CM(2001)74...(756/7.1)...5th Session of the European Conference of Ministers responsible for Cultural Heritage (Portoroz, Slovenia, 6- 7 April 2001)

Ministers' Deputies
CM Documents

CM(2001)74 17 May 2001

756 Meeting, 12 June 2001
7 Education, culture

7.1 5th Session of the European Conference of Ministers responsible for Cultural Heritage (Portoroz, Slovenia, 6-7 April 2001)

Report of the Secretary General 

Prepared by the Directorate of Culture, Cultural and Natural Heritage




1.         The 5th session of the European Conference of Ministers responsible for the Cultural Heritage was held in Portorož (Slovenia) on 6 and 7 April 2001 at the invitation of the Slovenian Minister for Culture. 

2.         Forty-one States Parties to the European Cultural Convention attended the conference, of which 23 were represented at ministerial level, the others being represented by senior civil servants. 

3.         The overall theme of the 5th Conference was “Cultural heritage and the challenge of globalisation”. 

4.         The Committee of Ministers was represented by its Vice-Chairman, Ambassador Pietro Ercole AGO, Permanent Representative of Italy; the Parliamentary Assembly by Mr Jacques LEGENDRE, Senator (France), Vice-Chair of the Sub-Committee on the Architectural Heritage and Ms Elena POPTODOROVA, member of the Parliamentary Assembly (Bulgaria); the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of Europe was represented by Mr Louis ROPPE, Councillor and former mayor of Hasselt (Belgium) and Ms Helene LUND, member of the National Association of Local Authorities of Denmark. 

5.         Canada and Mexico had also sent a delegation, as too had UNESCO, ICOMOS and the Europa Nostra Association.

6.         The list of the heads of delegation is set out in Appendix II. 

7.         The conference began with an opening address by Mr Hans Christian KRÜGER, Deputy Secretary General of the Council of Europe.  There followed contributions from Mr Pietro Ercole AGO and Mr Jacques LEGENDRE.  In line with the tradition of ministerial conferences, the debates were chaired by Ms Andreja RIHTER, the Minister for Culture of the host country, Slovenia, who by way of introduction presented the aims of the conference. 

8.         The conference programme comprised three specific themes which were discussed during the working sessions on 6 April: 

-           “Heritage and market dynamics”

-           “Heritage, dialogue and cohesion”

-           “Heritage, participation and partnership” 

9.         An informal meeting of ministers to look at topical issues was held on 7 April and provided the opportunity for a wide exchange of views, steered by the Chair towards the aims of the Council of Europe's programme, the priorities of the member states and the action to be envisaged for south-east Europe.  Fifteen delegations contributed to the discussion on these matters.  The head of the delegation of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia took the opportunity to express the satisfaction of his country's authorities at now being involved in the activities of the European Cultural Convention and stressed their intention to take an active part in cultural heritage-related activities.

10.       The debates made a broad connection between cultural heritage issues and the political objectives of the Council of Europe aimed at promoting an area of peace and democracy throughout the continent with due respect for cultural diversity.  Particular emphasis was placed on the potential contribution of an understanding of heritage values to a strengthening of the dialogue between cultural communities.  With regard to awareness-raising, the Polish delegation proposed (Appendix IV) drawing up a list of sites with a European identity, reflecting symbolic and spiritual values. 

11.       During their informal debate on 7 April, the Ministers referred to member states' expectations of the Council of Europe in their own spheres of responsibility.  They wished to draw the attention of the Committee of Ministers to a number of points: 

i.          the Council of Europe was, at present, the only intergovernmental organisation working at pan-European level involving the public authorities responsible for the cultural heritage.  Accordingly, it had an irreplaceable role to play in drawing up standard-setting principles, monitoring the implementation of conventions and in devising and disseminating good practices.  The Council was a unique forum for exchanges and innovation with regard to the challenges currently facing all member states.  Cultural heritage, understood in the broad sense, took on a new significance in the context of globalisation given that it offered a sense of identity and means of differentiation in the face of the risks of uniformity.  At the same time, cultural heritage was: 

-           a major source of prominence and impetus for areas in an economy in which knowledge and skills took precedence over other traditional development factors; 

-           a finite resource, a shared asset of benefit to the community as a whole, which, like the natural heritage, must be used in a sustainable way in the interests of everyone and future generations.  Policies adapted to the realities of globalisation must be framed to prevent any danger to the conservation of this resource; 

-           an essential means of promoting peaceful inter-community relations, whether relations between countries or between communities of various origins living in the same country, particularly in the main urban centres of Europe.  Mutual awareness and understanding of the various cultural traditions expressed through heritage would appear to be one way of preventing conflicts, strengthening the social bond and nurturing a sense of common belonging which should be based on a commitment to the “common heritage” of the values of the Council of Europe.  A main priority concerned action targeted at young generations.

