Strasbourg, 14 February 2002
CCJE (2003) 9
Consultative Council of European Judges (CCJE)
Questionnaire on judges’ training: reply submitted by the delegation of Liechtenstein
Questionnaire on judges’ training
In Liechtenstein are actually working at the High Court of Justice (1st instance) 13 fully employed judges at the Court of Appeal (2nd instance) 2. The rest of the judiciary is organised by judges in a secondary occupation.
For the requirement of the professional judges Liechtenstein knows two ways because of the small market in the law professions. On the one hand as judges are required as it is usual in other states nationals of Liechtenstein with studies in law, on the other hand as judges are also required experienced judges or lawyers from the neigh bour states Austria and Switzerland. Actually are from the above mentioned fully employed judges 5 nationals of Liechtenstein who had an initial training, 6 from Austria and 4 from Switzerland who got their training in their countries when starting their career.
1. Prospective judges (nationals of Liechtenstein) are given an initial training usually during one year.
2. This requirement is not stipulated in law or regulations.
3. The training is financed by the state, the prospective judges are paid as employees.
4. There is no training institution. The prospective judges are working during their initial training at the high court of justice in responsability of a judge and it is also usual that they work for a certain time at courts or at the prosecution service in Austria where they underlie the regulations of the prospective judges in Austria.
5. see above
6. Initial training covers all types of work at the court.
7. There is no examen at the end of the training time.
1. No judges training scheme is provided.
2. In-service training is optional.
3. Because of the low number of judges and the fact that Liechtenstein has no law school (students have ti study at universities mainly in Switzerland and Austria) judges in Liechtenstein are participating training seminaries organised in Austria and Switzerland by the local judges associations or universities. The participation to such trainings is financed by the state and there are in practise no financial restrictions or other Limits during the year.
4. No pressure is needed upon judges.
5. No specific trainings scheme for judges is stipulated; see above.