CM(2000)29...(701/7.1)...Council for cultural co-operation (CDCC).- Abridged report of the 68th meeting (Strasbourg, 19-21 January 2000)

 

Ministers' Deputies
CM Documents

CM(2000)29 10 February 2000
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701 Meeting, 8 March 2000
7 Education, Culture and Sport

7.1 Council for cultural co-operation (CDCC)

Abridged report of the 68th meeting (Strasbourg, 19-21 January 2000)


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1. The Council for Cultural Co-operation held its 68th plenary session on 19-21 January 2000 in Strasbourg. The agenda and the list of participants appear in Appendices I and II to this document respectively.

2. The CDCC elected:

- Mr Zsolt Jékely (Hungary) as Chairperson for a period of one year,

- Ms Suzy Halimi (France) as Vice-Chairperson for a period of one year, and

- Ms Zoé Kazazaki (Greece) as a Bureau member for a period of two years.

3. The CDCC took note of the oral statement by the Director General of DG IV, Mr Klaus Schumann.

4. The CDCC took note of the written reports by the Chairs of its specialised committees and of comments made on the subject.

5. The CDCC:

- examined and took note of the programme of activities in the field of Education, Higher Education, Culture and Cultural Heritage, in South-East Europe, in 1999; as well as the medium and long-term plan;

- expressed its wish to give priority to the activities of its specialised committees in South-East Europe;

- asked the Secretariat to be kept informed of the implementation and the results of this plan.

6. In the presence of Ambassador Janos Perényi, Chairman of the Rapporteur Group of the Committee of Ministers on Education, Culture and Sport (GR-C), the CDCC held an in-depth discussion on the need, added value, timing and modalities of transversal co-operation within the CDCC and its specialised committees, as well as within the structures of DG IV and with other bodies of the Council of Europe. In particular, the CDCC:

- underlined the benefit of developing transversal co-operation in as many areas as possible, where this working method would give added-value to the projects concerned;

- considered that, while the potential for transversal co-operation would add strength to a project, priorities should be decided on the basis of the interest and urgency of the themes proposed;

- noted with satisfaction that a considerable proportion of current CDCC activities include elements of transversal co-operation;

- asked its specialised committees, at their spring meetings, to consider activities which could lend themselves to transversal co-operation and to submit these proposals to the CDCC Bureau meeting in May 2000;

- pointed to the European Year of Languages in 2001 as a high priority activity particularly well suited to transversal co-operation.

7. The CDCC:

- entrusted its Bureau to examine, at its meeting in May 2000, after a written consultation of CDCC delegations, the final version of the draft European Convention for the protection of the audio-visual heritage and the draft protocol to the convention on the protection of television productions, as well as their respective explanatory reports;

- asked the Committee of Ministers to extend the terms of reference concerning the preparation of these texts until 30 June 2000.

8. The CDCC approved the draft Recommendation on the Research Mission of the University, as it appears in Appendix III and as amended during the debate, and decided to submit it to the Committee of Ministers for adoption.

9. The CDCC examined and approved the text submitted by the Culture Committee (CC-CULT) concerning draft "Guidelines" for professionals on library legislation and policy in Europe, and it underlined the non-binding nature of these "Guidelines".

10. The CDCC:

- examined the text submitted by the Culture Committee (CC-CULT) concerning the draft "Guidelines" for professionals relating to European cultural policy on freedom of expression in networked information and made a number of observations;

- asked the Culture Committee to take account of these observations when finalising the draft in consultation with other committees concerned - in particular with the Steering Committee on the Mass Media (CDMM) and the Education Committee (CC-ED) - , and to submit a new text to the CDCC Bureau in May 2000;

- underlined the non-binding nature of these "Guidelines".

11. The CDCC authorised its Bureau:

- to approve, at its meeting in May 2000, the accounts of the Cultural Fund and the Special Accounts for 1999, subject to auditing by the Council of Europe Board of Auditors;

- to transmit the accounts to the Committee of Ministers, with any comments it might wish to make.

12. The CDCC:

- approved the draft Programme and Budget of the Cultural Fund for 2000, by adopting Resolution CDCC N° 1/2000, as it appears in Appendix IV, and transmitted the said Resolution to the Committee of Ministers for information;

- took note of the situation of the special accounts at 31 December 1999;

- agreed that the exceptional contribution of FF 54,550 made by Italy to the Special Art exhibitions account be paid out as follows:

- FF 27,275 to the Hayward Gallery in London, in respect of the 23rd Exhibition;

- FF 27,275 to the Künstlerhaus in Vienna, in respect of the 24th Exhibition.