ii.         It was essential for the specialist ministers to be more closely involved in the Council's activities firstly, for example, by granting the committee responsible for the cultural heritage steering committee status and, secondly, by breathing fresh life into the ministerial conferences in this field.  The latter could meet in the future at more regular intervals and address major topical issues or problems specific to the major regions of Europe.  The Council of Europe was able to play a significant co-ordination role at international level and act as a catalyst in an area where there was now a profusion of initiatives and where it was essential to avoid duplication of effort. 

iii.         The Council of Europe's role as a forum, made all the more beneficial as a result of the pan-European enlargement, should involve not only the governmental machinery but also NGOs, civil society and the voluntary sector.  Particular emphasis was placed throughout the conference on the need to ensure greater involvement by civil society, particularly in the new member states.  This role helped promote basic democratic practices at grass-roots level and as such fitted in perfectly with the Council's political agenda. 

11.       At the close of the conference, the Ministers adopted 2 resolutions and a declaration (Appendix I): 

-          Resolution no. 1 on “the role of cultural heritage and the challenge of globalisation”, refers to the specific values associated with cultural assets and a number of ethical principles.  It calls on the Council of Europe to continue its activities in the field of cultural heritage and stresses the importance of the sector's contribution to the development of citizenship and democracy. 

-          Resolution no. 2 on “the Council of Europe's future activities in the cultural heritage sector (2002-2005)”, highlights the development areas in the co-operation programme to be pursued by the Council and places an emphasis on: 

. the importance of the Council's standard-setting role with the drafting of reference texts and the formulation of political guidelines to address the current challenges observed in member states; it will be essential, for example, to define the responsibilities necessary for identifying, maintaining and ensuring access to cultural assets, regardless of the political context of the moment, in a spirit of reciprocity of rights and obligations vis-à-vis all the heritages of Europe and by encouraging action and trans-national co-operation to ensure their conservation; 

. acting as a “European heritage observatory”, collecting data on the implementation of heritage policies in member states and playing a role as a working instrument for the follow-up to the Council of Europe's conventions and recommendations.  Using the “European Heritage Network” and Internet, this instrument should be exploited to frame and adapt heritage policies in the context of globalisation and the information society;

. continuing technical co-operation and carrying out on-the-spot action in response to specific requests from countries for legislative or other assistance; 

. redefining training, educational and awareness-raising initiatives to meet the challenges facing European society, and in particular promoting mutual understanding and tolerance, facilitating integration and cohesion, involving citizens more closely in heritage-related activities and decisions.  Conflict prevention, intercultural dialogue, and history teaching are cross-sectoral themes to which the heritage sector should be making a major contribution. 

-          The “Declaration on the role of voluntary organisations in the field of cultural heritage” originated at a conference held in Oslo in September 2000 as part of the “Europe, a common heritage” campaign.  This declaration spells out the role and responsibilities of voluntary organisations and public authorities and calls on the Council of Europe to create a favourable climate for the development of NGOs, by means of the HEREIN network, exchanges and twinnings. 

12.       At the close of the conference it was agreed that the Slovenian Minister for Culture would write to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe for transmission to the Committee of Ministers a letter expressing the overall view emerging from the Portorož debate on the future of European co-operation in the field of cultural heritage (Appendix III).

Appendix I  

Adopted texts 


I.       Resolution no.1 on the role of cultural heritage and the challenge of globalisation 

WE, the European Ministers responsible for the cultural heritage, 

I.                    WELCOME the considerable progress made since the first conference organised in Brussels in 1969, and the interest now being taken in cultural heritage; 

II.         EXPRESS our satisfaction concerning the adoption of adequate measures on the national and trans-national levels to protect our common European cultural heritage, and to promote and pursue a common European policy in this field within the framework of the Council of Europe; 

III.               ARE COMMITTED to taking co-ordinated action, in response to the economic and political challenges of the new century; 

IV.       DRAW THE ATTENTION of all public authorities and economic decision-makers to the central role of conserving and promoting cultural heritage in: 

-          implementing the Council of Europe's objectives of strengthening democracy, maintaining peace, bringing about social progress and sustaining cultural diversity; 

-          drawing up a pan-European development model to address the challenge of globalisation. 

