justice systems, which constitute the fundamental basis of our common fight against terrorism;

CAHDI / VC

PACE texts

6. To support the Human Rights Council and to contribute, as it takes shape, to its work on the question of the promotion and protection of human rights for all in the fight against terrorism;

CDDH / BCDH

 

7. To support the strengthening of the operational capacity of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, with a particular emphasis on increasing field operations and presences. The Office should continue to play a lead role in examining the question of protecting human rights while countering terrorism, by making general recommendations on the human rights obligations of States and providing them with assistance and advice, in particular in the area of raising awareness of international human rights law among national lawenforcement agencies, at the request of States;

CDDH / BCDH

TCP

8. To support the role of the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism. The Special Rapporteur should continue to support the efforts of States and offer concrete advice by corresponding with Governments, making country visits, liaising with the United Nations and regional organizations and reporting on these issues.

CODEXTER / CAHDI / CDDH

Cf. Special rapporteur statement about the CoE Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism: “a sound response which would respect human rights”

1 This document has been classified restricted at the date of issue. It was declassified at the 999bis meeting of the Ministers’ Deputies (20 June 2007) (see CM/Del/Dec(2007)999bis/10.5b).

2 Where appropriate refer to the list of reference documents appended to the agenda for the meeting.

3 Within the remit of Council of Europe Secretariat General.

4 Office of the Council of Europe Commissionner for Human Rights.

5 Committee of Ministers and in particular GR-J and its Chair as Focal point Terrorism

6 Accomplished in particular through the Target Cooperation Programmes.

7 Venice Commission.


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