- instructed its Bureau to ensure the management of the Programme and Budget for 2000 and, to this end, to adopt any necessary modifications by means of corrigenda.

13. The CDCC asked the Education Committee (CC-ED), the Higher Education and Research Committee (CC-HER), the Culture Committee (CC-CULT) and the Cultural Heritage Committee (CC-PAT) to give an opinion on Parliamentary Assembly Recommendation 1435 (1999) on the Role of women in the field of science and technology at their spring 2000 meetings.

14. The CDCC:

- took note of the ADACS Budget-Programme for 2000;

- expressed its disappointment at the low level of funding for Culture and Education activities in the 2000 ADACS Programme and asked to be consulted during the preparation of the next Budget-Programme.

15. The CDCC took note of the statement made by Mr Pedro Roseta, Chairman of the Committee on Culture and Education of the Parliamentary Assembly.

16. The CDCC took note with satisfaction of:

- the information concerning co-operation with the European Union in the fields of education, higher education, culture and cultural heritage from January-December 1999;

- oral information provided by the Secretariat on the European Year of Languages, which will be organised in co-operation with the European Union, as well as comments made by the representative of the European Union on the co-operation between the two Organisations.

17. The CDCC:

- examined the information on cultural policy and international trade and investment agreements;

- asked the Culture Committee:

(i) to elaborate, in co-operation with the European Union and in consultation with the Steering Committee on the Mass Media (CDMM), an analysis of the problems involved, with a view to allowing the Council of Europe:

- to contribute to the international discussions on a possible conflict between international trade and cultural policies;

- to raise the awareness of its member States on the importance of instruments to support cultural policies;

- to fully play its role as a guardian of cultural diversity;

(ii) to submit this analysis to the CDCC Bureau at its next meeting in May 2000.

18. The CDCC took note of developments concerning co-operation with other international organisations in the fields of education, higher education, culture and cultural heritage during the period January - December 1999.

19. The CDCC took note of the dates of forthcoming meetings of its specialised committees and of its Bureau, and decided to hold its next plenary session on Wednesday 31 January to Friday 2 February 2001.

 

APPENDIX I

AGENDA

 

1. Adoption of the agenda

2. Election of the Chairperson

3. Statement by the Director General of Directorate General IV - Education, Culture, Youth and Sport, Environment

4. Reporting on the 1999 programme

5. Implementation of the Action Plan in South-East Europe Tribute to Etienne Grosjean

6. Debate: Implementation of multidisciplinary and transversal activities

7. 1999 Programme of Activities

7.1. Draft convention for the protection of the audio-visual heritage

7.2 Draft recommendation on the research mission of the university

7.3 Draft guidelines on library legislation and policy in Europe

7.4 Draft guidelines on freedom of expression in networked information: Draft guidelines for European cultural policy

7.5 Budget (accounts) situation as of 31 December 1999

8. Programme and budget of the Cultural Fund for 2000

8.1 Draft Programme and Budget of the Cultural Fund for 2000

8.2 Special accounts of the Cultural Fund

9. Parliamentary Assembly Recommendation 1435 (1999) on the role of women in the field of science and technology

10. Council of Europe's overall Activities for the Development and Consolidation of Democratic Stability (ADACS)

Budget-Programme for 2000

11. Relations with the Parliamentary Assembly and with the CLRAE

12. Relations with the European Union

12.1 Co-operation in 1999

12.2 Cultural policy and international trade and investment agreements

13. Relations with other international organisations

14. Election of the CDCC Bureau members

15. Other business

16. Dates of forthcoming meetings of the Bureau of the CDCC and of its specialised committees

17. Adoption of the decisions

APPENDIX II

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

 

 

ALBANIA / ALBANIE : M. Teodor KEKO, Conseil des Ministres, TIRANA

ANDORRA / ANDORRE : Mme Cristina MARTI TORRES, Ministeri de Turisme i Cultura, ANDORRA LA VELLA

ARMENIA / ARMENIE : Ms Kariné KHOUDAVERDIAN, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, YEREVAN