IV.              In this regard, WE STRESS the following principles: 

1.         Cultural heritage and globalisation 

WE RECOGNISE that, in the context of globalisation, the cultural heritage has special value that requires the development of policies to maintain the common interest in this sector: 

WE UNDERLINE, therefore, the necessity to: 

a)         ensure that in the information society, everyone has reasonable access to knowledge, culture and cultural heritage; 

b)       ensure that free access to cultural heritage is governed by an ethical approach towards its market strategy, including reinforcing international co-operation to monitor and combat illicit trafficking;

c)         raise awareness among communities of the value of cultural heritage as an asset for their sustainable development and quality of life; 

d)         ensure that diversity of cultural heritage at the local, regional and national levels 

- gives people a primary sense of identity, 

- provides people with an asset  in global economic competition, 

- contributes to their prosperity and  strengthens the stability and social cohesion that encourage investment. 

WE CALL UPON public authorities to adopt measures to: 

-          enable local communities to discover their identity and sense of belonging, through improved understanding of the material, linguistic and spiritual values of cultural heritage, 

-          protect and enhance the authenticity and integrity of cultural heritage, 

-          preserve the craft trades and small and medium-sized enterprises which specialise in the maintenance and restoration of the regional character of the heritage, 

-          ensure a balance between training in new technologies and the development and transmission of traditional skills, thus facilitating the availability and use of traditional materials and techniques, 

-          work alongside respective professional sectors in the growing use of heritage in cultural industries and tourism, and assure quality of training and the adoption of a code of ethics to prevent manipulation, 

-          foster the international exchange of experience and practitioners, based on an inter-disciplinary approach, which is essential to spread heritage conservation skills evenly throughout Europe, 

-          devise a sustainable development model that is both democratic and internationally just, to balance the irreplaceable contribution of the market and private investment, linked to the policies being developed within UNESCO and the Council of Europe.

2.         Promotion of mutual understanding and cohesion 

Recognising that 

-          the diverse European landscape has a cultural dimension, perceived by people, which forms their cultural environment, and that 

-          the preservation and fostering of cultural diversity are constituent elements of the  identity of communities and individuals, 


a)         individuals and communities have a fundamental right to self-defined identities, to know their history and to shape their future through their heritage. They have a right to enjoy their heritage; they equally have an obligation to respect the heritage of others and to consider the common interest in all heritage;  

b)         the values attached to the cultural environment in Europe 

-           should be the basis of mutual understanding and contribute to conflict prevention, 

-           counterbalance the risks of homogenisation inherent in globalisation, 

-           set quality standards for improving that environment, and 

-           are a catalyst for creativity. 

c)         WE CALL UPON national, regional and local authorities to 

-           promote the integrated conservation of cultural heritage, that respects the diverse contribution of past and present communities, their cultures and patterns of use, 

-           develop heritage policies which intrinsically benefit, preserve and enhance the identity of individuals and communities and cultural diversity, 

-           ensure the right of communities, their members and non-governmental organisations to participate adequately in consultation and decision‑making processes affecting the heritage, 

-           encourage freedom of access to the heritage consistent with respect for privacy and cultural values, 

-           take practical steps to raise awareness of the importance of cultural diversity based on mutual understanding, 

and upon national authorities in particular to 

-           develop international and trans-frontier co-operation and agreements between states, based on reciprocal responsibility for preserving and enhancing the distinctive heritage of relevant communities, 

-           encourage trans-frontier contacts and shared projects between related communities and individuals, 

-           facilitate the involvement of non-governmental organisations and experts,  from communities in these links, 


WE AGREE that cultural heritage policies should aim to preserve cultural diversity and encourage inter-cultural dialogue, and should be focussed on initiatives in the field of education, awareness-raising and life-long training, and 

WE REAFFIRM that understanding and explaining heritage should be the basis of teaching history, and is of major value for training future citizens in Europe. History teaching should not be limited to commenting on national or local heritages, but also put forward its trans-national character. 

3.         The contribution of heritage to citizenship and democracy  

Recognising that the cultural environment, like the natural environment, is an ideal area for citizen participation, we CALL UPON public authorities to 

a)         involve the public and communities, alongside professionals, in identifying and protecting cultural heritage; 

b)         establish the legal, financial and professional framework necessary for concerted action by experts, owners, investors, undertakings and civil society; 

c)         develop the concept of shared responsibilities by incorporating the heritage dimension into economic, social and educational strategies, to facilitate sustainable management of the environment;

d)         since public funds are necessarily limited, encourage, by appropriate measures and incentives: 

-           the market to sponsor heritage and invest in its less profitable aspects, 

-           civil society to play an increasing role in the enlarged field of heritage now perceived by people. 

WE EMPHASIZE that citizen participation is not only of value from the cultural and heritage point of view, but also reflects the development of practical citizenship, vital to achieving the Council of Europe's objective of fostering democratic practices. 

4.         Enhancing the cultural environment and the ethical role of the Council of Europe 

Recognising that all elements of the European cultural environment embody both market and cultural values, we STRONGLY RECOMMEND our governments and the Council of Europe to elaborate and promote: 

-           ethical development strategies in the global market that aim to promote prosperity, whilst recognising the essential public dimension to sustaining cultural heritage, its authenticity and integrity; 

-           policies to achieve quality in contemporary architecture, appropriate to its context, which is essential to create the heritage of tomorrow; 

-           steps to discourage reproductions of vanished buildings and structures, unless they are proven to be compatible with the aim of preserving the integrity of cultural heritage; 

-           steps to encourage regular maintenance of heritage; 

-           spatial development policies that recognise the values of the cultural environment, including the contributions of all historical periods, and the full range of cultural communities; 

-           cultural co-operation under the aegis of the Council of Europe, recognising its indispensable role in identifying changes in society, formulating ethical approaches and constructing inter-sectoral policies, to give practical effect to the democratic principles that are the European common heritage. 

WISH to reinforce co-operation between the Council of Europe and the European Union, UNESCO and ICCROM, and associate our member states in the taking of decisions about co-operation; 

REQUEST the Council of Europe to develop the tools necessary to implement the foregoing principles;

INVITE the Secretary-General to transmit the resolutions adopted on the occasion of the 5th ministerial conference to the competent bodies within the Council of Europe and other international organisations, and inform them about actions to be taken in consequence. 

II.          Resolution no. 2 on the Council of Europe's future activities in the cultural heritage field, 2002-2005 

WE, The European Ministers responsible for the cultural heritage: 

I.          CONGRATULATE the Council of Europe for its considerable contribution to an improvement in heritage protection and promotion in member states; 

II.         UNDERLINE the importance of the Council's assistance in framing heritage policies and revising legislation, and in building European networks for technical and professional co-operation and development; 

III.       in the context of activities under the European Cultural Convention, the Granada (1985) and Valetta (1992) Conventions, looking ahead to the application of the European Landscape Convention (2000) within this, the European Year of Languages, and bearing in mind all initiatives in the cultural heritage sector, most recently the “Europe, a Common Heritage” Campaign: 

APPLAUD the establishment of the European Heritage Network, and the continuing role of technical assistance activities, which are of central importance to promoting the common cultural heritage as one of the pillars of the European cultural co-operation in the information age; 

AGREE that the Council of Europe has a specific role to play in identifying, highlighting and promoting social benefits of the cultural heritage, in the fields of community relations, democratisation and social cohesion; 

POINT OUT that the preservation and use of the cultural heritage, as an asset for development and a factor for social cohesion, should contribute to the aims of the Stability Pact for South East Europe concerning democratisation, sustainable development, co-operation and security; 

REQUEST the Committee of Ministers to ensure that a programme for the period 2002-2005 is prepared and implemented encompassing the following activities: 

1.         Reference Texts 

Adjusting methods of governance by developing reference texts in the field of cultural heritage, including: 

a)        extending the concept of heritage to encompass the cultural environment, and addressing the need to sustain its cultural values (including material, non-material and spiritual), as perceived by people;

b)         establishing a responsibility to identify, sustain and allow appropriate access to cultural heritage regardless of its current political context, in the context of reciprocal rights and  responsibilities towards all cultural heritage in Europe, encouraging trans-national action and co-operation in its conservation; 

c)         promoting ethical, non-discriminatory policies for public access to information about the cultural heritage, encouraging the use of electronic media, and contributing to the development of adequate policies to combat the illicit traffic in cultural assets that may be encouraged by this increased accessibility of information; 

d)         devising a strategy and implementing a programme for the progressive updating and strengthening of the earlier Conventions and Recommendations and other standard texts, and for ensuring their effective dissemination; 

e)         establishing principles for the reconstruction of damaged or destroyed cultural monuments and for fostering regular maintenance of cultural heritage; 

f)          in the framework of the European Landscape Convention, developing core data standards for documenting cultural landscapes. 