AUSTRIA / AUTRICHE : Ms Frieda LUGGAUER-GOLLNER, Bundesministerium für auswärtige Angelegenheiten, WIEN; Mr Norbert RIEDL, Bundeskanzleramt, WIEN; Mrs Monika GOODENOUGH-HOFMANN, Bundesministerium für Unterricht und kulturelle Angelegenheiten, WIEN; Mr Stephan NEUHÄUSER, Federal Ministry of Science and Transport, WIEN

AZERBAIJAN / AZERBAÏDJAN : apologies/excusé

BELARUS : Mr Vladimir MAKEY, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, MINSK

BELGIUM / BELGIQUE : M. Tony VAN HAVER, Departement de l'Education, BRUXELLES; Mme Suzanne VANAUDENHOVE, Flemish Ministry of Culture, BRUXELLES; M. Albert RENARD, Communauté française de Belgique, BRUXELLES; Mme Bénédicte SELFSLAGH, Division du Patrimoine de la Région wallone (Belgique), PARIS

BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA / BOSNIE ET HERZEGOVINE : M. Asaf DZANIC, Ministère de la Culture, SARAJEVO; M. Nikola KOVAC, Ambassadeur de Bosnie-Herzégovine, PARIS (apologies/excusé)

BULGARIA / BULGARIE : Mr Andrey TEHOV, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, SOFIA

CROATIA / CROATIE : Ms Naima BALIC, Ministry of Culture, ZAGREB

CYPRUS / CHYPRE : Dr Stelios HADJISTYLLIS, Ministry of Education and Culture, NICOSIA

CZECH REPUBLIC / REPUBLIQUE TCHEQUE : Ms Jana KUCEROVÁ, Ministry of Culture, PRAHA; M. Zdenek PRIHODA, Ministry of Culture, PRAHA

DENMARK / DANEMARK : Mr Hubert SVOLDGAARD, Représentation Permanente du Danemark auprès du Conseil de l'Europe, STRASBOURG; Mr Lasse Lindhard, Danish Ministry of Culture, COPENHAGEN (apologies/excusé)

ESTONIA / ESTONIE : Mme Helle-Helena PUUSEPP, Ministère de la Culture, TALLINN

FINLAND / FINLAND : Mrs Margaretha MICKWITZ, Mrs Seija ASTALA, Mrs Eeva-Liisa MIELONEN, Ministry of Education, HELSINKI

FRANCE : Prof. Suzy HALIMI, Mme Marie José de FORNEL, Ministère de l'Education Nationale, de la Recherche et de la Technologie, PARIS; M. Peter RUPP, Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication, PARIS; M. François NOISETTE, Mme Agnès AMEIL, Ministère des Affaires Etrangères, PARIS

GEORGIA / GEORGIE : Mr Zviad CHUMBURIDZE, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, TBILISI

GERMANY / ALLEMAGNE : Ms Ulrike KNOTZ, Ministère des Affaires Etrangères, BERLIN; Dr Werner von TRÜTZSCHLER, Thüringer Ministerium für Wissenschaft, Forschung und Kultur, ERFURT; Dr Frank SCHILLING, Bundeshaus, BERLIN; Mr Klaus EICHNER, Sekretariat der Ständigen Konferenz der Kulturminister der Länder, BONN

GREECE / GRECE : Mme Zoé KAZAZAKI, Ministry of Culture, ATHENS; Mrs Roy HOURDAKI, Ms Vicky ZOITOPOULOU, Ministry of National Education and Religious Affairs, ATHENS

HOLY SEE / SAINT-SIEGE : Mgr Michael A. COURTNEY, Envoyé Spécial du Saint-Siège auprès du Conseil de l'Europe, STRASBOURG; R. Père Bernard ARDURA, Conseil Pontifical de la Culture, CITE DU VATICAN; Père Bernard BOUGON, STRASBOURG

HUNGARY / HONGRIE : Mr Zsolt JÉKELY, Ministry of Cultural Heritage, BUDAPEST; Mr Gábor BOLDIZSÁR, Ministère de l'Education, BUDAPEST

ICELAND / ISLANDE : Mr Sveinn EINARSSON, Ministry of Education, Science and Culture, REYKJAVIK; Ms Solrun JENSDOTTIR, Ministry of Education, Science and Culture, REYKJAVIK (apologies/excusée)