2.         The European Heritage Network (HEREIN) 

Permanently establishing the European Heritage Network in the Council of Europe, through a structure to be defined in consultation with member states, and with continued support from a range of partners including the European Foundation for Heritage Skills (FEMP), which could be formally placed under the auspices of the Council of Europe. Specifically, the Network should: 

a)         provide a source of authentic core data and experience in the management of the cultural heritage in Europe, available to administrations and the public alike; 

b)         act as an 'Observatory' to analyse and forecast the benefits of the cultural heritage to a rapidly changing society; 

c)         facilitate the monitoring of the development of heritage policies, and of compliance with the Conventions; 

d)        maintain and develop heritage co-operation networks, and facilitate trans-national co-operation, particularly in the field of archaeology and that of  the combating of illicit trafficking in cultural heritage; 

e)         provide a cultural heritage portal, to effectively disseminate information in the electronic age, facilitate the development of interactive professional forums and data networks, and encourage people, especially the young, to engage with the authentic heritage;

f)          monitor technological developments in order to facilitate the evolution of an information society respectful of cultural and linguistic diversity in Europe, through 

-           promoting joint consideration of the legal questions connected with the use of digital images of the heritage, 

-           the definition of methodological tools making possible the interoperability of scientific databases and the creation of specific multimedia products. 

3.         Technical co-operation and fieldwork  

On the basis of the experience acquired through the Council of Europe's Technical Co-operation and Consultancy Programme, and from a trans-sectoral perspective including the built environment, the landscape, and the archaeological heritage underlying both, future activities should: 

a)         meet states' specific requests for co-operation and assistance; 

b)         promote the use of common criteria for the preparation and updating of documentation; 

c)         wherever necessary, assist in reforming management and planning techniques and the administrative and legal framework; 

d)         through practical action on the ground, promote the Council of Europe's principles and ethical values laid down in the reference texts, thereby encouraging feedback and an input to discussions at Council of Europe level. 

4.         Teaching, training and awareness-raising  

Drawing on its accumulated experience and established tools, future activities by the Council of Europe should: 

a)         highlight the diversity of Europe's common material and non-material heritage, encouraging a transnational understanding of history and of Europe's current situation and future trends,  and encouraging education for democratic citizenship; 

b)         use European Heritage Days to these ends, particularly by developing transfrontier activities and the specific involvement of young people; 

c)         lead to an initiative on ethics and techniques of communication, aimed at various types of heritage professionals working with the public; 

d)         promote, particularly to young people, the continuing relevance of traditional skills and common standards and recognition of heritage-related qualifications at the European level, facilitating the free movement, exchange and transfer of traditional and professional skills.

WE, the European Ministers,  

REQUEST that an implementation programme be drawn up and circulated promptly, 

RESOLVE to consider the support that we can offer to these activities and to secure the broadest participation possible. 

III.       Declaration on the role of voluntary organisations in the field of cultural heritage 


The Ministers responsible for the cultural heritage decided at their 4th European Conference in Helsinki in 1996 to look into the situation of voluntary organisations dedicated to cultural heritage protection.  The Cultural Heritage Committee of the Council of Europe followed this up, and included such an activity in its working programme.  This led to the First European Conference on Voluntary Organisations in the field of Cultural Heritage, which was hosted by the Council of Europe, the Norwegian Ministry of Environment, the Norwegian Directorate for Cultural Heritage and Fortidsminneforeningen, the latter being probably the oldest association of its kind still active, having been founded in 1844.

The Conference gathered 170 participants from 34 countries, and was considered by many as a great promotion of voluntary work concerning our heritage. However, the true results can only be measured by how the ideas of this conference are followed up in the member countries of the Council of Europe.  The participants had extensive discussions, which resulted in a general agreement on some basic principles for the voluntary sector in modern democratic societies.  There was also a proposal to put these principles into a formal document.  In the perspective of the forthcoming 5th European Conference of Ministers responsible for the cultural heritage, in Slovenia in April 2001, this has been given the form of a Ministers` declaration.

The principles formulated in the following draft are all based on the general principles for respecting human rights, the rule of law and pluralist democracy that all member States of the Council of Europe already have committed themselves to through their membership of the Council.

Draft declaration on the role of voluntary organisations in the field of Cultural Heritage. 

Meeting in Portorož (Slovenia) on 6-7 April 2001 for their 5th European Conference, the Ministers responsible for the Cultural Heritage of the States party to the European Cultural Convention, 

-          referring to Article 11 of the European Convention on Human Rights, granting everybody the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and to freedom of association with others, 

-          taking into account also Article 10 of the same Convention concerning everyone's right to freedom of expression, 

-          referring to Article 14 of the Convention for the protection of the Architectural Heritage of Europe, 

-          reiterating the statement made by the Ministers responsible for the cultural heritage at their 4th  European Conference in Helsinki in 1996 that “the role of voluntary organisations should be more effectively promoted, used and encouraged by taking into account the major contributions made by voluntary initiatives in building a democratic society”, 

-          pointing to the fact that the year 2001 has been proclaimed the International Year of Volunteers by the United Nations, 

-          referring to the UNECE Convention on access to information, public participation in decision-making and access to justice in environmental matters, 

-          referring to Recommendation 1496 (2001) adopted by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe on 24 January 2001 on Improving the status and role of volunteers, 

-          underlining the important conclusions made by the First European Conference on voluntary organisations in the field of  cultural heritage held in Oslo on 21-24 September 2000, 

-          at the same time acknowledging that the main responsibility for the protection of the cultural heritage remains with governmental authorities,


WE, the European Ministers responsible for the Cultural Heritage, AGREE that the general principles valid for all voluntary organisations are also valid for those working in the cultural heritage field; 

REQUEST public authorities in our member states to base their action regarding voluntary work upon the following principles; 

1.         The existence of voluntary organisations is important to building and consolidating societies based on pluralistic political democracy. 