IRELAND / IRLANDE : apologies/excusé

ITALY / ITALIE : M. Fabrizio SANTURRO, Ministère des Affaires Etrangères, ROMA; Mme Alessandra MELUCCO VACCARO, Mme Roberta ALBEROTANZA, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali, ROMA; Mrs Vittoria BALDIERI, Mr Vincenzo MICOCCI, Ministero della Pubblica Istruzione, ROMA

LATVIA / LETTONIE : Ms Antra TORGANE, Ministry of Culture, RIGA

LIECHTENSTEIN : Mr Guido WOLFINGER, Amtsvorstand, VADUZ

LITHUANIA / LITUANIE : Mr Gerardas ŽALENAS, Ministry for Foreign Affairs, VILNIUS

LUXEMBOURG : M. Guy DOCKENDORF, Mme Josée KIRPS, Ministère de la Culture, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche, LUXEMBOURG

MALTA / MALTE : Mr Charles MIZZI, Ministry of Education, FLORIANA

MOLDOVA : M. Eugen MARTIN, Ministère de la Culture, CHISINAU

MONACO : apologies/excusé

NETHERLANDS / PAYS-BAS : Mr Theodoor ADAMS, Ministry of Education, Culture and Science, ZOETERMEER

NORWAY / NORVEGE : Ms Margaretha ØSTERN, Ms Lill-Ann BJAARSTAD MEDINA, Ministry of Cultural Affairs, OSLO; Mr Tomas ØVERGAARD, Royal Ministry of Education, Research and Church Affairs, OSLO; Mr Dag MYKLEBUST, Directorate for Cultural Heritage, OSLO

POLAND / POLOGNE : Mme Iwona MARCZYK-STEPNIEWSKA, Permanent Representation of Poland to the Council of Europe, STRASBOURG

PORTUGAL : Mme Maria Eduarda BOAL, Ministère de l'Education, LISBOA; Mme Margarida ROCHA E COSTA, Ministère de la Culture, LISBOA

ROMANIA / ROUMANIE : Mme Maria BERZA, M. Vladimir SIMON, Ministère de la Culture, BUCHAREST; M. Mihai KORKA, Ministry of Education, BUCHAREST; M. Dan-Eugen PINETA, Ministère des Affaires Etrangères, BUCHAREST; M. Andrei MAGHERU, Mlle Liliana PASA, Représentation Permanente de la Roumanie auprès du Conseil de l'Europe, STRASBOURG

RUSSIAN FEDERATION / FEDERATION DE RUSSIE : Mr Vladimir DOROKHIN, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, MOSCOW

SAN MARINO / SAINT- MARIN : apologies/excusé

SLOVAK REPUBLIC / REPUBLIQUE SLOVAQUE : Mr Juraj KALNICKY, Ministry of Education, BRATISLAVA; Mrs Bozena KRIŽIKOVÁ, Mr Pavol TVAROŽEK, Ministere de la Culture, BRATISLAVA

SLOVENIA / SLOVENIE : Mrs Tanja OREL-ŠTURM, Mrs Marjutka HAFNER, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Slovenia, LJUBLJANA

SPAIN / ESPAGNE : M. Jorge SOBREDO, Ministère des affaires étrangères, MADRID; M. José PÉREZ LÁZARO, Mme Elena MARTIN-ASIN, Ms Maria Dolores LOPEZ-ARANGUREN, Ministerio de Educacion y Cultura, MADRID

SWEDEN / SUEDE : Ms Karin HENRIKSSON, Ministry of Education and Science, STOCKHOLM (apologies/excusée)

SWITZERLAND / SUISSE : M. Pierre LUISONI, Conférence suisse des Directeurs Cantonaux de l'Instruction publique, BERNE; M. Bernard THEURILLAT, Département fédéral des affaires étrangères, BERNE; M. Hans ROTH, Département fédéral des affaires étrangères, BERNE (apologies/excusé)

"THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA" / L'EX-REPUBLIQUE YOUGOSLAVE DE MACEDOINE" : Mrs Ana EFREMOVA, Ministry of Culture, SKOPJE

TURKEY / TURQUIE : Mr Tolga YAGIZATLI, Ministry of National Education, ANKARA; Mr Fikret N. ÜÇCAN, Ministry of Culture, ANKARA