2.         Voluntary organisations run according to democratic principles are essential in educating people in true democracy. 

3.         The right to establish voluntary organisations is an integral part of human rights and should be encouraged by all governments. 

4.         Voluntary organisations should be granted full freedom of speech, whilst respecting the normal limitations necessary in a democratic society. 

5.         Voluntary organisations should have access to the information necessary to facilitate their role of monitoring and constructive criticism of the heritage protection policies of public authorities. 

6.         Voluntary organisations should be given an appropriate opportunity to participate in decision-making processes, for instance in spatial planning and the selection of monuments and sites for protection. 

7.         Voluntary organisations should be encouraged to supplement governmental and other public work, taking on responsibilities that do not normally or naturally fall within the responsibilities of such agencies. 

8.         Governments should encourage voluntary organisations to take an active part in preventing conflicts by respecting cultural diversity and encouraging the protection of the culture of others. 

9.         The establishment and work of voluntary organisations should not in any way be hindered by bureaucratic mismanagement. 

10.       So far as possible, public authorities should implement financial measures to encourage and assist the development of voluntary organisations.

11.       Financial measures should be available without limiting the ability of voluntary organisations to fulfil their role as constructive critics of government policies. 

12.       Financial measures should be transparent and easily accessible in order to achieve democratic accountability in the distribution of available resources. 

13.       Voluntary organisations are essential for disseminating knowledge to the public at large in the framework of their mission. 

14.       Co-operation between cultural heritage and other organisations should be encouraged, in order to secure a trans-sectoral and coherent policy for the conservation of the environment as a whole. 

15.       Voluntary organisations should establish their credibility through their achievements, standards and ability to take responsibility. 

16.       Voluntary organisations should respect legislation in their field, but should be encouraged to propose improvements if need be. 

17.       Voluntary organisations should have access to training in order to enhance their competence as active participants in society's protection of the cultural heritage. 

WE, the Ministers responsible for the cultural heritage URGE the Council of Europe to: 

-          set up a twinning system where associations are made between new voluntary cultural heritage organisations and well established ones; 

-          secure a regular contact forum in the form of European conferences for voluntary organisations in the cultural heritage field by utilising existing structures, when possible; 

-          develop the European heritage network (HEREIN) as a portal to an electronic forum where voluntary organisations can communicate and liaise.


Appendix II  

List of participants


I.       List of Ministers and Heads of Delegation 


M. Gezim HOXHA, Directeur de la Direction du Patrimoine Culturel, Ministère de la Culture 


Mme Imma TOR FAUS, Ambassadeur de l'Andorre auprès du Conseil de l'Europe


Mr Franz NEUWIRTH, Director at the Department of protection of monuments

Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Culture 


Mr Elchin EFENDIYEV, Vice Prime Minister of the Government 


M. Robert SPROKKEL, Conseiller pour le patrimoine, Cabinet de Monsieur Michel Daerden, Vice-Président du gouvernement wallon 

Bosnia and Herzegovina/Bosnie-Herzegovine

Mr Mitar NOVAKOVIC, Minister of Science and Culture of the Republic Srpska, Banja Luka 


M. Antun VUJIC, Ministre de la Culture


Mr Christodoulos CHRISTODOULOU, Minister of Interior 

Czech Republic/République tchèque 

Mr Zdenek NOVAK, Deputy Minister responsible for Cultrual Heritage 


Mr Ole CHRISTIANSEN, Head of delegation


Ms Signe KIVI, Minister of Culture 


Mr Pekka KANGAS, Director General, Head of Department, Ministry of the Environment


M. Michel DUFFOUR, Secrétaire d'Etat au patrimoine et à la décentralisation culturelle, Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication


M. Gerd HARMS, kultusminister des Landes Sachsen-Anhalt 


Mr Charalambos CHRISTOPOULOS, Ambassdor, Embassy of Greece, Ljubljana 

Holy See/Saint Siège 

H.E. Archbishop Francesco MARCHISANO, President of the Pontifical Commission for the Cultural Heritage of the Church 