UKRAINE : Ms Tetiana IZHEVSKA, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, KIEV

UNITED KINGDOM / ROYAUME-UNI : Ms Ann LEWIS, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, LONDON

CHAIRS OF SPECIALISED COMMITTEES /

PRESIDENTS DES COMITES SPECIALISES DU CDCC

EDUCATION COMMITTEE / COMITE DE L'EDUCATION : Ms Jurga STRUMSKIENE, Ministry of Education and Science, VILNIUS

HIGHER EDUCATION AND RESEARCH COMMITTEE /

COMITE DE L'ENSEIGNEMENT SUPERIEUR ET DE LA RECHERCHE : Dr. Krzysztof OSTROWSKI, Ministry of National Education, WARSZAWA

CULTURE COMMITTEE / COMITE DE LA CULTURE : M. Bernard WICHT, Office fédéral de la culture, BERNE

CULTURAL HERITAGE COMMITTEE / COMITE DU PATRIMOINE CULTUREL : Dr Juris DAMBIS, Latvia State Inspection for Heritage Protection, RIGA

 

OTHER ORGANS OF THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE /

AUTRES ORGANES DU CONSEIL DE L'EUROPE

COMMITTEE OF MINISTERS / COMITE DES MINISTRES : Ambassador János PERÉNYI (Hungary), Chairman of the Ministers' Deputies Rapporteur Group on Education, Culture and Sport (GR-C)

PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY / ASSEMBLEE PARLEMENTAIRE : M. Pedro ROSETA (Portugal), Chairman of the Committee on Culture and Education of the Parliamentary Assembly; Mr Martti TIURI (Finland), Member of the Committee on Science and Technology of the Parliamentary Assembly

CONGRESS OF LOCAL AND REGIONAL AUTHORITIES OF EUROPE (CLRAE) / CONGRES DES POUVOIRS LOCAUX ET REGIONAUX DE L'EUROPE (CPLRE) : apologies/excusé

OTHER PARTICIPANTS / AUTRES PARTICIPANTS

EUROPEAN COMMISSION / COMMISSION EUROPEENNE : Mme Marie-Odile DEN HARTOG, Direction Générale IA/A/5; Mrs Valérie PANIS, Direction Générale Education, Culture et Audiovisuel (EAC), BRUXELLES

 

OBSERVERS WITH THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE /

OBSERVATEURS AUPRES DU CONSEIL DE L'EUROPE

CANADA : Mme Louise TERRILLON-MACKAY, Ministère du Patrimoine canadien, Hull (Québec)

JAPAN / JAPON : Mlle Hanako SHUDA, Mlle Yuki IMURA, Consulat Général du Japon, STRASBOURG

MEXICO / MEXIQUE : Mr Jaime NUALART, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, MEXICO

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA / ETATS-UNIS D'AMERIQUE : Ms. Gayleatha B. BROWN, Consulate General of the United States of America, STRASBOURG

 

OBSERVERS WITH THE CDCC /

OBSERVATEURS AUPRES DU CDCC

STATES OBSERVERS / ETATS OBSERVATEURS

ISRAEL : apologies/excusé

INTERNATIONAL INTERGOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS / ORGANISATIONS INTERGOUVERNEMENTALES INTERNATIONALES

EUROPEAN FREE TRADE ASSOCIATION (EFTA) / ASSOCIATION EUROPEENNE DE LIBRE ECHANGE (AELE) : apologies/excusé

NORDIC COUNCIL OF MINISTERS / CONSEIL NORDIQUE DES MINISTRES : apologies/excusé

ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT (OECD) / ORGANISATION DE COOPERATION ET DE DEVELOPPEMENT ECONOMIQUES (OCDE) : apologies/excusé

UNESCO : apologies/excusé

 

SUBJECTS OF INTERNATIONAL LAW

SOVEREIGN MILITARY ORDER OF MALTA / ORDRE SOUVERAIN MILITAIRE DE MALTE : apologies/excusé

NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS / ORGANISATIONS NON-GOUVERNEMENTALES

EUROPEAN CULTURE FOUNDATION / FONDATION EUROPEENNE DE LA CULTURE : apologies/excusé

SECRETARIAT GENERAL

 

Directorate General IV (Education, Culture, Youth and Sport, Environment) /

Direction Générale IV (Education, Culture, Jeunesse et Sport, Environnement

M. Klaus SCHUMANN, Director General / Directeur Général

M. Raymond WEBER, Director of Culture and Cultural Heritage / Directeur de la Culture et du Patrimoine culturel

M. Gabriele MAZZA, Director responsible for Education / Directeur délégué pour l'Education

M. José-Maria BALLESTER, Head of the Cultural Heritage Department / Chef du Service du Patrimoine Culturel

Mme Vera BOLTHO, Head of the Cultural Policy and Action Department / Chef du Service des Politiques et Actions culturelles

M. Domenico RONCONI, Secretary to the CDCC, Head of the Central Division / Secrétaire du CDCC, Chef de la Division Centrale

Mme Can KAFTANCI, Deputy Secretary to the CDCC, Central Division / Secrétaire adjoint du CDCC, Division Centrale

M. Jean-Pierre TITZ, Secretary to the Education Committee (CC-ED) / Secrétaire du Comité de l'Education (CC-ED)

M. Sjur BERGAN, Secretary to the Higher Education and Research Committee (CC-HER) / Secrétaire du Comité de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la recherche (CC-HER)

Mme Elisabeth ROHMER, Secretary to the Culture Committee (CC-CULT) / Secrétaire du Comité de la Culture (CC-CULT)

M. Wolfdietrich ELBERT, Secretary to the Cultural Heritage Committee (CC-PAT) / Secrétaire du Comité du Patrimoine Culturel (CC-PAT)

 

APPENDIX III

Draft

Recommendation No. R (2000)… of the Committee of Ministers to member states

on the research mission of universities

The Committee of Ministers, under the terms of Article 15.b of the Statute of the Council of Europe,

Considering that the aim of the Council of Europe is to achieve a greater unity between its members and that this aim can be pursued, notably through common action in cultural matters;

Having regard to the European Cultural Convention;

Having regard to the following Recommendations by the Committee of Ministers to member states:

- No. R (85) 21 on mobility of academic staff;

- No. R (90) 15 with a view to fostering the mobility of researchers;

- No. R (95) 7 on the brain drain in the sectors of higher education and research;

- No. R (95) 8 on academic mobility;

- No. R (96) 7 on regional academic mobility;

Having regard to the Joint Declaration on the European Higher Education Area, adopted in Bologna on 19 June 1999 by thirty-one European ministers of education;

Considering that universities have a mission of free inquiry and the transmission of knowledge through linking research and teaching;

Having regard to the unique ability of universities to combine different types of research and to provide expertise to all sectors of human activity;

Considering that the research capacity of universities is vital to cultivating the human mind, to raising people's level of qualification, to building democratic citizenship, and to sustaining a culture of understanding and integration, of co-operation and peace;

Considering that the advancement of knowledge requires strong co-ordination of research and teaching;

Having regard to the contribution of universities, through their wide variety of disciplines, to the preservation, development and enrichment of the European cultural heritage;

Considering that universities, while sharing the responsibility for academic research with industry and specialised institutions, have a particular responsibility for the development of knowledge through free and fundamental research, for the training of new researchers and for the maintenance of a healthy balance between the different types of research;

Considering autonomy and sufficient funding to be of the utmost importance for universities to fulfil their research mission;

I. Recommends that the governments of member states:

a. be guided in their policy with regards to university research by the principles set out in the appendix to this Recommendation;

b. promote implementation of these principles by the relevant governmental agencies and the universities in so far as the competence to make decision in research matters lies with the universities;

c. ensure that this Recommendation is distributed as widely as possible among all persons and bodies concerned;

II. Instructs the Secretary General of the Council of Europe to transmit this Recommendation to the governments of those States Party to the European Cultural Convention which are not members of the Council of Europe.

 

Appendix to Recommendation No. …

1. General policy considerations

1.1. Universities provide a research base vital for the solution of problems of public concern, even where markets for the solutions do not yet exist. Governments should offer incentives to conduct free and fundamental research.

1.2. As a rule, universities should conduct research in a broad range of disciplines and ensure well-organised contacts with active research in disciplines in which they offer study programmes without a strong research base. Governments should encourage each institution to develop a specific research profile while respecting the diversity of higher education institutions and their different missions.

1.3. Governments should seek to develop and maintain trust between the state and society on the one hand and the universities on the other and, notwithstanding the fundamental principle of university autonomy, to leave the universities with the responsibility for their choice of research priorities.