Mr István ECSEDY, Deputy State Secretary, Ministry of Cultural Heritage 


Mr Björn BJARNASON, Minister of Education, Science and Culture 


Mr Norberto CAPPELLO, Ambassador of Italy in Ljubljana, Slovenia 


Mr Aivars GAILIS, State Secretary, Ministry of Culture 


Ms Ina MARCIULIONYTE, Vice-Minister of Culture


M. Georges CALTEUX, Directeur du Service des Sites et Monuments Nationaux 


Mr Anthony PACE, Director, Department of Museums 


M. Rainier ROCCHI, Directeur des Affaires Culturelles 


Mr Willem J.H. WILLEMS, Director, Ministry of Culture 


Mr Jo Stein MOEN, Political Adviser, Ministry of Environment 


Mr Stanislaw ZUROWSKI, Secretary of State for Cultural Affairs 


Mr Joăo Eduardo Nascimento BAPTISTA, Secrétaire d'Etat de la Culture 


Mr Ioan OPRIS, Secrétaire d'Etat chargé du patrimoine, Ministère de la Culture et des Cultes 

Russian Federation/Fédération de Russie

Ms Natalia DEMENTIEVA, First Deputy Minister of Culture 

San Marino/Saint Marin

Mme Marina FRESCHI, Secrétaire Particulière du Ministre 

Slovak Republic/Republique Slovaque

Mr Milan KŇAŽKO, Ministre de la Culture 


Ms Andreja RIHTER, Minister of Culture


M. Guillermo KIRKPATRICK, Ambassadeur de l'Espagne auprès du Conseil de l'Europe 


Ms Marita ULVSKOG, Ministre de la Culture


Mr David STREIFF, Directeur, Office fédéral de la Culture 

The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia/L'Ex-république yougoslave de Macédoine

Mme Gaka SAMOILOVSKA CVETANOVA, Ministre de la Culture 


M. Fikret UCCAN, Sous-Secrétaire d'Etat, Ministère de la Culture 


Mr Bohdan STUPKA, Ministre, Ministère de la Culture et des Arts 

United Kingdom/Royaume-Uni 

Mr Alan HOWARTH, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State and Minister of Arts

Federal Republic of Yugoslavia/République fédérale de Yougoslavie

Ms Aleksandra JOKSIMOVIC, Assistant to the Minister 


Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe/Comité des Ministres du Conseil de l'Europe

M. Pietro AGO, Ambassadeur, Représentant Permanent de l'Italie auprès du Conseil de l'Europe, Président du Comité des Délégués des Ministres

Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe / Assemblée Parlementaire du Conseil de l'Europe

M. Jacques LEGENDRE, Sénateur (France), Vice-Président de la Sous-Commission du patrimoine culturel 

Mme Elena POPTODOROVA, Députée (Bulgarie) 

Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of Europe (CLRAE)/Congrès des Pouvoirs Locaux et Régionaux de l'Europe

Mr Louis ROPPE, Councillor and former mayor of the city of Hasselt, Belgium 

Ms Hélène LUND, National Association of Local Authorities in Denmark

Development Bank of the Council of Europe/Banque de développement du Conseil de l'Europe (CEB) 

M. Marcin RYBICKI, Ambassadeur de Pologne auprès du Conseil de l'Europe, Membre du Conseil de Direction 

Observer states to the Council of Europe /Pays observateurs auprès du Conseil de l'Europe 


Mr Sergio Raul ARROYO, Director General, instituto Nacional de Antropologia e Historia 


Mme Sarmite BULTE, Députée, Secrétaire parlementaire du Ministre du patrimoine 

International Organisations/Organisations internationales


Mr Damir DIJAKOVIC, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation, Venice 


Mr Michael PETZET, Président 


Mr John SELL, Council Member


M. Hans Christian KRÜGER, Deputy Secretary General/Secrétaire Général Adjoint 

M. Raymond WEBER, Director of Culture and Cultural and Natural Heritage/Directeur de la Culture et du patrimoine Culturel et Naturel


Appendix III  

Letter from Ms Andreja RIHTER, Slovenian Minister for Culture, to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe



 Minister of Culture


Ljubljana, 17 April 2001


Dear Mr Krüger,


At the V. Conference of Ministers Responsible for the Cultural Heritage of the State Members of the Council of Europe, held on 7 April 2001 in Portorož, ministers and heads of delegations touched on a number of issues in informal discussion, concerning the future activities of the Council of Europe in the area of cultural heritage. 

Since you had to leave the conference before this meeting took place, the ministers and heads of delegations agreed to my proposal that I inform you in writing of the most important common positions. 

The first finding supported by participants in the discussion was that the Council of Europe was the only international governmental organisation in Europe dealing with the cultural heritage issues. They estimated that the contribution made by the Council of Europe in the area of setting up common standards, monitoring the implementation of conventions, participating in, introducing and supporting good practices was extremely important for both member states and the international community. 

They agreed that achievements in this area needed to be analysed in more detail and that programmes of activities and priorities in the period to come had to be based on the needs of the member states and the Council of Europe. Priority should be given chiefly to the development of transversal programmes and programmes adding value to the activities while avoiding duplication. 

The participants therefore stressed in particular the importance of direct links between bodies of the Council of Europe and specialised ministries and, in this respect, the specific importance and value of specialised committees. The participants praised especially the achievements of the Cultural Heritage Committee and advocated that its status be modified to a steering committee directly linked to the Committee of Ministers.

A positive assessment was, moreover, given to ministerial conferences as a specific form of verifying results and directing activities in the cultural heritage area. However, the participants expressed a wish for the conferences to be more focused as to their topics and thus contribute to the resolution of individual problems. They should therefore take place more often, at least once every two years. The participants also supported regional meetings in principle, but warned that they should not lead to fragmentation. 

The participants supported the activity of the Council of Europe as a forum for cooperation among countries, governments, regional associations, local communities and non-governmental organisations, and, as a basic goal of operations in the cultural heritage area, set the inclusion of the issue of cultural cooperation and the cultural heritage in the European political agenda. 

Would you be so kind, Mr Krüger, as to forward this letter, in accordance with the wish of the ministers and heads of delegations of the V. Conference of Ministers Responsible for the Cultural Heritage, to the Secretary-General of the Council of Europe, Mr Schwimmer, and to the Committee of Ministers.


Yours sincerely,



                                                                                    Andreja Rihter



Mr Hans Christian Krüger
Deputy Secretary General

Concil of Europe
F-67075 - Strasbourg - CEDEX


Appendix IV
Activity proposal from the Polish delegation

Mr Stanislaw Zurowski
Undersecretary of State 


Warsaw, April 4, 2001 



This initiative is by no means an attempt to create an European counterpart to UNESCO's World Cultural and Natural Heritage List. On the contrary, it adopts as its motto Criterion VI of the UNESCO list which is regarded in its regulations only as something additional and supplementary. 

(Criterion VI: a monument or historical site constituting an example of direct or material ties with events, living traditions, ideas or beliefs, as well as works of art or literature of exceptionally universal value). 

The principal criteria of the proposed list should be the symbolic and spiritual value of a site for: 

-           any given member-country of the Council of Europe,

-           Europe as a whole,

-           a combination of the above 


The Centre in Krzyzowa, Poland – a place of symbolic importance to Germany's 20 July movement which symbolises both resistance to Nazism as well as Polish-German reconciliation of 1989. 

The Acropolis in Athens, Greece – a symbol of Greek culture and democracy. 

Stratford on Avon, England – the town of Shakespeare, a symbol of European and English culture. 

The criteria applied by the World Heritage List, such as the shape a monument is in and its immobility (no movables such as art. Collections or valuable archives qualify for the List), etc. would be of some importance but would not be the decisive factor.


Amid Europe's process of unification, it is essential for individual countries to preserve their identity and uniqueness as well as to distinguish themselves with their own identifying features. Each country's list of sites would allow other countries to present what distinguishes and identifies that country. 

On the other hand, the European-wide list, comprising sites proposed by individual countries and jointly accepted as essential to Europe, would convey a picture of Europe through its distinguishing characteristics. The list should include numerous historical complexes, towns, buildings and sites as well as collections and monuments whose significance to Europe is indisputable, although they may never be included on the World Heritage List. 

Poland is prepared to undertake work under preparation of the principles of such a list and to take part in its subsequence development.

Appendix V 
Agenda of the Conference


Friday 6 April 

10.00   Official opening of the Conference 

Statements by: 

Mr Hans Christian KRÜGER,

Deputy Secretary General of the Council of Europe 

Mr Pietro Ercole AGO,


Deputy Chair of the Committee of Ministers 


Representative of the Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly 

10.30   Presentation of the overall theme:           

“Cultural heritage and the challenge of globalisation” 

            by Mrs Andreja RIHTER

            Minister of Culture of Slovenia 

11.30   1st theme 

“Heritage and market dynamics” 


15.00   2nd theme 

“Heritage, dialogue and cohesion” 


16.30   3rd theme 

“Heritage, participation and partnership” 


Saturday, 7 April 

9.30     Ministers' informal meeting 

11.00   Closing session 

12.00   Press conference



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