2. Links between university and non-university research

2.1. Governments should encourage universities and other public research institutions to intensify their research links. The historical or functional differentiation of research structures should be maintained only where it guarantees diversity of research approaches and has shown itself to be efficient.

2.2. In countries where research has been removed from the universities, governments should make efforts to re-establish the role of universities in research in order to help link research with research training.

2.3. Universities and other research institutions public or private should be encouraged by their authorities to co-operate more closely to form networks in order to make the best possible use of their resources and expertise. Governments might consider ways to encourage independent institutions, such as the academies of science in central and eastern Europe, to participate more effectively in research training and the teaching of advanced students, in co-operation with the universities which award research degrees.

3. Structure and organisation of research within higher education

3.1. In the setting of priorities for research, governments should, together with higher education institutions, ensure the academic freedom of individual researchers within the overall structure of the higher education system established by the competent state authorities.

3.2. The association of external research institutes with universities should be encouraged. They may act as technology transfer centres, centres of excellence and agencies for co-operation with industry.

3.3. Governments should encourage non-university institutions of higher education to create their own individual profile in diverse areas of research, in which they may play an important role in close co-operation with universities and other research institutions.

4. The link between teaching and research

4.1. In designing their higher education systems, governments should aim at creating conditions for universities where teaching and research are equally integrated into their organisation and structure.

4.2. The exact balance of research and teaching may vary according to the type of institution and between individuals within the same institution. Governments should ensure that permanent academic staff have duties in both teaching and research.

4.3. Universities should be encouraged to organise teaching and research in a diversified way, so as to allow the time spent by academics on each of them to vary. Academic staff members should be able to concentrate on research for a certain period, without unduly reducing the provision of study courses in the given field.

5. Training and recruitment of university researchers

Training

5.1. Governments and universities should be encouraged to review their research qualifications with a view to determining whether the present system meets the requirements of research training. In the case of countries which have a system of doctorate degrees at two different levels, the review should consider whether this system should be maintained.

5.2. Governments and universities should be encouraged to design their study programmes with a view to bringing students into close contact with research as early as possible.

5.3. Governments and universities should be encouraged to offer structured research training programmes to doctoral students. They, as well as young researchers, should be guaranteed proper supervision and training by experienced researchers in their field.

5.4. They should be encouraged to develop international contacts in their field. They should be given the time and resources necessary to conduct their own research while also gaining teaching experience by undertaking a reasonable teaching load.

5.5. Young research staff should be encouraged to apply for research grants within the general system of research funding.

5.6. New interdisciplinary approaches to research training call for intensive guidance and access to advanced research. Contacts with experienced experts from different disciplines and different universities should be encouraged.

5.7. Governments and universities should be encouraged to establish programmes to invite scientists from non-university research centres, scholars from abroad and experts from industry and the public sector to take an active part in the training of researchers in the university.

5.8. Joint appointments and part-time employment should be facilitated. Research theses could be prepared in co-operation with industry and public administrations.

Recruitment

5.9. As a rule, governments and universities should be encouraged to require that university teachers hold a degree from a university. Only institutions authorised to award doctoral degrees should have the right to confer the qualification entitling an academic to apply for a post of university professor, if such a separate qualification exists in the country concerned.

5.10. Governments and universities should be encouraged to base the recruitment and career advancement of teachers on competition and good performance in both teaching and research. Permanent posts in teaching and research should be advertised publicly. For these posts no nationality requirement should exist. A strategic aim of recruitment policy should be to identify and recruit candidates from outside as well inside the university.

5.11. Governments and universities should be encouraged to make every effort to make university research careers more attractive to women.

5.12. Governments and universities should encourage the mobility of university teachers between institutions at both national and international levels in the course of their career.

6. Working conditions in university research

6.1. Governments and universities should be encouraged to adopt rules governing university research reflecting the specific characteristics of scientific work and respecting the academic freedom of researchers at all stages of their careers.

6.2. Employment conditions at university should provide competitive incentives to attract and retain creative and innovative research staff.

6.3. Permanent tenure should be subject to individual assessment.

6.4. Governments and universities should be encouraged to make available appropriate facilities and administrative support.

6.5. Academic staff should be able to benefit from sabbatical leave and travel grants after a specific length of time and on the basis of performance and results obtained.

6.6. The rights and duties of university researchers should be clearly defined by legislation and/or university statutes.

7. Ethical issues in research

7.1. Governments and universities should be encouraged to adopt basic ethical guidelines applicable to all researchers. Such guidelines should include basic ethical principles, such as the respect of human dignity and life, the rights of others and of the environment, and commit themselves to following rules of good practice in scientific research. Some of the guidelines, such as rules against plagiarism and falsifying results, should be common to all disciplines, whereas others should be developed separately for individual disciplines or groups of disciplines.

7.2. Universities should be encouraged to adopt transparent rules concerning their ethical positions in research at all levels: local, national or European. These should also comprise rules for the assessment of research procedures.

7.3. Research training should aim to develop sensitivity to ethical considerations in young researchers.

7.4. Governments should be encouraged to provide an adequate legal framework for ethics in research, including issues such as data protection, abuse of data and scientific fraud, animal protection and bioethics. These regulations may limit the freedom of research in the interest of the rights of others or prevent the risk of manipulating human life.

7.5. Governments should encourage research funding agencies to reject morally and legally doubtful proposals, submit questionable projects to ethical examination, refrain from funding projects if ethical standards are not assured and further research on ethical issues.

7.6. Universities should be encouraged to be sensitive to ethical problems and to warn governments and the public when research identifies negative consequences of certain developments (such as threats to human life or the environment), as well as to suggest possible lines of action.

8. Transparency of research results and issues of trust

8.1. Universities should be encouraged to report on major research results to their governments and the general public and to make visible the possible social impact of the results. By advertising and explaining progress in research, the universities will increase the awareness of their research mission.

8.2. Governments should be encouraged to define, in co-operation with the research community, standards for publishing research results. All results of university research financed from public sources should be published at some stage. Universities are encouraged to conclude clear agreements with founders regarding confidentiality of results, which may impose a temporary delay in publication.

9. Funding

9.1. Universities are accountable for their use of public funding. Governments should be encouraged to maintain responsibility for a substantial portion of the funding of university research. Only this will enable the universities to fulfil their research mission.

9.2. While ensuring a good basic public funding for research, governments should encourage universities to seek supplementary funding from other sources, public or private. The university should always be in the position of an actor in the competitive procedures of applying for research funds.

9.3. Governments should be encouraged to grant public and private institutions, such as foundations, tax relief or other concessions to support their contribution to university research. Industry should be encouraged to create or sponsor chairs in universities.

9.4. Governments should encourage universities, in accepting commissioned research, to give priority to those activities which supplement or strengthen their central mission in research and teaching. Universities should offer practical support to their researchers in setting up links to, and drawing up contracts with, industry.

9.5. Funding of research should as a general rule be subject to independent expert evaluation. Evaluation by peer review should be supplemented by other criteria according to established standards. Evaluation should also compare the original research objectives with the final results.

9.6. Regardless of the specific national structures in higher education and research, governments should be encouraged to maintain autonomous research funding agencies, or to create such agencies where they do not yet exist. Their task should be to allocate research funds as distinct from regular institutional budgets.

9.7. Public funding of research should be performance-related and based on projects proposed. The primary criteria for funding should be originality and quality.

9.8. Governments should encourage universities to define clear rules for accepting, managing and accounting for funds from outside the university. These should cover in particular the contribution of commissioned research to university overhead costs, the allocation of income from intellectual property, and the status of staff and students employed under contract.

 

APPENDIX IV

RESOLUTION CDCC N° 1 / 2000

 

 

 

The Council for Cultural Co-operation,

HAVING regard to the major lines of Council of Europe action and the objectives assigned to cultural co-operation by Resolution (95) 38 of the Committee of Ministers;

HAVING regard to § 1 and 3 of Article V of the Statute of the Cultural Fund;

HAVING regard to § 3 of Article VI of the said Statute;

CONSIDERING that the operational budget method should be adopted;

HAVING regard to the total estimated resources available for financing the 2000 programme,

RESOLVES to adopt the programme of activities for 2000 to be financed by the Cultural Fund, entailing expenditure totalling FF 33 045 350 (5 037 731 euros) apportioned by chapters and points on the lines indicated in document CDCC (2000) 1 Final and in accordance with the operational budget tables appended hereto;

REQUESTS the Secretary General to ensure the execution of this programme.



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